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completed. The stream rushes from beneath this bridge, between the two rocks that support it, precipitating itself near fifty feet, it is a sublime object, but deficient in accompaniments; this fall is called the Rumbling Brig.

The walk may be circularly continued from Ossian's Hall, along the face of Craig Vinean, until the Tourist regains Invar, by a path along the banks of the Tay. Seats are erected at short distances, upon spots affording the most enchanting prospects; the view from the summit of Craig Vinean is very grand, surpassing all the others in the neighbourhood. The grounds immediately under the eye appear broken and rugged; the woods on the left lose much of their density ; but the forest scenery still stretches out to an interminable distance, and ascends the dark sides of the distant mountains. The traveller

may here form some idea of the great extent to which the late Duke of Atholl carried the system of planting ; from these immense woods, great quantities of larches have been cut down and successfully used in ship-building

From Craig Vinean, the Tourist may ascend the neighbouring romantic eminence called the King's Seat. His way lies along a narrow forest path, among high and abrupt rocks. A path still more romantic branches from it, and leads up through the King's Pass, to the summit of the King's Seat. This was a favourite station of William the Lion, when enjoying the pleasures of the chace, from which he discharged his shafts at the deer as they were driven past him in crowds. At this place Queen Mary, when enjoying the same pastime, narrowly escaped destruction from an infuriated stag, which directed its rage against the beautiful queen. The event has been detailed at great length by Barclay in his Monarchichronicon. The view from the King's Seat is very extensive, but less picturesque than others in its vicinity.*

A delightful excursion may be made in the course of a day,

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Leaving Dunkeld for Perth, a distance of fourteen miles, the road passes the villages of Invar and Little

from Dunkeld north-east to Blairgowrie. The road winds along the foot of the Grampians; and on the south, the country opens to the valley of Stormont. About two miles from Dunkeld, the road passes the Loch of Lows. A mile beyond this is Butterstone Loch; and four miles further on is the Loch of Cluny, having a small island near the southern shore, on which is built the ancient Castle of Cluny, (Earl of Airly,) once, according to tradition, a hunting seat of Kenneth Mac. alpine, and, in the opinion of some, the birth-place of the Admirable Crichton. Forneth, the delightful country seat of Dr Baird, Princi. pal of the University of Edinburgh, overlooks the castle. Another mile conducts the Tourist to the Loch of Marlie. On the north side is Kinloch, (Hog, Esq.) and behind it Baleid, (Campbell, Esq.) while the grounds of Marlie, (Farquharson, Esq.) bound it on the east. Near the house of Marlie is the church and inn of Marlie, or Kinloch. The inn is much resorted to by parties from Perth and Dunkeld, who spend there the summer months, attracted to it by the sport to be had on the neighbouring hills and lakes. Pass Ardblair, (Mrs Blair Oliphant,) on the right, and just before entering Blairgowrie, two miles beyond Marlie, Newton, (M-Pherson, Esq.) In the vicinity of this village, there are a num. ber of curious circles of stones, called Her Cairns ; and behind the manse is a mound, where, it is said, the Earls of Gowrie dispensed justice to their vassals.

The Tourist may visit Craighall, (Baron Clerk Rattray,) two miles north from Blairgowrie. Crossing the furious Ericht by a bridge, the road continues on the east side of the river, having Parkhall, (Whitson, Esq.) on the right. On the opposite side, the Lornty joins the Ericht, where the bed and sides of the river present a romantic appearance. To obstruct the progress of the salmon, a wooden ma. chine is fixed in a channel so narrow, that the sides are not above a yard and a-half asunder. At a short distance is another bridge, below the house of Craighall ; and here a most extraordinary phenomenon presents itself. The rocks on each side of the river rise at least 200 feet above its bed, and the west side consists of a perpendi. cular rock, 700 feet in length, and 220 in height, as smooth as if it had been chiselled. Here hawks build their nests, and their young have often been carried away by falconers from different parts of the kingdom. A balcony at one of the windows of Craighall house is placed immediately above this fearful chasm, from which an interesting view is obtained.

Dunkeld ;* and having proceeded two miles, the Tourist reaches the famous hill of Birnam. The wood, with which the fate of the tyrant Macbeth was mysteriously connected, has, with the exception of two trees, disappeared, and been succeeded by a forest of modern growth. On the side of the hill may be observed the vestiges of a round fort called “ Court Hill," and also “ Duncan Hill,” where that monarch held his court ; near to these are a number of cairns. Higher up are the remains of a large square turreted fort, called by the natives Forhaillen. The hill is 1040 feet in height; and from every point upon its northern side may be seen the hill of Dunsinnan, situate south-east, upon the borders of Angus-shire, distant, in a straight line, about twelve miles. Three miles from Dunkeld, the Tourist passes the venerable towers of Murthly Castle, (Stewart, Bart.) on the left; on the banks of the river are the remains of entrenchments.

The country now, for a short space, assumes a sterile aspect. Six miles from Dunkeld the road enters the thriving village of Auchtergaven. A mile further on is the Mill of Loak; and, upon the right, are the ruins of a residence of the noble family of Nairne. Here a road, leading to Tullibelton, strikes off to the right; and a mile further on, a road strikes off to the left, towards the village of Stanley and the Linn of Campsie. Where the Tay is of great breadth ; and falls over a ridge of rocks ; these jut out like piers, and partly intercept the water in its passage to the Linn, which forms a magnificent cascade ; the only one in all the course of the Tay. Half a-mile further on, the road crosses two fine trouting streams, the Ordie and Schochie. A mile in advance, a road on the left conducts to Luncarty, now the most extensive bleachfield in Scotland, and once the scene of a celebrated engagement between the Scots and Danes, in which the former, having been forced to retreat, were rallied by a husbandman of the name of Hay, (ancestor of the Earls of Errol and Kinnoul,) and his two sons ; and, making a stand, obtained a most decisive victory over their pursuers.

* In place of passing the bridge at Dunkeld, the Tourist may pursue a different, though a much longer, yet more beautiful, route to Perth. By keeping the road along the east bank of the Tay, he has a delightful drive through a rich and well cultivated country, till he reaches the clean and romantic village of Meiklour. After passing the village, at which a road on the left leads to Cupar Angus, he crosses the Isla by a handsome stone bridge, a little above its junction with the Tay. Within five or six miles of Perth the road skirts the plantations and pleasure grounds which surround the Palace of Scone, the residence of the Earl of Mansfield. It is perhaps the most magnificent and beautiful residence in Scotland, and well deserves a visit from the Tourist.-See Perth, Excursions from.

A few paces further on, a road leads off from the right to Redgorton and Monedie. The road begins to wind amongst plantations, chiefly upon Lord Lynedoch's estate, through the openings in which, to the eastward, the Tay is seen flowing between steep and richly wooded banks. A mile and a half from where the road branches off to Luncarty, it crosses the Almond by a bridge of three arches, near its junction with the Tay.

On the north side of the former river stood, till within these few years, the village of Bertha. This is supposed by some antiquaries to have been the original town of Perth; and, in support of their opinion, they quote the authority of Boece, who states that ancient Perth stood at the confluence of the Almond and Tay. Strong reasons have certainly been adduced to show that Bertha was once a Roman station; and some have supposed, that upon this spot was fought the celebrated battle between Galgacus and Agricola, recorded by Tacitus. A fine view is now obtained of the palace of Scone, (Earl of Mansfield, and the plantations around it. The road, a mile beyond Almond Bridge, passes Few House, (Nicol, Esq.) on the right ; Balhousie on the left ; and Tulloch Printfield on the right; and, a mile further on, enters

PERTH,

one of the most ancient and handsome towns in Scotland. It is situate on the west bank of the Tay, upon an extensive level plain, divided into the North and South Inches, each about a mile and a half in circumference, and where three tracts of vast fertility,—the Carse of Gowrie, Strathmore, and Strathearn, may be said to terminate and unite. When Agricola and his army, in advancing into the territory of the Caledonians, first beheld the Tay, and the plain upon which Perth now stands, they were so struck with their resemblance to the Tiber and its banks in the vicinity of Rome, that with one consent, they exclaimed, in a transport of enthusiasm, Ecce Tiber! Ecce Campus Martius !

Agricola pitched his camp upon the present site of Perth, and afterward built what he intended should be a colonial town. He fortified it with walls and a castle, threw a wooden bridge over the Tay, and filled the ditches with water by an aqueduct from the Almond, which still exists, and continues to supply the mills and public wells of the city.

An old house, which was supposed to mark the site of a temple, dedicated to Mars, long stood at the northwest corner of the Water-gate ; but upon its demolition, about forty years ago, a marble stone was inserted in the new house erected upon its ruins, bearing this inscription : “ Here stood the house of the Green.”

Perth, on account of its importance, and its vicinity to the royal palace of Scone, was long considered the capital of Scotland, before Edinburgh acquired that proud distinction. It possesses the peculiarity of being a city without having been the residence of a bishop, or

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