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EXTRACT FROM PREFACE.

... To develope the dawnings of genius, and to pursue the progress of our
national poetry, from a rude origin and obscure beginnings to its perfection
* in a polished age must prove interesting, instructive, and be productive of
entertainment and utility... The object being to faithfully record the features
of the time, and preserve the picturesque representations of manners... I have
chose to note but the history of our poetry in a chronological series, and often
'to devia te into incidental digressions to notice the contemporaneous poetry

of other nations... My performance exhibits without transposition the gradual
* improvement of our poetry to the time that it uniformly represents the pro-
'gression of our language. In the earlier sections of the work are numerous
* citations extracted from ancient MSS. never before printed, and which may
'illustrate the darker periods of the history of our poetry.'

T. W.

CONTENTS.

107, 118

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253, 261

The sup-

Constantinople. Common practice of the

Greek exiles to translate the popular

Italian poems.

Specimens both of the

Greek and Italian Theseid.

Critical ex
amination of the Knight's Tale, 224, 243

Sec. XIII. The subject of Chaucer con-

tinued. His Romaunt of the Rose.

William of Lorris and John of Meun.

Specimens of the French Le Roman de la

Rose. Improved by Chaucer. William

of Lorris excells in allegorical personages.

Petrarch dislikes this poem, 243, 253

SEC. XIV. Chaucer continued. His Troi-

lus and Cresscide. Boccacio's Troilo.

Sentimental

and pathetic strokes in

Chaucer's poem.

House of Fame. A

Provencal composition. Analysed. Im-

properly imitated by Pope,

Sec. XV. Chaucer continued.

posed occasion of his Canterbury Tales

superior to that of Boccacio's Decameron.

Squire's Tale, Chaucer's capital poem,

Its fictions. Story of Patient Grisilde.

Its origin, popularity, and excellence.

How conducted by Chaucer, 262, 276

Sec. XVI. Chancer continued. Tale of

the Nun's Priest. Its origin and allusions.
January and May. Its imitations. Licen-
tiousness of Boccacio. Miller's Tale. Its
humour and ridiculous characters. Other
Tales of the comic species. Their origin,
allusions, and merits, Rime of Sir Thopas.
Its design and tendency,

276, 287
Sec. XVII. Chaucer continued. General

view of the Prologues to the Canterbury
Tales. The Prioresse. The Wife of
Bath. The Franke'ein. The Doctor of
Physicke. State of medical erudition and
practice. Medicina and astronomy
blended. Chaucer's physiciar.'s library.
Learning of the Spanish Jews. The Somp-
nour.

The Pardoncre. The Monke,

Qualifications of an abbot. The Frere.

The Parsoune. The Squire. English

crusades into Lithuania. The Reeve.

The Clarke of Oxenford. The Serjeaunt

of Lawe. The Hoste. Supplemental

Tale, of Beryn. Analysed 287, 302

SEC. XVIII. Chaucer continued. State

of French and Italian poctry: and their
influence on Chaucer. Rise of allegorical
composition in the dark ages. Love-
courts, and Love-fraternities, in France.
Tales of the troubadours. Dolopathos.
Boccacio, Dante, and Petrarch. Decline
of Provencal poetry, Succeeded in France
by a new species. Froissart. The Floure
and the Leafe. Floral games in France.
Allegorical beings,

302, 310

Sec. XIX. John Gower. His character and

poems. His tomb. His Confessio Am.

antis. Its subject and plan. An unsuc-

cessful imitation of the Roman de la

Rose. Aristotle's Secretum Secretorum.

Chronicles of the middle ages. Colonma.

Romance of Lancelot. The Gesta Ro-

manorum. Shakespeare's caskets. Authors

quoted by Gower. Chronology of some of

Gower's and Chaucer's poems. The Con-

fessio Amantis preceded the Canterbury

Tales. Gower's genius,

311, 335

Sec. XX. Bocthius. Why, and how much,

esteemed in the middle ages. Translated

by Johannes Cappellanus, the only poet

of the reign of king Henry IV. Number

of Harpers at the coronation feast of

Henry V. A minsirel-piece on the Bat-

tayle of Agynkourte. Occleve. His poems.

Egidius de Regimine Principum, and

Jacobus of Casali De Ludo Scaccorum.

Chaucer's picture. Humphrey duke of

Gloucester. His character as a patron of

literature. Apology for the gallicisms of

Chaucer, Gower, and Occleve, 335, 348

Sec. XXI. Reign of Henry VI. Lydgate.

His life and character. His Dance of

Death. Macaber a German poet. Lyd-

gate's poem in honour of Saint Edmund.

Presented to Henry VI., at Bury-abbey,

in a most splendid manuscript, now re-

maining. His Ly of our Lady. Elegance

and harmony of his style, 348, 355

Sec. XXII. Lydgate continued. His Fall

of Princes, from Laurence Premier fait's
French paraphrase of Boccace on the
same subject. Nature, plan, and specimens
of that poem.

Its sublime allegorical

figure of fortune. Authors cited in the

saine. Boccace's opportunities of collect-

ing many stories of Greck original, now

not extant in any Greek writer. Lydgate's

Storie of Thebes. An additional Canter-

bury Tale. Its plan, and originals. Mar-

tianus Capella. Happily imitated by

Lydgate. Feudal manners applied to

Greece. Specimen of Lydgate's force in

description,

SEC. XXIII. Lydgate's Troy-Boke. A para-

phrase of Colonna's Historia Trojana.
Homer, when, and how, first known in
Europe. Lydgate's powers in rural
painting. Dares and Dictys. Feudal man.
ners, and Arabian imagery, ingrafted on
the Trujan story.

Anecdotes of ancient

Gothic architeciure displayed in the

structure of Troy. An ideal theatre at

Troy so described, as to prove that no

regular stage now existed. Game of

chess invented at the siege of Troy.

Lydgate's gallantry. His anachronismis.

Hector's shrine and chantry. Specimens

of another Troy-Boke, anonymous, writ-

ten in the reign of Hen. VI., 368, 380

SEC. XXIV. Reign of Hen. VI. continued.

Hugh Campeden translates the French

romance of Sidrac. Thomas Chester's Sir

Launfale. Metrical romance of the Erle

of Tholouse.

Analysis of its Falle.

Minstrels paid better than the clergy.

Reign of Ed. IV. Translation of the

classics and other books into French

How it operated on English literature.

Caxton. Anecdotes of English typo-

graphy,

381, 399

Sec. XXV. Harding's Chronicle. First men-

tion of the king's Poet Laureat occurs in
the reign of Ed. IV. History of that
office. Scogan. Didactic poems on chc-

mistry by Norton and Ripley,
SEC. XXVI. Poems of Thomas Rowlie.
Supposed to be spurious,

403, 427

Sec. XXVII. The rcigns of Rich III. and

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399, 408

Hen. VII., abound in obscure versifiers.

Bertram Walton. Benedict Burgh tran-

slates Cato's Latin Distichs. History of that

work. Julian Barnes. Abbesses fond of

hunting and hawking. A religious poem

by Waliam of Nassyngton. His Pro-

logue explained. Minstrels and Gestours

to be distinguished. Gest of the Three

Kings of Cologne sung in the arched

chainber of the Prior at Winchester.

The Gest of the Seven Sleepers. Origi-

naly a Greek Legend. Bradshaw's Life

of Saint Werburgh. Setrical chronicles

of the kings of England fashionable in

this century: Ralph Higden proved to

be the author of the Chester-plays.

Specimen of Bradshaw's poem, from his

description of the historical tapestry in

the hall of Ely monastery when the

princess Werburg was admitted to the

Veil. Legends and legend-makers.

Fa.

byan. Waison. Caxton a poct. Kalendar

of Shepherds. Pageaunts. Transition to

the drama. Histrionic profession. Mys-

deries Nicodemus's Gospel. The use of

Mysteries,

427, 458

Ser XXVIII. Reign of Hea. VII. Hawes.

Painting on the walls of cham-
bers. Visions. Hawes's Pastyme of Plea-
sure. The fable analysed. Walter. Med-
wall. Wade,

459, 479
SEC. XXIX. Barklay's Ship of Fools. Its

orizin. Specimens. Barklay's Ecologues,
and other pieces. Alcock bishop of Ely.
Modern Bucolics,

479, 490
Src. XXX Digression to the Scotch poets.

William Dunbar. His Thistle and Rose,
and then Terge. Specimens. Dunbar's
comic pieces. Estimate of his genius.
Mozalties fashionable among the Scotch
in the ifteenth century,

491, 505
SEC. XXXI. Scotch poetscontinued. Cawen

Douglas. His translation of the Eneid.
I genius für descriptive poetry. Palice

of Honour, and other pieces, 505, 515
Sec. XXXII. Scoich poets continued. Sir

Dard Lyndesay. His chief performances
the Dreme, and Monarchie. His talents
for description and imagery. His other
poems cxamined. An anonymous Scoich
poem, never printed, called Duncane
Lader. Its humour and satire. Feudal
robbers. Blind Harry. History of the Scotch
poetry recommended,

515, 541
Sex. XXXIII. Shelton. His life. Pa-

tron sed by Henry, fifth earl of North-

um erland. His character, and peculiarity

of style.

Critical examination of his

pocms.

Macaronic poetry.

Skelton's

Serality called the Nigramansir. The
Moralities at their height about the close
si Henry VII reign,

541, 562

Ser. XXXIV. A digression on the origin

of Mysteries. Various origins assigned.

keligious dramas at Constantinop'e.

Pays first acted in the monasteries. This

ecclasiastical origin of the drama gives

rise to the practice of performing plays

in universities, colleges, and schools.' In-

Pience of this practice on the vernacular

Cram. On the same principle, plays

acted by singing-boys in choirs. Boy-

bishop.. Fete de Foux. On the same

principle, plays acted by the company

of parish clerks. By the Law-socicties

in London. Temple-Masques, 562, 589

Sec. XXXV. Causes of the increase of ver-

nacular composition in the fifteenth cen-
tury. View of the revival of classical
learning. In Italy. France. Germany.
Spain. England,

589, 607

Sec. XXXVI. The same subject continued.

Reformation of religion. Its effects on

literature in England. Application of this

digression to the main subject, 607, 627

Sec. XXXVII. Petrarch's sonnets. Lord

Surrey. His education, travels, mistress,

life, and poetry. He is the first writer of

blank-verse. Italian blank-verse. Surrey

the first English classic poet, 628, 645

SEC. XXXVIII. Sir Thomas Wyat. In-

(erior to Surrey as a writer of sonnets.
His life. His genius characterised.
Excels in moral poetry,

645, 653

Src. XXXIX. The first printed Miscellany

of English poetry.

Its contributors. Sir

Francis Bryan, Lord Rochford, and Lord

Vaulx. The first true pastoral in Eng-

lish. Sonnet-writing cultivated by the no-

bility. Sonnets by king licnry VIII. Lit-

erary character of that king, 653, 664

Src. KL. The second writer of blank-verse

in English. Early blank verse, 664, 671

SEC. XLI. Andrew Borde. Bale. Anslay.

Chertsey. Fabyll's ghost a poem.

The

Merry Devil of Edmonton. Minor poets

of the reign of Henry VIII.,

Sec. XLII. John Heywood the epigram-

matist. His works. Ancient unpublished

burlesque poem of Sir Penny 683, 689

Sec. XLIII. Sir Thomas More's English

poetry. Tournament of Tottenham. Its

Laurence Minot. Al-

literation.

language of the fifteenth century, by a

specimen of the metrical Armoric romance

of Ywayn and Gawayn,

689, 701

Sec. XLIV. The Notbrowne Mayde. Not

older than the sixteenth century. Artful

contrivance of the story. Misrepresented

by Prior. Metrical romances. Guy, syr

Bevys, and Kynge Apolyn, printed in

the reign of Henry. The Scole howse, a

satire. Christmas carols. Religious libels

in rhyme. Merlin's prophesies. Lau.

rence Minot. On the late continuance

of the use of waxen tablets. Pageantries

of Henry's court. Dawn of taste, 712, 729

Sec. XLV. Effects of the Reformation on

our poetry Clement Marot's Psalms.
Why adopted by Calvin. Version of the
Psalms by Sternhold and Hopkins. The
Defects of this version, which is patron-
ised by the puritans in opposition to the
Choral Service,

729, 741

SEC. XLVI. Níetrical versions of scripture.

Archbishop Parker's Psalms in metre.

R. Crowley's puritanical poetry, 741, 743

Sec. XLVII. 'Tye's Acts of the Apostles in

rhyme. His merit as a musician. Early
piety of Ed. VI. Controversial hallads

lis
and plays. Translation of the Bille.

671, 682

age and scoDigression illustrating buhay

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effects on our language. Kelton's Chro slated by Gascoigne. Seneca's Tragedies
nicle of the Brutes. First Drinking song. translated. Account of the translators,

Gammar Gurton's Needle, 748, 761 and of their respective versions. Queen
Sec. XLVIII. Reign of queen Mary. Elizabeth translates a part of the Her-
Mirrour of Magistrates. Its inventor,

cules Oetaus,

S66, 880
Sackville lord Buckhurst. His life. Sec. LVIII. Most of the classic poets tran-
Mirrour continued by Baldwyn and slated before the end of the sixteenth

Ferrers. Its plan and stories, 761, 769 century. Phaier's Eneid. Completed by
Sec. XLIX. Sackville's Induction to the Twyne. Their other works. Phaier's Ballad
Mirrour of Magistrates. Examined. A of Gad's-hill. Stanihurst's Encid in English
prelude to the Fairy Queen. Compara hexameters. His other works. Fleming's

tive vicw of Dante's Inferno, 769, 791 Virgil's Bucolics and Georgics. His other
Sec. L. Sackville's Legend of Buckingham works. Webbe and Fraunce translate

in the Mirrour of Magistrates. Additions some of the Bucolics. Fraunce's other
by Higgins. Account of him. The early works. Spenser's Culex. The original
editions of this Collection. Specimen of nou genuine. The Ceiris proved to be
Higgins's Legend of Cordelia, which has

genuine, Nicholas Whyte's Story of Jason

been copied by Spenser,

791, 799 supposed to be a version of Valerius

Sec. LI. Vicw of Niccols's edition of the Flaccus. Golding's Ovid's Metamor-

Mirrour of Magistrates. High estimation phoses. His other works. Ascham's

of this Collection. Historical plays, censure of rhyme. A translation of the

whence,

799, 809

Fasti revives and circulates the story of

Sec. LII. Richard Edwards. Principal Lucrece. Euryalus and Lucreria. De-

poet, player, musician, and buffoon, to the tached fables of the Metamorphoses

courts of Mary and Elizabeth. Anecdotes translated. Moralisations in fashion.

of his life. Cotemporary testimonies of Underdowne's Ovid's Ibis. Ovid's Ele.

his merit. A contributor to the Paradise gies translated by Marlowe. Remedy of

of daintie Devises. His book of comic Love, by F. L. Epistles by Turberville.

histories, supposed to have suggested Lord Essex a translator of Ovid. His

Shakespeare's Induction of the Tinker. literary character. Churchyard's Ovid's

Anecdotes of Antony Munday and Henry Tristia. Other detached versions from

Chettle. Edwards's songs,

809, 818 Ovid. Ancient meaning and use of the

Sec. LIII. Tusser. Remarkable circum-

word Ballad. Drant's Hoiace. Criticism
stances of his life. His Husbandrie, one on Tully's Oration pro Archia,

880, 905
of our earliest didactic poems,

818, 866

Sec. LIX. Kendal's Martial. Marlowe's

Sec. LIV. William Forrest's poems. His versions of Coluthus and Museus, General

Queen Catharine, an elegant manuscript, character of his Tragedies. Testimonies

contains anecdotes of Henry's divorce. of his cotemporaries. Specimens and

He collects and preserves ancient music. estimate of his poctry.

His death. First

Puritans oppose the study of the classics. Translation of the Iliad by Arthur Hall.

Lucas Shepherd. John Pullaync. Nu Chapman's Homer. His other works,

merous metrical versions of Solomon's Version of Clitophon and Leucippe.

Song. Censured by Hall the satirist. Re Origin of the Greek erotic romance.

ligious rhymers. Edward More. Boy Palingenius translated by Googc. Criti-

bishop, and miracle-plays, revived by cism on the original. Specimen and

queen Mary. Minute particulars of an merits of the translation. Googe's other

ancient miracle-play,

826, 838 works. Incidental stricture on the phil.

Sec. LV. English language begins to be osophy of the Greeks,

905, 924
cultivated. Earliest book of Criticism in Sec. LX. Translation of Italian novels.
English. Examined. Soon followed by Of Boccace. Paynter's Palace of Plea-
others, Early critical systems of the

Other versions of the same sort.

French and Italians. New and superb Early metrical versions of Boccace's

editions of Gower and Lydgate. Chau Theodore and Honoria, and Cymon and

cer's monument erected in Westmin Iphigenia. Romeus and Juliet. Bandello

ster-abbey. Chaucer was esteemed by the translated. Romances from Bretagne.

reformers,

839, 855 Plot or Shakespeare's Tempest. Miscel-

SEC. LVI. Sackville's Gordobuc. Our first laneous Collections of translated novels

regular tragedy. Its fable, conduct, cha before the year 1600. Pantheon. Novels

racters, and style. Dumb show. Sackville arbitrarily licenced or suppressed. Refor-

not assisted by Norton,

855, 866

mation of the English Press, 924, 943

Sec. LVII. Classical drama revived and Sec. LXI. General view and character of the

studied. The Phanissa of Euripides tran poetry of Queen Elizabeth's age, 945, 915

{MEMORANDUM:-Sections 1 to 61 complete the three volumes 410, as published by T.

Warton. What is given in Sections 61 to 66 were found at his death, and appear as a frag-

mentary addition to the preceding volumes.]

Secs. LXII., LXIII., LXIV., are chiefly Sec. LXVI. Remarks on the epigrams and

occupied with criticisms and specimens of satires of Bastard, Davies, Donne, Free-

the productions of Bishop Joseph Hall, the man, Rowlands, Weaver, and Watkins.-

first professed English satirist,

Closing abruptly,

997, IOIO

Sec. LXV. Marston's 'Scourge of Villany,' On original title from 1778 to 18th century

-satires, epigrams, and dreams, 987, 996 appears.-A. M.

952, 936

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