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CHAPTER VIII.

Treasury Report for 1831. - Appropriations —for Pensions-for

Support of Government Expenditures in Executive Departments For surveying Public Lands Debate on diplomatic Expenses Debate on Turkish Treaty Debate in Senate on Expenses of Departments - On diplomatic Expenses - On outfit for Minister to France Debate in House on do. - Appropriations for Naval Service - For Fortifications - For Army For Indian Departments Debate on Expenditures on Indian Annuities Appropriations for Internal Improvement

Debate on Cumberland Road On Amendments to Bill On improvement of Navigation of Western Rivers.- Debate in Senate on Bill Appropriations for Harbors Debate on Bill retained by President.

The annual report of the Sec- the report of the last session, daretary of the Treasury on the ted December 16, 1830, by the state of the finances, was trans- sum of $4,660,412,87. mitted to Congress on the 7th day The expenditures during the of December, 1831.

first three quarters of 1831, were The balance in the Treasury estimated as follows, viz. on the 1st of January, amounted Civil, Diplomatic, and to $3,014,569,75.

Miscellaneous, $2,507,614,44

Military services, including The actual receipts into the Fortifications, Indian af. Treasury during the first three fairs, and Internal im.

provements

5,649,017,22 quarters of the year 1831, were

Naval service,

3,019,667,95 estimated as follows, viz.

Public debt,

9,983,479,46 Customs,

$17,354,291,58 Lands, 2, 479,658,90

$21,159,778,97 Bank dividends,

490,000 The expenditures for the fourth Indemnity from Denmark, 217,739,95

quarter, including $6,205,810,21 Miscellaneous receipts, 111,937,26

on account of the public debt,

20,653,677,69 were estimated at $9,807,422,28, The receipts for the

making the total expenditures fourth quarter were estimated at $7,346,735,18

$30,987,201,25,

and leaving in the Treasury on Total receipts,

28,000,412,87

1st of January, 1832, an estimawhich exceeded the estimated ted balance of $3,047,751,37, receipts for 1831, as stated in which, however, included the in

of the year

demnity from Denmark, of $439,- $500,000, and the amount which 475, and $1,400,000 of una- might be appropriated towards vailable funds.

the public debt, was estimated at The expenditures for the year $14,519,548,21. 1831, had been estimated in the This being applied to that obreport, made at the preceding ject would leave the public debt at session, at $23,228,066, and the the end of 1832, $10,302,686,result showed an excess over the 97, towards the discharge of estimate amounting to $7,739,- which the Secretary of the Trea135,25.

sury recommended the applicaThe receipts for 1832 were tion of the United States Bank estimated at $30,100,000. stock belonging to the governCustoms,

$26,500,000 ment; which being sold, would Public lands,

3,000,000 bring according to his estimate Bank dividends,

490,000

$8,000,000. Incidental receipts,

110,000

This operation would enable the The expenditures for 1832, for government to pay the whole all other objects than the public public debt, before March 4th, debt, were estimated at $13,365,- 1833. 202,16, viz.

In the report, while suggesting Civil, Diplomatic, and

the expediency of selling the Miscellaneous, $2,809,484,26 bank stock by the governınent, Military service, &c. 6,648,099,19 Naval service,

3,907,618,71

the Secretary of the Treasury

warmly recommended the renewwhich it was estimated would

al of the charter of the United leave a balance of $16,734,797,- States Bank, as indispensable to 84, together with the available the fiscal operations of the govbalance in the Treasury, amount.

ernment, and as entirely in coning to $1,208,276,24. The total amount of the pub- formity with the provisions of the

constitution. lic debt on the first of January,

It was not a little extraordinary 1831, was $39,123,192. The

to find the head of the governpayments for principal and interest during the year, were estima- constitutional, and as having failed

ment derouncing the bank as unted at $ 16,189,289,67, leaving in accomplishing the objects for on 2d of January, 1832, a pub- which it was established, and the ic debt, which consisted of

head of the treasury departThree per cents, $13,296,626,21 ment earnestly recommending Five per cents, redeem

the continuance of that instituable in 1832,

1,796,228,78 Five per cents, redeem.

tion, on grounds directly oppoable in 1835,

4,735,296,30 site. Four and a half per cents,

It showed how little of harmoredeemable in 1833-34, 4,454,727,95 Unfunded debt,

39,355,94 nious action existed between the

chief magistrate and his cabinet Total,

$24,322,235,18

ministers, and revealed the interThe interest on this sum forference of a secret influence unhe year 1832, was estimated at known to the Constitution, and

whose existence was suspected time, provided the term of seronly from its mischievous effects vice exceeded six months. The upon the public interest.

pension to commence from March An increase of the salaries of 4th, 1831. the diplomatic corps was recommended, as essential to the digni- The bill making appropriations ty and interest of the country. for the

for the support of the government The public lands were alluded for 1832, was brought forward in to as an increasing source of rev- the committee of the whole enue, and the Secretary suggest House, on the 23d of February. ed the propriety of disposing of Upon reaching an item, makthem to the States within whose ing an appropriation to the land limits they are situated, at a fair office, for extra aid during 1832, in price.

issuing the Virginia land scrip,

Mr McDuffie stated, that the The bills providing for the commissioner of the general land maintenance of the different de- office, was desirous of an appropartments of the government, priation of $20,000 for these obhaving been reported by the jects; but as the committee had committee of ways and means, not had an opportunity to investithat making provision for the rev- gate the subject, he would, for olutionary, and other pensioners the present, move to fill the blank of the United States, was taken withi $4000, being the same suin up in the House on the 16th which had been appropriated for of February, and having received these objects last year. the assent of both Houses be- Mr Wickliffe inquired, whether came a law.

the committee had been informBy this act $987,504, were ed in what manner the money appropriated for the revolutiona- granted last year had been exry, and $165,039, for the invalid pended? This was not an ordipensioners, in addition 10 $140,- nary regular appropriation, he said, 532, formerly appropriated and but one which had been asked for, not expended; $3000 were ap- in order to bring up arrears, and propriated for widows and or- the House had been told, that the phans of certain persons who had sum would be sufficient for that fallen in the public service, and end. But the individual now at $3000 were subsequently grant- the head of the Bureau, informed ed to the widows of persons who the House, that the business besell in the naval service. An act bind hand in his office, would was also passed, allowing a pen- require fiftyfive clerks for twelve sion to all who served two years months, and an enlargement of during the revolutionary war, ihe treasury building. All this either in the state troops, militia, extra labor it seemed, was necesor continental line, to the full sary in filling up patents for land. amount of their pay, of the rank Ár Wickliffe was willing to in which they served, and a pro- admit, that there might have been portionable amount for any less a great increase in the patents is

were

any

sued within the last twelve or it ought certainly to be taken for eighteen months. He recollect- granted, that they would not come ed, however, that the valuable to that House and ask for an apman who had formerly held the propriation, that their department same situation, (Mr Graham,) did not need. had told him when, as chairman Mr Wickliffe replied to Mr Irof the retrenchment committee, vin. That gentleman seemed to he had inquired of him whether think it necessary, that the House there

clerks in his of- should grant a certain sum to the fice which might be dispensed commissioner of the land ofwith; that there were none, be- fice, because that gentleman told cause he had disinissed some them, that his office was in need shortly before : yet, with this of it. Now, with all his willingforce, Mr Graham had been able ness to give due weight to the to get along. Now, however, it opinions and recommendations of seemed, that there must be a every Executive, he must take great accumulation of arrears, leave to protest against the genand all this was charged upon tleman's doctrine, that the House the arrangement, by which the was bound to take whatever esissuing of the Virginia land scriptimates were sent them, and aphad been thrown into his office. propriate accordingly. He held

Mr Irvin, of Ohio, thought that a very different creed; and beas to the expenditures in the lieved, that Congress was blameland office, individual members able in not having looked more ought not to take upon themselves narrowly into the increasing reto decide what should be its quisitions, which froin year to amount. The business in that year were made office was known to be daily in- The true commiitee of retrenchcreasing, and each entry required ment the committee of the same labor.

If the gentle ways and means. He presumman from Kentucky had attended ed, that ibe $20,000 now asked to the sums received during the for, was founded on an estimate last two years for land, he would of seventeen cents for each pafind, that it amounted to nearly tent issued. He was well apthree millions of dollars, while a prised of the fact, that more than few years since it amounted to sixty words had to be written in a but one million. The entries, patent for military bounty land ; therefore, required three times but he knew also, that that branch the amount of labor that was of business was rapidly decreasformerly necessary; and it was ing. Since the year 1830, the still furiber increased by the great government had given scrip, innumber of private land claiins, stead of issuing patents for that which had recently been confirm- description of land. Mr Wicked in Florida and Mississippi. liffe had been struck with the inWhen officers of high and hon- crease of arrearages since the orable standing bad been selected tiine of Mr Graham. They had to preside over the public dffices, increased at a rate greatly beyond

upon them.

was

was

the increase of the business. drawn from those territories more Mr Graham had been able to densely peopled, by which means, keep up with the course of the progress of education, of the business till the time of his death; mechanic arts, and especially of and yet now, in two years, the manufactures, retarded. House was told that the arrears From this arose the necessity of required fiftyfive clerks, and an a bot-bed protection to our manenlargement of the treasury ufactures. Congress were applybuilding. Last year the com- ing tonics and depletions to the missioner bad asked for ten clerks, same patient at the same time. now he asked for fifteen, and The appropriation was advonext year he supposed he would cated by Mr Adams, Mr Wickwant twenty.

liffe, Mr Clay, Mr Duncan and Mr Irvin, after a few remarks, Mr White, of Florida, who insistmoved to fill the blank with $20,- ed upon the propriety and impor000; and the question being put, tance of these surveys to the new it was negatived, and the ques- States and territories. The poltion recurring on filling it with icy was well settled, and had $4000 - it was carried and the been attended with the happiest blank Glled with that sum.

effect. The survey must be When the item allowing $160,- made at some time, and once 000 came up for surveying the done, it never had to be repeated. public lands,

The omitting to survey the new Mr Vinton, of Ohio, took the lands would not prevent their beground he had done on former ing settled. The same number years, in opposing so large an of persons could go there, and appropriation for this object. He

He the only difference would be, that thought one half the amount was the government would receive quite sufficient. He insisted no money, and would be pestered warmly on the injurious conse- with innumerable applications for quences of going on 10 survey pre-emption rights. Besides, large amounts of new lands, ibe surveying of land did not newbile so small a proportion of cessarily bring it into market; that already in the market was that was a matter left at the disannually sold. This inade land a cretion of the President of the drug; depreciated the value of United States. A multitude of real estate in States more thickly private land claims had been consettled ; and led to the selection firmned, especially in Florida, and of the best land and the finest justice required, that these should millseats by speculators and be surveyed without delay. squatters.

Mr Wilde, though not opposed The same ground, in substance, to the survey of such lands as was taken by Mr Root, of New were valuable, was persuaded York, who also adverted to that much surveying had been another effect growing out of this done in the south, by which no system, - the covering the new one was, or would for centuries country with a sparse population, to come, be benefited, but those

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