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who had the job of surveying Mr Archer declining to make them.

any farther explanation, the Mr Polk stated, that eighty amnendinent was negatived. thousand dollars of the sum pro- The bill was then reported to posed was for surveying the lands the House and laid upon the taof the Choctaws. By the treatyble, until the 15th of March, when of cession, numerous reservations it was again taken up in the comhad been promised to certain in- mittee of the whole, and Mr Irdividuals of that tribe; but these vin moved as an amendment, an reservations were to be laid out appropriation of $25,000 for eximmediately adjacent to ranges tra clerks in the land office, to be and townships, so that their loca- employed in the issuing of land tion could not be ascertained un- scrip, instead of $4,000 as retil the Choctaw country was sur- ported in the bill. He pressed veyed : and so sacredly did the his motion with great earnestness. President consider bimself bound On motion of Mr Shepperd, of by that treaty, that should no North Carolina, the appropriamore than 50,000 dollars be tion was increased to $6,600. appropriated (as had been pro- The item for the salary of a posed by Mr Vinton,) he would minister to Colombia having been apply the whole of it to the read, Mr Davis, of South CarChoctaw survey. Of course all oliva, moved that it be stricken other surveys must stop.

out. In supporting this motion, The question was then put up- he observed, that a call on the deon filling the blank with 160,000 partment of state for information dollars, and carried — yeas 73, why a minister of higher grade

than a chargé was needed at BoA debate also arose upon the gota, bad elicited no response following item : 'For salary of from that department. The the dragoman to the legation of House, in the mean time, were the United States to Turkey, in possession of the fact, that the $2,500.

republic of Colombia bad been Mr Archer moved to strike dissolved, and the country divided out 2,500, and to insert' and for into three governments. But contingencies $37,500.' He did the republic still exist, our said he was instructed to make connection with it, in a commerthis motion, by the unanimous cial point of view, was of too vote of the committee on foreign small importance to justify the affairs, which committee con- expense of keeping up that mistained gentlemen of opposite po- sion. Our whole import from litical sentiments.

('olonbiain 1927, was but $333,Mr Adams and Mr McDuffie 000, and last year it had deboth strongly objected to voting creased to $180,000. The salan appropriation on that ground. ary of the minister alone amountIf there was any state secret in ed to sixteen per cent, upon the the maiter, the House might re- whole of our commerce with the ceive it with closed doors. republic.

nays 48.

Mr Archer considered the Mr Carsou observed, that if gentleman from South Carolina the gentleman alluded to him, he had misapprehended the facts of was mistaken; he had never said, the case.

He thought the Exec- that the minister would not reutive should not be called upon ceive the money.

He should always to yield to the intervention have considered him very foolish of the House, in that which did if he had refused it. not appropriately belong to its ju- Mr Stanberry replied, that risdiction.

some of the gentleman's friends Adinitting the republic to bave had so declared, and

among

othbeen subdivided into three gov- ers the chairman of the commiternments, was not their impor- tee on foreign relations, (Mr Artance such as well to deserve a cher.) full mission from this country? Mr Archer said, that he had Had we not sent such missions to not been among the number, but, South American States of less im- had he been called

upon,

he portance ? Mr Archer had un- should, without hesitation, have derstood from General Santander, expressed a confident expectation a gentleman who had filled the that the minister would not revery highest office in Colombia, ceive it. that it was supposed there that the Mr Wilde moved the addition foreigo relations of the country, as of 18,000 dollars, for a mission to they had existed before the France ; which was agreed to, change, were still to be maintain- yeas 101. ed at Bogota.

Mr Wilde further moved, for The question being finally ta- the salary of a charge to Naples, ken on the notion to strike out the 4,500 dollars, and for bis outfit, appropriation for the mission to 4,500 dollars; which was carColombia, it was negatived by a ried. large majority.

Mr Archer moved an item for Mr Stanberry inquired of the a dragoman to the mission at chairman of the committee of Constantinople, and contingent ways and means, whether the ap- expenses, 37,500 dollars. The propriation last year, made for a motion was negatived. inission to Russia, had been ex- The bill was then reported to pended. If it had not, and he the House, and on the 16th of was bound to presume it had not, March, when it was taken up, inasmuch as the friends of the the amendments made in the late minister to that court, (John committee were in general agreed Randolph) had expressly and re- to, without opposition. peatedly assured the House that Mr Wilde then moved to strike he would not accept the money, out the appropriation of $3,000 then there could be no necessity for the salary of the commissionfor a new appropriation.

er of the general land office, Mr McDuffie replied, that the on which motion, a very animaminister had received every cent ted debate arose. The ground of the appropriation.

of Mr Wilde's motion was understood to be, the neglect or in- liffe) had pledged himself to an competency of the officer referred inquiry, he would withdraw his to. His cause was pleaded with motion. much warmth, by Mr Irvin, Mr Mr Stanberry, of Ohio, moved Leavitt, Mr Clay, of Alabama, to strike out the appropriation for and Mr Polk, who referred to the salary of the second audihis previous high standing in Ohio, tor. his known character for industry This motion gave rise to anothand application, and the satisfac- er debate of equal animation with tory manner in which he had dis- the last. The motion was advocharged the duty of a judge in cated by the mover, on the ground that Siate.

of the serious charges which had It was strenuously denied, been preferred in that House that he had neglected the du- against the officer in question, in ties of his office here, although relation to a certain tract of the bad health might have sometimes public lands. Until the individdetained him from it, and con- ual was cleared of these charges, fined him to his bed; and it was it was improper that he should insisted that if he had been guilty hold an important office under the of corruption or malfeasance goveroment. in office, or was incompetent The motion was opposed by to the discharge of his public Messrs Arnold, Everett, Wickduties, the proper course to be liffe, Mercer, Barringer, Beardspursued was, either an impeach- ley, McDuffie, and Letcher, on ment or a committee of inquiry, the ground that, as the charges or a direct application to the were now under a course of inExecutive for bis removal. vestigation by one of the commit

Mr Wickliffe referred to some tees of the House, it would be statements, in reference to the unjust to anticipate the decision neglect of this officer, formerly by legislating the individual out of made by Mr Sevier on the floor office. It was also highly inexof the House, and declared it to pedient to set a precedent, which be his purpose, on a future occa- might be seized upon by the spirsion, to move for an inquiry into it of party to embarrass the sercertain parts of the commission- vice of the country, and destroy er's official conduct in reference meritorious individuals. The into himself.

dividual was, at all events, entiMr Wilde, after vindicating the tled to his salary up to the presmotion he had made, as intended ent time, but the amendment to rouse the House, the Execu- would cut off the whole. tive, and the nation, to a subject The motion was advocated by which be thought needed looking Mr Branch, who insisted that the into, and, fortifying himself by office of second auditor might precedents from the British par- advantageously be dispensed with. liament, said that, as the gentle- Its necessity had grown out of man from Kentucky (Mr Wick- the accounts occasioned by the last war; but as long ago as Mr of the House had declared themMouroe's time, it had been offi- selves unable to yield their assent cially recommended to abolish it. to the amendment, until they The same thing had been report- should have heard the grounds ed by the committee on retrench- on which it was deemed advisament.

ble. Proper and reasonable as Mr Stanberry eventually con- these objections were, he had sented to withdraw his motion. nevertheless, in compliance with

Mr Verplanck proposed that the instructions under which he the item of 160,000 dollars for acted, declined giving the explathe survey of the public lands, nation, in consequence of which should be subdivided : 80,000 the amendment had been negadollars being appropriated spe- tived. It was due to the comcifically to the survey of the Choc- mittee of foreign affairs to astaw lands, under the late treaty ; sign the reason for the instrucwhich was agreed to.

tions they had given, as well as On motion of Mr Davis, an the reason why those instructions item of 4,000 dollars was insert- were now departed from. The ed for the purchase of the bust of papers, on which the amendment Thomas Jefferson, by Caracci, was grounded, had been commuyeas 81, nays 63.

nicated in confidence to the comMr Archer now renewed the mittee by the department of motion he had made in commit- State ; and they could not pertee, to appropriate 37,500 dollars mit the desired explanation to be for contingencies, and the salary given, till they received authority of a dragoman in the mission to to that effect from the departTurkey, on which motion a debate ment, from whom they had reof much interest arose.

ceived the papers under the seal of In explaining and supporting confidence. That seal had now this amendinent, Mr Archer ob- been removed, and he was perserved, that the House would rec- mitted fully to explain the object ollect that he had, on a forrner of the amendment. occasion, submitted a similar mo- The trade which would be tion, when the bill was under con- opened to the United States by sideration in committee of the the ratification of our treaty with whole. He had at that time Turkey, had constituted, in anstated, that the comınittee of for- cient times, one of the richest eign affairs bad instructed him portions of the world. The valto submit the amendment, without ue of this commerce made it an going into any further explana- object sought sor with avidity by tion than to state, that its adoption all the European powers. They was unanimously recommended had all made strenuous efforts to by all the members of that con- obtain a share of it. But those mittee. He had accordingly efforts had all been unsuccessful. done so.

It happened, as he had The Black Sea continued to be anticipated, that several members excluded from all but the Russians. It was a praise due to our which would be necessary to the own government, that ils atten- consummation of the treaty. In tion had been early directed to this, Mr Rhind and Mr Offley that subject, with a view to ex- had done no more than was done tend the commercial relations by others, and had graduated of this country. It had been their estimate according to the represented in that House, and presents made by other powers.

. very generally believed through- The amount of their estimate out the country, that the credit of was 75,000 dollars. this attempt was due exclusively It had been usual with all forto the existing administration. eign powers, who maintained dipBut Mr Archer said, that he owed lomatic relations with the Otto. it to candor to declare, (and it man Porte, to depute to that was with great pleasure that he Porte ministers of high grade did so that the preceding ad- nor would any other be well reministration bad shown the same ceived by a government so emiassiduity to possess the country nently jealous of its own dignity, of this commerce, and had been as to take offence at the sending as zealous and as judicious in its of any one of so low a rank as a efforts for that end, as the admin- chargé des affaires.

Our own istration now in power. It had government, aware of this stale happened, however, that com- of things, had sent to the Senate plete success had been reserved a nomination for a minister plento the era marked by the acces- ipotentiary. The members of sion of the present chief magis- the committee all knew that the

A treaty had been made, Senate, in the exercise of an unbut had not been ratified. It questioned power, (though he was perfectly well known to all greatly doubted if it had in this persons acquainted with the man- instance been judiciously exerners and habits, which prevailed cised,) thought fit to cut down the in Oriental countries, that there appointment to that of a chargé. was no such thing as making a li did not belong to him, to questreaty with the Ottoman Porte, tion the propriety of this decision except on a condition, the neces- before a co-ordinate branch of the sity of which was as well recog. government. As the mission had nised and as little disputed as the been cut down, it had been connecessity of signing or sealing the ceived necessary, that all the extreaty itself ; namely, the making penses attending it should be reof presents to all the chief offi- duced also. The Executive cers of the Turkish government. government had some sort of a The United States' commission- scale, by which they might proers, by whom the late treaty had portion the expenses proper for been negotiated, being fully aware a full mission, for this had been of this fact — sent home to the supplied by the estimate of the Executive, as it was their duty to commissioners. But when the do, an estimate of the presents mission had been cut down to

trate.

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