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liberal consideration to the inter- It appears to me, therefore, ests of the northern provinces, that no further interference on this precedent would authorize my part would be either useful or them to ask no more than to be proper, and I shall accordingly placed in fair and equal competi- abstain from making it, unless tion with the direct intercourse; something, not at present forewhich, if it ultimately diverted the seen by ine, shall call for it. trade from the indirect channels, would do so by gradual means, thereby attaining the object, and Mr McLane to Mr Van Buren. in the manner professed by Great
London, April 22, 1831. Britain.
I send, herewith, the new bill More than this would not concerning the colonial trade, merely give a preference to the which has passed both Houses of indirect trade, but would continue Parliament, and now only wants a monopoly which they could the approval of the King to beneither deinand, nor Great Britain come a law. This I am informed, concede, without a breach of her will be given in a few days, under agreement.
a commission issuing for this, That the present measure went with various other bills which beyond these limits, would not be have passed during the present denied ; and no equality in any session. part of the trade could be predi- This bill will be found to corcated of its provisions. Although respond, in all respects, with the in this interview Lord Grey ex- statement in any despatch of the pressed no positive opinion, he 14th March, number 33, in which evidently inclined to favor the I informed you of what had been measure proposed by the Board previously done, and that my neof Trade, and we separated with gotiation on this subject, was an assurance from him that he finally closed. would give the subject his mature consideration.
II.- F O R E I GN.
IMPERIAL PARLIAMENT, 1831.
The king opened the Parlia- the preservation of the peace, ment in person on the 6th of both at home and abroad, will December, with the following under the blessings of Divine royal speech:
Providence, afford the best and
most effectual remedy. I feel My Lords and Gentlemen,
assured of your disposition to I have called you together, adopt any practicable measures that you may resume, without fur- which you always find me ready ther delay, the important duties and anxious to assist, both for reon which the circumstances of the moving the causes and mitigating times require your immediate at- the effects of the wants of emtention; and I sincerely regret ployment, which the embarrassthe inconvenience which I am ments of commerce, and the conwell aware you must experience sequent interruption of the purfrom so early a renewal of your suits of industry have occasioned. labors, after the short interval of It is with great concern that repose allowed you from the fa- I have observed the existence of tigues of last session.
a disease at Sunderland, similar I feel it my duty in the first in its appearance and character place to recommend to your to that which has existed in mamost careful consideration the ny parts of Europe. Whether it measures which will be proposed is indigenous, or has been importto you for a reform in the Com- ed from abroad, is a question inmons House of Parliament. A volved in much uncertainty, but speedy and satisfactory settle- its progress bas neither been so ment of this question becomes extensive nor so fatal as on the daily of more pressing importance continent. It is not, however, to the security of the State, and the less necessary to use every to the contentment and welfare precaution against the further exof my people.
tension of this malady; and the I deeply lament the distress measures recommended by those which still prevails in many parts who have had the best opportuof my dominions, and for which nities of observing it, as most
effective for the purpose, have um, has been followed by a treabeen adopted.
ty between the five Powers In parts of Ireland a systemat- and the King of the Belgians, ic opposition has been made to which I have directed to be laid the payment of tithes, attended before you as soon the ratification in some instances with afflicting shall have been exchanged. results, and it will be one of your A similar treaty has not yet first duties to inquire whether it been agreed to by the King of may not be possible to effect in the Netherlands; but I trust the provements in the laws respecting period is not distant when that this subject, which may afford Sovereign will see the necessity the necessary protection to the of acceding to an agreement in Established Church, and at the which the Plenipotentiaries of the same time remove the present five Powers have unanimously cause of complaint. But on this concurred, and which has been and every other question affecting framned with the utmost careful Ireland, it is above all things ne- and impartial attention to all the cessary to look to the best ineans interests concerned. of securing internal peace and or- I have the satisfaction to inder, which alone seem wanting to form you, that I have concluded raise a country blessed by Provi- with the King of the French a dence with so many natural ad- convention, which I directed to vantages, to a state of the great- be laid before
the object of est prosperity.
which is the effectual suppression The conduct of the Portuguese of the African Slave Trade. Government, and the repeated This convention, having for its injuries to which my subjects have basis the concession of reciprobeen exposed, have prevented a cal righis to be mutually exercised renewal of the diplomatic relation in specified latitudes and places, with that kingdom. The state of will, 1 trust, enable the two naval a country so long united with this forces of the two countries to acby the ties of a most intimate al- complish by their combined efliance, must necessarily be to me forts, an object which is selt by an object of the deepest interest, both to be so important to the inand the return to Europe of the terests of humanity. elder branch of the illustrious Regarding the state of EuHouse of Braganza, and the dan- rope generally, the friendly assu
disputed succession, rances which I receive from Forwill require my most vigilant at- eign Powers, and the union which tention to events, by which not subsists between me and my alonly the safety of Portugal, but lies, inspire me with a confident the general interests of Europe, hope that peace will not be intermay be affected.
rupted. The arrangements which I announced to you at the close of
Gentlemen of the House of Commons: last Session for the separation of I have directed the estimates, the States of Holland and Belgi- for the ensuing year to be pre
ANNUAL REGISTER, 1831 - 32.
pared, and they will in due time peace and security of my dominbe laid before you.
ions may be endangered.' I will take care that they shall be formed with the striciest at- Proclamation for the Suppression tention to economy, and I trust of Political Unions. to your wisdom and patriotism to
From the London Gazette, Nov. 2. make such provisions as may be
WILLIAM R. Whereas certain required for the public service.
of our subjects, in different parts
of our kingdom have recently My Lords and Gentlemen :
promulgated plans for voluntary The scenes of violence and associations, under the denominaoutrage which have occurred in tion of Political Unions, to be the city of Bristol, and in some composed of separate bodies, with other places, have caused me the various divisions and subdivisions, deepest affliction. The authori- under leaders, with a gradation of ty of the laws must be vindicated ranks and authority, and distinby the punishment of offences guished by certain badges, and which have produced so exten- subject to the general control and sive a destruction of property and direction of a superior committee so melancholy a loss of life. I or council, for which associations think it right to direct your at- no warrant has been given by us, tention to the best means of pre- or by any appointed by us, on serving the Municipal Police of that behalf. And whereas acthe kingdom in the more effec- cording to the plans so promultual protection of the public peace gated as aforesaid, a power apagainst the occurrence of similar pears to us to be assumed of actcommotions.
ing independently of the civil Sincerely attached
to our magistrates, to whose requisitions, free constitution, I never can sanc- calling upon them to be enrolled as tion any interference with the le- constables, the individuals compogitimate exercise of these rights sing such associations are bound which secure to my people the in common with the rest of our privileges of discussing and ma- subjects, to yield obedience. king known their grievances; And whereas such associations, but in respecting these rights, it constiinted and appointed, under is also my duty to prevent combi- such separate direction and comnations, under whatever pretence, mand, are obviously incompatiwhich in their form and character ble with the faithful performance are incompatible with all regular of this duty, at variance with the Government, and are equally op- acknowledged principles of the posed to the spirit and to the pro- constitution, and subversive of the visions of the law; and I know that authority with which we are inI shall not appeal in vain to my vested, as the Supreme Head of faithful subjects to second my de- the State, for the protection of termined resolution to repress all the public peace. And whereas, illegal proceedings by which the we are determined to maintain, against all encroachments on our estly warning and enjoining all Royal power, those just preroga- our subjects to abstain from entives of the crown, which have tering into such unauthorized been given to us for the preser- combinations, whereby they may vation of the peace and order of draw upon themselves the penalsociety, and for the general ad- ties attending a violation of the vantage and security of our loyal laws, and the peace and security subjects; we have, therefore, of our dominions may be endanthought it our bounden duty, with gered. and by the advice of our Privy Given at our
Court at St Council, to issue this our Royal James's this 21st day of NovemProclamation, declaring all such ber, 1831, and in the second Associations, so constituted and year of our reign. 'GOD SAVE apprised as aforesaid, to be uncon- THE KING.' stitutional and illegal, and earn
LEGISLATURE OF THE BAHAMAS.
Nassau, June 4, 1831.
2. The Lords of the ComunitOn Tuesday last the Governor tee of Council for trade and planopened the present session of the tations, state in their report to Legislature, with the following his Majesty of the 12th of NoSpeech :
vember, 1830, that the Jury act
revives an act passed in 1806, by • Gentlemen of the Council, Mr Speaker which Roman Catholics and free
and Gentlemen of the House of Assembly
people of color were disabled
from serving on grand petty juries, · His Majesty in council having and, adds, that it does not seem been pleased, on the 22d of No- fit that distinctions of this pature vember last to disallow the Jury should be established or recogact passed by this Legislature in nised by law. A colonial act to the month of December, 1827, 1 which I gave my assent, on the have felt it my duty to call you 14th of January, 1830, has declartogether, in order that you may ed, that the Siatute of the United have another opportunity of pre- Kingdom of Great Britain and paring and passing another act, Ireland, entitled an act for the refor the regulation of our juries in lief of bis Majesty's Roman this colony; and in which new Catholic subjects, shall be in force act the clauses humbly pointed within these islands. There reout in the report of the lords of mains the enactment relative to the committee of council for white people alone being coinpetrade and plantations to his Ma- tent to serve as jurors, for you to jesty, as objectionable, must be erase, from the July act, if you wish left out.
itto receive the Royal approbation.