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been transmitted to the Governor protection superfluous. Perhaps of Upper Canada, and shall have it may be found practicable to arbeen laid before both Houses of range this matter by communicaParliament and assented to by his tions between the Legislatures of Majesty. The motive for this the two Provinces. enactment is explained in the pre- The Ministers of the Crown amble to have been the necessity are prepared to co-operate to the of obviating the evils experienced fullest extent in any measure in the Upper Province from the which the two Legislatures shall exercise of an exclusive control concur in recommending for the by the Legislature of Lower amendment or repeal of the StatCanada, over Imports and Ex- ute, 3, George IV, cap. 119, sect. ports at the Port of Quebec. I 28. acknowledge without reserve, Fourteenthly - The selection that nothing but the necessity of of the Legislative Councillors, mediating between the two Prov- and the constitution of that body, inces could have justified such an which forms the last subject of interference by Parliament; and complaint in the address, I shall that if any adequate security can not notice in this place, any furbe devised against the recurrence ther than to say that it will forin the of similar difficulties, the enact- matter of a separate communicament ought to be repealed. The tion, since the topic is too extenpeculiar geographical position of sive and important to be conveUpper Canada, enjoying no access niently embraced in my present to the sea, except through a Prov- despatch. ince wholly independent of itself The preceding review of the on the one hand, or through a question brought by the House of foreign state on the other, was Assembly, appears to me entirely supposed in the year 1822 to to justify the expectations which have created the necessity for I have expressed at the comenacting so peculiar a law for its mencement of this despatch of a protection. I should be much speedy, effectual, and amicable gratified to learn that no such ne- termination of the protracted discessity exists at present or can be cussion of several years. lt reasonably anticipated hereafter; would be injurious to the House for upon sufficient evidence of of Assembly to attribute to them that fact, His Majesty's Govern- any such captious spirit as would ment would at once recommend keep alive a contest upon a few to Parliament the repeal of that minor and insignificant details, part of the statute to which the after the statement I have made address of the House of Assem- of the general accordance bebly refers. The Ministers of the tween the views of his Majesty's Crown would even be satisfied to Government and their own upon propose to Parliament the result so many important questions of of the enactment in question, up- Canadian policy. Little indeed on proof that the Legislature of remains for debate, and that little the Upper Province deem such will, I am convinced, be discussed with feelings of kindness and earliest opportunity of transmitgood will, and with an earnest ting to the House of Assembly a desire to strengthen the bonds of copy of this despatch. I have union already subsisting between the honor to be, my Lord, Your the two Countries. His Majesty Lordship’s most obedient servant. will esteem it among the inost (Signed,)

GODERICH enviable distinctions of his reign

(A true copy.) to have contributed to so great and desirable a result.

H. Craig, Secretary, Your lordship will take the Monday – 21st Nov. 1831.


Speech of the King of the French, July 24, 1831.






iny oaths.

action of all the powers of the

state, we shall put an end to those Messrs. the peers and gentlemen depu- prolonged agitations which feed

the guilty hopes of those who I am happy to find myself work for the return of the fallen among you, in the centre of this dynasty, or of those who dreain place where France has received of the chimera of a republic.

(Loud applause from the chamPenetrated with the duties ber here interrupted his majesty, which they have imposed upon and loud cries of long live the me, I shall always give effect to king!') Divided upon the obthe national will

, of which you ject, they agree, however, in the are the constitutional organs, and will to overthrow, no matter at I expect on your part the frank what price, the public order, and entire co-operation which founded by the revolution of July, will assure to my government that but their efforts shall be disconstrength, without which it will be certed or punished. (Fresh apimpossible to answer the expec- plause.) tations of the nation.

In calling me to the throne, I have said, gentlemen, that France has willed that the royalthe charter shall be a truth : what ty shall be national; it did not I have said is accomplished; the desire that royalty should be powcharter is the constitutional mon- erless. A government without archy with all its conditions loyal- strength would not suit the dely maintained, with all its conse- sires of a great nation. quences frankly accepted. (Live- I have just returned from travly applause.)

elling in France; the proofs of li is true that by the uniform affection which I have received

wants are

in this journey have very deeply and I admire the courage with touched my heart. The wishes which they have been borne. I of France are present to my hope that they now approach thoughts: you will aid me to ac- their termination, and that soon complish them. Order shall be the consolidation of order will protected ; liberty be guaranteed; give the necessary security to the and every factious effort con- circulation of capital, and restore founded and repressed. Thus, to our commerce and industry that confidence will be renewed that spirit and activity which, unfor the future which alone can re- der a government always guided establish the prosperity of the by the national interests, can only country.

be momentarily interrupted. It is to carry this into effect, it The state of our finances is is to consolidate more and more satisfactory : if our the constitutional monarchy, that great, abundant resources are exI have caused to be prepared the bibited for their aid. different projects of laws which The annual budgets for 1831 will be proposed to you.

1832 will be presented to you You will, I hope, recognise in in the opening of this session. that which has for its object the Reductions have been made in decision of a great constitutional the different branches of the adquestion reserved by the charter ministration. They would have for the examination of the cham- been carried still farther, if the bers, that I always seek to put increase of our means of defence, our institutions in harmony with and the development of our the interests and wishes of the military force, had not, up to this nation, enlightened by experience time, imposed upon us great sacand matured by time.

rifices.(Bravos.) You will have likewise to ex- I shall hasten to diminish this amine, conformably to the prom- burden as soon as I have acquirise of the charter, the projects of ed the certainty of accomplishing the laws destined to complete the it without compromising the digdepartmental and municipal or- nity and safety of France. ganization, to determine the re- This certainly will depend upsponsibility of ministers, and of on a general disarming. France other agents of governinent, and desires this, the governments of to regulate the liberty of instruc- Europe will feel its necessity, tion.

the interests of all requires it. Some other projects of laws

I have the satisfaction to anupon the recruiting of the army, nounce to you, that up to the upon the penal code, upon finance, present time I have not been unand on different public interests, der the necessity of employing will be equally sub nitted to you all the resources which the cham

I admit the whole extent of ber bad placed at my disposal. the sufferings which the actual Since the revolution of July, commercial crisis has caused to France has regained in Europe the nation: I am afflicted at it, the rank which belongs to her.


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first support.

Nothing, henceforth, shall wrest be no longer troubled, and that
it from her. (Bravos.) Never the equilibrium of Europe will be
was her independence better preserved by the maintenance of
guaranteed : our national guards, their independence.
who are worth armies our ar- The kingdom of the Low
mies, the fit depositories of the Countries, as constituted by the
inheritance of our ancient glory- treaties of 1814 and 1815, has
will defend tbis independence as ceased to exist. The independ-
they have hitherto protected our ence of Belgium, and her separa-
internal peace and liberty. tion from Holland, have been ac-

I have to felicitate myself upon knowledged by the great powers. the amicable relations which for- The king of the Belgians will not eign governments preserve with form part of the German confed

eracy. The fortresses raised to We ought to seek to preserve menace France, and not to prothe bonds of friendship, so natur- tect Belgium, will be demolished. al and so ancient, which unite (Loud applause here again interFrance to the United States of rupted the speech.)_ A neutraliAmerica. A treaty has terminat- ty recognised by Europe, and ed a controversy for a long time the friendship of France, will aspending between two countries sure our neighbors an independwhich have such claims for mu- ence of which we have been the tual sympathy,

Other treaties have been con- The power which rules in cluded between the Mexican and Portugal has committed outrages Haytian republics.

on Frenchmen – it has violated All these acts shall be commiu- against them the laws of justice nicated to you as soon as they and humanity; to obtain redress have been ratified, and when the vainly demanded, our_ships apfinancial stipulations which they peared before the Tagus. I contain shall be submitted to your have received intelligence that sanction.

they have forced the entrance of I have given new orders to our that river; satisfaction, up to that cruisers to assure the execution time refused, has been since ofof the law of last session, for the fered. The Portuguese ships of more effectual suppression of the war are now in our power; and slave trade.

the tri-colored flag floats under As soon as I demanded it, the the walls of Lisbon. (Great aptroops of the emperor of Austria plause, and cries of " long live the have evacuated the Roman states. king !') A real amnesty, the abolition of A sanguinary and furious conconfiscation, and important chang- Alict is prolonged in Poland. The es in the administrative and judi- conflict excites the liveliest emocial system, have been given. tions in the heart of Europe. I Such are the ameliorations which am endeavoring to put an end to will, we hope assure to those it. After having offered my states, that their tranquillity shall mediation, I have sought to in

up to this

duce that of the great powers. I demonstration of our strength to have wished to stop the effusion sustain a war, that we rely, should of blood ; to preserve the south we be called upon to resist unof Europe from the evils of the just aggression. contagion which this war is prop- It is in persisting in the politiagating; and, above all, to assure cal system followed for Poland, whose courage has time, that we shall be able to asrecalled the old affections of sure our country of the benefits France (cries of bravo,') the of the revolution which has saved nationality which has resisted all our liberties, and to preserve them time and its vicissitudes. (Loud from new commotions, which applause.)

would at once compromise our You will doubtless judge, that existence and the civilization of in these difficult negotiations, the the world. true interests of France, the in- We approach, gentlemen, the terests of her prosperity, of her great anniversary. I shall with power and her honor, have been satisfaction see you joined with defended with perseverance and me in its solemnities. May they dignity. Europe is now convin- be grave and touching comced of the loyalıy of our disposi- memorations, to awaken sention, and of the sincerity of our timents of union and concord, wishes for the preservation of which can alone constitute our peace; but it is also with the triumph.


End of the Belgic Republic, July 21 , 1831. Regent's Speech to the Belgian same individuals to whom the Congress.

preceding government had enGentlemen,

— By your decree trusted the branches of the genof the 24th February last, and eral administration. It was in conformably to the 85ih article of confirming in their high functions the constitution, you did me the the same men who had so powerhonor of appointing me regent of fully aided in acquiring and conBelgium. On the 25th I had the solidating our liberty that I wished honor of being admitted into the to give to the nation a first bosom of the congress, and of pledge of my entire adhesion to solemnly taking the oath pre- the principles of our revolution, scribed by the 30th article of our and of my firm resolution to sesocial compact.

cure the enjoyment of all its conMy first cares were to compose sequences, a ministry. I called to it the I caused to be notified to the

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