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governments of France and Eng. provisional state of a regency, and land the decree of the 24th Feb- io close the revolution by a definiruary, which nominated me re- tive government, had sent to our gent of Belgium, and credential agent in London instructions to letters were delivered to Belgic sound the dispositions of his royal agents at these two courts with bighness the prince of Saxe Cothe title and rank of ministers plen- burg, but obstacles of mere etiipotentiary.

queite paralyzed the intended efThe French government ad- fects. mitted, without hesitation, our In the interval other men were minister, who took rank along called to the ministry, and the with foreign diplomatic agents new ministers followed the indiaccredited to the courts of the rect proceedings of their predePalais Royal. His majesty, Louis cessors. What passed on that Philip, did me the honor of ad- subject is known to you. You dressing to me by his autograph know, gentlemen, how the hapletter of the 19th of March last, py termination has been brought congratulations on my accession about, at which we are this day to the regency, and expressed to present. me at the same time, and in for- I shall not, gentlemen, detain mal terms, the lively and invari- you with any observations on the able interest which he takes in acts of my regency. I shall conBelgium.

fine myself to saying, that the It was by this first act that effervescence of the passions inLouis Philip began 10 realize the cidental to our revolutionary state, promises which he had made me the stagnation of commercial buin February last, when I had the siness, anxiety about the future honor of taking leave of him. fortunes of our country, have

He then said, on taking me by brought about events and caused the hand, Tell the Belgic nation embarrassments which have prethat I give them my hand in the vented the government from ocperson of the president of the cupying itself as efficaciously as congress, and that the Belgians would have been desirable, with may always reckon on my friend- the institutions which are destined ship.'

to complete the work of our poWe were not so fortunate with litical regeneration. the cabinet of St James's. -Our In the state of threatened hosminister was not received with tilities with our neighbors, the anything but civility. (officious- government was under the necesment) by the English ministry; sity of devoting its chief attention and the national honor not permit- to the army. The infantry has ting me to leave him longer in an been considerably increased and equivocal situation, I ordered him organized, the formation of the to be recalled.

cavalry has been completed, the The ministry, in the mean artillery has been put on a restime, wishing to put an end to pectable footing, the service of the unsatisfactory result of the the commissariat, of the hospitals, and of transports, has been se- the wisdom of our deliberations, cured ; and, finally, by the side that I have found the most powof the regular army another army erful support. Permit me, thereis formed in the ranks of the civic fore, gentlemen, to address to guard, equally impatient 10 meas- you the expression of my lively ure its strength with the enemy. and sincere gratitude.

The concert of all the citizens, But, gentlemen, let us declare who, forgetting the spirit of par- that our task has been rendered ty, are going to range themselves very easy, by the excel ent qualround the throne, will not con- ities of the Belgic people — a tribute less than the courage and people as submissive to the laws, excellent spirit of our army, to

as docile to the voice of the support negotiations, to obtain an chiefs who deserve its confidence, honorable peace, to consolidate as it has shown itself jealous of our independence, and, if need its rights and impatient of the be, to defend the integrity of our yoke of arbitrary power of territory.

that people so courageous in batOur finances are in as prosper- tle, so firm in its resolutions - of ous a state as circumstances that people essentially moral, of would permit, and the levy of whom history will say, that durthe taxes is effected as easily as ing eleven months of revolution, in profound peace.

and of privations among the most if I have been, gentlemen, numerous class, with the excephappy enough to aid in leading tion of some excesses evidently into port the vessel of the state, provoked, there were never few(for I regard the accession of er crimes; of that people whose prince Leopold to the throne of devotion and love will always be Belgium, and the recognition of the recompense of a good governhim by the majority of the great ment. powers of Europe, as the terini- It is with the most perfect senation of our glorious revolution curity, gentlemen, that I commit and the establishment of our lib- the destinies of this good people erties), if I have been able to ac- into the hands of a prince, whose complish any good, far be it from noble character and private virme to ascribe the merit to my- tues are the best guarantees for self. No, gentlemen, I claim on- those which he shall display from ly the smallest share; for I con- the throne. fess, in the face of the nation and With the most heartfelt emoof all Europe, that without the tion I may now say, I have seen special protection of Providence, the dawn of happiness opening on no human prudence could have my country. I have lived long foreseen either the events

events or enough. their results, nor could it have I deposit in your hands, gendirected them in the interests of tlemen, the powers which you our country.

had confided to me, and I beg It was likewise in the noble you to be so good as to record firmness of the congress, and in my declaration.


M. de Gaerlache replied to him in lost a single friend or made a the following terms :

single eneiny. Sir, the Regent - When I told It is in the name of the conyou five months ago, in the midst gress, and of the nation, that I of the congress that elected the ihank

I venture to say

that temporary head of the nation, you have fulfilled our expectayour nomination was ratified by tions, which you have just rethe unanimous acclamations of signed to this assembly. your former colleagues, and the whole Belgic nation — that this

acclamations followed this spontaneous elevation was a trib- speech; and the king, having taken the

oath and signed the

process verbat, deute paid to your virtues by your livered the following sreech :equals - a testimony of profound gratitude for the services that you • Gentlemen. The solemn have rendered to the country, act which has been performed and an appeal to new services - completes the social edifice comwe could easily judge from your menced by the patriotism of the preceding conduct, what line you nation and its representatives. would have followed in the ele- The state is definitively constituvated situation to which your col- ted in the form prescribed by the leagues and the whole nation constitution itself. This constiraised you.

tution emanales entirely from you, To have enjoyed great power and this circumstance, owing to without having for a moment the situation in which the counabused it to have remained al- try has been placed, seems to me ways the same under the most to be fortunate. It prevents coltrying causes, is a fact that will lisions which might arise between appear quite rational to those the different powers and impair who know your character. I the harmony that ought to prevail merely repeat what every body between them. The promptness says. History will one day res- with which I have repaired to pect the conciliatory part you Belgium must have convinced have acted amidst divergent opin- you that, faithful to my word, I ions and fermenting parties.' It have delayed coming among you will say that the national assem- only till the obstacles which opbly, desiring to place in the pose my accession to the throne hands of an individual, powers could be removed by yourtill then too much divided, sought selves. for one who should displease no

The various considerations body; who should have the es- which have been adduced in the teem and confidence of all, and important discussion which probe willing to devote hinself for duced this result, will be the subhis country. You, sir, were this ject of my most serious deliberaman. History will say that this tion. man having exercised a part of

I have received, from my enthe royal prerogative during a trance on the Belgic territory, revolution of five months, has not marks of affection and good will,

for which I still feel equal emo- courage

all the means of ameliortion and gratitude

ation, and it is in the places themAt the sight of the population, selves that I have already begun ratifying by their acclamations the to do so, and that I intend to colact of the national representation lect the information which is the I could not but be convinced best calculated to guide the cause that I was called by the wish of of the government in this respect. the country, and I felt all the du- Gentlemen,- I have accepted ties that such a reception imposes the crown which you offered me on me.

only with a view to perform a A Belgian by your adoption, l task equally noble and useful – shall also make it my duty to be that of consolidating the instituso always by my policy. tions of a generous people, and

I have also been received with to maintain its independence. extreme kindness in that part of my heart knows no other ambithe French territory through tion than that of seeing you hapwhich I passed, and I have con- py. On so affecting a solemnity, sidered these testimonies of good I must also express to you one will, which I highly value, a pre- of my most ardent wishes. The sage of the relations of confidence nation issues from a violent crisis. which ought to subsist between May this day efface all hatred, the two countries.

suifle all resentments; may one The result of every political only thought animate all Belgians commotion is to affect for a time that of a frank and sincere the welfare of the people. I am union. 100 sensible of its importance not

I shall esteem myself happy to to direct my immediate attention concur in this ncble result, which and most active solicitude to re- has been so well prepared by the vive commerce and manufactures wisdom of the venerable man, which are the vivifying principles who has devoted himself with of national prosperity. The re- such noble patriotism in the sallations which I have formed in vation of his country. the countries which are our neighbors will second, I hope, the ef- Gentlemen, - I hope to be a forts which I shall immediately pledge of peace and tranquillity make to attain this end; but to Belgium; but the expectations I take pleasure in believing that of man are not infallible. If the Belgian people, so remarka- notwithstanding all sacrifices 10 ble both for good sense and resig- preserve peace, we should be nation, will give credit to the gov- threatened with war, I should not ernment for the difficulties of a hesitate to appeal to the Belgian position connected with a state people, and I hope that it will, of distress, which at this moment without exception, rally around affects all Europe.

its sovereign for the defence of I intend to avail myself of the country, and the national inevery kind of information, to en- dependence.


Public Protocol of the twentysecond Sitting of the Diet of the Ger

manic Confederation, held 28th June, 1832. Present, — Austria, Prussia, to discuss, with the other German Bavaria, Saxony, Hanover, Wir- governments, the measures which temberg, Baden, Hesse electoral, the present state of things impergrand duchy of Hesse, Denmark, atively demands. duchy of Luxembourg, grand du- In consequence of various concal and ducal houses of Saxony, ferences with all the members of Brunswick, and Nassau, the two the confederation, the object of Mecklenbourgs, Oldenbourg, An- which was the desire to maintain halt, Schwarsbourg, Hohenzol- that which exists loyally and in lern, &c., and the free towns of accordance with the law of naLubeck, Frankfort, Bremen, and tions, and to fulfil the duties imHamburgh.

posed on them, to watch over the Measures for the support of legal welfare of the people confided to

order and franquillity in the them, the ministers of Austria Germanic confederation. and Prussia are commissioned to

The Austrian ambassador, pres- make to the diet the following ident of the diet, declared that cominunication. (Want of room the present state of affairs in Ger- obliges us to onit this communimany had only attracted the at- cation and the debate, and we tention of the emperor as long as proceed to the conclusion of the the excitement of the people's protocol.) minds was no more than might The following resolution was unani. be expected, from the great mously adopted : – events in which other countries All the governments of the were involved. His majesty hop- confederation, gratefully acknowled that public opinion would be edging the attention, (of which influenced by the preponderance the emperor of Austria and the which the calm and well disposed king of Prussia have given new majority must have among a peo- proofs), to the general welfare of ple whose virtues and eminent Germany, have unanimously requalities are the admiration of solved as follows: Europe. His imperial majesty 1. Considering that by art. 57 having, however, perceived with of the final act concluded at Vigreat sorrow, that Germany was enna, all the powers of the state hastening with gigantic strides to must remain united in the head a revolution, resolved to consult of the state, and that the sovehis august ally, the king of Prus- reign, by the constitution of the sia, to consider in common the states, can be limited only in the state of Germany, and subse- exercise of certain rights by the quently, together with the king, co-operation of the states, every

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