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German sovereign, a member of of the inhabitants to the governthe confederation, is not only au- ment, internal tranquillity is directthorized to reject the petitions of ly threatened, and a propagation the estates which may be of a of seditious movenients to be contrary tendency, but his duty feared, or if an insurrection has to reject them flows from the ob- actually broken out, and the gorject of the confederation itself. ernment itself, after having tried

2. As farther ascending 10 the all legal means, claims the assisspirit of the said 57th article, tance of the confederation, the and the consequences compre- latter is bound immediately to ofhended in the 59th article, the fer its assistance towards the resestates cannot resuse to any Ger- toration of order. If in the latman sovereign the means neces- ter case the government is notosary to conduct the government riously unable to suppress the rein manner conformable 10 bellion by its own means, and his obligations, as a member of hindered from applying to the the confederation, and those confederation for assistance by which are imposed on him by the circumstances, the confederation constitution of his country; there- is then bound, even though not fore, all cases in which assem- applied to, to interfere for the reblies of states may attempt to establishment of order. In no make the granting of the taxes case, however, can the measures necessary for the government de- in question be continued, longer pendent directly or indirectly, on than the governinent to which asthe fulfilment of other objects or sistance is given shall think it newishes, must be reckoned among cessary. the cases to which articles 25 and 3. The internal legislation of 26 of the act of Vienna are ap- the German confederate states plicable.

must not be opposed to the obArt. 25. The maintenance of ject of the confederation, as deinternal tranquillity and order in scribed in art. 2 of the act of cothe confederated state belongs to federation, and art. 1 of the final the government alone. Never- act, nor impede the fulfilment of theless, (and as one exception), the federal duties, particularly for the internal security of the the levying of the necessary supwhole confederation, and in con- plies. sequence of the obligation of its 4. To secure the dignity and members reciprocally to assist rights of the confederation, and each other, the co-operation of of the assembly representing it, all for the maintenance or restor- against demands of all kinds, and ation of tranquillity may take in order to facilitate in the severplace in case of resistance of the al states the maintenance of the subjects to the government, in constitutional relations between open insurrection, or dangerous the governments and their assemmovernents in several of the con- blies of states, a committee shall federated states.

be appointed by the diet expressArt. 26. When in any con- ly for this purpose, to make itfederate state, by the resistance self constantly acquainted with

the proceedings of the estates in lations, proper measures to pre-
the German confederate states, to vent all attacks on the confedera-
take into consideration the pro- tion in the assemblies of the es-
posals and resolutions contrary to tates, and to repress such attacks,
ihe obligations with respect to the each according to the forms of
confederation, or to the rights of its own constitution.
the governments guaranteed by 6. As the diet is already called
the federal compact, and to give by article 17 of the final code,
notice of such to the diet, which to maintain the true meaning of
will then, if it judge the matter the act of the confederation, and
deserving attention, consult with of the enactments contained in it,
the governments interested. The to declare it in conformity to the
comunittee shall be appointed for object of the confederation,
six years, at the end of which its should any doubt arise respecting
continuance shall be taken into the interpretation of it, it is evi-

dent that the German confedera-
5. As by article 59 of the final tion alone, and exclusively, is au-
act of Vienna, in those countries thorised to interpret the act of
where the publicity of the debates confederation and the final act,
of the estates is guaranteed by the which right it exercises through
constitution, the free expression of the diet, its legal organ.
opinion cannot be used either in With respect to the abuses of
the debates themselves, or in the the periodical press, the diet waits
publication of them by the press, for ihe report of the committee
in a manner calculated to endan- appointed in its 14th sitting this
ger the tranquillity of the particu- year, for the introduction of uni-
lar state, or of all Germany, and form ordinances respecting the
that provisions must be made for press, that it may take a final res-
this in the regulations of the olution, and it confidently ex-
chambers; the governments of pects, from the zeal of the com-
the confederation bind theinselves mittee, that it will, as speedily as
severally and collectively, to each possible, complete its labors in
other, to adopt and carry into ef- ihe spirit of the above represen-
sect, as they have bitherto been tation. (Here follow the signa-
bound to do by their federal re- tures.)

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Moscow, Nov. 2. Our preceding manifestations • We, Nicholas I., by the grace and proclamations have sufficientof God, Emperor and Autocrat ly proved to our faithful subjects of all the Russias, King of Po- how painful it was to us to be land, &c. &c.

obliged to employ arms to quell

the insurrection which had brok- shall now or at any future time be en out in our kingdom of Poland. condemned or prosecuted for the Deeply affected by the innumer- actions or political opinions done able evils to which that country or expressed during the whole was given up, we wished to em- time of the insurrection. ploy only the means of persua- II. The following are excepsion to recall our misguided sub-' ted : jects to their duty ; but our voice 1. The authors of the bloody was not heard, and Poland will insurrection of the 29th Novemowe the return of peace and le- ber, 1830; those who on that gal order only to the victorious night repaired to the Belvedere arms of the empire to which its Palace with a view to take the fate is indissolubly united. We life of our beloved brother, the shall, however, distinguish the deceased Cesarewitsch; the murgreat majority of those who were derers of the Generals and of carried bevond the bounds of the Russian and Polish Officers. their duty from the evil-minded, 2. The authors of the borrors who, deceived by melancholy il- which occurred in Warsaw on lusions, and dreaming of an im- the 15th August last. possible state of things, had re- 3. Those who since thc 25th course to calumny and treachery of January have at different times to attain their object. They been concerned as chiess or alone are answerable for the vio- members of the Government illation of the most solemn oaths ; legally established in the kingdom for the ruin of their country, of Poland, and who have not which had flourished ever since sent in their submission previously its union with Russia ; for the to the 13th of September, as blood shed in the civil war ; for well as those who, after the subthe insurrection in the Imperial jection of Warsaw, formed an ilprovinces; and lastly, for the bur- legal Government at Zakroczyn, den which has been laid upon and thereby forfeited all claim to Russia. Their punishment, com- our mercy. mensurate with their crimes, is 4. The members of the Diet fixed by the laws; but our justice who proposed or supported the and our clemency shall allay the act of deposition of the 25th of fear of the weak, and of those January. who were only misled. To end 5. The officers belonging 10 their apprehension once for all, the corps of Romarino, Rozyck, and make them positively ac- Kaminski, and Rybinski. quainted with our will, we bave 6. The subjects of the western ordained as follows. —

governments who may have par1. A complete and uncondi- ticipated in the Polish insurrectional amnesty is granted to all tion.' those of our subjects in the kingdom of Poland who have return

Manifesto. ed to their obedience. None of those included in this amnesty

By the Grace of God, Nicho

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las I., emperror of Russia, king very laws and liberties which his of Poland, &c. When by our

When by our mighty arm had generously grantmanifesto of January 2d, lasted them. Bloodshed was the year, we announced to our faith- consequence of this crime. The ful subjects the march of our tranquillity and happiness which troops into the kingdom of Po- the kingdom of Poland had enland, which was momentarily joyed to a degree until then unspatched from the lawful author- known, vanished in the midst of ity, we at the same time informed civil war and a general devastathem of our intention to fix the tion. All these evils are now future fate of this country on a passed. The kingdom of Podurable basis, suited to its wants, land again subject to our sceptre and calculated to promote the will regain tranquillity, and again welfare of our whole empire. flourish in the bosom of peace, Now that an end has been put restored to it under the auspices by force of arms to the rebellion of a vigilant government. Hence in Poland, and that the nation, we consider it one of our most led away by agitators, has return- sacred duties to watch with paed to its duty, and is restored to ternal care over the welfare of tranquillity, we deem it right to our faithful subjects, and to use carry into execution our plan every means in our power to prewith regard to the introduction of vent the recurrence of similar the new order of things whereby catastrophes, by taking from the the tranquillity and union of the ill-disposed the power of disturbtwo nations, which Providence ing public tranquillity. As it is, has entrusted to our care, may be moreover, our wish to secure to forever guarded against new at- the inhabitants of Poland the tempts. Poland, conquered in continuance of all the essential the year 1815 by the victorious requisites for the happiness of inarms of Russia, obtained, by the dividuals and of the country in magnanimity of our illustrious general, namely, security of perpredecessor, the emperor Alex- sons and property, liberty of conander, not only its national exist- science, and all the laws and ence, but also special laws sanc- privileges of towns and comtioned by a constitutional charter. munes, so that the kingdom of These favors, however, would Poland, with a separate adminisnot satisfy the eternal enemies of tration adapted to its wants, may order and lawful power. Obsti- not cease to form an integral part nately persevering in their culpa- of our empire, and that the inhabble projects, they ceased not one itants of this country may hencemoment to dream of a separation forward constitute a nation united between the two nations subject with the Russians by sympathy to our sceptre, and in their pre- and fraternal sentiments, we have, sumption they dared to abuse the according to these principles, orfavors of the restorer of their dained and resolved this day, by country, by employing for the de- a new organic statute to introduce struction of his noble work the a new form and order in the ad

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ministration of our kingdom of al expenses of the empire in due Poland.

proportion. The taxes which

NICHOLAS. existed previous to November St Petersburgh, Feb. 26, 1832.

1830, shall be maintained. The Count STEPHEN GRABOWSKI,

commercial relations of the kingThe secretury of State. dom and the empire are to be

regulated by the mutual interests After this manifesto, the organic stat. of the parties. utes of Poland are given. The principal provisions are as follows :

For the future there shall be Poland is forever united with but one army for Poland and the Russian empire, of which it Russia, and the emperor reserves forms an integral part. The king- to himself to fix hereafter the dom shall have its separate ad- part which Poland is to contribute ministration, its own code of civil to its composition. The inhabiand criminal laws, and the privi- tants of either country may be leges of towns and communes come mutually naturalized. The shall remain in force. The cor- high administration is composed onation of the emperor of Rus- of the council of government, sia and king of Poland will in fu- presided by the governor-general. ture take place at Moscow by The council shall consist of a dione and the same act, in the rector-general, a comptroller-genpresence of special deputies ap- eral, and other members appointpointed for the occasion. In case ed by the sovereign. The counof a regency in the empire, the cil of government proposes the power of the regent will extend candidates for archbishops, bishover the kingdom of Poland. ops, directors-general, &c. who The liberty of worship is guaran- are to be chosen from among all teed; the Catholic religion being the subjects of bis majesty withthat of the majority of the inhab- out distinction. There is also a itants, will be under the special council of state ; to which is enprotection of the government; trusted the care of administrative personal liberty is granted; nó laws. All generally important one shall be arrested except in laws, such as the budget, are to cases provided for by the law and be sent into the council of state under the regular formalities, and of the empire for revision and must be brought before a compe- sanction. All administrative butent court of justice within three siness is to be transacted in the days. The punishment of con- Polish language. The old divifiscation can only be applied to sion of the country continues the offences against the state of the same, as well as the committees first class. The press will be of the Palatinates. The assemsubject to some indispensable re- blies of the nobility, of the coinstrictions. The kingdom of Po- munes, and the councils of the land is to contribute to the gener- Palatinate shall also continue.

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