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That no supporter but the huge firm earth
[She throws herself on the ground. Enter King John, King PHILIP, Lewis, BLANCH,
ELINOR, Bastard, Austria, and Attendants.
despair. Distress, while there remains any prospect of relief, is weak and flexible, but when no succour remains, is fearless and stubborn; angry alike at those that injure, and at those that do not help; careless to please where nothing can be gained, and fearless to offend when there is nothing further to be dreaded. Such was this writer's knowledge of the passions.
high tides,] i. e. solemn seasons.
- prodigiously be cross'd:] i. e. be disappointed by the production of a prodigy, a monster.
• But on this day,] That is, except on this day.
No bargains break, that are not this day made:
K. Phi. By heaven, lady, you shall have no cause
Const. You have beguil'd me with a counterfeit, Resembling majesty; which, being touch'd, and
this league:Arm, arm, you heavens, against these perjur'd kings! A widow cries; be husband to me, heavens! Let not the hours of this ungodly day Wear out the day in peace; but, ere sunset, Set armed discord 'twixt these perjur'd kings! Hear me, o, hear me! Aust.
Lady Constance, peace. Const. War! war! no peace! peace is to me a
O Lymoges! O Austria!' thou dost shame
90 Lymoges! O Austria!] The propriety or impropriety of these titles, which every editor has suffered to pass unnoted, deserves a little consideration. Shakspeare has, on this occasion, followed the old play, which at once furnished him with the character of Faulconbridge, and ascribed the death of Richard I. to the duke of Austria. In the person of Austria he has conjoined the two well-known enemies of Cæur-de-lion. Leopold, duke of Austria, threw him into prison, in a former expedition; [in 1193] but the castle of Chaluz, before which he fell (in 1199] belonged to Vidomar, viscount of Limoges; and the archer who pierced his shoulder with an arrow (of which wound he died) was Bertrand de Gourdon. The editors seem hitherto to have understood Lymoges as being an appendage to the title of Austria, and therefore enquired no further about it.
That bloody spoil: Thou slave, thou wretch, thou
coward; Thou little valiant, great in villainy! Thou ever strong upon the stronger side! Thou fortune's champion, that dost never fight But when her humorous ladyship is by To teach thee safety! thou art perjur'd too, And sooth’st up greatness. What a fool art thou, A ramping fool; to brag, and stamp, and swear, Upon my party! Thou cold-blooded slave, Hast thou not spoke like thunder on my side ? Been sworn my soldier? bidding me depend Upon thy stars, thy fortune, and thy strength ? And dost thou now fall over to my foes ? Thou wear a lion's hide! doff it for shame, And hang a calf's-skin on those recreant limbs. Aust. O, that a man should speak those words to
me ! Bast. And hang a calf's-skin on those recreant
limbs. Aust. Thou dar’st not say so, villain, for thy life. Bast. And hang a calf's-skin on those recreant
limbs. K. John. We like not this; thou dost forget thy
K. Phi. Here comes the holy legate of the pope.
Pand. Hail, you anointed deputies of heaven To thee, King John, my holy errand is. I Pandulph, of fair Milan cardinal, And from pope Innocent the legate here, Do, in his name, religiously demand, Why thou against the church, our holy mother, So wilfully dost spurn; and, force perforce, Keep Stephen Langton, chosen archbishop
Of Canterbury, from that holy see?
K. John. What earthly name to interrogatories,
foes. Pand. Then, by the lawful power that I have, Thou shalt stand curs’d, and excommunicate:
'What earthly name to interrogatories,
Can task the free breath, $c.) i. e. What earthly name, subjoined to interrogatories, can force a king to speak and answer them?