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Circuit Courts,
When justice of S. C. must hold, 188.
When district judge may hold, 201.
Jurisdiction of, 188.
Clerks,
Of courts, 192.
By whom appointed, 192.
By whom removable, 192.
Coinage of Money, 111.
The states prohibited to coin, 141.
Colonies,
Union of, 37.
Distinct government of 37.
Columbia, District of,
May be taxed, 102.
Commander-in-Chief,
Of the army and navy, 169.
Of the militia when in actual service,
168.
who is, 168.
. Commerce,
Condition of under the Confedera-
tion, 103.
Congress has power to regulate, 103.
What regulation of means, 111.
Meaning of, 103, 104.
Regulation of, variously applied, 104.
Power over, exclusive in Congress,
105.
What laws states may pass respect-
ing, 105.
With the Indians, 107.
Commission,
What is, 185. |
Signing and delivery of, 176.
Common Law,
In what states it prevails, 209.
Punishment of treason by, 212.
Compacts,
The states cannot enter into, &c., 152.
Compulsory Process,
When accused persons entitled to,
207.
Conclusion, 245.
Concurrent Powers of Legisla-
tion,
In what cases the states have, 128.
Concurrent Vote,
What is, 66.
Confederation,
See Articles of.
Confession,
Of accused person, 206.
Congress,
Stamp-act, 39.
Continental, 40.
Measures of, 40.
Second meeting of 41.
Powers exercised by, 41.
Adopt Articles of Confederation, 42.
Submit the Constitution, 46.
Organize the government, 46.
Under the Constitution, 47.
Of what it consists, 52.
Importance of two branches, 52.
May alter state regulations as to time
Contempts of Congress, 85.
Contested Seats, 82.
Contracts,
The states may not impair, 144–149.
Convention,
Federal, 46.
Copyrights, 115.
Counsel,
Accused persons entitled to have, 208.
Counterfeiting, 113.
Courts-martial,
What offences punishable by, 204.
What are, 205.
Creditors,
Of the government cannot sue, 138.
Have no lien on public property, 138.
Must apply to court of claims, 138.
Crimes,
Must be tried by jury, 201.
Where tried, 217–218.
Capital, &c., to be presented by a
grand jury, 201–202.
No person to be twice tried for the
same, 203–205.
Lebts,
Validity under the Constitution, 231.
Walidity of under changes in the gov-
ernment, 231.
Lepartments,
Of government, 52.
Under the Constitution, 52.
Executive, 170.
Direct Taaces,
Apportionment of 100.
How laid, 100.
Listrict Courts, 190.
How composed, 190.
Terms of 190.
Jurisdiction of 191.
Listrict of Columbia, 125.
Exclusive jurisdiction of Congress
over, 125.
Not a state, 126.
Represented in Congress, 126.
IDuties, -
May be laid by Congress, 100.
What are, 100.
Must be uniform, 100.
IElections,
Frequency of, 55–157.
Who must prescribe time, place, and
manner of holding, 79.
Who may alter regulations for, 79.
Diversity in time and mode of, 80.
Presidential, 161.
IElectors of President,
When first chosen, 47.
Of House of Representatives, 54,56,57.
Dependence of the representative
upon electors, 54.
IEquality,
Of representation in the Senate, 66.
IEaccises, -
Congress may lay, 98.
Meaning of 100.
Must be uniform, 100.

and manner of choosing Senators
and Representatives, 79.
Regulation as to manner of choosing
Representatives, 79.
How often to assemble, 81.
Each house of, to judge of the elec-
tions, &c., of its own members, 82.

Each house of, determines its rules

of proceeding, 83.
Members of, liable to punishment,85.
May punish for contempt, 85.
May sit with closed doors, 86.
Adjournments of, 85
Duration of 88.
Members of, not to be questioned else-
where for any speech or debate, 92.
Members of, not to hold civil office
under the U. S., 92.
Every bill, resolution, &c., must be
presented to the President, 96.
Have power to lay taxes, 98.
May borrow money, 102.
May regulate commerce, 103.
Limitation upon the power to regu-
late commerce, 105.
Power over naturalization, and bank-
ruptcies, 107.
Power with respect to the coinage of
money, 111.
Fo with respect to counterfeiting,
Power with respect to post-offices and
post-roads, 113.
Power with respect to other matters,
115, 129.
Powers denied to, 130–139.
May vest appointment of inferior
officers, 175.
When the President may convene
and adjourn, 180.
May establish inferior courts, 187.
Power as to state records, &c., 215.
Power as to the territories, 223–225.
Can make no law respecting a reli-
gious establishment, 236.
Constitution,
Definition of, 49.
Not necessary to existin visible form,
49.
Origin of 50.
The Roman origin of, 50.
The English, 50. ”
Of the U. S., 50.
Constitution of the U. S.,
When adopted by the Federal Con-
vention, 46.
How submitted to the people, 46.
How ratified by the people, 46.
For what purpose established, 51.
Supremacy of, 231.
Consul,
Th;Freident appoints and receives,
183.
What is, 183. -
The President may revoke exequalur
of, 183. - -

IEacclusive Legislation,
When Congress may exercise, 125–127
Eacecutive Department,
Importance of, 155.
How constituted, 156.
Opinions in the Convention respect-
ing, 156.
Unity of, 156.
Eacecutive Sessions, 87–174.
Pacecutive, State,
When to issue writ of election, 63.
JEacequatur,
What is, 183.
Of consul may be revoked, 184.
Lacports,
Not to be taxed, 136.
Eac Post Facto Laws,
Congress and the states may not pass,
144.
Felony,
What is, 117.
Freedom,
Of religion, 236.
Of speech and the press, 237.
Fugitives,
From justice, 218.
From labor, 219.
Georgia,
Sends delegates to the Continental
Congress, 41.
Government,
Definition of, 49.
Arbitrary, 49.
Constitutional, 49.
Departments of, 52.
Seat of, 125.
Guaranty of republican, 226.
Grand Jury,
Of how many it consists, 203.
Capital and infamous crimes to be
indicted by, 204.
What courts summoned to attend,203.
Duty of 203.
Proceedings by, 203, et seq.
Intervention of, when required, 204.
Habeas Corpus,
Cannot be suspended, except, 131.
Meaning of, 131.
High Crimes and Misdemean-
ors, 78.
High Seas,
Meaning of 117.
House of Representatives,
By whom chosen, 54.
Vacancies in, 63.
Choose their speaker, and other offi-
cers, 64.
Have sole power of impeachment, 64.
Initiation of revenue bills belougs to,
94.
Immunities,
Of accused persons, 202, et seq.
Of citizens of the several states, 217.
Impeach onent,
House of Representatives have sole
power of, 64.

|
292 * INDEX. |
Impeachment, - Jury,
Senate has sole power of trying, 74. Facts tried by, when may be re-ex-
Process of, borrowed from England, amined, 210.
74. Law of Nations, 118.
Who may be impeached, 75–77. Offences against, 118.
Judgment in cases of, 76. Principle of, respecting debts, 231.
Impeachable offences, 77. Legislature,
Mode of proceeding in cases of 78. Should consist of two branches, 52.
The President cannot pardon in cases | Levying War,
of 172. What is, 211.
Imposts, License,
May be laid by Congress, 98. Importers cannot be compelled to
Meaning of, 100. take out, by the states, 150.
Must be uniform, 100. License Laws,
Cannot be laid by the states, 149–150. States may pass, 105–106.
Indian Tribes, Magna Charta,
How regarded by the Constitution, Trial by jury secured by, 201.
107. Marque and Reprisal
Commerce with, may be regulated, Letters of, what are, 121.
107. When granted, 121.
Indictment, The states cannot grant, 141.
What is, 203–207. Marshals,
Endorsement on, by grand jury, 204. By whom appointed, 192.
When to be furnished the accused, Duties of 192.
207. Removable by the President, 192.
Indirect Taaces, Message,
What are, 99. Annual, by the President, 179. |
Inferior Courts, Militia,
Congress determines number of, 187. Congress may provide for calling
Tenure of office of the judges, 193. forth, 123.
The salaries of the judges, 193. Meaning of, 124.
Inspection Laws, 149. President may call forth, 124.
What are, 150. When they cease to be state militia,
Interior, 124.
Department of, 170–171. Arming and disciplining of, 125.
Jeopardy, The President commander of, when,
No person to be put twice in, &c., 203. 168–169.
Joint Vote, Minister, Public,
What is, 66. The President may refuse to receive,
Journal of Proceedings, 86. 180.
Value of, 86. The President may send away, 182.
Judgment of a State Court, Immunities of, 182. o
To what credit entitled, &c., 216. How many classes of, 182—183.
Judicial Power, What class the United States appoint,
In whom vested, 186. 183.
Extent of, 194. Minors, *
Judiciary, May be enlisted in the army and
The President cannot require the navy, 122.
opinion of, 172. - Money,
Tenure of office, 177. Congress may borrow, 102.
Jurisdiction, Congress may coin, 111.
Of Congress, over forts, dock-yards, Where coined, 112.
&c., 126. Naturalization, *
Of circuit and district courts, 188–191. Power of Congress over, 107.
Different kinds of, 189, 197, 198. What is, 107.
Jury, Rule of established by Congress, 108.
Not employed in civil suits of admi- | Naturalized Citizens,
ralty jurisdiction, 196. Eligible to the House of Rep., 57.
Trial by in criminal cases, 201. Eligible to the Senate, 71.
What is, 201. Ineligible to the Presidency, 163.
Petit, 210. Navy,
Grand, 210. Congress may provide, 123
When may be discharged without a Origin of 123.
verdict, 205. Government of, 123.
Speedy trial by, secured, 207. Commander-in-Chief of, 168.
Trial by, in civil cases, 209. Secretary of, 170. o

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* Necessary and Proper,”
Congress may pass all laws that are,
&c., 127.
Mobility,
Titles of, not to be granted by the
United States, 138.
Nor by the states, 139–140.
INolle Prosequi,
The President may order, 172.
Nominations to Office,
Who by, 175.
INon-consumption, 41.
INon-earportation, 41.
INon-importation, 41.
INorth Carolina,
Ratifies the Constitution, 48.
Nuncios, 183.
Oath,
The President must take, 168.
To support the Constitution, 233.

Officers of the Army and Navy,

Not liable to impeachment, 77.
How punishable, 77,204.
Papal Legates, 183.
Parchment,
Bills enrolled on, 97.
Pardon,
The President may grant, 172.
What is, 172.
Passage of Laws, 94–97.
Passenger Laws, 105.
JPassengers,
Cannot be taxed by the states, 106.
Patents, 116.
IPetition,
Right of 238.
IPhiladelphia,
Federal Convention assembles at, 46.
I’iracy, 117.
Power of Congress respecting, 117.
Plural Eacecutive,
Advocated in the Convention, 156.
Police Regulations,
States may enact, 105–106.
Ports,
No preference to be given to, 137.
Postmaster-General,
Duties of 114, 171.
Post-offices, 120.
Number of in Washington's adminis-
tration, 114.
Post-roads, 114.
Preamble, 51.
Presents,
Not to be accepted by officers of the
United States, 139. -
President of the Senate pro tem-
pore, 74,165.
When he acts as President, 165.
President of the United States,
May be impeached, 75, 185.
Who presides on trial of 76.
When he may adjourn Congress, 88.
When he may convene Congress, 88.
Every bill passed by Congress must
be presented to, 96.

President of the United States,
May call forth the militia, 124.
Executive power vested in, 156.
His term of office, 156.
Evils of frequent election of, 157.
Mode of election, 157–160.
Time of election, 161.
Qualifications for, 163, et seq.
Disability of, 165.
Salary of, 166.
His oath, 168.
His powers, 168.
Commander-in-Chief of the army,
&c., 168–169.
May require opinion of heads of de-
partments, 171. -
May grant reprieves and pardons,
172. -
May make treaties with concurrence
of the Senate, 173.
Makes nominations to office, 175.
Power of removal from office, 177.
Power to fill vacancies, 177.
His communications to Congress,179.
Power to convene and adjourn Con-
gress, 180.
Receives ambassadors, &c., 180.
Executes the laws, 184.
Commissions officers, 185.
Prohibitions,
Upon the states, 140.
Private Property
Not to be taken, &c., without com-
pensation, 206.
Privileges and Immunities,
Of citizens, 217.
Quartering Soldiers,
Provision respecting, 239.
Quorum,
In Congress, 83.
In the Supreme Court, 186.
Ratification of the Constitution,
234.
Ireligion,
Congress can make no establishment
of 236.
Iteligious Tests,
Prohibited, 233.
Itepresentatives,
How often chosen, 54–55.
Qualifications for, 57.
Qualifications for not to be altered
by the states, 58.
Apportionment of, 59.
Not to exceed one for every thirty
thousand, 61.
How many each state is entitled to,
61. -
Territories send, 63.
Receive compensation for their ser.
vices, 89.
By whom paid, 90.
Freedom from arrest, 90.
Disability as to office, 92.
Ireprieve,
The President may grant, 172.

Ireprieve, -
What is, 172.
Irepublican Government,
Guaranty of, 226.
Ireserved Powers, 241.
Ireserved Rights, 240.
Iretrospective Laws, 144.
Itevenue Bills, 94.
Ithode Island,
Does not send delegates to the Federal
Convention, 46.
Ratifies the Constitution, 48.
Itules of Proceeding,
Each house determines, 83.
What rules established, 84.
Salary of the President, 166, et
Sea.
science and Useful Arts,
Power of Congress with regard to,
115.
Search Warrants, 239.
When can issue, 240.
Seat of Government,
Exclusive jurisdiction of Congress
over, 125.
Secretary,
Of State, duties of 170.
t Seals civil commissions, 185.
Of War, 170.
Of the Navy, 170.
Of the Treasury, 170.
Of the Interior, 171.
Senate,
Importance of, 65.
Members of, 65.
Effect of their mode of election and
term of office, 65.
How composed, 65.
Equality of representation in, 66.
How members of, are chosen, 66.
Term of office of members of, 69.
Classes in, 69. -
Qualifications of members, 70.
Member of must be inhabitant of the
state for which he is chosen, 72.
President of, 73.
President of, pro tempore, 74.
Choose their officers, except, 74.
Try impeachments, 74.
Must be on oath or affirmation when
trying impeachments, 75.
Receive compensation for their ser-
vices, 89.
By whom paid, 89.
Freedom from arrest, 90.
Disability as to office, 92.
May propose amendments to money
bills, 94.
Agency in making treaties, 173-174.
Senators,
See Senate.
Ships of War,
The states prohibited to keep in time
of peace, 152.

Slaves, -
Considered in apportionment of rep-
resentatives, 60.
Slave Trade,
Declared to be piracy, 117, 131.
Prohibition of, 131.
Speaker of the House,
By whom chosen, 64, 73.
When he takes part in debate, 84.
Stamp Act, 39.
Congress, 40.
Repeal of, 40.
State Records, 215.
Must be authenticated, 215.
States, The,
Powers denied to, 140–154.
Privileges of citizens of, 217.
Admission of new, 222–223.
Supreme Court,
How instituted, 186.
How organized, 186.
Annual term of, 186.
Importance of 187.
Tenure of office, 193.
Salary of the judges of 193.
Original jurisdiction of, 197.
Appellate jurisdiction of, 198.
Taacation,
Of the colonies, 39.
Effect of, 39.
By Congress, 98.
Implied prohibition upon the states
respecting, 154.
Taaces,
Direct, apportionment of, 60.
Congress may lay, 98.
For what purpose Congress may lay,
98–99.
Different kinds of 99.
May be extended to the territories,
102.
Cannot be imposed on passengers by
the states, 106.
Capitation, 100, 136.
Cannot be laid on exports, 136.
Tender,
The states can make only gold and
silver coin a, 143.
Territorial Courts, 200.
Judges of removable by the Presi-
dent, 200.
Territories,
Organized send delegates to Con-
gress, 63.
When admitted into the Union as
states, 223.
Congress may dispose of, &c., 223.
The right to govern, 224.
Proceedings in as to change of gov-
ernment, 225.
Territory,
Acquisition of, 222-224.
Meaning of, 224.
Tommage,
States cannot lay any duty of, 151.
What is meant by, 15l. -

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