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ficial reading of an author will do little good. The same process that is in vogue in the study of a Latin Classic must be employed in the study of an English one. The etymology and primary meaning of the words must be investigated, the idioms noticed, the constructions analyzed, the figures and allusions examined and elucidated. The teacher must point out peculiarities of style and beauties of expression or imagery; and the practice of composition, in some cases with imitative exercises, must be carried on in connection with the study of the author in hand. If this be carefully and systematically done, "English Language and Literature" will very soon vindicate for itself a leading position in the educational course.

The accompanying series of Extracts will, it is hoped, supply a want in this direction. The authors selected may be regarded as representative writers. They include the leading names connected with each epoch of our National Literature. Many of our great masters of English Prose are indeed passed over, but it is nevertheless believed that almost every variety of style is worthily represented. It has been the Editor's aim to make the Extracts sufficiently long at once to exhibit an adequate sample of the author's language and a complete and connected description or argument. In compiling the Notes, he has, to the best of his ability, sought fair]}' to illustrate the text, to avoid trivialities, and to explain what really needed explanation.

Biographical Sketch .. .. .. .. .. ..99

Works .. .. .. .- .. .. 100

Extracts

From Areopagitica;

Restrictions on the Press Hurtful to the Progress of Truth .. 103

An Eager Spirit of Inquiry Awake in England .. .. .. 105

Differences of Opinion Inseparable from Free Inquiry .. .. 109

ABRAHAM COWLEY.

Biographical Sk Etch .. .. .. .. .. .. 115

Works .. .. .- .. .. .. .. 116

Extracts

From Essays:

Of Liberty .. .. .. .. .. 117

The Shortness of Life, and Uncertainty of Riches .. .. .. 127

JOHN LOCKE.

Biographical Sketch .. .. .. .. ..131

Works .. .. .. ... 132

Extracts

From Essay concerning Human Understanding:

Of Retention .. .. .. .. .. 134

From Treatise on Civil Government:

Of the Beginning of Political Societies .. .. .. .. 139

JOHN DRYDEN.

Biographical Sketch .. .. .. .. .. .. 156

Works .. .. .. .. .. 157

Extracts

From Essay on Dramatic Poetry:

Introductory Account .. .. -. .. .. .. 159

Characters of Shakspere, Beaumont and Fletcher, and Ben Jonson .. 102

From Life of Plutarch:

Characteristics of History and Biography .. .. .. .. 166

From Essay on the Origin and Progress of Satire:

Comparison between Horace and Juvenal .. .. .. .. 171

From Dedication of King Arthur:

To the Marquis of Halifax .. .. .. .. .. 175

JOSEPH ADDISON.

Biographical Sketch .. .. .. .. .. .. 130

Works .. .. .. .. .. .. .- .. 1SI

Extracts

From The Spectator:

Meditations in Westminster Abbey .. .. .. .. 132

American-Indian Traditions of the Spirit World .. .. .. 185

Thoughts on the Benefits of Commerce .. .. .. .. 189

The Vision of Mirza .. .. .. .. .. ..193

On Constancy in Death .. .. .. .. .. '.. 197

The Force of Habit, and its Use in the Formation of Character .. 200
LORD BOLINGBROKE pw

Biographical Sketch .. . .. .. .. .. 2o6

Works .. .. .. . -. .. .. .. 206

Extracts—

From Letters on History'!

Concerning the True Use and Advantages of History ,. .. 208

A Sketch of the State and History of Europe .. .. .. 213

From The Idea of a Patriot King:

The Office of Kings .. .. .. .. ..* .. 210

From The Spirit of Patriotism:

Orators of Greece and Rome .. .. .. .. ,. 213

SAMUEL JOHNSON.

Biographical Sketch .. .. .. .. .. .. 223

Works .. .. .. .. .. .. ..224

Extracts

From Lives of the Poets:

Life of Milton—Remarks cm " Paradise Lost" .. .. .. 226

From Masselas:

Description of a Palace in a Valley .. .. .. .. 242

The Discontent of Raeselas in the Happy Valley .. .. .. 245

DAVID HUME.

Biographical Sketch .. ,. .. .. .. .. 248

Works .. .. .. .. ,. .. .. ..249

Extracts

From Essays:

Of National Characters .. .. .. .. .. .. 250

An Inquiry concerning the Principles of Morals ., .. .. 262

EDWARD GIBBON.

Biographical Sketch .. .. .. .. .. .. 271

Works .. ., ,, .. .. ,. .. ..273

Extracts—-

From Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire:

Clovis, King of the Franks .. .. .. .. .. 274

Description of Arabia .. .. .. .. .. .. '2&S

EDMUND BURKE.

Biographical Sketch .. ., .. .. .. .. 302

Works .. ,. .. .. .. .. .. .. S04

Extracts

From Thoughts on the Cause of the Present Discontents:

The Advantage of Party-Connections .. .. .. .. 3^6

From Speech on Conciliation with America:

Enterprise and Character of the American Colonists .. .. 312

From The Nabob of Arcot's Debts:

Hyder All's Devastation of the Carnatic .. .. *.. ..321

From Reflections on the French Revolution:

Treatment of the King and Queen of France .. .. .. 325
WILLIAM PALEY. P^

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