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ISAIAH, xxxii. 15.
Until the Spirit be poured upon us from on high.
IN the beginning of this chapter, the evangelical prophet foretels the auspicious advent and benign government of the Messiah ; perhaps with some reference to Hezekiah's cquitable and prosperous reign over Judah. He then denounces sentence on the careless, obstinate, and unbelieving Jews, in language aptly descriptive of their condition, ever since the destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans : and then he declares, that these desolations would endure, “ until the Spi“rit should be poured upon them from on high ;" the happy effects of which gracious dispensation he predicts in the most energetick language. This seems to be the prophetical meaning of the chapter ; the concluding verses of which have not hitherto received their accomplishment. But the present occasion fis. es our attention to the words of the text: and I shall endeavour from them,
* Preached on Whitsunday, 1794.
I. Toexplain what is meant by “ the pouring .“out of the Spirit from on high.”
II. To consider more particularly the nature and effects of this promised blessing. · III. To make some remarks on the emphati. cal word “ Until.”
IV. To point out some instructions more immediately arising from the subject. I. I would explain the words here used.
The apostle calls Christianity " the ministration of “the Spirit:*" and it is certain, however it may be overlooked, that the promise of the Spirit pervades the New Testament, in the same manner as that of a Mes. siah does the Old. The language used concerning this subject, evidently implies the Personality and Deity of the Holy Spirit. He is represented as hearing, speak. ing, willing, commanding, forbiilding, and as receiving, and executing, a commission : and this not in allegories and parables, but in histories, didactick discussions, laws, and grants, where precision is indis. pensably necessary, and a literal interpretation peculiarly suitable: yet beyond all doubt these are personal actions. At the same time divine perfections and ope. rations are ascribed to him. He is said to dwell in the hearts of all believers, as in his temple, to " search " the deep things of God,” to raise the dead, and to
* 2 Cor. iii. 8.
effect a new creation. He is called, “ the Spirit of “ holiness," “ the Spirit of truth,”“the Spirit of life,” " the Spirit of power,” “ the Spirit of wisdom and "knowledge," " the eternal Spirit,” and “ the Com" forter.” If then the Holy Spirit be a Person possessing divine perfections, and performing divine operations; and if the same be true of the Father, and of the Son also: the ancient doctrine of the Trinity is evidently scriptural, though we can neither explain nor comprehend so deep a mystery.
If we further examine the subject, we shall find, that the scriptures uniformly ascribe all miraculous powers, prophecy, and inspiration to the immediate agency of the Holy Spirit : so that 'the wonderful works of Christ himself, and the exercise of his mediatorial offices on earth, are spoken of as performed by his anointing : “ The Holy Ghost was not given " by measure unto him :*" and St. Paul particularly describes the diversity of gifts communicated " by the same Spirit, dividing to every man severally "as he willed.?” The predictions of the prophets concerning the pouring out of the Spirit, in the days of the Messiah, f as well as our Lord's promises to his disciples, may have a special reference to these extraordinary gifts and powers; and to that display of the ascended Redeemer's glory and majesty, which was made on the day of Pentecost: but it should al. so be noted, that effects were produced, at that im. portant season, by the same divine Agent, which were
Isai. xliv. 3.
* 1 John iii. 34. Acts i. 2. x. 38. f 1 Cor. xii.
Joel ïi. 28.
far more valuable to those by whom they were e perienced.
If we accurately study the language of the sacre oracles, we shall be convinced that the Holy Spirit ; there spoken of, as the immediate Author of all tha is holy and excellent in man: and that a spiritua death, and a total incapacity of delighting in God and heavenly things, universally prevail in the human heart; till “ the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Je
sus makes us free from the law of sin and death." “ Except a man be born again-born of water and “ of the Spirit, he cannot see—he cannot enter into, e the kingdom of God." He is “ the Spirit of wis“ dom and revelation in the knowledge of God, to " enlighten the eyes of our understanding, that we “ may know the hope of our calling. *" He “cones vinces the world of sin, of righteousness, and of “ judgment:" “ he glorifies Christ, for he receives “ of his, and shews it unto us.” It is his office to o teach us all things, and lead us into all truth.” Christians are “ elect according to the foreknow“ledge of God, through sanctification of the Spirit “ to obedience :” they abound in hope “ through the " power of the Holy Ghost.” “ They pray in and " by the Holy Ghost, who helps their infirmities :" as they are led by the Spirit,” and all their holy tem. pers and actions are “ the fruits of the Spirit.” So that, “ if any man have not the Spirit of Christ he is “ none of his :" for all his redeemed people are * sealed by the Spirit, who is the earnest of their in
* Eph. i. 17, 18.
“ heritance :" as " the Spirit of adoption, he wit“ nesses with their spirits that they are the children * of God:” and thus he becomes their all-sufficient Comforter; “ for the kingdom of God ismin righ. “teousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost.”
In these respects we are warranted to expect the pouring out of the Spirit on our souls and congrega. tions: and we are confident that all true Christians are “ the temple of the Holy Ghost, an habitation of “God through the Spirit;” and we are amazed that any man, who calls himself a disciple of Christ, should be so ignorant, as to deny this fundamental truth of the gospel, or so profane as to turn it into ridicule!" If ye,” says our Lord, “ being evil, “know how to give good gifts unto your children : " how much more shail your heavenly Father give " the Holy Spirit to them that ask him ?*" This accords to the promise of the Lord by his prophet, “I "will put my Spirit within you, and cause you to " walk in my statutes, and ye shall keep my judg"ments and do them.t"
Far be it from us to affect equality with prophets and apostles: nor do we expect any new revelations: for the scriptures soberly interpreted are the standard of truth. But we profess, to depend on the Holy Spirit to enable us properly to understand them. We have no other rule of duty, but the commandments of God: but we need the promised teaching and as. sistance of the Holy Spirit, to enable us to understand this rule, to convince us of our manifold deviations from it, to humble and soften our hearts in true re