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READERS contains a number of literary selections and copies of pictures which express thoughts that will foster patriotism and the love of good and noble deeds. By patriotism is meant love of our own land and loyalty to the best interests of our own country, wherever that land or that country may be.

The German “Fatherland” is dear to the heart of the Germans; the sons and daughters of France love their own land; sunny Italy is full of beauty to the eyes of the Ita ians; Ire'and's lakes and streams, history and customs, are loved by all those of Irish blood; the “Stars and Stripes” make the hearts of Americans thrill with love and loyalty. We might mention Canada's "Maple Leaf” and the “Beaver." Scotland's “Thistle," and the regard which is felt for each nation by those who call the land by the endearing title “Home."

Love of God and Heaven is the highest and holiest emotion of the heart; but love of home and country follows closely in the wake of the thoughts and deeds that make us worthy children of Heaven and loyal subjects of our Lord and King.

To the Pupils:

In Book FOUR OF THE BURKE LITERATURE AND ART READERS you will find a number of new words. Be sure that you learn their meaning and pronunciation. In many of the selections there are allusions to persons, places, and things, and to the literature that may be found in other books. You will need to learn the meaning of those allusions in order to understand and appreciate the thoughts contained in the articles you are reading. For example, when studying the first selection, “The Beggar at the Beautiful Gate," look up the exact location of Jerusalem and what is meant by the gates of a city. Learn when the miracle occurred which is mentioned in this selection, and in what book the record has been kept. How beautiful are the words which St. Peter said to the poor blind beggar, and how kind of the Apostles to notice the man who sat at the Beautiful Gate."

In the poem, “The Ride of Collins Graves," by John Boyle O'Reilly, what is meant by risks of Sheridan and Paul Revere? What is meant by the expression,

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What is a “mill-stream," and what would widen a millstream? What is a “vale” and the “trend of the vale ?

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Why is “The basin that nourished their happy homes compared to a “demon?”

On page 112 begins the article, "Saint Catherine of Alexandria,” by Eliza Allen Starr. In the first paragraph mention is made of "the Musæum” and the “ Pharos." In the second paragraph we are told about the “god, Seraphis. Farther on we read of Socrates, Plato, and others.

To understand the charming account of Saint Catherine it will be necessary to understand the allusions. Miss Starr presents us first with a noble picture. What does she say about the sky, the Mediterranean Sea, the buildings? Notice how she reminds us of Saint Mark and by a few words suggests to us a series of pictures in the life of Saint Mark.

The two men walking, “ side by side, the length of the noble portico," pleases us, puts life into the scene. Farther on we are told the names of those men, and also what they are saying

By studying each selection with care and intelligence, you will learn to appreciate the beautiful messages the authors of the world have left for you. The understanding of one article will assist you in studying other articles.

Dr. Johnson, the English lexicographer, said: “The chief glory of every people arises from its authors.” The chief work of reading is to learn about the glories of the past and how to use this information so as to make life broader, deeper, and holier.

PAGE

Saint Catherine of Alexandria

Eliza Allen Starr

II2

Sly Reynard .

118

The Curé of Ars

Kathleen O'Meara

The Lepers of Molokai

Charles Warren Stoddard 127

The Village Blacksmith

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow 131

The Capture of Ticonderoga

George Bancroft

133

The Boston Boys in 1775

135

Paul Revere

138

King Solomon and the Bees

John G. Saxe

142

The Three Cakes

145

Ishmael's Son

Mary T. Waggaman

148

The Easter Vision of the Brother Sacristan Susan L. Emery

154

The Youth of Washington

161

To My Infant Son

Thomas Hood

168

The Little Hero of Haarlem

172

The Birth of Our Lady

Marion J. Brunowe

176

The Two Plowshares

178

How the Christ Flowers Came

Mary Blanche O'Sullivan 180

Heroes ..

Denis A. McCarthy

183

A Boy on a Farm

Charles Dudley Warner

The Spacious Firmament

Joseph Addison

187

To the Fringed Gentian

William Cullen Bryant

190

Beatitudes

191

The Three Kings

Father Faber

192

Little Christel

Mary E. Bradley

195

A Christian Hero

Adapted from Rev. Bertrand

Wilberforce, O.P.

A Divine Guest

203

St. Francis and the Turtle-Doves

Adapted from the Little Flow-

ers of St. Francis

204

Gessler and William Tell

206

Life's Heroes

Rev. Arthur B. O'Neill, C.S.C.

On the Rhine

William Lisle Bowles

212

John Boyle O'Reilly

James Jeffrey Roche

213

The Descent of the Holy Ghost

Adapted from the Bible

215

Behind Time

Freeman Hunt

217

A Pleasant Incident

Louisa M. Alcott

The Legend of St. Frida

Sarah D. Hobart

224

Saint Paul

228

The Hermit

232

Connor Mac-Nessa

Mary F. Nixon-Roulet 236

King Frederick's Page

242

Dionysius and His Friends

.243

A Legend of Bregenz

Adelaide Anne Procter

245

Lullaby

Alfred Lord Tennyson

254

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