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Tim. Cut my heart in sums.

1.Ind with such sober and unnoted ? passion Tit. Mine, tifty talents.

He did behave' his anger ere 'twas spent, Tim. Tell out my blood.

As if he had but prov'd an argument. Luc. Five thousand crowns, my lord.

1 Sen. You undergo too strict a paradox *, Tim. Five thousand drops pays that.- 5 Striving to make an ugly deed look fair : What yours ?--and yours?

Your words havetooh suchpains, as if theylabour'd · I Var. My lord,

To bring man-slaughter into form, and set quar2 Vur. My lord,

relling Tim. Tear me, take me, and the gods fall upon Upon the head of valour ; which, indeed,

[Erit. 10 ls valour inisbegot, and came into the world Hor. 'Faith, I perceive, our masters may throw

When sects and tactions were newly born: their caps at their money; these debts may be well He's truly valiant, that can wisely suffer call'd desperate ones, for a madman owes 'ern. The worst that man can breathe : and make bis

Exeunt.

wrongs Re-enter Timon, and Flarius. 15 His outsides; to wear them like his raimeni, careTim. They have e'en put iny breath froin me, And ne' is prefer his injuries to his huurt, the slaves :

To bring it into danger. Creditors! --devils.

If

wrongs be evils, and enforce us kill, Flav. My dear lord,

What folly 'tis to hazard life for ill? Tim. What if it should be so ?

20 Alcib. My lord,Flao, My lord,

1 Sen. You cannot make gross sins look clear; Tim. I'll have it so :-My steward !

To revenge is no valour, but to bear. Flar. Here, my lord.

Alcib. Mylords, then,under favour, pardon me, Tim. So filly? Go, bid all my friends again, If I speak like a captain.Lucius, Lucullus, and Sempronius, all; 25 Why do fond men expose themselves to battle, I'll once more feast the rascals.

And not endure all threats? sleep upon it,
Flao. O my lord,

And let the foes quietly cut their throats,
You only speak from your distracted soul; Without repugnancy? If there be
There is not so much left, to furnish out such valour in the bearing, what make we
A moderate table.

30 Abroad? why then, women are more valiant, Tim. Be it not in thy care: go,

That stay at home, if bearing carry it; I charge thee, invite them all : let in the tide The ass,more captain than the lion; and the fellow, Of knaves once more; my cook and I'll provide. Loaden with irons, wiser than the judge,

(Exeunt. If wisdom be in suffering. O my lords, SCENE V.

35 Is you are great; be pitifully good :

Who cannot condemn rashness in cold blood?
The Senate-house.

lo kill, I grant, is sin's extreinest gnist“;
Senators, and Alcibiades.

But, in detence, by mercy', 'tis most juste i Sen. My lord, you have iny voice to 't; To be in anger, is impiety; the fault's bloody;

40 But who is man, that is not angry? Tis necessary, he should die :

Weigh but the crime with this. Nothing emboldens sin so much as mercy.

2 Sen. You breathe in vain. 2 Sen. Most true; the law shall bruise'em. Alcib. In vain? his service done Alcib. Honour, health, and compassion to the At Lacedæmon, and Byzantium, | Sen. Now, captain ?

(senate ! 45 Were a suflicient briber for his life. Alcib. I am an humble suitor to your virtues ; | Sen. What's that?

service, For pity is the virtue of the law,

Alcib. Why, I say, my lords, he has done fair And none but tyrants use it cruelly.

And slain in fight many of your enemies : It pleases time and fortune, to lie heavy

How full of valour did he bear himself Upon a friend of mine, who, in hot blood, |501n the last conflict, and made plenteous wounds? Flath stept into the law, which is past depth 2 Sen. He has made toomuchplentywith’em; he To those that, without heed, do plunge into it, Is sworn a rioter: he has a sin

[soner: He is a man, setting his tates aside,

That often drowns bim, and takes his valour prio Of comely virtues :

If there were no foes, that were enough
Nor did he soil the fact with cowardice ; 55 To overcome him : in that beastly fury
(An honour in him, which buys out his fault;) He has been known to commit outrages,
But with a noble fury, and fair spirit,

And chcrish factions: "Tis inferr'd to us,
Seeing his reputation touch'd to death,

His days are foul, and his drink dangerous, He did oppose his foc :

1 Sen, He dies, 'i.e. putting this action of his, which was pre-determined by fate, out of the question. 2U for noted prission means, perhaps, an uncommon command of his passion, such a one as has not hitherto been observed. 'i. e. manuge his anger. * You undertake a paradox too hard. 'i. e. What have we to do in the field?

Gust, for aggravation, according to Warburton.-Mr. Steevens thinks that gust here means rashness, and that the allusion may be to a sudden gust of mind. ? The meaning is, I call mercy herself to witness, that defensive violence is just.

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Alcib. Hard fate! he might have died in war. 2 Sen. It should not be, by the persuasion of My lords, if not for any parts in him, [time, his new feasting: (Though his right arın inight purchase his own

I Sen. I should think so: He ha h sent me an And be in debt to none) yet, more to move you, earnest inviting, which many my pear occasions Take my deserts to his, and join 'em both: 5 did urge me to put off; but he hath conjur'd me And, for I know, your reverend ages love beyond them, and I must needs appear. Security, I'll pawn my victories, all

2 Sen. In like manner was I in debt to my imMy honours to you, upon his good returns. portunate business, but he would not hear my ex If by this crime he owes the law his life,

I am sorry, when he sent to borrow of Why, let the war receive't in valiant gore ; 10 me, that my provision was out. For law is strict, and war is nothing more.

1 Sen. I am sick of that grief too, as I undera 1 Sen. We are for law, be dies; urge it no more,

stand how all things go. On height of our displeasure: Friend, or brother, 2 Sen. Every man here's so. What would he He forfeits his own blood, that spills another.

have borrow'd of you? Alcib. Must it be so? it must not be. My lords, 15

1 Sen. A thousand pieces. I do beseech you, know me.

2 Sen. A thousand pieces! 2 Sen. Hove?

I Sen. What of you? Alcib. Call me to your remembrances. ;

3 Sen. He sent to me, sir,--Here he com'cs. 3 Sen. What?

Enter Timon, and Attendants. Alcib. I cannot think, but your age has forgot me, 20 Tim. With all my heart, gentlemen both :It could not else be, I should prove so base',

And how fare you? To sue, and be deny'd such common grace:

1 Sen. Ever at the best, hearing well of your My wounds ake at you.

lordship. i Sen. Do you dare our anger?

2 Sen. The swallow follows not summer more 'Tis in few words, but spacious in effect; 25 willingly, than we your lordship. We banish thee for ever.

Tim. [ Aside. ] Nor more willingly leaves winAlcib. Banish me?

ter; such sumnier-birds are men. --Gentlemen, Banish your dotage; banish usury,

our dinner will not recompense this long stay: That niakes the senate ugly:

(thee, feast your ears with the musick awhile; if they 1 Sen. If, after two days' shine, Athens contain 30 will fare so harshly as on the trumpet's sound: Aitend our weightier judgement.

we shall to't presently: And, not to swell our spirit”,

1 Sen. I hope, it remains not unkindly with your He shall be executed presently. [Exeunt Senate. lordship, that I return’d you an empty messenger. Alcib. Now the gods keep you old enough;

Tim. 0, sir, let it net trouble you. that you may live

351 2 Sen. My noble lord,Only in bone, that none may look on you! Tim. Ah, my good friend! what cheer? I am worse than mad: I have kept backtheir foes,

[The banquet brought in. While they have told their money, and let out 2 Sen. My most honourable lord, I am e'en Their coin upon large interest; I nyself, sick of shame, that, when your lordship this other Rich only in large hurts.-All those, for this? 40 day sent to me, I was so unfortunate a beggar. Is this the balsam, that the usuring senate

Tim. Think not on't, sir. Pours into captains' wounds? Ha! banishment i 2 Sen. If you had sent but two hours before, It comes not ill; I hate not to be banish'd : Tim. Let it not cumber your better rememIt is a cause worthy my spleen and fury,

-Come, bring in all together. (brance. That I may strike at Athens. I'll cheer up 451 2 Sen. AH cover'd dishes ! My discontented troops, and lay for hearts '. 1 Sen. Royal cheer, I warrant you. Tis honour, with most lands to be at odds; 3 Sen. Doubt not that, if money, and the season Soldiers as little should brook wrongs, as gods. can yield it.

[Exit. 1 Sen. Ilow do you? What's the news ?

50 SCENE VI.

3 Sen. Alcibiades is banish’d: Hear you of it?

Both. Alcibiades banish'd!
Timon's House.

3 Sen. 'Tis so, be sure of it. Enter diters Senators, at several doors.

I Sen. How? how? 1 Sen. The good time of day to you, sir.

2 Sena I

pray you, upon what? 2 Sen. I also wish it to you. I think, this ho-55 Tim. My worthy friends, will you draw near? nourable lord did but try ús this other day. 3 Sen. I'll tell you more anon. Here's a noble

1 Sen. Upon that were my thoughis tiring , feast toward.
when we encountered: I hope, it is not so low 2 Sen. This is the old man still.
with him, as he made it seem in the trial of bis 3.Sen. Will't hold? will't hold?
several friends.

601 2 Sen. It does: but time will and som "Base, for dishonoured. ? Not to swell our spirit, may mean, not to put ourselves into any tumour of rage, take our definitive resolution. i.e. the affections of the people.

4 A hawk is said to tire, when she amuses herself with pecking a pheasant's wing, or any tảing that puts her in mind of prey.-To tire upon a thing, is therefore to be idly employed upon it. 3 G

3 Sen.

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3 Sen. I do conceive.

Your reeking villainy. Live loath'), and long, Tim. Each man to his stool, with that spur as he Most smiling, smooth, detested parasites, would to the lip of his mistress: your diet shall be Courteous destroyers,affable wolves, meek bears, in all places alike. Make not a city feast of it, to You fools of fortune,trencher-friends,time's fiiez? let the meat cool ere we can agree upon the first 5 Cap and knee slaves, vapours, and minute-jacks *! place: Sit, sit.' The gods require our thanks. Of man and beast, the infinite malady

You great benefactors, sprinkle our society with Crust you quite o'er !-What, dost thou go? thankfulness. For your oren gifts, make yourselres Soft, takethy physic first,—thou too,-and thou: prais'd: but reserve still to give, lest your deities be

[Throzus the dishes at them. despis’d. Lendloeach man enough, that one need not 10 Stay, I will lend thee money, borrow none.lendto another; for, were your godheads to borrow What, all in motion ? Menceforth be no feast, of men, men would forsake the gods. Make the meat Whereat a villain 's not a welcome guest. be beloved, more than the man that gives it. Let no Burn house; sink Athens ; henceforth hated be assembly of twenty be without a score of villains : Of Timon, man, and all humanity! [Erit. If there sit twelve romen at the table, let a dozen of 15

Re-enter the Senators. them be as they are.The rest of your fees', O gods, 1 Sen. How now, my lords?

[fury? --the senators of Athens, together with the common 2 Sen. Know you the quality of lord Timon's lag of people, - chat is amiss in them, you gods, 3 Sen. Pish! did you see my cap ? muke suitable for destruction. For those my pre

4 Sen. I have lost my gown. sent friends,

-as they are to me nothing, so in no-20 1 Sen. He's but a mad lord, and nought but thing bless them, and to nothing are they welcome. humour sways him. He gave me a jewel the Uncover, dogs, and lap.

other day, and now he has beat it out of my hat: [The dishes uncovered, are full of warm water. - Did you see my jewel? Sone speak. What does his lordship mean? 2 Sen. Did you see my cap? Some other. I know not.

25 3 Sen. Here'tis. Tim. May you a better feast never behold, 4 Sen. Here lies my gown. You knot of mouth-friends! smoke and luke- 1 Sen. Let's make no stay. warm water

2 Sen. Lord Timon's mad. Is your perfection?. This is Timon's last;

3 Sen. I feel 't upon my bones. Who stuck and spangled you with flatteries, 4 Sen. One day he gives us diamonds, next day Washes it off, and sprinkles in your faces

stones. [Throwing water in their faces.

[Ereunt

.

301

A C T IV.

SCENE I.

With it beat out his brains ! piety, and fear,

Religion to the gods, peace, justice, truth,
Without the Walls of Athens.

Domestic awe, night-rest, and neighbourhood,
Enter Tämon.

Instruction, manners, mysteries, and trades, ET me look back upon thee, O thou wall, 45 Degrees, observances, customs, and laws, That girdlest-in those wolves! Dive in the Decline to your confounding contraries, earth,

.Ind yet confusion live! Plagues, incident to men, And fence not Athens! Matrons,turn incontinent; Your potent and infectious tevers heap Obedience fail in children! slaves, and fools, On Athens, ripe for stroke! thou cold sciatica, Pluck the grave wrinkled senate from the bench, 50 Cripple our senators, that their limbs may halt And minister in their steads! to general filths As lamely as their manners! lust and liberty, Convert o' the instant, green virginity!

Creep in the minds and marrows of our youth; Do'tin your parents' eyes! bankrupts, hold fast: That'gainst the stream of virtue they may strive, Rather than render back, out with your knives, And drown themselves in riot! itchies, blains, And cut your trusters' throats ! bound servants, 55 Sow all the Athenian bosoms; and their crop steal;

Be general leprosy! breath infect breath; Large-handed robbers your grave masters are, That their society, as their friendship, may And pill by law! maid, to thy master's bed; Be merely poison! Nothing I'll bear from thee, Thy mistress is o'the brothel! son of sixteen, But nakedness, thou detestable town! Pluck the lind crutch from thy old limping sire,60 Take thou that too, with multiplying banns !

Dr. Warburton thinks we should read foes. i.e. the highest of your excellence. 3 i.e. fies of a season.

* A minute jack is what was called formerly à Jack of the clock-house ; an image whose office was the same as one of those at St. Dunstan's church in Fleet-street.--See note ', p. 658. :i.e. every kind of disease incident to nian and beast.

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Timon will to the woods; where he shall find To have his pomp, and all what state compounds,
The unkindest beast more kinder than mankind. But only painted, like his varnish'd friends?
The gods confound (hear me you, good gools all)

Poor honest lord, brought low by his own heart;
The Athenians both within and out that wall! Undone by goodness! Strange, unustial blood?,
And grant, as Timon grows, his hate may grow 5 When man's worst sin is, le docs too much good!
To the whole race of mankind, high and low ! Who then dares to be half so kind again?
Amen.

[Exit. For bounty, that makes gods, does still mar meu.

My dearest lord,-blest to be most accurs'd,

Rich, only to be wretched ;-thy great fortunes SCENE II.

10 Are made thy chicf attlictions. Alas! kind lord! Timon's Ilouse.

He's flung in rage from this ungrateful seat

Of monstrous friends: nor has he with him to Enter Flarius, with ito or three Serrants.

Supply his lite, or that which can command it. ! 1 Sert. Hear you, master steward, where is

I'll follow, and enquire him out: our master?

15 I'll ever serve his wind with my best will; Are we undone! cast off? nothing remaining ?

Whilst I have gold, I'll be his steward still. Flat. Alack, my fellows, what should I say

[Exit, to you? Let me be recorded by the righteous gods,

SCENE III. I am as poor as you.

20 i Sort. Such a house broke!

The Woods. So noble a master tallen! All gone! and not

Enter Timon. One friend, to take his fortune by the arın,

Tim. O blessed breeding sun, draw from the And go along with him!

earth 2 Sort. As we do turn our backs From our companion, thrown into his grave;

25 Rotten huinidity; below thy sister's orb'

Infect the air! Twinn'd brothers of one womb, So his familiars from his buried fortunes Slink all away; leave their false vows with him,

Whose procreation, sesidence, and birth,

Scarce is dividant,-touch them with several forLike empty purses pick'd: and his poor self,

tunes: A dedicated beggar to the air, With his disease of all-shunn'd poverty,

30 The greater scorns the lesser: Not nature, (tune, Walks, like contempt, alone. -More of our

To whom all sores lay siege, can bear great forfellows.

But by contempt of nature *.

Raise me this beggar, and denude that lord;
Enter other Serrants.

The senator shall bear contempt hereditary,
Flat. All broken implements of a ruin'd house. 35 The beggar native honour.

3 Sert. Yet do our hearts wear Timon's livery, It is the pastor lards the brother's sides, That see I by our faces; we are fellows still, The want that makes him leave'. Who cares, Serving alike in sorrow : Leak'd is our bark;

who dares, And we, poor mates, stand on the dying deck, In purity of inanhood stand upright, Hearing the surges threat: we must all part 40 And say, ' This man's a flatterer?" if one be, Into this sea of air.

So are they all; for every grize of fortune Flat. Good fellow's all,

Is smooth'd by that below: the learned pate The latest of my wealth I'll share amongst you. Ducks to the golden fool: All is oblique; Wherever we shall meet, for Timon's sake, There's nothing level in our cursed natures, Let's yet be fellows; let's shake our heads, and 45 But direct villainy. Therefore, be abhorrid say,

All feasts, societies, and throngs of men ! As 'twere a knell unto our master's fortunes, His semblable, yea, himself, 'T'imon disdains : We have seen better days. Leteach take some; Destruction fang' mankind !--Earth, yield me [Giving them money.

roots !

[Digging the curth. | Nay, put out all your hands. Not one word more: 30 Who seeks for better of thee, sauce his palate Thus part we rich in sorrow, parting poor. With thy most operant poison! What is here?

[E.reunt Sertants.

Gold? yellow, glittering, precious, gold? No, 0, the fierce' wretchedness that glory brings us !

gods, Who would not wish to be from wealth exempt, I am no idle votaristo: Roots, you clear heavens"! Since riches point to misery and contempt? 135'I hus much of this, will make black, white; foul; Who'd be so mock'd with glory? or to live

(valiant. But in a dream of friendship?

Wrong, right; base, noble; old, young; coward, · Firrce is here used for hasty, precipitate. Strange, unusual blood may mean, strange unusual disposition. 3 That is, the moon's, this sublunary world. * Dr. Johnson explains this passage thus: Brother, zchen his fortune is enlarged, will scorn brother; for this is the general depravity of human nature, which, besieged as it is by misery, admonished as it is of want and imperfection, when cerated by fortune, will despise beings of nature like its own.5 That is, it is the pastour that greases or flatters the rich brother, and will grease him on till want make him leare. Grize for stup or degree. 'i. e, seize, gripe:

* i. e. no insincere or inconstant supplicant. Gold will not serve me instead of roots. 'l his nay mean either ye cloudless skies, or ye deilies exempt from fuilt. 3 G2

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Ha, you gods! why this? Why this, you gods? Tim. None, but to
Why, this

[sides; Maintain

my opinion. Will lug your priests and servants from your Alcib. What is it, Timon? Pluck stout men's pillows from below their Tim. Promise me friendship, but perforın rone: This yellow slave

[heads : 5 Thou wilt not promise, the gods plague thee, for Will knit and break religious; bless the accurs’d; Thou art a man! if thou dost perform, confounů Make the hoar leprosy ador'd; place thieves,

thee, And give them title, knee, and approbation, For thou art a man! With senators on the bench; this is it,

Alcib. I have heard in some sort of thy miseric. That makes the wappen'd' widow wed again; 10 Tim. Thou saw'st them, when I had prosperity. She, whom the spital-house and ulcerous sores Alcib. I secthein now; then was a blessed tinie. Would cast the gorge at, this embalms and spices Tim. As thine is now, held with a brace of To the April-day again!. Come, damned earth,

harlots,

(world Thou common whore of mankind, that put'st odds Tyman. Is this the Athenian minion, whom the Among the rout of nations, I will make thee 15 Voic'd so regardfully? Do thy right nature':--[N[arch afar off:]-Ha! Tim. Art thou Tyinandra ? a drum ?-Thou’rt quick',

Tyman. Yes. But yet I'll bury thee: Thou'lt go, strong thief, Tim. Be a whore still! they love thec not, that When gouty keepers of tbee cannot stand :

use thee; Nay,stay thou out for earnest. [Keeping some gold. 20Give them diseases, leaving with thee their lust.

Make use of thy salt hours : season the slaves Enter Alcibiades, with drum and fife, in warlike

For tubs, and baths; bring down rose-checked manner, and Phrynia and Tymandra.

youth, Alcib. What art thou there? speak.

[heart,

To the tub-fast", and the diet. Tim. A beast, as thou art. The canker gnaw thy 25 Tyman. Hang thee, monster! For shewing me again the eyes of man!

Älc. Pardon him, sweet Tymandra; for his wits Alcib. What is thy name? Is ian so hateful to Are drown'd and lost in his calamities. thee,

I have but little gold of late, brave Timon, That art thyself a man?

The want whereof doth daily make revolt Tim. I ain misanthropos, and hate mankind.

30 In my penurious band: I have heard, and griey'd, For thy part, I do wish thou wert a dog,

How cursed Athens, mindless of thy worth, That I might love thee something.

Forgetting thy great deeds,when neighbour states, Alcib. I know thee well;

But for thy sword and fortune, trod upon thein,But in thy fortunes ain unlearn'd and strange. Tim. I prythee, beat thy drum, and get thee Tim. I know thee too, and more, than that 1/35

gone. know thee,

Alc. I am thy friend, and pity thee, dear Timon. I not desire to know. Follow thy drum:

Tim. How dost thou pity him, whom thou dost With man's blood paint the ground, gules, gules :

trouble? Religious canons, civil laws are cruel ;

I had rather be alone. Then what should war be : This fell whore of 40 Alcib. Why, sare thee well: thine

Here is some gold for thee. Hath in her more destruction than thy sword, Tim. keep it, I cannot eat it. For all her cherubin look.

Alc. When I have laid proud Athens on a heap,-Phry. Thy lips rot off!

Tim. Warrist thou 'gainst Athens? Tim. I will not kiss thee; then the rot returns 45 Alcib. dy, Timon, and have cause. To thine own lips again.

Tim. The gods confound them all in thy conAle. How came the noble Tinion to this change:

quest; and Tim. As the moon does, by wanting light to Chee after, when thou hast conquer'd ! give;

Alrib. Why me, Timon? But then renew I could not, like the moon; 50 Tim. That, by killing of villains, thou wast bom There were no suns to borrow of.

To conquer my country. Alctb. Noble Timon,

Put up thy gold; Go on,-here's gold,-go on; What friendship may I do thice?

|Be as a planetary plague, when Jove ' i.e. men who have strength yet remaining to struggle with their disteniper. This alludes to an old custom of drawing away the pillow from under the heads of men in their last agonies, to inake their departure the easier, Waped or wappin'd, according to Warburton, signifies both sorrowful and terrified, either for the loss of a good husband, or by the treatment of a bad. But gold, he says, can overcome both her atfection and her fears. 3 That is, to the wediling day, called by the poet, satirically, April day, or fool's day. The April day, however, does not relate to the widow, but to the other distused female, who is represented as the outcast of an hospital. She it is whom gold embalms and spices to the April da; again: 1. e. gold restores her to all the freshness and sweetness of youth. * Lie in the earth where nature laid thee. - Thou hast life and motion in thee. 6 This álludes to the method of cure for venereal complaints (explained in note , p. 90), the unction for which was sometimes continued for thirty-seven days, and during this time there was necessarily an extraordinary abstinence required. Hence the term of the tub-jist. The diet was likewise a customary term for the regimeu prescribed in these cases.

Will

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