The Consolation of Otherness: The Male Love Elegy in Milton, Gray and Tennyson
McFarland, 23/05/2002 - 184 páginas
The social and religious constraints of their time may have prevented John Milton, Thomas Gray, and Alfred Tennyson from conscious expression or even unconscious recognition of the true extent of their love and devotion to their young male friends, but it lies at the heart of their emotional lives and poetry. Connected by the extraordinary coincidence that each of their loved ones died young, Milton, Gray, and Tennyson are also connected by the male-love elegies that sprang from their grief. This work examines the relationships between John Milton and Charles Diodati, Thomas Gray and Richard West, and Alfred Tennyson and Arthur Hallam through a critical study of Milton's "Epitaphium Damonis," Gray's "Elegy," and Tennyson's "In Memoriam." It shows how their concepts of otherness and difference from the people around them provided comfort after the loss of their loved ones. It discusses Milton's use of Latin to mourn his friend and screen the most resounding expressions of his love while keeping at bay those not ready to understand his concept of otherness, how Gray used both Latin and the vernacular to express his grief while conforming to social and religious constraints by also addressing larger concerns; and Tennyson's ability to use the vernacular with complete security to speak out and yet hold back private thoughts about the person he loved more than almost any other in his life.
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CHAPTER Two A Secret Sympathy
CHAPTER THREE Points of Resistance
CONCLUSIONA Deeper Voice
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A. L. Rowse admiration Alfred Tennyson alienation allusion amore artist Barbaras aedes beauty beloved bereaved Condee conscious consolation Diodati eclogue elegiac Elegy emotional English epitaph Epitaphium Damonis Eton faith Favonius feeling felt force friendship Georgics Gleckner Gray and Tennyson Gray's Elegy grief heart Hercules human Hylas Ibid identity idyll imagination immortality lament language Latin letter lines literary living loss lost Lycidas lyric Lytton Sells male love elegy melancholy Memoriam memory metaphor mihi Milton mind mourning nature Neo-Latin ness pain Paradise Lost paragraph passion pastoral pecus phoenix phrase poem poet poet's poetic poetry Propertius realized romantic friendship sense sexual significance Sinfield social society song soul speak spirit stanza tells tender Tennessee Williams Theocritus Thomas Gray thou Thyrsis tion tone Toynbee tradition vernacular verse verse paragraph voice Walpole Walpole's West West's death words writing youth