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LADY MORGAN. Punted in Waris by Berthon __ Engraved by Thomson.

Pubhahed by JRobme & C London & Dublin.Nov.21825.


JANUARY, 1826.

A RETROSPECT OF THE PAST YEAR. Whilst we are yet standing upon potency of a royal touch. Indeed, the threshold of time, it may not be the Holy Alliance seem to have as. unprofitable, ere we step into the certained this important fact already; new year, to take a view of the past brute force is now superceded by to contemplate, dispassionately and sophistry, for each and every despot calmly, the events which lave either has given up the right divine,' and propelled or impeded the progress of would persuade us that they rule hehuman happiness, and from thence cause it is the interest of the people deduce reasons for anticipating good, to obey them. This augurs well, it or prognosticating evil. At this sea- is a first step towards an acknow. son it is customary for thc commer- ledgment of civil equality, and whencial man to review his accounts, that ever kings recede, the people adhe may ascertain the progress of his vance. affairs; and the religious man to in Europe has happily experienced vestigate his moral conduct, that he another year of peace; and some of may be made acquainted with the the continental sovereigns have vastate of his conscience. Every indi- nity enough to think that they can vidual is more or less called upon, benefit the condition of their subjects. at the approach of a new year, to One royal hypocrite has evinced such look back as well as forward,- to a regard for a religion which he deenter, as it were, at this religious tests, that he insists on those who hour, into the temple of Janus; and intend to become its teachers, to while contemplating the future, not spend four years previously in attendto forget the past. This is a duty, ance at a kind of Mechanic Instituhowever, more imperatively imposed tion, where they may learn to think upon those who have indertaken to like their sovereign-contemptuously think for others—who give, through of their own religion. Such, however, the instrumentality of the press, a is the inconsistency of public writers direction to public opinion, and who who labour under religious prejudices, either elevate or depress the hopes that this gross invasion of popular and fears of the people. The readers rights by the King of the Netherlands of the "Dublin and London' no doubt has found advocates among the popuexpect something of this sort from lar part of the British press. That us, and we have determined that they which they could not tolerate in shall not be disappointed.

Catholic France is quite right, when The cause of man is advancing; it takes place in a Protestant state. slowly, it is true, but still it is pro- Their own creed is every where to be gressing. We are none of those vi- unrestricted, but Catholicism is entisionaries who make imaginary calcu- tled to no such protection. Its minislations; we do not expect to see ters are to be instructed in any way Europe regenerated in a hurry; but which a superannuated despot may still we have well grounded hopes dictate; and if his unfortunate subjects that right and truth will ultimately remonstrate against such oppression, prevail. The influence of the press the advocates of civil rights--the is increasing, and its light will in avowed enemies of arbitrary powertime consume those whom it cannot are to revile, condemn, and calumenlighten. Bad men may occasionally niate them. Their creed is to be misdirect its energies and endeavour held up as incompatible with loyalty, to circumscribe its utility, but its and the intolerants of our own councontact is contagious, and the nation try are thence led to infer- that Cawhich has once caught the generous tholics at hoine are unworthy of infection is not to be cured by the emancipation. We are no friends, January, 1826.


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God knows, to ignorance in canoni- infatuated peasant became amenable cals, but yet we would much rather to the law which hitherto he had see a consecrated cobler in the pul- considered his enemy; and, convinced pit than a king at the head of a that his political opponents could no seminary of education. The one is longer injure him with impunity, he a folly which speedily corrects it- refrained from seeking revenge ; self; but the other is the parent of whilst he hastened to support, by his slavery. If the Catholic priests of mite, a body who had saved him the Netherlands be imperfectly edu- from the effects of a brutal faction cated, let the people be instructed, and his own folly. Thus the Assoand they will soon have learned ciation, by making known, whilst it teachers, without the erection of a enforced the laws, accomplished, in philosophical college—another name a few months, that which the arm of for a juvenile bastile. We should be power had not been able to effect glad to hear from the Morning during more than half a centuryChronicle,' on what ground it de- namely, the tranquillity of Ireland. fends that in the Netherlands which At this moment, however, the leit has condemned in England. Ox- gislature was hastily assembled, and ford and Cambridge it has held up an Act of Parliament almost as hasas monopolies—as the strong holds of tily passed to suppress the Catholic exploded errors. Yet the college of Association. Upon the burning wound the Dutch king has found, in the thus cruelly inflicted some oil was editor of this journal, a panegyrist thrown. A hope was held out to the for his philosophical (pompous title) Catholic Deputation, then in London, college! Proh pudor.

that there was a disposition in the The fate of Greece is yet undecided, Cabinet to do an act of justice and and all the elements of explosion are policy. Mr. O'Connell and his friends daily collecting in unhappy Spain. were given to understand—or at least The new world, however, has played they had reason to infer from certain a successful game. The independ- circumstances—that a Bill to emancience of the several states of South pate themselves and brethren would America may be said to be establish- pass during the session. A Parliaed; and while we have to deplore the mentary Committee, in the mean tiine, existence of despotism in three quar- was hearing evidence on the state of ters of the world, it is satisfactory to Ireland, and, amidst the mass of nonfind universal emancipation in the sense which was listened to and pub. fourth.

lished, much important truth was At home-the scene of our more elicited. The evidence of the Cathoimmediate concerns—we find the past lic prelates was calıulated to effect year to have teemed with important important benefits, to disarm bigotry, events-all, or nearly all, of which and conciliate their opponents. Whilst have been connected with the affairs this drama was proceeding, expectaof Ireland. Early in 1825 the Irish tion was kept upon tiptoe; the con. Catholic Association arrested the fiding Catholics believed their insidiattention of the civilized world. That ous enemies to be sincere, and with patriotic body was composed of near- a generous, though mistaken, liberaĪy all the intelligence, worth, and lity, were ready to make any sacripiety of that kingdom; and presented fices to the prejudices of Protestant an union of feeling produced by a ascendency. At length the bubble sense of individual suffering. Its burst. The Lords rejected the Bill members, in a noble confederacy for sent up from the Commons, and the the attainment of a public good, unfortunate Catholics, after being forgot personal differences, whilst rocked to repose, awoke to the sad all zealously co-operated to promote reality that ar other nick was to he the cause of their country. For the added to the bundle of records first time, the helot of the soil recog. which contained the number of years nized a saving power; and, conscious they had spent in slavery. There of protection, he shook off his ti- was an additional paug felt on this midity, and assumed the attitude of occasion. The prime minister, nota freeman. Assured of justice, the withstan ling the conclusive évidence which had been recently laid before cut off the source which gives life, him, did not refrain from adding in- and force, and unity, to the Catholic sult to injury, by telling the Catho- body. Make them freemen, and the lics that they were in the habit of bondsmens'chain will no longer serve splitting their allegiance-that they to link them to each other. were so king-ridden that nothing If the Catholics persevere, their less than two inonarchs at the same emancipation cannot be much longer time would serve them ; and that he, delayed. Every circumstance of the for one, would not admit them to the times tends to make the im policy of privilege of British subjects. The their exclusion more apparent. They heir presumptive followed on the have shown themselves disposed to same side. The illustrious duke took concede all that could be reasonably a royal road to his conclusion. Dis- required, and more, certainly, than daining argument, he pronounced the they should have surrendered, for Catholics deservedly afflicted; and, that which was as much their right lest his highness's' word was not as what they already possessed. Ansufficient, he invoked his God to wit- other circumstance in their favour is, ness, that he at least would never ad- the prosperity of the nation. It is mit them within the pale of the now acknowledged on all hands that constitution !

rents are promptly paid, and that the Perhaps there is a kind of negative Irish peasantry are in a state of, if not humanity in insulting those to whom entire, at least bordering on, indeyou have refused to do justice. In- pendence. They have decidedly an dignation not unfrequently begets advantage over those of England. fortitude; and anger sometimes lends In their own language they have · full a momentary strength. The Catho- and plenty ;' and thus the events of lics, however, stood in no need of the last ten months have demonstrate adscititious means of support. They ed as true what we advanced in the were undoubtedly indignant, but yet two first numbers of this publication. they refrained from imitating the Our predictions have been fulfilled, bad taste of their opponents by re- because we relied on facts; and in sorting to invective. They assembled calling on the Catholics to cease apin towns and counties, entered their plying degraded epithets to their protest against tenets falsely attri. country, such as miserable, starved, buted to them, and came to resolu- &c. we did no more than prudence tions which showed that they were and reason warranted. The prospeneither ungrateful to their friends rity of the people at this moment nor hopeless of ultimate success. In declares, that however numerous local the mean time the spirit of the Asso. grievances may be, the great, the ciation was resuscitated. A new one prominent, nay, the only real evil in arose upon the ruins of the old, and Ireland, was the non-emancipation of whilst it supplied, in some measure, the people. To make this apparent the place of its predecessor, its es- we have taken some trouble, and we tablishment proclaimed, in the face are happy to find that our labours" of Europe, that no law can be framed have not been useless; many are conby the British legislature to deprive vinced that we have had truth on our seven millions of the captive's pre- side, and many more know that we rogative-the right to complain. The have, but yet have not courage government must now see that the enough to refrain from indulging in Catholics have grown beyond the an injurious habit of insulting their measure of their chains—that their country, and degrading her in the degradation is incompatible with na- estimation of foreigners. tional prosperity and that, in fact, In conclusion, we can only recomthe security of the Empire demands mend the Irish and English Catholics their speedy emancipation. Into this to persevere. We have already evinced attitude the impolicy of the cabinet that they have our good wishes, for has forced them, and this attitude we are fully persuaded that this quesmust acquire additional strength from tion is a national and not a sectarian every external attack. The only way one. now left to render it harmless is to

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By the Author of · The Hermit in London.' Doctor QUALM was one of those used to correct by the stimulus of a book-worms who knew nothing of the pot of college ale and a bottle of world by which he was surrounded ; tawney port per diem; at length the passing from school to college, from port waged war against his constitu

the class-room to the closet or li. tion, and he laboured severely under · brary, he had made the classics his dyspeptia and bile, so that he was

favourite companions, and moreover (to his great annoyance) forced from prided himself on the purity of his his college and his library into the pronunciation of the dead authors, world. The Bath waters were preand on his profound knowledge of his scribed for him, and he accordingly own language; to these he had de- visited that fashionable place; but voted so much of his time, that he Bath was too dissipated a town for had neglected both his health and his moral and regular habits. He his appearance; not that he was like observed that the men lacked honesty, a late learned professor, so dirty, and the women were not (to use his slovenly, and sometimes ragged, as expression) quite orthodox. He lost to be 'to dogs a terror, and to men his money at whist, and his temper a shame. On the contrary, cleanli- at the tea-table. Now, as it was his ness was an observance of this L. L. D. pride and habit to keep both, the A.S.S. ; but he cared as much about best way he could, with true liberathe fashions as a donkey does about lity and charity, he shifted his quarthe longitude. He was only desirous ters to Cheltenham : here he lived to be amply clad, and never varied alone, and, as he was of a social turn, in his mode of dress: his hat was um- he sighed for college and the common brageous, as he used to call it, and room, bad puns, and honest inirth; of large dimensions ; his cauliflower but his health got worse, and he must wig would keep out a hail storm, if have the best inedical advice. Lonit assailed him in the rear; his coat don, therefore, offered the only rehad skirts under which he could carry source; there he hoped to meet with a month's provisions; his boots were scholars and purity of speech, for the ample and easy, black and all black; Gloucestershire and Somersetshire and, when he was not up to his elbows dialects set his teeth on edge, and he in business, he was up to his knees resolved to get into a respectable in boots; moreover, although he never boarding house, in order to unbend troubled his clear and steady head at dinner time, after the fatigues of with love or politics, he was over morning study, without which he head and ears in wig, a thing safer could not exist ; he accordingly got than being over head and ears in two rooms on a first floor in a comlove, particularly for one who has a fortable house, where there were a call. The doctor's life was as even few boarders, and where he expected as his language was correct; he was to enjoy the solace of rational convervirtuous and strictly well-principled, sation, in which he was well formed but was generally imposed upon, to bear his part; his first annoyance, holding it as a maxiin, that the inan however, was the female servant, who fell out for fractions must be a whose flippancy of speech, and open fractious man: in the division of his warfare against grammar, stuck in time he was as regular as a clock, the doctor's stomach, already derangpassing froin his bed to the breakfast, ed by indigestion and bile. table, and from it to his library, Mout I make bold to axe?' was thence to the dinner-table and to bed her first prefatory address. again. In early youth he kept a pony, “Thou murderess of plain English,' which had nearly a sinecure place, exclaimed Doctor Qualm, 'axe any but he soon grew too corpulent for thing you please, but pray do not cut horse exercise, and parted with his up our mother tongue root and favourite animal to his bookseller. branch. I pray thee, send thy mis. The fatigues of study brought on a tress, and she will let me know what kind of daily exhaustion, which he she wants,'

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