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#* The entire profits arising from the sale of this Publication will be devoted the Calcutta Christian Tract And Book Socikty.

This periodical is both literary and religious, and is particularly designed to aid* the progress of education and Christianity in the east. It has been now established above eight years, and from the extensive circulation it has obtained, must be too well known to require a lengthened statement of its object, or the principles on which it is conducted. It was originally projected solely with the view of doing: good, by opening a channel for useful communications of every description connected with religion and morals, and the general improvement of I ml in. untinctured by party spirit, and unstaiued by selfish exclusiveness. It is, in fact, so Catholic in its principles that the Editors venture to assert, that there is not a Christian in India, that need be conscientiously precluded from rallying round them with his co-operation and support.

To render its utility universal, it has studiously and constantly avoided all discussion of minor distinctions among Christians—of questions respecting *' Church and State"—" Church and Dissent," and of all peculiarities whatsoever in matters of Church Government, and the administration of Christian ordinances. It has always endeavoured to do justice to good plans and good men, in whatever tit-nomination of Christians the former may have originated, or to whatever class the latter may have belonged.

All orders and remittances for the work, to be addressed to Mr. G. C. Hay, 99, Dharamtula.

Price to Subscribers, 10 Rs. per Annum—payable in advance .-—for odd Nos. 1 R. each. To Non-Subscribers, or Subscribers not paying in advance, H. }-8per No.

N. B. The work is also procurable of Air. E. G. Fraser, Allahabad; Rev. J. A. Sburman, Banaras; Messrs. G. Vansomeren, Madras; the Agent for the Oriental Christian Spectator, Bombay ; Rev. J. Beightnn, Pinang; Rev. R. Anderson, D. D., Boston, U. S., J. Fairburn, Esq., Cape Town, aud Messrs. W. Allen and Co. London.

Established, May, 1S39.

THE CALCUTTA CHRISTIAN ADVOCATE. "In non-essential things liberty—in necessary things unity—t'n till things charity."

This Journal is devoted to the discussion of Moral and Religious subjects connected with the general welfare of the Natives of India ; the sprend of the Christian Faith, and the defence of the principles of the Faith for which the Protestant Reformers suffered unto death, are those which obtain the most prominent place in its pages, although no subject is rejected the discussion of which can even remotely subserve the purpose for which the Journal was established—the Extension and Defence of the Gospel of Christ.

The ADVOCATE is published every Saturday morning—price one rapee per month, or fen rupees per annum, payable in advance. It is printed on good Europe paper, and contains eight pages large 4to.

All Communications and Correspondence to be addressed to the Publisher, Mr. G. C. Hay, 99, Dharamtala.

A Miscellany Of Literature, Science And Religion.

Intended chiefly for the benefit of that portion of the Native community who have received an English Education. Published on the 1st and ISth of every month, price 4 annas each Number, or five Rupees per annum payable in advance. Parties taking six copies for distribution to pay for five.

All communications to be addressed to the publisher, Mr. G. C. Hay, 99, Dharamtala.

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I.—Introductory Observations.

Our readers may have heard a story regarding a very brief address delivered by a Romish priest in the Emerald Isle. It was part of that gentleman's duty to instruct his flock regarding the acts and merits of his country's tutelary saint on the yearly recurrence of that saint's day. On one occasion however it fell out that the 17th day of March came round before his reverence was ready for it. He therefore (so the story goes) entered the rostrum, and addressed his auditors in the following manner. "Dearly beloved, twelve months ago I told you all I knew regarding the blessed Saint Patrick; since that time I have received no tidings from his saintship, but if I hear from him in the course of the year I shall not fail to let you know." This was a display of much tact and wisdom ; for few men, if any, can speak or write well repeatedly on the same subject. Tyrant custom has imposed upon Poets-laureate and Editors the task of presenting their several patrons with stated addresses: and if custom would allow, it were often much better were they to follow the example to which we have referred. This however may not be.

But while we shrink from the necessary monotony of a long New-year's address, it is not from want of matter, but rather from weariness of the form. Matter we cannot lack, while we have so much cause of thankfulness to our Lord and Saviour for his having honoured us to enter upon another year

VOL,. I. B

in his service, so much cause of humble gratitude for the good that we may have been made the instruments of effecting during the year that is past, so much cause to lament that through our weakness and deficiency that good has not been a hundred-fold greater. Under God too we have much reason to return our best thanks to our contributors and correspondents, and to our subscribers, for the valuable aid they have severally given us. We are happy to be able to say, that our lists of contributors and of subscribers are each in an encouraging state, and we trust they will go on gradually increasing.

During the past year some questions of deep and lasting interest have come before us; and we have not shrunk from presenting our readers with those views in regard to them which seemed most in accordance with Divine truth. This is the infallible guide in all questions of faith and practice:— "To the law and to the testimony."

If in our application of Scriptural principles we have on any occasion come into collision with the allowed practices of any of our readers, we would say to such in the Spirit of Christian affection—It is not " We say" or " You say." Let not these words be heard between us. But rather let us go directly to the word of God ; and let the style of our discourse be " What readiest thou ?Thus it is written,Thus saith the Scripture." If our remarks on any occasion have induced any one to look more narrowly to his ways, and examine more narrowly his courses and his motives, we desire to give thanks and praise to our heavenly Father, whose humble instruments it is our honour to be.

And now we go forward to the duties of another year, with renewed resolutions by Divine grace to hold on the even tenor of our way, to turn neither to the right hand nor to the left for the fear or favour of man. It shall be our pleasant duty to lay before our readers whatever we receive from God illustrative of His dealings with men; whatever may cast light upon His word, and point out the fulfilment of His faithful promises; whatever may render Christians more sensible of their high privileges and their corresponding responsibilities, and foster aspirations after more fervent piety; whatsoever may arrest the attention of sinners, and lead them to consider their state and character before God ;—in short, whatsoever may give glory to God, and tend to the spiritual well-being of men.

We shall therefore watch with anxious interest over the progress of religion throughout the world, faithfully chronicling, so far as we can learn them, the movements which are made by the Church universal with the view of establishing the reign of truth and righteousness on the earth. But especially in this land, in which our lot has been providentially cast, we shall carefully attend to all that the Lord does for the honour of His own name, both detailing facts and endeavouring to elucidate principles in-regard to the duty of Christians. In this part of our work we trust to the continued and increased assistance of our Missionary brethren, and invite the aid of all who are in any way engaged in efforts to extend the rule of the Messiah.

We shall be, as we have ever been, the unflinching advocates of Christian education, as a powerful engine put by God into our hands for the purpose of demolishing the unclean fabric of heathen superstition, and rearing in its place the stately structure of Christian faith and Christian practice. To all other means of missionary operation also we shall constantly direct the attention of our readers, and it shall ever be our endeavour to produce or keep alive an intelligent interest in their minds regarding the progress of gospel truth.

One nearly new branch of most pleasing labour we mean to undertake, that of endeavouring to lead on to exalted piety our dear friends who have been brought out of heathenism to the knowledge and faitli of the gospel. Being delivered from bondage they are as men that dream. By representing their claims upon those who are entrusted with the ministry of the word, and by pointing out frequently in direct addresses to themselves their peculiar duties and trials and temptations, —by speaking for thein and speaking to them—we trust to be honoured of God to contribute to their spiritual improvement and growth in grace.—Their increasing number evidently demands that such attention should be paid to them.

The customs and literature of the natives shall continue to receive a large share of our attention, as subjects of rational curiosity, and as possessing an important bearing on the state and prospects of the country. In the providence of God we are about to be deprived for a season of one of our most valuable contributors on subjects of this nature*, and we trust that our other friends will exert themselves correspondingly that our readers may not be losers.

We shall continue to maintain the same catholic principles which have heretofore guided both ourselves and predecessors, having always a reference to measures not men, and to the greatest good of the greatest number irrespective of caste, creed or color. We shall, God helping us, know mankind but as one family, and the church but as one brotherhood ; and it shall be our endeavour not only that the watchmen, but the citizens of Zion may see eye to eye.

The present, our readers will perceive, is the first number of a New Series of the Calcutta Christian Observer. The Editors have been induced to adopt this new arrangement from a variety of causes, but chiefly on account of the imperfect state of the former series, there not being one complete set, except any of our friends are more fortunate than ourselves in possessing the deficient numbers for which we have advertised in this number. It is impossible, having brought the past series to a close, not to experience feelings both of pleasure and pain :—pleasure in looking on the past, and marking what has been effected; and pain when we remember how many of those who have contributed to the pages of the Observer since its commencement are now numbered with the dead or scattered abroad in the earth. We can say in the retrospect,

* Our renders in general know that they have been indebted for an immense store of information on the languages, literature anil customs of this country to the Rev. W. Morton (cinsurbnsis), who is about to proceed to Europe. Let us hope that he will soon return to us, and resume his station as one of our chief " Orientalist Contributors." Our present No. is remarkably rich in contributions from the pen of our Reverend friend, as we hope will be also the next.

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