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The greater part of this balance is nominal—as there are bills on hand to discharge which will reduce the balance to less than Rs. 2000.

There has been a great increase in the circulation of books throagh the Depository daring the past year, especially among the European portion of the residents, which it very encouraging:

Receipts.—1, Bengali Tracts printed 146,000, of which SO,000 are a gift from Mr. Hawkins and 20,000 from the Baptist Mission Press, the whole being only a portion of 220,000 ordered by the Committee. 2, Hindosthanee reprinted 4,000, being the commencement of an order to the amount of upwards of 200,000 now on hand. 3, Promiscuous grant in English and other European languages from the London Tract Society, 32,000. 4, from Messrs. J. W. Alexander, Hawkins, Sutton, &c. nearly 15.000 in English, Persian and Ooriya; making in all about 200,000 received into the Depository.

Issues.—The issues for the year have been 273,000. Thus the receipts have been about 18,000, and the issues 100,000 greater than during the former year.

In the work of book-translation little has been done. The first part of Barth's Church History has been translated into Bengali by the Rev. Mr. Piffard; also Doddridge's Rise and Progress, abridged and altered in some measure, translated into Bengali and printed ; and the life of Daniel into Bengali by the Rev. Mr. Morton. Several little works have been prepared in Persian by the Rev. Mr. Pflander for the benefit of Mahommedans understanding or speaking that language. Mr. Pffander was for some time engaged in the Georgian Mission, but through the bigotted jealousy of the Government of that country was expelled from thence, but not until he had become well versed in the delusions and language of the people. After having acquired this important object his steps were directed to this city, where his acquisitions have been turned to a valuable result. During the past year the various works have made their appearance: they comprehend the chief points at issue in the controversy between Christians and Musulmans, and those who are able to judge their merits, speak very highly of their value.

The Report goes on to notice that" silent knowledge is rapidly though secretly spreading—inquiries, in many cases, are incited into action—conviction, produced under a sermon or address, is urging on towards conversion, by the hidden supplies of a tract or a book read privately and by hidden snatches."

In consequence of the large demands for the Society's books, especially from Agra, an Auxiliary Depository has been formed there under Capt, Wheler, to whom an extensive supply of books has been sent up.

This Society have corresponded with the Madras and Bombay Tract Societies for translations of their chief native tracts, promising in return translations of their principal tracts—the request has been readily acceded to.

During the past year a cognate society has been established in Calcutta, called the Christian School Book Society, whose object is to promote the sanctifieatiou of the educational literature of India.

The Report concludes with some very excellent remarks on what should constitute the doty of every one in stirring up his energies for the service of Christ. "Time is speeding on—year after year passes away—the close of each man's stewardship to God is hastening towards him—soon will it be here. What shall our account then be >" • • • • •■ j^t u9 then awake more than ever;—let us open our eyes on the fearful rapidity of time's revolution. Let him that can teach, teach now—let him that can girt, give now—let him that can write, write now—let him that can translate, translate now—let him that can distribute, distribute now—let him that can pray, pray now—let him that can do nay of these, do it note—let him that can do all of these, do all note; for the time is short, and the end of all is at hand I" The Reverend Mr. Boswell proposed the first resolution, which was—

First "That the Report now read be adopted and circulated as a pledge of our

continuance in brotherly love, and as a medium of exciting increased iuterest in this Society's special depaitment of evangelical operation."

Inputting it he dwelt some time on the importance of unify and brotherly love in all Christian undertakings. But there could be no brotherly love without divine truth as its foundation. The most delightful feature of such an association as this is, that it includes amongst its friends and supporters Christians of all denominations in a holy union The Rev. speaker illustrated this, by supposing the pillars which support the roof of the Hall to bs all of marble, which though of different and various colours, will still, if contrived on the same principles of architecture, yield equal support to the buildiog. So may every class of pious Christians mutually render assistance in the great edifice of Christianity, and be its support. In conclusion he commended union in prayer to Almighty God, that he would unite with his servants in the extension of His Kingdom. Mr. J, W. Alexander seconded the above motion.

The second resolution, via.

Second.—" That the spiritual exigencies of India, the inadequate amount of personal agency provided for its conversion to God, and the evident blessing which has ever attended the circulation of written truth—call for 'sustained and increased activity on our part in the diffusion of Christian Tracts and Books over this whole land"—

. Was put by Mr. Morton, who followed it up with some appropriate remarks ; in the course of which the speaker gave an anecdote of a young lady who having gone to a ball was struck with the awful word' eternity,' which so affected her that she became serious,

Mr. Beattie seconded the Resolution with a few earnest expressions of delight in being privileged to do so.

The Kev. Mr. Wybrow after moving the Third Resolution, which was:

Third.—" That the unbelief and impenitence under the various means of grace, by which we are beset ou every hand, claim from us earnest intercessory prayer before the Lord, and special supplication for the immediate and effectual interposition of the Holy Spirit to communicate saving power to all our operations as a Society,"—observed with much earnestness on the still prevailing stubbornness of heart, and obstinate perseverance in wickedness by the people, notwithstanding the knowledge that they could not fail to possess concerning the riches of the gospel. Even in this city where such intense exertions are being made for their enlightenment, he could not help thinking of what Davis says, that although the truth is selfevident of the two sides of an isosceles triangle being equal, if that truth were to affect any of,the religious prejudices of mankind, its infallibility would instantly be questioned and perversely denied. So it is in regard to Christianity and the heathen's acceptance of it: their superstitions and prejudices render them utterly blind and deaf to the perception of truth. It is a lamentable fact, their existing hardness of heart seems to be almost beyond redemption. The speaker then related a striking instance, which had lately come under his own observation, of a young native, who from a scoffer at Christianity, at length professed to believe, and seemed so earaest that he was received into the church ; but he fell: soon after his baptism, he presented himself to the speaker, and giving an exaggerated statement of the illness of his mother, expressed his intention of instantly going to see her, the result was feared; he was earnestly advised not to go, but he would and he did. He returned to the Mirzapore Mission no more 1 He bad been since seen, but had shrunk from the Missionaries. Such things were sorrowful and deeply humiliating. More union in prayer—more earnestness in it—was called for from Christians. AsElisha in his earnest prayer to God for the restoration to life of the Shuuamite's son, made the child's case his own, by placing his hands on the child's hands, and so also his anas, and his limbs; in like manner should we, by making the case of the heathen our own, pray more unceasingly and more earnestly for their conversion and regeneration to life eternal.

The Rev. Mr. Mieklejohn seconded the resolution with some very appropriate remarks, in the course of which he observed that the very fact of the obstinacy to receive the truth, ought to be a reason for our increased, united, and persevering exertion to spread the knowledge of the means of grace ; and if there wcre'any one way in which that end could be arrived at, that way was the mode adopted by this Association of diffusing Christian knowledge. Observe, said the Rev. speaker, how the operations of nature proceed : now plants spring forth and bud ; the thistle with its downy filaments, each of which contains a seed, is made to spread far and wide, by the winds of heaven wafting the downy seed over the tops of mountains as well as in the vallies. Some fall on rocks and stony places, and produce nothing; but much falls on good ground, and fructifies and multiplies. Tracts and other religious publications are our winged messengers, and although much may fait of producing good, still will some take root and bring forth fruit in due season through the grace of God. In this confidence we circulate tracts—and deem it a privilege to do so:—let us do it as a work of faith, and do it with earnest, and affectionate, and above all united prayer, for it is this which will ensure the help of the Almighty.

The last resolution was put by Mr. J. F. M. Reid, and seconded by Mr. C. Tucker,—

Fourth.—" That for the .management of the affairs of this Society during the ensuing year, the Committee of last year be reappointed, with power to add to their number, agreeably to the printed regulations of the Society."

After which the Doxology was sung, and the meeting broke up.

Calcutta Auxiliary Bible Society. A General Meeting of the Calcutta Auxiliary Bible Society was held in the Town Hall, on Dec. 3rd, —the attendance of ladies and gentlemen on the occasion was very respectable. The Chair was taken by C. W. Smith, Esq. After prayer, and a few words from the Chairman, the Actiog Secretary was called upon to read the report of the year's proceedings.

The report was an exceedingly interesting one. The following are the most interesting items which we could gather from the Report.

From the 1st December 1837, to the 31st October 1839, there were issued from the

Calcutta Public Depository, volumes, 30,628

Received same period from Home Society and the different Presses 60,628

Amount of Subscriptions and Donations during same period,.... Co.'s Rs. 11,130 Amount realized by sale of Scriptures, 4,903

Co.'s Rs. 19,013 Bible Depositories in connection with tbeCalcntta Auxiliary have now been formed at Agra, Allahabad, Benares, Burdwan, Cawnpore, Chittagong, Chunar, Cuttack, Dacca, Dinnpore, Dum-Dura, Futtehghur, Goruckpore, Je9Sore, Ludhiana, Lucknow, Meerut, Midnapore, Mirzapore, Moughyr, Nusseerabad, Patna, Saharunpore, Sabathn, and Sudiya. By these Depositories have been distributed volumes 13,109.

At the cpnclusion of the reading of the Report the Rev. R. B. Boyce briefly proposed the first resolution, "That the Report, an abstract of which has now been read, be printed and circulated."

It was seconded by Mr. A. Beattie, who addressed the Meeting somewhat to the following effect, that when he looked back at the period of the first institution of tbis Auxiliary in 1811, when the revered names of Brown, Martin, and Thomason, were amongst its founders, and considered its successful and useful progress since then, he could not but see reason for thankfulness to God for the success with which He had crowned their labours. The measure of success afforded, should not only be a matter of thankfulness, but should induce an increasing zeal in Christians who ought to feel excited to persevere in the good cause—the best cause in which mortals could engage on earth—viz. the distribution of the Holy Scriptures, the words of everlasting life to tbeir fellow-creatures. The Bible is the source of eternal happiness, glory, and honor: and as long as translations of that Book are needed, all Christians ought to exert themselves that every soul, every intelligent being in India should possess a Bible. He knew—he felt he was justified in hoping that there was not one present, but would feel the importance of renewed exertions towards the objects of the Society. The Chairman concurred in all that the above speaker had said,and hoped that every heart would be warmed with zeal in the distribution of the Scriptures.

Reverend Mr. Lacroix rose to move the second resolution—" That this Meeting would earnestly call upon their fellow Christians throughout India, to consider it as their responsibility and privilege to aid in the distribution of that blessed volume which alone can make men wise unto salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus.''—He spoke largely of the comfort of the gospel when in affliction or in adversity—immeasurable benefit in reforming men's minds, in forming their morals —nations even benefitted from its distribution, it turned many from the worship of dnmb idols to the worship of the living God, it mended their morals—knowing all this, said the speaker, you will feel a lively interest in its dissemination, and better fulfil the Lord's will than by selfishly keeping these blessings to yourselves. It is "privilege we possess in having the scriptures in our hands—the apostles when in affliction, rejoiced at their stripes and counted it aprivilege to suffer. All men should become wise unto salvation, should become ennobled for mansions in the skies; and this object can only be attained by the scriptures—you are convinced of this, said the speaker, I am sure ; every Christian knows it, and it needs not that I should tell you of it. Allow me here to mention the case of a mau who was not a Christian, who resided in Calcutta some years ago, Rammohun Hoy. Three days before his leaving tbis country for England, 1 visited him, and in the course of conversation he told me—"Sir, my countrymen are a degenerate race and grovelling people: but in my observation on men and things I have found that it matters very much what you believe in order that your morals be good and proper." The Hindu system he considered absurd, the Mahomedan somewhat better; and said he, " I am ashamed of my countrymen when I say it, there is in them not a single virtue—in the Musalmans on the contrary 1 have found it, and the following instance is a sample ; a rich Hindu zemindar having some cause in the court offered a bribe of 20,000 rupees to the Moulovie, a Mttsulman, if he would decide it in his favor—the bribe was refused .' Such an act °' virtue is not to be found in the Hindu character. The Musalmans have more honor and virtue in them than an; other infidel nation in the world, and much superior to my countrymen." How different was this to the morals of Englishmen. Yet Sir C. Malcora and Sir Charles Forbes had lately said, that England would be the gainer if she would exchange her morals for the morals of India. If that were true, ye Englishmen, I say, give up your charitable institutions, your schools, your domestic happiness, your sublime religion, and exchange it for all the degrading system of the Hindus, with their caste which would let a fellow-creature starve like a dog rather than put forward a hand to help him. When we see these things our minds must fall back with disgust at a religion (1) which can sanction such things; away, ye Missionaries, ye are not required here—no ; Hindu priests are required to go to England to teach them there.' The speaker then said that he had attentively examined the Shasters and the Koran, and was ready to prove, if necessary, and had proved it several times already, that there was scarcely a single doctrine, or a precept which inculcated the pursuit of morality and a holy life.

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The duties of Missionaries called them into very frequent and close contact with the natives. They had thus an opportunity of knowing more of their virtues and vices than any other Europeans. And as an object at a distance seemed well proportioned and consistent, but when viewed closely, and scanned in all its parts, its deformities and defects were fully apparent; so was it with regard to the observation of English residents in general, and that of Missionaries on native manners and morality. Were England indeed to exchange morals with such a people, then would he no longer be holding the paper containing the resolution which he had to propose, and which he now did with sincere pleasure.

The Rev. Mr. Tucker rose to second the above resolution—and in doing so reverted to the days of David when the scriptures were scarce—those days bad passed, and now every one had the privilege of possessing the bible. Had 1 come (continued he) to tell you of a tale of woe or famine, the doleful tale would in all probability affect you greatly; and were I to take you to see the bones of the victims as they lie whitening the road side, that tale and this sight would stir your benevolence to acts of charity: toe come with no tale of this nature, but we come with one of a far worse kind—your fellow-men are starving around you, not with starvation from want of food for the body, but with the famine of the soul— and the death of the soul is worse than that of the body. What would you think of an executor, who was entrusted with a legacy which he was to administer for the benefit of the widow and children of a deceased friend, if be were to make away with all the property for his own benefit—thus is it with us, we are left as executors, the gospel is the legacy which we are to distribute to our starving neighbours let; us not therefore hoard it up for our benefit alone, but fulfil our trust to our master in the best manner.

In putting the resolution from the chair, Mr. Smith adverted to the small despised colony which Calcutta once was, and that in its advancement from darkness to light the hand of Providence was to be seen very prominent.

The Reverend Mr. Morton proposed the third Resolution,—"Thatthis Meeting adopts the rules of the Auxiliary as revised by the Committee and now read, and that they be substituted in the forthcoming report as the rules of the Calcutta Auxiliary Bible Society." Mr. Morton spoke to the purpose, but we bave not time to give any part of his speeeh. The resolution was seconded by W. Bainbridge, Esq.

The Reverend Mr. Boax proposed the fourth resolution,—" That the following be the list of Office-bearers of the Calcutta Auxiliary for the ensuing year:

Patron.The Bishop or Calcutta. President—C. W.smith, Esq. Vice-Presidents—Hon. W. W. Bird, Esq. and Ven. Archdeacon Dealtry. Committee—Alexander, J. W. Esq., Beattie, A. Esq., Boaz, Rev. T., Boswell, Rev. R. B., Boves, Rev. R. B., Cragg, J. W. Esq, Fisher, Rev. H., Htcberlin, Rev. Dr., Hawkins, J. A. F. Esq., Lacroix, Rev. Mr., Lowis, John, Esq., Millctt, F. Esq., Morris, G. Esq., Morton, Rev. W., Pearce, Rev. W. H., Pickance, Rev. G., Piffard, Rev. J., Roxburgh, Capt, Thomas, Rev. J„ Yates, Rev. W. Treasurer—Bank Of Bsngal. Captain Roxburgh, Cash Secretary; Rev. T. Boax, Secretary for correspondence with England and America. Rev. R. B. Boswell, Acting Secretary for general business.

The Rev. Mr. Gogerly seconded the above resolution.

J. A. F. Hawkins, Esq. moved the fifth Resolution, in which he was seconded by the Rev. T. Sandys,—" That thanks be returned to the office-bearers of the last two years for their labours in the cause of this Auxiliary."

Moved by John Lowis, Esq. seconded by J. W. Alexander, Esq.—"That the best thanks of the Meeting be returned to the Chairman:" and the interesting Meeting then broke up.

TDK

CHRISTIAN OBSERVER,

(iHtb Serits.)
No. 4.—APRIL, 1840.

I.—Remarks on the omission of certain passages in an Urdu translation of the New Testament recently published by the Missionaries of the London Society at Benares.

We trust never to be chargeable with introducing into this country the controversies which have long agitated so unhappily the European churches; but as confidently do we trust by the grace of God never to be chargeable with a cowardly dereliction of duty in neglecting to strive for the faith once delivered to the saints. "Seek not thou, my son, the battle, nor shun it when it comes," is our rule in regard to controversy. 'The wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable." While then we are resolved by the grace of God if M be possible, to live at peace with all men, we are as firmly resolved to oppose what in our conscience we believe to be error, let its supporters be who they may; and with double earnestness do we think it our duty to oppose the errors that are countenanced by those whose tried Christian character gives importance and authority to their opinions. "hen such a case occurs, we hold ourselves bound by love towards our erring brethren, as well as by love to the truth of God, to stand boldly forward in behalf of the faith. True it is unpleasant to enter into controversy with those whom we believe to be members of Christ, but conscious of being animated with feelings of brotherly love, and hoping that our Christian brethren will receive our remarks in the same spirit m which we trust to be enabled to make them, we shrink not from the unpleasantness of controversy, in order to establish

Vol. i. 2 B

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