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fort are three water troughs, with a Resident's house built on pillars of stone; besides which there were formerly six other buildings for the purpose of warehouses, powder-magazines, laboratory, &c. most of them with flat stone roofs. At the time of the transfer this possession was found in a very neglected condition, and its insignificancy rendered the expense of rebuilding it useless : the Willis are rent and threaten to fall. Of the Resident's house only the skeleton remains, and a plank barrack with a small infirmary. Outside the fort, at a distance of about 200 paces, the houses of the officers and servants form a straight line of buildings along the strand. They all are necessitated from want of accommodation to reside outside the fort. The house of the Assistant Resident is the last of this line. Further on, the hospital, now no longer in existence, formerly stood, being situated on a smalt elevation at the back of a hill, whereon used to lie placed the flag-staff, and from which the fort can be surveyed.
At the foot of this hill there was also a Government or Botanical garden of which nothing remains at present. A little above the fort, east of the river, the bazar is situated, containing about 200 houses. On the west, immediately on the strand, is a small but well planned warehouse, the only building worthy of notice; on the other side of the fort and the right side of the river there is an Indian, village. In consequence of the dilapidated state of the buildings and environs, Natlal does not present from any side that view,which one would expect from a place which has been the capital of the north coast of Sumatra since the English established themselves there.
This possession was established by the English Company in the year I /55 or 1750, with the understanding that they would protect the population against all their enemies both by sea and land, and in compensation enjoy the privilege of exclusive trade, free of all duties; it was also agreed that the chiefs should insist on their subjects growing such productions of the soil, as the said Company would consider most advantageous for its interests.
18th. Beyond Nattalis the province of Lingabaga bounded by Mandheling, with a population of about 3000 souls, who are governed by one Raja and six Panghooloos.
19th. South of Nattal is the province of Battahan, border">g inland on Mandheling and inhabited by 2500 souls, governed by one raja. Here is also found the small island Tamor, of which mention has been made before.
20tb. Further south is found our third possession on this coast, named Ayer Bangles, which borders inland on Marudheling, with a population of about 3000 souls, and governed by one Raja and six Panghooloos. Ayer Bangies possesses a fine harbour, at a distance of four English miles from the mouth of the river behind Poolon Pandjang, in which many ships may ride safely in all winds, whilst the river here presents the same facilities and advantages as that of Padang. These advantages, added to the healthy situation of Ayer Bangies and the many facilities of communication with the interior of Nattal, render this place far preferable to any other as the capital of the Netherlands' possessions among the northern population. To the jurisdiction of Ayer Bangies belong the following provinces, namely: 21st. Siekielang, bounded in the interior by Bondjol, with a population of 3000 souls, who are under the authority of two Rajas and Panghooloos. 22nd. Passaman, with a population of about 200 souls, is governed by one Raja and four Panghooloos, and bounded on the interior by Bondjol. 23rd. Kienillie, bounded in the interior by Bondjol with a population of about 3000 souls, governed by one Raja and four Panghooloos, is the last province on the coast, belonging to Ayer Bangies. Eight days inland from Ayer Bangies, and much further from Nattal, is our fourth possession in the northern division, viz. Mandheling in the Batta loads, which comprised the following provinces, bounded on the south by Rau and on the east by Tambooan. 24th. Mandheling, contains 38 large kampongs with one Raja and six Panghooloos in each, and a population of about 40,000 souls, all belonging to the Battas, and of whose morals and usages, as quite distinct from the other Muhammadan population of this Presidency, we shall speak more at length hereafter. 25th. Looboo, contains ten large kampongs with four Rajas, sixty Ponghool00s, and a population of 10,000 Battas, 26th. Ankola, contains ten large Batta kampongs, each with one Raja and ten Panghooloos, having together a population of 10,000 souls. 27th. Padang Lawe, contains eight large Batta kampongs, each having a Raaja and ten Panghooloos, and all together containing a population of about 8000 souls. 28th. Rau has twenty large kampongs with one Raja of the tribe of Menangkabau and fifteen Panghooloos, and each kampong has ten Panghooloos besides.
The population of this province may be estimated at 25,000 souk.
In 1832 this population, of its own free will, became subject to this government, and in 1834 rebelled: but was again reduced to obedience in 1835.
29th. Tambussey is a small province, situated to the east of Mandlieling and Rau, bounded by Aracan. It is under the authority,of the much famed Tocankoo tambussey, who often disturbs our peace at Mandheling, and who was the cause of the insurrection in Rau.
30th. Bondjol or Allahan Pandjang had formerly one Raja and seven Panghooloos, but having, under the authority of the Padvis, become the capital of the government of the Malay sect, the government was managed by four priests named Tocankoo nan barampe. In 1832 this province became subject to this government, but rebelled again in 1833, and declared themselves independent, after having by gross treason destroyed our possession, being then governed by four chiefs, who named themselves Raja nan berampat. The population of tills province and some others connected with it, is estimated at 8000 souls. The occurrences that have since taken place in this country are known.
Having said as much as was necessary, of the provinces belonging to the northern division, we shall now proceed to speak of those of the middle division.
[To be continued.]
IV.—Nineteenth Annual Report of the Calcutta Baptist Missionary Society.
There is something exceedingly gratifying in the hastening in of so many Reports of Christian operations. They seem like couriers in the day of battle carrying tidings from all portions of the conflict, and conveying or exciting friendly sympathies, as they pass through the several divisions of the mighty host. We would indeed that all our reports were as simple and faithful as must be the tidings of those couriers whose mouths are fraught with life or death, in the day of eventful contest: still, we believe, that much if not most of the practical deceptiveness complained of by many, arises not from Reports themselves so much as from the use made of them; and that a correct view of at least the operations of the Church of Christ may be formed from a combination of the annual documents sent out for information by the several divisions of the one Catholic body. Blessed be the Lord, the press is now so far enlisted in this service, that it brings out, in its best typography, the glorious tidings of the progress of Messiah's kingdom, and that multitudes of men are constantly employed in printing forth the wonders of a diffused and extending salvation! How blessed will be the day, when all the printing presses of this globe shall be in the hands of our Great Lord— and when the daily news that men shall look for, will be concerning the progress of human salvation, and the overthrow of Satan's kingdom of sin t
In the meanwhile we would rejoice even in the " small things" of our day, remembering that there was a time, when they were smaller than they now are, and not forgetting thai the smallness of the mustard seed will expand itself into the largeness of the mustard tree.
The Report quoted in our title is an interesting one. We have already given a short notice of it, and we now recur to the subject (as we promised in our last number) chiefly for the purpose of giving a few extracts from the document, which may speak for themselves. We fear it is too long for the bulk of readers; and we think that a good deal of the details might have been thrown into the appendix, so as not to have presented any obstacle in the way of the impatient perusers of such records, who prefer a bird's-eye view to a finished landscape painting. But this is a mere matter of opinion ;—and in it we must succumb to prevailing custom, in a case of simple expediency.
We are reminded at the outset of the vanity of life, and of the duty of exerting ourselves whilst it is called to-day. The death of our late esteemed brother, Mr. Penney, was indeed a sudden and affecting one; and calculated to teach to the whole body of his surviving fellow-labourers the value of time. But what shall we now say to the repetition of that lesson which has just taken place, in the sudden removal of our beloved friend and brother Peabce! We have just seen his dust committed to the tomb, in all that solemn suddenness with which death and burial are invested in this land of physical and spiritual trial. May the Lord who hath so dealt with his servants, give corresponding grace, so that the seed of death may produce the fruit of life! In Pearce the Missionary cause has lost one of those solid ornamental characters in grace, which are as the embossed flowers and pomegranates formerly in the house of the Lord, and which were as much the subjects of divine direction and appointment as were the pillars
and seas of brass. But we proceed to make a few extracts of interest,— First, a specimen of the primary and radical operation of
preaching to the Heathen in Calcutta:
"This most important part of Missionary labour has been constantly attended to. Mr. C. C. Aratoon, Shujaatali, Bishwanath, Gangansrayan Sil, and the elder students of the Native Christian Institution have been more or less regularly engaged in the Chapels for the heathen or on the highways and public places. These engagements of course differ very much from the regular and quiet service of a Christian congregation. Many of the hearers often pass away during the sermon, and others take their places. Questions of all kinds and from every class of objectors have to be answered, and the service usually ends with a distribution of Tracts and portions of the Scriptures, and a friendly conversation with any who remain, on the truths which have been presented to them. In Jan Bazar Chapel services have been held almost daily during a greater part of the year, and mostly to well attended congregations. In April last a new Chapel was erected at Seilduh, the north-east part of Calcutta. Two services have been held there weekly, and the hearers, chiefly Hindus, have averaged from 60 to 90. The different festivals, at which immense crowds are usually collected, have also been attended ; and large numbers of tracts and scriptures have been given to all who could read them. Regular visits have also been made to the houses of pious friends, which have given the opportunity of close and impressive appeals to the consciences of the heathen servants ; while in the masters and mistresses themselves a missionary spirit has been cherished and strengthened. Another numerous and important, but degraded and neglected class, the Human Catholics, have also received attention. One house in Biiitaltkhdnah has been rented for preaching, and another has been voluntarily opened by its Roman Catholic inmate. In each of these places weekly meetings are held, and the truth as it is in Jesus is preached to them; while another Roman Catholic family have lately requested that meetings might be held in their house, and ■rrangements have consequently been made to meet there oa the Sabbath evening. All these services are held in Bengali."
Next, let us take a specimen of Native Church work:
"During the past year the Church has been under the pastoral care of Mr. C. C. Aratoon, who has laboured assiduously and affectionately for the welfare of its members. Mr. Pearce, however, for whom he officiat*•', having now returned to India, has consented, at the request of the members, seconded by Mr. A., to resume his' engagement as their pastor from the commencement of the present year.
"Till October last the acting pastor was assisted by our valued native Mother Shujaatali; but the state of health of the latter rendering necessary a change of air, he accompanied Messrs. Parsons and Phillips to Monghir, from which place he hopes to return in a few weeks. Vre J*e*ret to say that he is still suffering from indisposition; but re, joiee to add, that under it he manifests a patience and fortitude highly honourable to the Christian character. During his absence, his duties as *"si»tant to the pastor have been performed by our native brother Gangsnarayan, who manifests a pleasing degree of zeal and activity in tha •ervice of the Gospel.