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"From this statement it will be seen, that there is a balance against the Society of Co.'s Rs. 1828-9-11 to be provided for, in addition to the current expences, from the contributions of the year just commenced. This balance appears large, but the number of agents employed, and the extent of the operations carried on, have rendered the expenditure necessary; and not to have incurred it, would have required a reduction in the already too small amount of means employed to enlighten and save the people; while every thing in their couduct and circumstances combined with every feeling in the renewed mind to call for their enlargement. The brethren employed in conducting the operations of the Society have felt themselves encouraged to go forward in their prosecution from the persuasion that their Christian friends, and the religious community at large, would not refuse, when put in possession of the information presented in this Report, to supply, out of the abundance wherewith God has enriched them, the funds required to clear off the debt incurred, and to enable them to carry forward the important labours in which they are engaged. To those friends, and to that community, under God, this cause is now committed. And your Committee would ask, Shall the work go on in its integrity, and enlarge as Divine Providence may indicate? or shall these indications be disregarded, the present but too small amount of labour be reduced, and souls ready to perish be denied the bread of life? Surely not."
J. M. D.
V.—Desecration of the Sabbath.
To the Editor of the Christian Observer. Dear Sir,
In reply to the letter of a "Christian Reader" which appeared in the "Calcutta Christian Advocate" of the 22nd of February last, copied in your number of March, and headed "The Violation of the Sabbath," I think it but right to state to you the real facts.
Two days had been devoted by a "British Judge" and a "Law Commissioner" in examining the senior class of the Hindu College in Literature. The examination was most satisfactory, but they found that there were a few of the first students that were so equal that they found a difficulty in awarding the prize. They could not devote another day to the examination; they found a difficulty in finding time to visit the Hindu College to make the examination, and they therefore requested those students to call at the Supreme Court Chambers after church hours, when they again read and explained a passage in Bacon and Milton. This was "the head and front of the offending"—and although one of the gentlemen remonstrated against the final examination taking place on Sunday, it was alone the necessity of the case that decided them to meet on that day. It was wrong; but I should ask you whether it is right and proper to drag before the public tribunal such improprieties, or to hold up the "Magnates" of the land for doing what was difficult to avoid! when it was done privately; and when the object ought i" a certain degree to have formed the excuse. But, Mr. Editor, when we find a " Christian Reader" exaggerating facts and the " Christian Advocate" permitting such statements to be inserted into his paper, we are apt to suppose there was some other motive than the mere statement of the truth !—When we find the Christian Reader stating that the above desecration of last Sabbath by a British Judge, and a member of the Law Commission, in occupying a great portion of the day in examining the senior department of the Hindu College boys at the Supreme Court Chambers, I think, Mr. Editor, the Christian Advocate should have inquired into the truth of this bold and most unjust statement of the above simple facts, before publishing them.
Note.—This letter leaves the matter just as it was, confirming tlie statement of the correspondent of the Christian Advocate in erery point. That the desecration of the Sabbath took place is fully admitted. That a great portion of the day was occupied in secular work seems to be denied; but at the same time it is stated that the work required *o much time that it was impossible to spare so much from the duties of a week day. We are informed, which we did not know before, that one of the parties remonstrated against the proceeding and so acknowledged its sinfulness or its impropriety. The "head and front" of the offending—is just as stated in the former letter. It was an offence against God and against the proprieties of Christian society.—Ed.
JEHOVAII-NISSI—THE LORD MY BANNER.
Exod. xvii. 15.
He too has a weapon,
A shield too he weareth,
His helmet's salvation,
With greaves he is furnished
That never will fail;
His breastplate is burnished,
Of seven-fold mail;
And behind and before him
His God is his guard—
And thus, in celestial panoply clad,
iHittttanare aitU 3£Uligfaurf Etttelltgf tree.
We are happy to announce the safe arrival of the Rev. W. S. Mackay from Van Dieman's Land, whither he had repaired for the benefit of his health: which is, we are happy to say, much improved. May he be long spared to labor in this land of heathenism.—We have the mournful task imposed upon us this month of announcing the death of the Rev. \V. H. Pearce of the Baptist Mission in this city. A short notice will be found below: we hope to be able to supply a fuller account in our next.
'• Mr. Jacob Samuel has proceeded to the coasts of Arabia, with a view to the circulation of the Holy Scriptures, of which he has been furnished with a supply by the Bombay Auxiliary Bible Society. The British and Foreign Bible Society lias contributed £100 in aid of the expence of his agency.— The ltev. A. Stackhouse has sailed for Aden, where he will officiate as chaplain to the troops at that station.—The Rev. R. K- Hamilton, ap. pointed Junior Chaplain of the Scotch church at Madras, officiated with great acceptance as he passed through Bombay, to join the scene of his labours.—The Rev. Dr. Duif of the General Assembly's Mission has arrived in Bombay, on his way to Calcutta. During his late sojourn in Scotland, he has most ably, eloquently, and effectively advocated the cause of Missions, and published several most interesting and important works, to some of which we shall embrace an early opportunity of direct, ing the attention of our readers.—The Rev. George Candy was ordained a priest by the Bishop of Bomb;iy on the 22nd of December. The sermon which the Bishop preached on the occasion was remarkably faithful and appropriate.—A new religious periodical, we understand, is about to be started in Bombay. It will be denominated the Church Missionary Magazine, and if conducted in the spirit of the Church Missionary Society, as we doubt not it will be, it will merit and receive adequate support.—The Bishop of Bombay has proceeded on a visit to Khandesh.—We recommend to our readers the Christian's Almanack, lately published at the American Mission Press. The selection of texts which it contains is admirable. It contains the only complete list which we have seen of the different Protestant ministers in this presidency, and the adjoining territories.—A new series of the Friend of India, published at Serampur was commenced at the beginning of the year. It is the most valuable newspaper which issues from the Indian Press.— We have received the two first numbers of the Protestant Guardian and Church of England Mugazine, published at Madras. The best-written articles in it, are those containing the summary of European intelligence.- We say nothing of their evident political bias."— Oriental Christian Spectator.
2.—Death Of The Rev. W. H. Pearce.
We have made the following excerpts on the sorrowful event of the death of our once excellent friend and colleague from an article which appeared in the C. C. Advocate on the 21st instant.
"It is our mournful duty to announce to the friends of Missions, the death of one of the most devoted and useful laborers in the mission field —the Rev. W. H. Pearce of the Baptist Mission in this city. We are
confident this announcement will be received by every missionary and every friend to missions with sincere regret. His simple but sincere piety, the suavity of his manners, the amenity of his disposition, the hospitality of his conduct, his varied talents, and the constant, faithful and efficient discharge of the many duties which devolved upon him, served but to endear him to all. Though a firm and decided Baptist, he was catholic in his feelings and conduct: he loved ail who loved our Lord in sincerity and truth. As the Pastor of a native church, the Composer and Translator of several useful tracts and books; as Secretary to the School Book Society, and Conductor of the Mission Press : as an efficient adviser in all public Societies, and as a judicious counsellor and sincere friend in private life, Mr. Pearce has lived in the midst of this people for nearly twenty-three years, inclusive of his late visit to England.
"in his own Mission his loss will be deeply and mournfully felt. To his estimable and devoted partner the loss can only be repaired by him who is a father to the fatherless, and a husband to the widow.
"Mr. Pearce fell under the influence of that dreadful scourge, the cholera. He was seized late on Monday night (March 16th), after an evening drive, and expired about nine o'clock on the following evening. He was evidently aware that his labors were fast coming to a close. On a friend addressing him in the language of inspiration. "Well done, good and faithful servant," he replied in language indicative of his extreme unworthiness, and the unprofitableness of all his labors in the cause of Jesus. On being asked as to the state of his mind on the approach of death, he answered, " I trust in Christ." He was tolerably collected and reasonable, and expressed himself in confidence and peace, until a few hours before he fell asleep in Jesus without a sigh or a groan.
"He was interred on Wednesday evening, at the Scotch Burial ground. The funeral was attended by a vast concourse of ministerial and other friends—we may acid,' we believe, by almost every convalescent Missionary in the city. The dfep feeling manifested by all parties, showed how much he had been respected while living, and how evidently he was sorrowed for in death. Previously to the removal of the corpse from the mission premises, suitable portions of scripture were read by the Rev. J. W. Ellis, and an affecting prayer was offered by the Rev. W. Yates. Mr. • ates is by this mournful event left the last of those who originally formed the Calcutta Mission. He was evidently much affected by the severing of this last link which connected him with his early Mission work. At the grave's mouth a striking and affecting address was delivere(l, and prayer offered by the ltev. F. Tucker. The pall was borne by the following Missionaries: the Rev. W. S. Mackay, of the Scottish Mis8jou; the Rev. F. Wybrow, of the Church Mission; the Rev. Messrs. Uogerly, Lacroix, and' Boaz, of the London Mission, and others. The «*ue at the grave was very affecting. There were gathered around the last sleeping-place of this good man, the converted Hindu, Musalman, Armenian, Portuguese, Eurasian, and European, lay and clerical, of all the different shades of opinion in the Christian church, all gathered together to pay the last mark of respect to departed worth; a faint type "f tnat morning when the same grave shall be opened, and all the just S'ihii stand around the throne of Christ, with their differences healed, united in heart and soul, to pay all homage not to man, however excelle»t, but to that blessed Lord who hath redeemed them by his own Pfecioub blood."
3.—Lent Lectures. The usual lectures for the Lent season have been and are now in course °f delivery at the Cathedral by the Venerable the Archdeacon. The "VOL. I. 2 G