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subjects for discourse were Death, Resurrection, Judgment, Doom of the Ungodly, the Blessedness of the Godly, and the Sufferings of our Lord, whereby that blessedness can alone be procured. They have beeu well attended.
4.—Miscellanea. A new religious periodical devoted to the support of the Protestant faith under the title of the Madras Weekly Protestant Visitor, has been started at that Presidency; we have received two numbers of it and can most cordially recommend it to our readers.—A new native paper has been started at Bombay, entitled The Native Enquirer. It is devoted to the discussion of native subjects by natives.—The Raja Kajusrayan Ray has been brought up to the Supreme Court and fined 1000 Company's Rupees for his contempt of the writ of that Court, and this in addition to the imprisonment he has undergone: we hope the lesson which has been read this raja will not be lost either on him or others of his countrymen, who may be disposed to play the tyrant with the liberty of their poorer neighbours.— Where is the Editor of the Bhaskar ?—The two Native Bahus who were indicted for murder have been acquitted; it is reported that some of the witnesses contradicted the evidence originally given by them at the Inquest or Police. We have no doubt but that this case will have a tendency to check the violence which is too often resorted to by the natives for the gratification of private piques.
6.—Dissolution Op Government Connexion With The Idolatries or
India. The Act declaring all connexion between idol shrines and the Government of British India at least as far as this Presidency is concerned to be dissolved, has at length appeared; at present all parties appear to be satisfied with the arrangement connected with this important measure. To us who have long laboured in this cause, it is a matter of sincere gratification; we lift up our hearts to Jehovah and bless his name, for it is his own right hand and bis own holy arm that hath gotten him the victory.
6.—The Administration Op Heathen And Muhammadan Oaths
Abolished. The Act declaring simple affirmation in the name of the living and true God to he binding on all as on oath, instead of the former swearing on the sacred waters of the Ganges and on the Koran, has been issued by the Supreme Council. We rejoice that the land will no longer mourn because of the swearing by false gods and a lie, and cannot but feel grateful to the Government that under God they have so promptly and wisely conceded this matter to the strongly expressed wishes of that section of the Christian and Native community, who felt aggrieved by the former method of administering oaths.
7.— Christian Tract And Book Societt At Singapore. We have just received the first report of the Singapore Christian Tract and Book Society. The number of tracts distributed in the various languages spoken in the archipelago is very considerable ; a depot for the sale of books has been established, agencies corresponding and otherwise have been appointed at the different islands and stations throughout the archipelago, and other measures adopted for rendering Singapore a central point from whence the little messengers of mercy may be sent with order and expedition to many purls of that increasingly (to Christians) interesting portion of the globe. Our friends at Singapore will have a fine opportunity for usefulness during the stay of the fleet at that port, and also for convoying Bibles and Tracts to the coast, and we hope to the interior of
China, through the medium of those devoted servants of Christ who are accompanying the expedition. The Singapore Tract Society has our best wishes and most ardent prayers for its success.
8.—Tbb Oriental Seminary—Annual Examination. The Annual Examination of the Oriental Seminary, under the Superintendence of the Babu Addy, was held at the Town Hall during the last month. The Chief Justice presided. Several of the friends to native edu. cation attended. The number of scholars at present in attendance is about £00. The progress of the pupils has been very creditable during: the year. The examination passed off tolerably well; two essays were read, the one on Marriage and the other on Female Education; they have already ap. peared in the Advocate; they reflect credit on their authors, both for the feeling which dictated them and the manner of their execution. This school, it will be remembered is entirely under Hindu Superintendence, and is a paying school. The worthy projector and proprietor deserves much praise for his continued perseverance in the good work of education.
9.—Annual Examination Op The Infant School. The Annual Examination of this interesting School was conducted by the Venerable the Archdeacon and others at the Town Hall during the past month, the attendance of visitors was very thin: the little people acquitted themselves with much credit. Since the departure of Mr. Perkins the School has been under the superintendence of a Native youth, a pupil of Mr. P.'s. The Society appears to be in a languishing condition, and it will, we fear, continue so until it be based on Catholic principles; this would in. fuse new life into it and cause it to send forth its branches into every part of the land.
10.—The Parental Aoademio Institution.
The Anniversary of the above institution was held at the School house on the 2nd of March. We extract the following account of the meeting from the Advocate.
"The Anniversary of the Parental Academic Institution was held on the evening of Monday the 2nd instant. The Rev. T. Sandys in the chair. The report read by \V. Byrne, Esq., the Honorary Secretary, represented the institution as in a tolerably prosperous condition. The meeting was addressed by the Rev. A. Garstin, the Rev. T. Boaz, Messrs. Speed, Crow, Kirkpatrick, D. Clarke, Kellner and Rose. It appears that the institution has been the subject of attack during the past year. The several charges were adverted to by the speakers, and evidently an. swered to the satisfaction of the meeting. The only charge which appeared at all proved, was an excess of kindness on the part of the managers, which certainly in the general estimation of mankind is not 8 vel7 great crime; we would advise the Committee in future to be somewhat severer in their mercies, especially in the collection of bills and the clearing up of the arrears due to the Institution. The Committee have by the removal of the establishment from Park Street to Free School Street, economized the funds upwards of 200 Co.'s Rs. per mensem: the number of pupils at present on the books is 177. The health of the hoys has been remarkably good during the year, and, according to the testimony of all parties, their progress very creditable to all concerned."
11.—The Oratorio. This method of profaning God's Holy Word and name is again being retorted to. During the season of Lent, under the sanction of the highest
names, the sufferings of our blessed Lord, as pourt rayed by the pen of inspiration, and the hopes and sorrows of his Church, as depicted by the same pen, are to be made the subject of amusement and profit; plaudits and disapprobations will attend the vocal and instrumental execution of these sacred subjects. The friends of Christ have, we perceive, republished in a tract form, several papers appropriate to the occasion; and we do trust that the manner in which the subject is treated, will in due time win its way into, and effect its influence over the hearts of the majority of our fellowcitizens, so that they will cease to patronize in any form this fashionable, fascinating, and professedly benevolent method of profaning God's word and name.
12.—The Monthly Missionary Prayer Meeting was held at the Circular Roud Chapel on the evening of Monday the 2nd instant. The address, delivered by the Rev. F. Tucker, was founded on Luke xiv. S3. The attendance was very good, and the address well adapted to stir up Christian people to active exertion for the conversion of sinners.
13.—Sermons In Bengali. The Rev. K. M. Banarji, Minister of Christ's Church, Cornwallis Squire, has determined (D. V.) to publish a volume of Sermons in Bengali. The subjects to be treated of are, the Evidences, Doctrines and Duties of the Christian faith. The ten Commandments will also be expounded and illustrated. The volume is to have especial application to the more enlightened Christian and other Hindu youth. We heartily wish every success to the undertaking. The price is three rupees.
14.—The Anniversary Of The General Assembly's Institution At
Bombay was held there during the last month. The Rev. Dr. Duff presided on tie occasion. The excitement consequent on the Parsi conversion case h*« begun to subside and the attendance again to improve. The progress of the pupils is such as we might expect under the able and judicious government of Dr. Wilson. Dr. Duff, with his uBual eloquence and zeal, addressed the visitors and pupils on the importance of a liberal education ami regeneration of heart.
IS.—Translation Op Marshman's History Op Bengal Into Tbi Bengali Language.
The Babu Govindchandar Sen, nephew to Ramcomal Sen, has with » praiseworthy zeal translated, with the permission of the author, Mr. Marshman's History of Bengal into Bengali. The style and manner of the translation is, we understand, highly creditable to our young friend. He deserves encouragement in his praiseworthy undertaking; we hope lie will have many imitators in this good work of translating useful English worki into the vernacular tongue.
H>.—Gha't Murders. The Editor of the Bhdtkar, with a zeal very commendable, has taken up the subject of Ghat murders, and calls upon all Christian people to aid him in his efforts to suppress a practice at once so disgraceful to reliiio" and revolting to humanity. The abominations and cruelties connected with the exposure of the sick on the banks of the Ganges have been so often discussed and reprobated, that any detail of them from us would he superfluous; suffice it to say that at our very doors, and in this whole district, there are daily practices carried on under the holy sanction of religion, which deserve no better or milder designation than wilful and deliberate murder, and if ever the humane interference of Government could be warranted in an immediate and total suppression of a custom so destructive to the best social feelings of our nature, (let them be implanted in what bosom they may, whether Hindu or others,) this is that case. The Sati was bad enough, Infanticide sufficiently revolting, but we doubt whether either the one or the other were so fraught with evils as this terrible practice, of what has been properly designated Ghāt murders. We notice the subject, to show the friends of humanity that while much is done, much yet remains to be accomplished, ere India's sons stand erect amongst the nations of the earth.
17.— THE CHARAK PUJA. This most horrid Puja is again on the eve of occurring, without the slightest effort on the part of either the Christian or Native population to suppress it. Surely this will not be allowed to continue; year after year must not roll away without the slightest attempt being made to reason with the wealthy Bábus, who supply the sinews of this most revolting practice. Is there not one amongst the many professedly enlightened natives who will move in this matter? Unauthorized even by the shästras and revolting to reason and all right feelings, surely it cannot be allowed to continue another year in all its horrid deformity. Let that success which has attended past efforts on the part of Christian philanthropists, urge them at least to attempt the melioration, if not the suppression, of the barbarous deeds of the Charak.
18.--THE MoHARRAM AND THE HUL1'. These two popular festivals of the Musalmán and Hindu community
have passed over this year with a smaller number of those disgraceful riots which but too often attend their celebration. The practices attendant on both these festivals are such as to lead us to blush for human nature, sunk as it is in the deepest shame. We know not whether most to pity the fierce and savage Musalman or the libidinous and fallen Hindu ; whether to pity most the poor deluded beings who raise their wailings for Hossein and Hassein, or those who chaunt the praises of the abominable Krishna; for the sins of both we do sorrow, the scenes attendant on these and other similar festivals call forth our strongest sympathies and most ardent prayers to God, that he would
“His own all-saving arm employ” and turn these wandering children of men to his own true and peaceful fold. In such a condition, Christians,
“The heathen perish day by day,” come quickly to their rescue, come, lift up your prayers, exert your faith, put forth your energies, and do thou, O Lord, save them from going down to the pit.
19.-ORPHAN Asy LUM, FUTTEHGURH.
In consequence of the ill health and subsequent death of Mrs. Madden, wife of Charles Madden, Esq., at Futtehpoor, the Orphan Institution under the care of those excellent persons, was broken up in October, 1838. A part of these orphans found a comfortable home with the Church Missionaries of Banāras, whilst the remainder (48 in number) were made over to the Rev. Mr. Wilson, of the American Mission. These were brought on to Futtehgurh, under the care of Bábu Gopinath Nnndi, a Christian native, who had been for years in the em. ployment of Dr. Madden as teacher. Here, 18 others were added, who had been kindly rescued from starvation by the liberality of the Europeans of this Station, and placed under the watchful care of Captaia Wilder. The Futtehgurh Asylum was then opened with 66 pupils, 22 of whom were girls.
It was not intended, that this number should be augmented; but several interesting applications being made from various quarters, and ■ number of parentless children being found in the Poor House at this place, our feelings would not suffer us to reject them. Our number was soon increased to 95. The establishment of such an Institution not having been anticipated, no provision of n permanent kind had been made for its support. We were therefore obliged to cast ourselves, with tliii helpless group, upon the Christian kindness of those around us, to whom we were entire strangers. Nor did we look to them in vain. Their liberality promptly furnished us with all that was necessary, fur the comfortable maintenance and instruction of these poor children.
It is but due from us to say, that the cheerfulness with which these "free-will offerings" were made (in most instances, unsolicited), merits, and has our most sincere and grateful praise. May the blessing of Him who is " the Father of the fatherless and the orphan's friend," be their reward.
In the early part of May 1839, at the earnest and repeated solicitation of a large number of the European residents in Rohilcund, we consented to form the "Rohilcund Branch Asylum for orphan girls"—the children and means for their support to be furnished by them. Twenty girls were first sent to us in May, and subsequently 13 others; making in all 33, and swelling our whole number to 12m; of these, however, a number have been removed by death, so that our average number hai not exceeded 110.
Our object has been to combine manual labour with study; to tench the children industrious habits, as well as the use of books; so that in future they may be able to provide comfortably and honestly for themselves. With this object in view, we have established the Carpet manufacture, similar to that at Mirzapur. This furnishes employment for the girls (spinning) as well as the boys, and being a profitable one, pro. mises them the sure means of support in after life. The materials for this fabric are brought from the bazar in the rough state. The cotton and wool are cleaned by the younger boys, spun by the girls, and then wove into carpets and rugs by the older boys. The dye stuff's are prepared and the colouring also done by the boys, as a branch of their tradeAs this employment—with which all are pleased —is productive and admits of a division of labour, so as to suit the different ages and capacities of the children, we have given up several other branches of trade, and bent our entire force to this one object.
It is our wish, as these children grow up, to settle them in a Christian colony, around us. For this purpose, we have applied to Government for a piece of unappropriated land, without cantonments. Should this be obtained, we purpose to erect buildings for ourselves, together with school-rooms, work-shops, dormitories, &c, for the children. As the boys grow and become masters of their trade, they may (with their own consent) be married to some of the older girls; and, furnished with a little cottage on our premises, they may still have employment in (lie factory, the women spinning and their husbands weaving. By this means they will be rendered independent of the heathen around them, saved from their contaminating influence, and still kept within reach of the