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of that duty to communicate deteriorated instruction, to give a part, and withhold the best–carefully to veil from the people the only true wisdom, which cometh from above / Is not this to tell God—We will not give thy wisdom to the Heathen, we will give our own / We will rather walk alone than trust to thy support, in teaching what thou hast revealed. Is not this the system now pursued P , The only real wisdom which the great Governor of the World would wish to be taught, is most carefully concealed from the people! The money is expended in communicating knowledge, whilst an interdict has gone forth against the knowledge of God, which alone he will bless' The great Moral Governor's wishes in this particular appear to have been set aside. Are we not very bold in endeavouring in our precarious position to stand alone in this matter, and to teach his people committed to our care in a manner of which he cannot approve, for “unless the Lord build the city, the builder buildeth in vain.” As a Christian Government we seem to shew very little reverence to the Great Supreme, for whilst idolatry and cruel superstition is openly taught at the Company's expense in their own idolatrous Colleges ; at Banāras, Púna and perhaps many other places, salutes from British Ramparts are fired in honor of Heathen and Moslem Worship". What as a Government is the British Nation doing towards teaching the benighted people to worship the one true God? It may be said, it is dangerous for the Government to engage in Christian instruction. It may be so, but is it not more dangerous to provoke God, by whose daily supporting power we have sway over these realms ? The moment He withdraws His support, we shall surely crumble. Are we so simple as to suppose that our own arms have gotten us this power 2 We are merely instruments of God, and let us beware how we cease to be His instruments. Surely Providence has not brought us from afar as a Christian Nation possessing the knowledge of His truth, and placed us firmly in authority over these heathen lands, without an object. Surely he expects us individually and as a nation to shew forth his glory, and to spread thr KNowledge of His NAME to this benighted people. In such a work we shall be doing His pleasure; in refusing to do His work, can we expect
* Garrison Orders issued at Fort St. George, Madras. Madras Garrison Orders-General Orders, 26th May, 1839, (Sunday.) / / / / A royal salute to be held in readiness to be fired from the saluting battery at sun rise to-morrow, in answer to one which will be fired from the Chepauk Gardens on the occasion of “the anniversary of the Rubbee ool Uuwul festival.” General Orders, 15th October 1839. A royal salute to be fired from the saluting battery to-morrow on the occasion of the Dusserah festival. G. General Orders, 7th December, 1839. A royal salute to be fired from the saluting battery at 1 o'clock P. M. tomorrow on the occasion of the Ruinzan festival. Fort St. George, Madras, 12th Jan. 1840, (Sunday) Garrison orders. A royal salute to be fired from the saluting battery at noon to-morrow on the occasion of the Pungal festival. Garrison orders, 14 h February, 1840. A royal salute to be fired from the saluting battery at 12 o'clock this day on the occasion of the Bukreed festival. Many other instances of direct patrouage to idolatry could be given, in direct violation of the instruction sent by the Court of Directors to the Supreme Goverument, dated 20th February, 1833, para. 62. Ought the National Flag of Great Britain to be used on such melancholy occasions as these ? Has the Campany's Madras Government no private black flag of its own which it could use 2
his support? and without his continued support, can we stand for a moment?
The Politician may doubt, and say, it is dangerous to speak of Religion; but lot him ask himself, as a Christian—is it not more dangerous as a Nation in the administration of the sacred charge entrusted to us by ProVidence to neglect what seems to be the evident purpose and intent of God f Is it not dangerous us a Nation to be weighed in the balance and found wanting in performing God's will?
What then as a Christian Government is to be done? Can we err in endeavouring to fulfil the will of God, by whose mighty power alone we rule? Can Aught Shake Where He Approves and Upholds? We are apt to exaggerate obstacles from native prejudices. Let us take example from native governments. What would a Hindu or a Musalman government di>, if in power?—Would not all erpect them to rear the temples of their Religion, to read therein the Shastras or the Quran, and to afford instruction to all who freely sought it? Would this offend any one? No, it would be natural, and all would erpect it. Would it politically do harm ?— why should it ? for none would go for instruction, but those who chose it. Free as air, they would retire at pleasure.
But what line does the British Government pursue ?—does it follow this natural process of opening iu like manner Christian temples and schools where all may go for instruction ?—does it support a single Christian School, where its Native subjects may go for instruction on the sacred truths of its Holy Religion ?— Might not the very natives themselves approve were there attached publicly and openly to each Christian temple throughout the land, a Christian School; and as in the instructions from the pulpit, the doors thrown open and all made welcome to attend. Here would be no deceit —no compulsion—nothing to offend. As the Moslem in the mosque, as the Hindu in the temple, so the Christian minister in bis temple, with open doors and public tuition, ready to instruct nil who came in the truths of his sacred religion, as well as in ail useful worldly knowledge. Would not the declaration of Govern, ment appear, even to the Natives, natural and proper, that the Govern, ment owed it, as a duty to its Native subjects, to communicate to all such as desired instruction, the knowledge of the mother-country, which led to the blessings of civilization -namely, the arts and sciences, the theory and practice of Government, the advantages of commerce, &c.; but that as it would be a slight to the Deity to teach worldly wisdom alone, and to exclude the knowledge of His Laws and Will, the whole should be taught together— His truths, and all the wisdom which he had enabled man to attain.
Let the experiment be tried at some of our Christian Churches under chosen ministers of approved discretion. Let the ministers publicly communicate that as from the pulpit so in the school attached to the Church, they were ready to follow their vocation and teach and superintend instruction. They would of course teach English and the vernacular languages. It seems very probable that (as in the admirable and crowded schools of the General Assembly in Cilcutta and elsewhere) many would seek a sound education there, and even if none went, a Christian Government under such a system, would feel the satisfaction of having discharged a duty in giving to its subjects the opportunity of instruction.
And supposing that such schools should give offence, they could at any moment be discontinued. If it be said, that we stand pledged not to interfere with the religion of the people—this is no interference where the people are free as the uir they breathe, to go, or stay away. Instruction goes not to seek them—they of their own free will, would go to seek it. Are we as a Christian Government blameless, as in the system now pursued, in deliberately putting the sacred commands of God, under a bushel, and hiding them from the Heathen? Are we justified, is it safe, to set aside the counsel of God, to raise up as we seem now to he doing, a race of intelligent sceptics, if not athiexts. who despising all Religion, will be inn great measure set loose from the restraints of conscience? Tt seem* a fearful experiment—one in which we can scarcely expect the support of God, by which alone we exist as a Government. In the other plan of Opknlv giving Chrintiun instruction to all who chose of th-ir own free will to seek it, we should feel secure, that we were not following our oxa it short-sighted plans hut were doing God's Will; the knowledge and truths we taught, would be His ; and under this sure and safe guidance also would be the hearts of those to whom His truths were communicated.
The subject is one of deep importance, and is well worthy of serious discussion.
May 11, 1840. AN OBSERVER.
LINES ON THE SECOND ADVENT.
Surely waving o'er this world
Doth now appear;
Signs of the times draw near.
War's trumpet penis from land to land,
"For strife prepare,"
With glorious hope each heart beats high
As bright rewards arise;
To grasp his prize.
Oh, little dream these haughty hearts
At his command,
Holds in his hand;
Who makes tliem as a beacon-light
Of darkness and of cloud;
Threatening to shroud.
But raise your heads ye scattered few,
The message of your God
Makes straight Messiah's road.
Oh then the glad Hosannas sing -
Who hastens here;
His drooping church shall cheer.
He comes! he comes! with saints attending,
At his feet;
Our coming Lord to ereet.
Come, Jesus, come—my soul doth long
To meet thee in the air;
With Thee to share.
September 10M, 1839.
Formerly practised by Hindu mothers to a great extent, and occasionally, it i» l» be feared, now, although very severe laws are passed against it.
Is there a mother lives, whose tender love
Oh! how unnatural, how passing strange,
That cruelty can woman's love derange;
Can drown her feelings of humanity,
And steel her heart against her progeny!
Alas! (with torrow is the truth confesl)
Oft from the Indian mother's savage breast
Parental love departs; affection thence
Expelled, regards not childhood's innocence!
Bone of her bone, flesh of her flesh to death
She, fiend-like, hurries, with its first-drawn breath .'
Oh! murder foul, most foul I Oh! monstrous crime!
By God detested, uneflac'd by time!
Vile murderer I thy infant daughter's blood
For vengeance cries to Him who wills all good.
Such horrid rites do heathen laws decree,
T'appease the monster of Idolatry.
Oh! God, with holy arm and strong right hand,
This base dishonour to th; name withstand I
Thy righteous vengeance, Lord, thy pow'r alone
Can hurl the idol tyrant from his throne.
Almighty Lord! Thou God of Hosts, arise!
Maintain thy cause; scatter thine enemies;
The idol altars level with the dust;
Is there not cause? Ah! sure thy wrath is just,
VVhen wicked men, who " glory in their shame,"
Blaspheme thine honour, and insult thy name.
From bloody rites, and idol tyranny.
Salvation, Oh salvation! may that word
Kre long by Pagan ears be gladly heard.
On this devoted land may rays divine,
Enkindled by the blessed Qospel, shine!
Jesus, Redeemer! may thy praise be sung
By Moslem and Hindu, by every tongue.
May infants Ksp thy name, may joyous youth,
And hoary age, be wise in Heav'niy truth!
On India then shall drop the dew of love
From streams which lave thy Zion, Lord, above!
Then snapped shall be the spear, dread war shall cease,
And happiness go hand in hand with peace I
Then India's ransom'd son, when life may end,
His parting spirit shall to God commend,
Supported by the hope well-founded, sure,
With saints immortal ever to endure!