Imagens das páginas

of the mysterious goddess! But if you expend all this money with your own hands it will bring you ill luck and loss of property. Therefore listen to my advice—Give into my hands as much as you intend to ex. pend; I will give as much as is needed to the satisfaction of all parties, and will procure you entrance to the temple. But tell no body the amount of money you put into my hands. If the head-priest asks you about it, you simply tell him, I am a poor pilgrim, and cannot give according to the rules. I have brought with me one or two rupees and those 1 have already given in the name of the goddess Kamikhya.

In this way, my dear reader, do the brahmans of that place receive and rob the poor pilgrims. There is no holiness, no devotion to be found there. They are all intent upon practising deceit and enriching themselves. If any pilgrim refuses to do according to their liking, they, by telling lies, bring bim into great trouble, they go and say in secret to the head brahmans: "You must know, this pilgrim is a very rich man." The consequence is, that the priests ask a very large sum. And if he cannot give it, the door is shut before him, he cannot see the goddess. If the pilgrim is willing to give the money asked for to the brahman who invites him, this brahman will expend one part of it in sacrifices to the goddess and the rest he will keep himself. After having shown the temple and goddess to the pilgrims, he takes him back to his house, and tells him: Now you must prepare to give a feast for the virgins, and adorn their forheads with vermilion, for such is the custom of this place. If you omit to doit, your pilgrimage will lose its merit, I assure you ; my words are true and you will have expended so much money in vain j but if you prepare a feast for the virgins take care do not buy any thing in the bazar, for in so doing you will lose your caste. 1 will take the trouble upon myself. Give me the price of the articles and I shall prepare the sweetmeats and cook the rice. The meal being ready, he invites C or 7 of the girls. He calls them, brahman's children, but I know there are Sudra's girls among them. When they have eaten, he says to the pilgrim: Now you must give the usual reward (iffWl) to the virgins. Else they may get angry, and you know they are brahmans. If the pilgrim has any money remaining the brahman contrives to deprive him of it in the following way. He says: Remain over night in this holy place. With sweet entreaties he prevails upon the pilgrim. He makes room for him in his own house. In the evening he tells him: Listen to me ; you have accomplished every thing according to the rules. But there is yet one thing remaining ; it is something very mysterious, I will tell you: if you wish to do it, do it; if not, I will not force you : but if you do not doit, it will be imputed to me as a sin. Take intoxicating liquors (TK), make a necklace of the leaves of the Bel tree and chandan, go with it secretly to a certain house, and there piously worship a virgin. So doing, the goddess Kamikhya will appear unto you and will give you, whatever you shall ask. Her promises are unchangeable; what she says, will certainly be accomplished. Having deceived the pilgrim in this way, he prepares all the articles of worship in another house. One of the virgins goes there and the pilgrim worships at her feet ; the worship over, she blesses him, &c. &c.

The poem is published by subscription, and may be had of the Publisher of the Observer.

8.—The Bible Society's List Op Scriptures And Prices.

The Secretary to the Calcutta Auxiliary Bible Society has forwarded to us a printed list of the different Scriptures procurable at the Calcutta Depository, together with the prices affixed at which they may be purchased; they have been all much reduced, so that those friends who feel a desire to distribute the native Scriptures, and who may have the means

VOL. I. 3 B

of purchasing them with a view to assist the Society in a pecuniary point of view, will now have it in their power. It is not meant by this arrangement to prevent the amplest judicious gratuitous circulation of God's word through the instrumentality of our friends whose means of distribution may exceed their ability to purchase. The Scriptures, we find from this list, can be had at the Depository in the following languages : English, Hebrew, Greek, Syriac, Armenian, Arabic, Persian, Urdu, Persic character, Ditto Roman character, Hindui Nágri, Hindui Kaithi, Bengali, Ditto Roman character, Multana, Vickanira, Haroti, Assamese, Nepaulese, Cashmira, Javanese, Chinese, Welsh, Gaelic, Irish, German. Dutch, Danish, Swedish, French, Italian, Spanish and Portuguese. The native Scriptures, especially those for the hill and border tribes, might be distributed with advantage just now as a wide door and effectual is being opened for that distribution. The Society will feel a pleasure in committing copies of such Scriptures into the hands of any good friend dwelling amongst the people to whom they may be adapted. The New Testament in the Continental languages may be occasionally bestowed on the seamen of different countries who visit the Port, or opportunities may offer of giving a Testament to the strangers from those lands who occasionally dwell within our gates.

9.—LAMP of KNow LEDGE.

A new work has just appeared under the above title. It is written in Bengéli by a very intelligent native. It is part of a series of school or educational books, the subjects are moral and instructive, the style upon the whole is good, though in many places pedantic and inflated—a sin which we trust the author will guard against in future numbers. It is free from every thing offensive on religious subjects, and may with propriety be put into the hands of females, to which purpose we trust our native friends will apply it. It is a very excellent little production, and the author deserves well at the hands of his countrymen, and all well-wishers ~o the improvement of the children of India. We encourage him to go on.

10.—The Expeditiox to ChiNA has sailed from Singapore. Admiral Elliot has also reached that island, and ere this has sailed to the scene of warfare. Before our next issue we shall doubtless be in possession of information that some active and decisive measures has been taken in the war.

11.-The OPIUM Question. At Home.

Lord Stanhope brought forward his motion in the house of Lords on the iniquities of the Opium war and Opium growing. It was negatived without a division. , Lord Melbourne declared that the Opium trade was lucrative and therefore it would not be discontinued—the war was justified, and the only people who appear to have taken a just view of the case either laughed or bullied into silence. The origin of the war is lost sight of in the lucrativeness of the traffic. The government of India will grow opium and make its lakhs and lakhs of rupees by its conniving at traders who sail away from the port armed to the teeth to run it on the coasts of China, to enrich themselves, while England will be paying the whole cost of the Chinese war.

12–La Mantiniere—the Bishops of CALcutta AND Norwich. The public prints have been lately occupied in discussing the merits of a correspondence between the Bishops of Calcutta and Norwich in reference to the principle on which La Martiniere is founded. In that institution the Protestant Episcopalian and Presbyterian divines, the Romanist

Priest and the laity of every varying shade in religious opinion may be associated. No religious peculiarity can be taught in public, but in private the Protestant and the Papist may teach the youth of their own communion, the peculiarities of their respective faiths. Provided it were a merging of all Protestant peculiarities, it would be a good and sound principle; but admitting, as it does, Papists, and as it may, Socinians or other equally baneful religionists, we look upon it as one of the most fallacious and unscriptural clap-traps of the age. That cannot be sound in principle which associates the Papist and the Presbyterian, for it is absolute hypocrisy to talk of merging differences between these parties. The concession of this principle is all on the side of truth—error alone gains by the admission. The Bishop of Calcutta felt this when the Bishop of Norwich applied the Martiniere case to the government plan of education at home 2 but the Bishop of Calcutta is too acute a reasoner not to perceive that the effect is one and the same as a deviation from principle: in the use made of it by those who would concede any point to procure a moment's false peace, and the influence it has on {{! Church and world at large. He J. perceive this at once when the speech of the diocesan of Norwich reached him, and at once F.". to defend himself from the remotest supposition that he would end his sanction to the Government plan were he at home. We are assured of it and therefore the more regret that one who has nobly defended Protestantism from both Popish and Puseyite error should have given the remotest sanction to such an union of light and darkness, Christ and Belial. The only reason that can be assigned for the course is, that if such men as Bishop Wilson and others do not sit in the councils of La Martiniere, it will fall into the hands of Papists and infidels. Well let it; for according to the Bishop's own statement it is but a small school in Calcutta: and he admits the working of the plan has not been over well as yet, and hence its influence may be easily corrected : but if it were a large school—if it were a system for the land, the Bishop by implication says he could not and would not sanction it—- 2 it large or be it small, it is all one so far as the principle is concerned. Do the council of La Martiniere carry out the principle of liberalism to its full extent? Is the child of a Baptist obliged if he learns any catechism in the school to commit to memory the one taught by Paedobaptists in which he will be obliged to say that “ his godfathers and godmothers gave him his name in baptism P”—or are the children of Episcopalians and Papists allowed to bow at the name of Jesus?—or would the child of a Musalmán or Hindu be obliged to receive the mellifluously united Christianity of the council? ... If we understand the tenor of General Martine's bequest, it is for all classes and creeds without exception; and if so, on what principle can the council interfere with any peculiarity or refuse to instruct any boy or girl in that which his or her parents or guardians believe to be truth?


On Saturday evening last the Bungalow Chapel for native preaching, connected with the London Missionary Society, in the Bow Bazar, was re opened for the public worship of Christ. The place has been almost entirely rebuilt. The service was opened by reading the scriptures by the Rev. G. Gogerly, the Rev. A. F. Lacroix preached to the people, and the Rev. J. Campbell closed with prayer. The congregation was numerous and very attentive. May God make this chapel the birth-place of many souls.-Advocate.

14.—Success Op Missions In The South Seas. We are confident it will afford our readers the greatest pleasure to learn. that the Mission established by the London Missionary Society in the groupe of Islands called the Navigator*', not more than ten years ag-o, has been signally blessed of God. The Missionaries state that at present they have about 40,000 people under Christian instruction, several hundreds have received baptism, 800 have become Church members, and upwards of 20,000 can read. Several elementary books have been prepared, portions of the Old and New Testaments have been translated, a press has been sent from England,—in fact the whole work is marvellous in our eyes and can only call forth our warmest praise to the Lord our righteousness and strength. These Islanders were cannibals, and well do we remember the first Missionary who went forth to bring them to Christ.— Ibid.

IS.—Sandwich Islands' Missions. The Missionaries in the Sandwich islands have intreated the King of those Islands to cause an investigation to be made into the charges brought against them by the Papist Missionaries and French authorities, viz.; that they were the principal parties in stirring up his majesty to expel the Romish priests, &c, which gave rise to the extraordinary conduct of Captain Laplace, to which we have referred in former numbers. His majesty in reply fully exonerates the Missionaries from all participation in the act, and agrees to their request, the result of which had not transpired when the last accounts reached England.—Ibid.

16.— Revival Op Sati'Human Sacrifices And Ari-tocbatic Trading

In Females.

During the last week the native papers state that two satti have occurred within a short distance of Calcutta—one even at Ishra, midway between Calcutta and Serampore, directly opposite to Mrs. Wilson's Orphan Asylum. Surely this cannot be; or if so, the Police authorities ought to institute the most rigid inquiry into the matter. As the law now stands, sari legally considered is murder; and the parties instigating, aiding, or abetting the misguided persons, ought to be sought out and held up as a public example, warning and terror to all similar evil-doers. We trust for the sake of human nature—even fallen human nature—this is mere rumour. Should it however prove true, which we more than fear it will, it shows us how much is yet to be effected before the natives of India will be able to walk erect and become amenable to the laws of humanity and decency; and we may also gather from it how much it is to be feared the dark and cruel rites connected with Hinduism are still practised in the less favored parts of the country—parts where the influence of education and religion have not been experienced; for if such an act can be perpetrated in the vicinity of the metropolis of India, the centre of all civilization and enlightenment, what can we expect in the darker parts of the land? Verily they must be habitations of cruelty.

The native papers have also disclosed to us another of the crying evils of the country. A native raja, it appears, lays claim to ail the widows in his territory, appropriating to his own purposes such as he deems fit, and disposing of the others as articles of merchandize and for the vilest purposes. A short time ago we heard of a band of miscreants, who on a mountain height to the eastward were more than suspected of offering up human sacrifices to appease the rageof an offended deity. Surely such things should awaken in our hearts the deepest pity for our fellow-men, and lead us to put forth every energy by which they may be blessed with the humanizing and elevating blessings of Christianity. But in the mean time surely the lav tempered with mercy ought to institute the most rigid inquiry into such rumours, and either vindicate the character of the Hindus from charges so foul, or punish with all due severity such flagrant violations of all law both human and divine. We suspect Sir Charles Forbes had no such scenes in his mind's eye when he lauded the virtues and amiabilities of the native com. muni ty. May the natives soon deserve the praises he bestowed upon them, by trie absence of crimes, (committed remember under the sanctions of religion,) at which humanity shudders, and from which every man with the feelings of a man, must turn away with disgust and abhorrence.—Ibid.

17.—Naval And Military Bible Society.

The anniversary of this Society was held in London at the latter end

oF the month of April, and from brief accounts which we have just

received, we gather that it is pursuing the more than even tenor of its

way. It continues to distribute the word of life to our brave soldiers

and sailors who are called to contend for the weal and honor of their

country. Many a soul has it refreshed and blessed. We notice amongst

those recorded as present some of the veteran warriors by sea and land

of former days. May their days long be spared to labour in so good a

cause, in which they do in spirit fulfil the words of prophecy, turning

their spears into pruning-hooks and their swords into plough-shares;

learning war no more. There always was, and we trust always will be,

a devout and soul-refreshing sweetness about the meetings of this

Society that were especially invigorating, it is one of the many gatherings

of the British Isreal towards which we look back with peculiar pleasure.

18.—The Aborigines Protection Society. This noble Society is progressing in strength and usefulness. It is the Wilberforce of Societies—the defender of the rights, the pleader and redresser of the wrongs of the helpless and almost (in one sense) speechless and misrepresented aborigines of all the British Colonies. VVe trust that it may be the means of preserving from destruction, the colored tribes who have been brought under the sway of the British Sceptre, for it is the foulest blot on our national escutcheon that our presence and property as a people has been purchased at the expence of the happiness, liberty and even lives of the aborigines conquered by us. The approach of the white man has been the signal for the black man's retreat. The sword that conquered but too often been the precursor of the spade that has dug a nation's grave. May this evil for the future be averted by the labours of this and similar institutions.

19.—Anti-slavfry Convention. The convention of the Anti-Slavery delegates from every quarter of the United Kingdom was held at Exeter Hall in the month of May last. Prince Albert presided on the occasion. The assemblage was very large. Amongst the delegates were nearly all the most renowned philanthropists of the age; all shades, creeds and politics appear to have merged in the great question, " When shall the enslaved portion of the human race be made permanently happy and free?" The Prince delivered a very frank and generous speech on the occasion, which together with the free and easy manner in which it was delivered appears to have won for him golden opinions. May they never be dimmed. The result of the meeting was a strongly expressed resolve, to neither tire nor faint until the Demon Slavery should be scourged from the earth, and freedom be the birthright of every mau.—Amen and Amen.

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