Imagens das páginas

quiry, the writer has no intention to enter into controversy by defending them, but cheerfully leaves them to the consideration of your readers.

He has throughout the paper endeavoured to express his own opinions with becoming deference to those who entertain different sentiments, and hopes he has avoided the possibility of hurting the feelings

of any.


VII.—The Twenty-first Report of the Bengal Auxiliary Missionary Society.

This document we have perused with that pleasure which we ever desire to feel when contemplating any channel of communication which reports progress in the Redeemer's kingdom. His name is as "ointment poured forth," and conveys a sweet savour to every thing with which it is combined. We cannot in such Reports expect novelty or variety from year to year; but it is a source of pleasure to find at times, that the work of Christ is not retrograding, if it is not much advancing ;—that the siege is maintained, if the city is not taken. It is a mercy that the Lord Jesus continues his servants in the field of merciful operation—and it is a mercy that God has not entered into judgment with this obstinately impenitent land, and by providential convulsion driven his ambassadors away from the midst of it:—for this let us give thanks, amidst internal monotony and external deadness.

The Report before us comprehends the usual topics of Missionary operation. We find the various channels of Native and English preaching—of native and English education—of native and European agency, of male and female schools, in full play for the dissemination of the Gospel. It ought ever to be a subject of rejoicing to see so many agencies in grace, as in nature, blending together harmoniously for the glory of God and the good of man. The difficulty we have to contend with is, to give to each its due proportion, and no more or less: herein is spiritual wisdom needed.

We are glad to see that our Missionary brethren in the case before us, have mustered strongly in native preaching, and that seven of them have been enabled to maintain this primitive and apostolic mode of aggression on Satan's empire. May they be enabled to persevere:— aud may they have the gift of language, as well as the grace of truth; —for, assuredly, much of the power of the hitter depends on the perfection of the former.

English Preaching in its due proportion is most useful in maintaining a ministerial sympathy between the church of Christ here in her ordinaty functions as a community, and in her extraordinary operations as a Missionary orgau. It were neither wise nor good to suppress this—however proper to maintain a general limit of office.

The Christian Institution, with the Theological class as its vanguard, occupies now a prominent place in the Report of the B. A. M. Society; and we are glad to see that it is becoming more and more effective. We trust the appeal for aid to support it will not be disregarded by those who would desire to see the young brought up in the "fear of the Lord."

There is a very interesting statistical document concerning the little church at Krishnapore, furnished by one of its co-pastors. It is a faithful report, and presents a miniature as to much of the work in this country. The following extract is valuable :—

"If it be inquired, what is the actual condition of these people? the answer will, it is to be feared, prove but little satisfactory either to those who put the question, or to the Missionary who deems actual personal conversion of the heart and mind, turned not only from darkness to light, but from the power of Satan unto God, the great aim and only ade

Suate result of evangelical labour. In this point of view, it must with eep pain be confessed, both that the knowledge of the truth of the Gospel possessed by the majority of these people is very limited, and what is still more to be deplored, its saving and sanctifying impression on their souls in some cases doubtful, in most but small. On the other hand, we must take into account, the deep debasement of mind nnd conscience and moral condition from which these poor people have been drawn. That they should not at once shake off all the mire of superstition, emerge into a clear light, and pant after the Divine likeness with all the earnestness of soul evinced by a less apathetic poeple when enlightened by the truth, roused by the law, and drawn by the Gospel of the Redeemer, can scarcely be a matter of surprise to those who have a full acquaint. ance with the actual state of mental and moral, civil and physical, degradation in which we found them. Meanwhile the missionaries in charge. have, from the first, been diligent in doing the work of evangelists in faith, affection and prayer—it is theirs to labour; success is from above. Divine service, including singing, prayer, reading of the Scriptures and preaching is regularly conducted on every Sabbath day. Besides which a Bible-class meets in the afternoon of that day, when those who can read, men and women, are carried regularly through a familiar exposition of some portion of holy Scripture, previously read by them verse and verse about. Questions are asked calculated to elicit their measure of knowledge, arrest attention, 01 excite spiritual affections—the whole concluding with prayer. Already has very essential improvement resulted from this exercise, which was begun only in the latter part of last year, since when the whole book of Genesis, with a considerable portion of the Psalms, has been gone over, it is trusted, not without a divine blessing. This plan seems to meet peculiar acceptance with the best disposed among the people, as indeed was naturally to be expected. The word of God is the lamp, alike, and the stimulus and the food of the soul —there can be but slow and small advance in knowledge or growth in grace, where it is not constantly read, studied and applied. I certainly attach the greatest importance to the persevering adoption of the plan of Bible-classes, as much more calculated to maintain attention than ordinary sermons, which are both presently forgotten and afford but small aid towards entering into the meaning, force and spirit of the Scriptures, in their private perusal. A school-muster also gives daily instruction to the children of the Christians and to any others that choose to attend;

while at night he teaches the adults who have not as yet learned to read — for, till a man can read the Divine word for himself, he can be but on a

very unstable footing of spiritual safety and comfort; most of his unoccupied time will be uuprofitably spent: and inducements will be many to lazy sauntering, idle gossip, sleep or other worse modes of spending what he has no mode of happily employing."

Chinsurah, Berharapore and Mirzapore present their quota of inter-
esting matter, into which the limits of this brief notice prevent us from

We are glad to see that some of the servants of Christ in those
stations who have been long tried are not found wanting in faith. May
they stand strong in their Master's grace, and though "faint let them
pursue"—for the day of victory is at hand. "Faith is the substance of
things hoped for, and the evidence of things not seen."

Altogether we commend the spirit of the Report as a plain and
honest record of facts—and may the Lord God prosper all the opera-
tions of the Brethren whose names are written iu it I

VIII.—Further Supplement to the Index of Bengali Dictionaries

and Grammars, fyc.

(Continued from the Calcutta Christian Observer for May 1839.)

No. 17. JSotHtfsSfr sifk «N-®txi? fifSrg sre1?lf«i *F*Hrt»

HTfaTtTST *fU<r*ft9 *U1 &c. by Karaeshwar Tarkiilaukar. Calcutta,

from the Gyanaratnakar (Native) Press, 1839.

This volume was published only in the month of Shriban (including
part of our July and August) of the present year. In typographical
execution, the quality of the paper, binding, and appearance generally,
it is but little above the standard of native bazar publications; yet in
literal accuracy and freedom from typographical errors, it exhibits a very
considerable degree of advance iu the conduct of the Native Presses,
partaking as they do, largely, of the improvement evidently going on, in
a constantly accelerated ratio, among the whole native community. The
number of Bengfili words collected in this Dictionary, and explained in
the same language, is about 18,000, a considerably greater number than
is to be found in any other Dictionary in which the explanation is in
Bengali only. It extends to 473 pages, printed in double columns,
averaging 19 to 20 words to a column. The explanations are, on the
whole, correct and pretty numerous: many words not in common use,
some even which are as yet confined to Sanskrit, are to be found here-
in; under some, as sitfj (the sun), 3f3 existence, &c. very numerous
synonyms are given, all extremely helpful to the studeut. To his pre-
decessors in this line, the compiler is, of course, largely indebted,
especially to his immediate predecessor Jagannarayan, whose very useful
work was noticed under No. 15. of this Index, in the Christian Obser-
ver for the mouth of February last. The non-employment of any system
of punctuation or mark of separation between the continuous but distiuct
meanings of the same term, is a defect; and to Europeans at least will
prove at first a hindrance to prompt and easy reference. An improve-
ment in this, however, will no doubt follow iu the train with many others,
ere long. The work is to be had at No. 150, Ahiritollah, and in the
shops iu the Old China Bazar, for Co.'s Ks. 2. in native half-binding.

It merits a place in the library of every European student of the
language, who is but inadequately furnished with helps in the way of
Dictionaries, &c. so long- as he has no means of getting at a purely native explication of the words he meets with in his reading or lias occasion to employ in composition or conversation. This will very often carry to the mind a much clearer impression of the shade of meaning than can be obtained from any English Dictionary. There is a certain idiomatic nicety of idea which is conveyable in no other way, as any scholar advanced beyond the condition of a mere tyro, must be well aware. It is highly gratifying to find well-instructed natives beginning to awake, on the one hand, from the lethargy of indifference in which they have hitherto been laid in all matters of literature not directly bearing upon the acquisition of gain ; or shaking off, on the other, the absurd contempt, so long indulged, of the vernacular idioms, in a supreme superstitious preference of the so-supposed language of the gods, the refined Sanskrit, and which even yet marks the whole race of Pandits and others, whose attainments are still limited within the range of the native Shastras and Purans. Europeans who, whether from a love of literature simply, or from a higher and holier desire to extend the knowledge of a pure faith among the millions of Hindustan, take an interest in the progress of education generally among the natives of this country, ou<*ht surely to be pleased with and liberally to encourage every attempt like the present to supply an admitted deficiency, and to aid the great cause of the advance of knowledge, of true religion, and of morals among them. A little patronage only is wanted to allure many others into the same curriculum of useful effort.


jBiteiamvu airtr KeliQiawl JtnteUiQttue.

1.—Missionary And Ecclesiastical Movements. The following movements have occurred since our last. 1 he Rev. W. P. Lyon and Mrs. Lyon, Mrs. G. Pearce, and Mrs. Paterson and child have sailed for England on the Owen Glendower. We are happy to find, by a letter from the vessel when opposite Madras, that the health of Mrs. Lyons had greatly improved.—lie v. Dr. Soniers, Mrs. Somerg and child have arrived from Uennres on their wav to Europe.— the Rev. H. Fisher, junr. leaves Dinapore to officiate ai the Presidency.— The Rev. Dr. Iirelu-Hin and Mrs. H. have arrived in Calcutta. —Rev. J. Weitbrecht and Mrs. \V. have gone to Benares. We regret that the health of Mrs. W. has required this movement.—The Rev. Messrs. Gogerly and Lacroix have proceeded on an extensive Missionary tour to the North-East of Calcutta.—I he Rev. A. Stronach of Singapore

will occupy the station formerly filled by the Rev. J. Davies at Piuang.

The Rev. A. Gros has been obliged to leave Mauritius on account of ill health; we regret to learn that hut little hope is entertained of Mr. G.'s recovery.—The German brethren connected with the Patnn Mission, referred to in our last, have proceeded on their way.—AJr. Start has left Patna with a view to establish a Mission amongst the Nepalese.—Dr. Duff has we believe, left England for this country ere this.—It affords us sincere pleasure to announce, that letters have been recently received from Rev. W. 8. Mackay, which state that his health is much improved, and that be may be expected very soon in Calcutta.— We regret to announce the

deatli of Mrs. Caldwell, the wife of the Rev. J. Caldwell of the American Presbyterian Mission, Upper India.

The following appointments have received the approbation of the Governor General.— Rev. H. Pratt, to be Chaplain at Nusserabad; Rev. M. J. Jennings, at Kurnaul; and Rev. R. Eteson, at Cawnpore.

2.—Anniversaries And Examinations. During the month some of the Religious Societies and many of the public Schools in Calcutta have held their anniversaries. The Bible Society and the Bethel Society appear from their reports to be in a healthy and prosperous condition. The Schools, both European and Native, Secular and Missionary, appear to be in a progressively improving state; but as it is our intention to enter more at length into these subjects, and give a more lengthened account if possible of these matters in our next, we forbear adding more at present than an expression of the gratification we have experienced in the present state of the different Missionary and Scholastic Institutions in our city. May they continue and increase, until the whole country shall be filled with the knowledge of Christ.

3.—Tite Revivals In Scotland. Our readers have doubtless been made acquainted with the cheering intelligence that a good work of revival in religion has taken place in Scotland, especially at Kilsyth. The accounts rendered by the public prints however, are so vague and burlesqued, that it would be impossible to gather the truth from them. From public and private information of an authentic nature we have reason to believe, that this revival is the work of God. That the work is at least in great part of God we have no doubt whatever; hundreds have received the truth in the love of it, and the spirit has spread far and wide. Our readers must not imagine that this is the work of a sermon or of a day's excitement; it would appear in this, as in most similar revivals, the preparation of the soil has been the work of years. The venerable Pastor states, that for 18 years he had been preparing his parish for the reception of an enlarged blessing by prayermeetings, fast days, humiliations and visitations of the whole parish ; it is in answer to the use of these truly legitimate means that God has poured out his Spirit from on high.— Would that we all, in a consciousness that we had been so preparing the seed, could look with any degree of hope for the like blessing in India.

4.—The Pilqrim Tax At Gyah has been entirely abolished, the Government having granted a remuneration in perpetuity to the Raja to whom the territory pertains; the connexion of Government with the shrine at Juggernauth will, we hope, be very speedily abolished also. We sincerely rejoice in the triumph of truth in this important matter: we hope to treat of it more at length in an early number.

S.Miscellanea. The Opium question is still in an unsettled stBte, though the practice is still distressing; loss of reputation, individual and national, risk of property and loss of life appear to he the inevitable consequences of the plans pursued. The Government, strange to say, still continue their sales! !!—The poor Coolies in the West Indies "have been and are still suffering very much from the treatment they have received:—an inquiry lias been instituted, which has not reflected much either on the piety or humanity of the Cooly dealers. The Coolies at the Mauritius are mani

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