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pageant, bat ia the spirit of a queen who felt and un-1 JersUsxl the relation in which the stood, both to the ling and people of that realm. A touching sight it must have been to those who saw that young royal bride thus obey the warm impulse of a heart overflowing with gratitude to God, and love to all she then looked upon."

The "sweet flower of France " lived but forty days after this event. Her gracious behaviour, her youth and beauty, the king's love for her, and the fact that she was likely to bring an heir to the kingdom, all conspired to make her death deplored throughout the length and breadth of the land. Brantome says of this princess, (as quoted by our authoress,) "The Princess Magdalene married the King of Scotland, from which destiny her friends had vainly tried to turn her. 'Not, certes,' said they,' but he is a prince both brave and beautiful; but then to have to go and live in such a barbarous country, and among a rude people!' 'Nevertheless, while I live I shall be a queen, which has always been my wish,' she replied." Mbs Strickland thinks we should read "his Queen."

"'When the Princess Magdalene was Queen in Scotl»nii,' pursues Bramotne. 'she found the country first is she had been previously told, and altogether different from our douce France. But Queen Magdalene gave no sign of regret, unless in this one exclamation, " 1 would be 4 Queen!" She covered her sadness and the fire of her ambition with, such ashes of patience as she best might. M. de Ronsard told me this, and he went with herto Scotland, leaving his service as page to the Duke of Orleans, who gave hiin to her, and he went to see the world,'"

Bratome also says that "she was very deeply ngrelted not only by James V., but by all his people, (or she was very good, and knew how to make herself truly beloved. She had a great mind, and was most wise and virtuous."

"The first general mourning ever known in Scotland vis worn for her, and her obsequies were solemnized »ita the greatest manifestation of sorrow of which that nation had ever been participant. The lamentations for the premature death of the youthful queen, and the hopes that perished with her, of an heir to Scotland, sppcar to have been of a similar character to the passionate and universal burst of national sorrow, which in tie present century pervaded all hearts in the Britannic empire, for the loss of the noble-minded Princess Charlotte of Wales and her infant

"' How many hopes were borne upon thy bier, 0 stricken bride of love !'"

Those who know much of human nature generally, and of the Stuart family in particular, will not be astonished to hear that, sincerely as James V. mourned for Magdalene, he married again, eleven months after her death. Nor will such persons refuse to believe that thai second was a love match, too, on his side at least.

We have now come to the third biography in this volume, that of Mary of Lorraine, or as she is more commonly called, Mary of Guise. Miss Strickland begins thus:—

"Of all the ladies James V. of Scotland had seen in Trance, with the exception of his lovely and beloved Magdalene, he had admired Mary of Lorraine, Duchess >f Longueville, the most. Indeed, there is reason to believe that an impression was made on the susceptible

heart of the errant monarch by the charms of this fair duchess, previous to his introduction to the royal flower of Valois. Drummond of Hawthornden says, ' Whilst James disported himself in France, he had made acquaintance with a lady rich in excellences, who, next to Magdalene, had the power of Mb affections, Mary of Lorraine, sister to Francis, daughter of Claude, Duke of Guise, and widow of the Duke of Longueville.'"

But Mary was not the widow, but the very happy wife of the Duke of Longueville at the time; and was present with him at the marriage of Magdalene. She became a widow a mouth before the death of that queen, and very soon after that event, James V. seems to have turned his thoughts to her, as a second wife. Poor Mary, who was sincerely attached to her late husband, by whom she had two children, (one born after his father's death,) was by no means disposed to listen to any overtures of marriage, and desired only to devote herself to her children. But women in so elevated a rank, could not, in those days, dispose of themselves. About this time Henry VIII. was a widower, by the death of Jane Seymour; and "having communicated to Francis I. his desire of choosing a princess of his lineage of his next queen, that monarch politely replied, 'that there was not a maid or widow of suitable degree in France, but should be at his choice.'" The royal lady-killer was about fifty-eight years of age at that time. No *' maid or widow " of France would he accept, but the young Duchess of Longueville; partly, it seems, because she was (all and finely proportioned, and he was pleased to admire tall women, and partly out of envy and perversity against his nephew James V., to whom Francis I. had promised the lady. Henry was not contented with that king's information that she was engaged to the King of Scotland, but sent a proposal in due form, to the poor duchess herself. She did not reply as that other Italian Princess did on a similar occasion, "that if she had itco heads she would be most happy to place one of them at the disposal of his majesty, but that having only one she thought it best to keep it on her shoulders;" she simply declined "the great honour he was willing to confer on her," and soon after obeyed the commands of Francis, and was married to the King of Scots :—

"That Mary had any choice in the matter is doubtful; but it appears probable that having previously expressed an insuperable reluctance to enter into a second marriage, and her acceptance of the King of Scotland being made public early in the new year, (153S,) she entered into that engagement at la»t, not only in compliance with the will of her own sovereign, but to avert the possibility of being, by any change of politics, consigned as a state victim to the royal wife-killer of England, who had a daughter two years older than herself, and was already provided with a male heir to his dominions.

"James entered into a lover-like correspondence with the fair widow of Longueville, and after many letters of princely love and affection had been exchanged between them, the articles of marriage were agreed on."

This marriage could not be without pain to Mary of Guise, for she was obliged to leave her darling and only child, the little Duke of Longueville, behind her, and (Frenchwoman as she was,) to go to a cold, semibarbarous country, where everything was strange to her. However well-disposed she might be to her new home, and anxious to do her duty there, we arc not surprised to hear that when some of the English Court asked Madame do. Montrieul "How the new queen liked Scotland?" that lady somewhat smiled as she answered, "The Queen of Scotland loved France the best."

James V. and his second wife led a very happy life as far as conjugal affection is concerned, for he was passionately devoted to her; but their felicity lasted only for a brief period. The loss of his fine army in the Solway turned the king's brain, and brought him to his death-bed, at Falkirk, at the same time that his wife, in a state of great anxiety for him, gave birth, at Linlithgow, to a daughter—the celebrated Mary, Ciuccn of Scots. All their other children were dead. Here ends Miss Strickland's first volume; and here begin the trials and troubles of Mary of Lorraine as Queen Regent of the distracted kingdom of Scotland. The next volume will contain much interesting matter.


Here then we stood, the waves thundering below, and before us the Atlantic, without a shore nearer than America; the horizon line, not straight, but appearing, as it really is, the section of a circle, aud blending softly with the summer sky;—here, amid a convulsion of rocks and precipices that form an irresistible barrier to the raging waters, we were impressed with the feeling of a position amidst a vast solitude, which sonic speak of experiencing in deserts. It is true there were no arid sands here; for the richest heaths, dwarf furze, almost all bloom, only three or four inches high, and several kinds of wild flowers, of which we did not know the names, enamelled the ground beneath our feet; but there was an overpowering loneliness, a sense of our own insignificance compared to what was around us, amidst a silence only broken by the hollow booming of a restless sea, that broke into the orifices of the cliff far beneath our feet, or now aud then by the shrieking of a cormorant, or the rushing wing of a sea-mew.

There is a tale related, with the customary exaggerations, respecting the fall of a horse over the rocks here, and of the narrow escape of the rider, which, as no name is mentioned, every one thinks he may tell in his own way. The officer's name whose horse thus fell over was Captain Arbuthuot, about forty years ago, upon the staff of the western district, accompanying lvis superior officer, General Wilford, who also had a command in the same district, to see the Land's End. The general dismounted on the brow of the descent; but Captain Arbuthnot, who did not know the nature of the ground, rode down some way, when, the grass being slippery, and his horse alarmed, he dismounted, aud flinging the bridle over his arm, led on the animal, which, startled most probably at the roar of the sea in frout, backed himself over the cliff which was near in another direction, and dragged

Captain Arbuthnot to the edge, before he could disengage his arm, thus narrowly escaping being polled over with him. We must again remark that the Land's End is a low headland, not more than sixty feet in height, as the ground is all the way a descent to its extremity, and the headlands on both sides rise to four and five times the elevation; its Cornish name is "Temrith, the Headland,"—or "Anii/er flciret/i, the Laud's End."


We gladly welcome a second series of the Illustrated Year Book of Wonders, Events and Discoveries, the design and execution of which we had occasion to commend last Christmas. The present volume is fully as well executed as its predecessor, and tinoccurrences of the past year which it describes, as well as those of the coming one of which it heralds the advent, confer on it, if possible, a more exciting interest.

Imagine for a moment, a year-book during the reign of the Plantagenets, and such in fact are the romantic pages of Froissart. War must have needs been its sole burden, science and literature a mere blank. In 1337 we should have had a lively chronicle of the campaigns of the Black Prince in Fiance. In 1850 we have Prince Albert establishing the apotheosis of peace, by setting on foot a grand exhibition of the works of all nations. Henceforth it. must ever be one of the principal functions of a year-book to record the great feature of our own day — the astounding progress of science, and its application to the purposes of human life, and to the amelioration of our social condition. A few years back, and who would have believed in marvels that arc now of everyday familiarity? The difficulty seems now to prescribe any bounds to the progress of discovery. Every season brings its wonder with it: last year it was the erection of the Britannia Bridge, this season it is the Electric Telegraph, and what it may be next year Heaven only knows.

But we will not delay our readers with reflections that must arise in every thoughtful mind; but proceed at once to the facts collected in the volume before us, and that pretty much in the order in which they arc narrated, dwelling first on the lighter and more fugitive topics. The first popular rarity of the year was unquestionably the first appearance in England of a living hippopotamus from the remote shores of the Upper Nile. And here it may be remarked that among the many interesting problems that have been left for their solution to the science and enterprise of the present age, is that of the source of this patriarch of rivers, and there is at length every reason to believe that its discovery is near nt hand. In a pleasant abridgement of (he recent and arduous journey of Dr. Krapf to the mountains of Central

(1) " The Year-Book of Remarkable Occurrence* and DiscoTcries: Edited by John Timbi." Arthur Hall, Virtue & Co.


i fries, we flud that he succeeded in penetrating to the vicinity of the snow-covered peaks of Kilimanjaro, in which the head-waters of the Nile are to be sought for. The animal brought to this country was taken from its waters, as we learn, at a distance of lico ticmand mles above Cairo.

"The Zoological Society had long been anxious to obtain a living specimen of this great amphibious quadruped for their Menagerie. Several attempts with this object have been made within the last twenty years, bat uniformly with ill success; so that the offer of an American agent at Alexandria to give 5,000/. for an animal of this species, delivered to him at the above city, entirely failed to induce any speculator to encounter the risk and labour of an expedition to the White Nile for this purpose. The desire of the Zoological Society was communicated to Abbas, Viceroy of Egypt, by the lion. Mr. Murray, our excellent Consul st Cairo, and an energetic advocate of the interests of sdence everywhere. The Pasha was deaf to Mr. Murray's hint; doubtless, seeing the difficulty of gratifying the Society's wishes. Hassclquist, on the authority of 'a credible person,' who lived twelve years in Egypt, iCttcs it to have been impossible to bring the living animal to Cairo; and Cuvier remarks, the French mam attached to the expedition to Egypt, who awended the Nile above Syene, did not meet with one Hippopotamus; but AI. Caillaud asserts that he saw forty iu the I'pper Nile; though, their resort lay some fifteen hundred miles, or more, from Cairo. Here they arc often shot with rifle balls; but to take one alive was i much more difficult matter. However, the requisite commands were given by the Viceroy, and the proper puties sent in search of the animal.

"This was in August, 1S49, when the hunters having reached the island of Fobaysch, on the White Nile, about 2,000 miles above Cairo, shot a large female Hippopotamus in fall chase up the river. The wounded creature turned aside and made towards some bushes ea the island bank, but suuk dead in the effort. The banters, however, kept on towards the bushes, when a ysang Hippopotamus, supposed to have been recently brought forth, being not much bigger than a new-born calf, bnt much stouter and lower, made a rush down the bank to the river; it had nearly escaped, owing to the slipperiness of its naked skin, and was only secured by one of the men striking the boat-hook into its flank, while another lifted it into the boat. The sear of the wound is still visible ou the left side; but it was much nearer the haunch when the animal first arrived at Cairo, its relative position having changed with the growth of the body.

"The wound was of course dressed as soon after the capture as circumstances would admit, and the captors started with their charge down the Nile. The food of the young animal was their next anxiety; he liked neither fish, flesh, fruit nor grass, and, failing in these three coupes, the hunters were fairly puzzled. They must, however, have been indifferent observers; else milk, would at once have suggested itself as the best roshnance for a newly-born mammal. At length the thought came; the boat was stopped at a village, all the cows were seized and milked, and the young charge lapped up the produce with alarming celerity. They then took with them a stock of milk, but it would not kesp; so they were compelled to ' take it in' new from the cow; or rather they took with them a good milch cow, just as that useful animal is taken on board an Indiaman, where, by the way, a large number of infantine passengers has made milk as scarce as would our Hippopotamus. But in this case, he had all the supply to himself; and in this ' milky way' he reached Cairo on the 14th of November, 1S49. The colour of his skin it this time was a dull reddish brown. He was, of

course, first shown to the rasha, (an honour claimed by royalty in all cases of prodigies,) the Hon. Mr. Murray was apprised of his arrival, and to his residence the young animal was conveyed, with a military escort, and the due form of imperial presentmaking. So far is the Hippopotamus now removed from the observation of men, that the present specimen created intense wonder and interest in Cairo; gaping crowds filled its narrow sandy streets, and a whale at London Bridge would not excite half so much curiosity.

"It being thought safer for the animal to winter in Cairo than to proceed forthwith on his journey, the Consul had duly prepared to receive the young stranger, for whom he had engaged a sort of nurse, Hamet Sari Cannana. An apartment was allotted to the Hippopotamus in the court-yard of the Consul's house, leading to a warm or tepid bath: his milk-diet, however, became a troublesome affair; his craving for milk whilst under Mr. Murray's caro actually created a scarcity of that article at Cairo, for the new comer never drank less than from twenty to thirty quarts daily.

•' By the next mail after the arrival of the Hippopotamus, the Consul despatched the glad tidings to the Zoological Society; and great was the joy at No. 11, Hanover Square, and at the Regent's Park. Preparations were then made for shippiug the animal for Alexandria. The chosen vessel was the Ripon, one of those well-appointed steamers which resembles a luxurious hotel rather than a sea-going vessel. On the main-deck was built a house from which were steps down into an iron tank in the hold, containing 400 gallons of water; the whole being constructed and fitted up at Southampton, from a plan by Mr. Mitchell, the able Secretary to the Zoological Society. The tank, used by the Hippopotamus as a bath, was filled with fresh water every other day; for which purpose, in addition to the supplies from time to time taken on board, was used the condensed water of the ship's engines, which amounted to 300 gallons per day. It was proposed to use sea water; but Mr. Mitchell foresaw that should the Hippopotamus take to salt water, how would he bo affected by the change on his arrival in the Regent's Park, where tho supply of the ocean draught might not be compatible even with the prospectus of the last new Water Company.

"Early in May the Hippopotamus left the Consul's hospitable quarters, and was conveyed in the canal-boat with Hamet Safi Cannana to Alexandria. Here his debarkation was witnessed by 10,000 spectators. The Consul accompanied his four-footed friend, and, for safety, applied to the governor of Alexandria for an escort; and a strong body of tho Pasha's troops accompanied the animal and Hamet to the spot where the Ripon was moored. Here ho embarked. There were on board his Excellency General Jung Bahadur liainngcc. and the Nepaulesc princes, his brothers. The Ripon also took to the Zoological Society a collection of quadrupeds and birds, among which were an ibex from Mount Sinai, a lion, a leopard, two lynxes, an ichneumon, some civet cats, and a variety of serpents, lizards, and desert rats. A young giraffe was also to have formed part of the collection, but it was unfortunately drowned in the canal after reaching Alexandria.

"Tho Hippopotamus bore the voyage so well as to increase in fatness; he lived exclusively on milk, of which ho consumed daily about forty pints, yielded by several cows on board. He was very tame, allowed himself to be freely handled by his Aral) attendant, Hamet, whom he followed like a faithful dog; and who was seldom away for more than five minutes without a summons to return in the sound of a loud grunt. Hainet slept in a berth with the Hippopotamus, strange bed-fellow as he was; and thus they arrived in the Ripon at Soulbamp-. ton, on Saturday, May 25. He was landed early in the morning, sent by special train by the South Western Railway to London, and was safely housed at ten o'clock

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