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imperial coronation of Charlemagne, the liherality, and revive the name of the great. goveroment of Rome and Italy was exercised: Constantine. According to the legend, the in the wame of the successors of Constantme. first of the Christian Emperors was healed of The liberty of Rome, which had been oppress. the leprosy, and purified in the waters of baped by the arms and arts of Augustus, was tism by St. Silvester, the Roman Bishop. His . rescued, after seven hundred and fifty years of royal proselyte withdrew from the seat and servitude, from the persecution of Leo the patrimony of St. Peter; declared bis resoluIsaurian. By the ('tsars, the triumphs of the lition of founding a new capital in the east; Consuls had been annihilated : in the decline and resigned to the Popes the 'free and perand fall of the empire, the God Terminus, the li petual soverciznty of Rome, Italy, and the sacred boundary, had insensibly seceded from provinces of the west. This fiction was prom; the Ocean, the Rhine, the Danube, and the ductive of the inust beneficial effects. The Euphrates; and Rome was reduced to ber Greek princes were convicted of the guilt of antient territory from Viterbo to Terracina, usurpation; and the revolt of Gregory was and from Narni to the mouth ofthe l'yber."
the claim of his lawful inheritance. The “W ben the soverrignty of the Greek Em sovereignty of Romne no longer depended ou perors was extinguished, the ruins of Rome the choice of a fickle people; and the successors presented the sad image of depopulation and of St. Peter and Constantine were invested with the deray: her slavery was an habit, her hoherty | purple and prerogatives of the Cæsars.” an accident: the effect of superstition, and
Thus did the mystery of iniquity begin to work, the olject of her own amazenient and terror. with all deceirableness of unrighteousness. Thus The want of laws could only be supplied by
was the sovereigo Poutiff mighty in power, but the intuence of religion, and their foreign and
not by his own power ; and thus did he practise and domestic counsels were moderated by the all
prosper, and through his policy he cau:ed craft in thority of the Bishop of Rome. His alıns, bis prosper in his hand. Thus Rome acquired a new serinons, his correspondence with the king's
seat and dominion in this patrimony of St. and preiales of the west, his recent services, Peter, which has continued for above a thoutheir gratitude, and oath, accustomed the Ro. sand years. The beast appeared to be wouuded mans to consider him as the first magistrate
to death, but the deadly wound inflicted by or prince of the city. The Christian humility the sword of Odoacer, King of the Heruli, was of the Popes was not offended by the name of healed, after the Roman empire bad received Domnus, or Lord; and their face aud inscrip. such an injury in one of its heads, or forms of tion are still apparent on the inost anticut government that is the sixt') as left bo pro. coins. Their teinporal dominion is now con vable prospect that Rome should ever more firmed by the reverence of a thousand years;
rise to power and empire. And all the world, and their poblest title is the free choice of a wondered afier the beast : for ibis event of a uew people whom they had redeemed from slavery.” and extraordinary form of government, tires
In the year 754, Pepin King of France, in- from all others.--" this sacerdotal monarchy," creased the Papal duminious surprisingly, hy as Gibbon calls it, excited the astuais dont tbe gilt of provinces, principalities, and cities.
of mankind in the succeeding ages of its He made a new grant of the Exarchiate, and aggrandizement. of Pentapolis, tv the Roman Pontifi, and his “After the Pope's return from Avignov, the successors in the apostolie See of St. Peter. keys of St. Peter were guarded by the sword of And thus was the Bishop of Rome raised to the
St.Paul. Rome was commanded by an impreg. renk of a temporal Prince.--" The splendid | nable citadel : the use of cannon is a powertul donation was granted iu supreme and obsolute | engine against popular seditions: a regular dominion, and the world beheld for the first time a force of cavalry and infautry was enlisted uuChristian Bishop inrested with the prerogativesofader the bauners of the Pope; his ample rctemporal prince; the choice of magistrates, the venues supplied the resources of war; and, exercise of justice, the imposition of taxes, from the extent of his domain, he could bring and the wealth of the palace of Ravenna. down on a rebellions city an army of hostile Before ibe end of the eighth century some
neighbours and loyal subjects. Since the apostolical scribe, pori:aps the notorious İsi. mion of the Dutchies of Ferrara and Urhino, dore, composed the Decretals, and the Dona- tbe Ecclesiastical State extends from the Metion of Constantive, the two magic pillars of || diterranean to the Adriatic, and from the con. the spiritual and temporal monarchy of the fines of Naples to the banks of the Po; and as Popes. This memorable donation was intro- early as the sixteenth century, the greater duced to the world, by an epistie of Adrian the part of that spacious and fruitful couutry ac. First, w bo exhorts Charlemagne to imitate the knowledged the lawful claims and temporal
sovereignty of the Roman Pontitis. Their assomed the prerografire of being the supreme claims were readily deduced from the genuine sovereign of the Christian church, and exeror fabulous donations of the darker ages : the cised for many ages au uncontrolled and unisuccessive steps of their fual settlement wouldversal authority. The kingo zare their power and engage us too far in the transactions of Italy, strength unto hini, as previvas to the Reformaand even of Europe; the crimes of Alexander tion all the monarchs of the west acknowledged the Sixth, the martiai operations of Julius the him as their su perjur and lord, and, as his vasSecond, and the liberal policy of Lev the l'enthi, sals, sulumitted to his power and caprice. Ju a theme which has been adorned by the pets the seveuth century, Pope Zechary I. deposed of the noblest historians of the times. In the Childeric, King of France, the last of the Heferst period of their conquests, till the expe- il rovingiau race, and absolved bis sujects froin dition of Charles the Lighth, the Popes might their oaths of allegiance. In the eighth ceissuccessfully wrestle with the adjacent Princes tury, Paul I. excommunicared Constantines **d states, whose military force was equal, or Copronymus, the Greek Emperos, because inferior, tu ibeir own."
be endeavoured to abolish the worship of Power irus indeed given unto him over all kin- iniages. dreus, and tongues, and nations for the Pope
(To be continued.]
THE MAID OF TIL INN;
In the village of Darmstadt, in the Elec- || Golden Fleece was purchased, and the trade terate of Saxony, was the well kuown ion of of the bouse carried ou. the Golden Fleece. This inn bau long been Darmstadt is in the high road to Dresden ; kept by a veteran invalid, who had retired almost every traveller stopt at the inn, and from the service of the Elector with a pension, was so well pleased with his entertainment, and something in his perse, gained from the that he never failed I recommend the Golden spoils of war. Andrew Risbourgly, the name Fleece to his friends. of the innkeeper, had better luck than his The military were constantly marching comrades; for whilst of the regiment to which pon this road, aud Andrew's house was the he belonged, not more than titly men bad favourite post of refreshment and conviviasurvived, and those fifty could not reckon upl lity. time than a score of legs and a dozen arms Mary, at the age of eighteen, was extremely 2303304 go them, Andrew had come safely out pretty, very neat in ber person, active, good of ile wars, with a triling wound, from which bumoured, and obliging. She was at once. be felt no other effect than a periodical iwitch mistress and bas-maid; with the help of ano. in the wet months of auturan.
ther servant she did all the basiness of the , Andrew was about fifty years of age when bouse, anıl Andrew was called apon for little he bought the stuck and trade of the Golden exertion, but to carry in the first dish of a Fleece. He had obtained his garrison dis- dinner, and recommend the wine by drwuking einarge a few mouths before, and had just com the first glass. pirted the thirtieth year of his military ser Mary in this situation had many suitors: situde, which entitled him to a pension from she was known, moreover, te bave some small the governroent, and exempted bim from all fortune, besides being mistress of the Golden contribution to taxes and state imposts. Fleece, and heiress of Andrew. For twenty
The family of Risbourgh consisted of a miles round the neighbourhood of Darmstadt, daughter, an only ehild. Mary, which was Mary was the toast of the young and old; and her nanie, had been brought up in the family the “ Maid of the lou” was a name almost of a Saxon vobleman, and otficiated about the as constantly repeated over the wine as the person of an elderly woman of rank, who left
names of the Elector and the Archduke Charles ber upon ber death a few valuable remem- of Austria. Mary, though solicited by a train brances, consisting of jewels and some plate of suitors, many of whom spent almost all Mery joined ber little fortune to her father's their money in the ion for the sole purpose of pension, and log this filial contribution the winning her affections, had hitherto resisted
them all; not that her heart was insensible !! gant. Banishurent from her native province, and cold, but because it was the property of the desertion of a father whom she dearly azuther-of Frederick Zittau, a young farmer, loved, poverty and distress, were all evils to in the forest of Darmstadt.
light to weigh in the same scale with atiection Zittaw was uot esteemed in the neighbour for ber lover. bood; be was a singular, and to all appear After an interview one fine summer's even. ance, a mysterious man; his age did not ing in a padduck behind the Golden Fleece, exceed thirty-five, but he would not confess Mary returned to her home silent, peosive, himself so old; he had an erect carriage, was and disturbed. The house was full of guests, tall and boney, of a very dark complexion, || but Mary had lost hier usual vivacity aod offi. piercing louk, and a fine set of teeth. He was
ciousness; the bells rang, the waiter was slow and besitating in his speech, and did not
called, the guests wondered, Andrew was often elevate his eyes. Ziitaw had been set
astonished, but nothing could dispel the care tled in the forest about five years; he had and deep reflection which seenied seated on come nobody knew from whence : all that the the countenance of Mary. Andrew inquired people could tell was, that he had purchased the cause; Mary gave no answer. When the the lease of his farm at au auction, and had house was cleared of the visitors at the cusbrought his stock from Bobeinia. His farm tomary hour of night (for in Saxony all was known not to be a very protitable coucern, houses of enteriaiament must be closed at a which proceeded in part from his inattention fixed time) Mary retired to lier chamber, (for he was much given to the sports of the where, instead of uudressing, she begau to field, and the pleasures of the table) and adorn herself with more than usual gaiely. partly from the very high ternis at which he She took out of a box, wbich she bad preserved reated it. His landlord was the well koown with great care, all the valuable trinkets and Baron of Darmstadt, a mau wlio racked jewels which the lady of rank, to whom we his tenants un mercifully; restrained them have alluded, had left her upon her dealk. from all pleasures and wral enjoyments; put These jewels were very valuable : she put ou into severe execution the laws for protecting her necklace, her ear rings, and her bracelets, game, and was in every respect such a tyraut and disposed of various pios, brooches, and aud a bunter, that the first Nimrod was a smaller trinkets, within the thick ringlets merciful and moderate mau when compared and curls of her hair; and then dressing her. to the Baron.
self ia virgin white, she sailied out of the Zittaw had the misfortune to offend tive Golden Fleece, hefore day-light, and long ere Baron, by falling under elie suspicion of kill
any person in the village was stirring. She ing a bare upon his domain : the fact, indeed,
bid adieu to her home with a melancholy see was not proved against him, or he might have
renity; shed tears as she looked back upon been imprisoned, perbaps hanged; but he bad
the village, buried in sleep and tranquilliiy; incurred a violent suspicion, and received but resolveri to shew her lover the strengite of Botice to deliver up his farm on the next reut her affection, by the fortitude with which she day. Mary, though aware of her lover's situ
resigned every thing for his suke. ation, did not on that account hesitate to
Zittaw met her at the appointed spot. The accept an offer of marriage, which he made
ason of this elopement is easily conjectured. her, and an invitation to accompany him to Zitta's rent day had arriveel, which was the settle in his native country, Bobemia. There day likewise of his quitting his farm. He had was one impediment only; it was Andrew made no provision, nor did he ever intend to Risbourgh. If there was one man whom An pay bis rent: he had secretly disposed of big drew hated more than another, it was Zittaw; stock, had soid every thing valuable, and left and if there was one man whom Zittaw hated a naked possession for his landlord. Having more than another it was Andrew Risbourgh. I determined to stay no longer in the neighbourThe honest man well knew of the attachment || hood of Darmstadt, he had invited Jury to subsisting between Mary and Frederick, and accompany him to his native province iu Bohad often, warmly and passionately, cau hemia, where he bad engaged to marry her; tioned her against him.
and with the assistance of what he bitaself had Mary loved her father tenderly, but her saved from the wreck of his farm, and the sale duty was languid when eugaged against her i of Mary's valuable jewels (which she liad often affections; she dontal on Ziltaw to distrac- || shewn to him, and of which he knew the tion ; confided every thing to him; believed worth) it was his proposal to purchase a good bim to be as innocent as berself; and resolved house of trade, and commerce innkceper, La comply with his wishes, however extrava. Dlary asseuted to the play; Lad engaged in
accompany bim; and the present morning in a thick hanukerchief, he struck iuto anowas fixed upou for their flight from Darm ther path of the forest, and ran forward with stadt.
the utmost swiftness.
risen ; and the lovers walked forward with a tinued his Bigbl, and augmented bis speed.
disposed of her valuable jewels about her per coinmitted the murder more than half an
from a bedge into the road along wbich he " We will think what is to be done by was flying. He caught a glance of tbem as be and by,” said Zittaw.
looked backward, and his person was too reHer lover walked so fast, that Mary could markable not to be recognized : these men scarcely keep up with him, but she scorned to had been lead by the sound of the fowling. betray weariness. Zittaw was very silent, piece, which alarmed Zittaw, into a pursuit and plunged deep in thought during their of those whom they snspected to be poachers. journey through the forest; sometimes when Great rewards were offered for apprehending she addressed him, he answered her in a such offenders, and the game-keepers of the tone of coldness wbich chilled the poor giri's Baron were unusually vigiiant. They had no heart. Mary was both burt and surprised; doubt but Zitlaw (from his known character) the tears started in her eyes; but she did not was the man who had tired the gun; he had a chonse to complain of bis coldness. Her handkerchief, moreover, in bis hand! It confondness suggested a thousand excuses for tained the game he had shot! The track of him, and her innocence was a stranger to sus hlovd upon the grouud proceeded from the picion. Their road now lay tbrough au intri. animal he had secreted! this confirmed their cate path in the thickest wood of the forest; suspicion. They called on bim to stop, but and when they liad reached the most seques- Zittaw, aware of his danger, continued his tered spot, Ziuaw proposed that they should fight, and increased his speed. At length, sit upon a baik, and eat their breakfast from when the game-keepers foand that he gained a basket of provisions which he carried along upon them, and that they were likely to be with him.- Mary conseuted. Their meal was Josers in the contest of swiftness, one of them just finished, when this execrable villain (having warned Zittaw that he would shoot turped aside, and drawing a long knife from him, if he did not surrender himself) levelled his pocket, without saying a word, plunged it lois piece, and after a few moments discharged in to ber bosom. Mary gave bim one look; it it at the fugitive. Zittaw continued running, was the last; she sighed deeply, and but was soon obliged to stop; he had received breathed out her geutle soul without a groan the shot in bis leg, and was compelled to sur. or torture.
render. The handkerchief, which he held She was no sooner dead, than Zittaw began fast, was soon wrested from bis gripe; and to strip her of her jewels. The necklace and what was their surprise, wben they discovered, the bracelets were easily disengaged, but the instead of the game they expected, that its trinkets, which the poor girl bad stuck in her contents were a human heal!-It is needless to hair, wcre (as she had said) tixed so fast in pursue the narraiive of this well anthenticated ibe thick locks and ringlets, that it was no fact and wonderful detection. By the traces eisy task to extricate thein.
of the blood, the game keepers were conducted Whilst coolly employed in his murderous to the body of Jiary. Zistaw's guilt was too Tapive, Zittaw was alarmed at the report of a manifest to be disowned; be confessed his fuwling-piece, the sound of which seemed to crime, and after a mere formal trial expiated be near him. Delay was now to bazard both il it upon the wheel. He died, however, withhis spoil and his detection ; without hesita out penitence or remorse. Poor Audrew Ris. tion, therefore, he severed the head of Mary il bourgh did not survive the fate of Mary many froin the lifeless trunk, by means of the knife' months, and the Golden Fleece sunk with him. with which he had stabbed her, and wrapping It is now only remembered by the unfortuuate it up, with the precious conteuts of the hair, ii tale attached to its former tenants.