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PARADISE LOST.

BOOK X.

TIIE ARGUMENT.

Man's transgressinn known, the Gnardian Angels forsake Paraclise, and retirn up to Uraven to approve their vigilance, and are approved. God declaring that the entravce of Sitan could not be by them prevented. He sends his Son to judge the transgressos, who descends and gives sentence accordingly; tben in pity clothes them both, and re-ascents. Su and Death sitting til theu at the rates of Hell, by wondrous sympathy feeling the success of Satan in this new word, aw the sin by man there committel, resolve to sit no longer coutined in Hell, but to follow Satan their sire up to the place of Man: to make the way easier from liell to this new world to and fro, they pave a broad high-way or bridge over Chaos, according to the track that Satan first made ; then preparing for Earth, they meet him proud of his success returning to Hell; their mutual gratulation. Satan arrives at Pandimonium, in full assembly relates with boasting his snccess against Man; instead of applause is entertained with a general hiss hy all leis audi. ence, trausformed with hinself also suddenly into serpents, according to his doom given in Paradise ; then deluded with a shew of the forbidden Tree springing up before them, they greedily reaching to take of the fruit, chew dust and bitter ashes. The proceedings of Sin and Death; God foretels the final victory of his Son over them, and the renewing of all things; but for the present commands his Angels to make some alterations in the Heavens and ele. ments. Adam more and more perceiving his fallen condition, heavily be wails, rejects the coudolement of Eve; she persists and at length appeases him: then to evade the curse likely to fall on their offspring, proposes to Adam vio. lent ways, which he npproves not, but conceiving better hope, puts hier in mind of the late promise made them, that her Seed should be revenged on the Serpent, and exhorts her witla him to seek peace with the otiended Deity, by repentance and supplication,

Mean while the heinous and despiteful act
Of Satan done in Paradise, and how
He in the serpent had perverted Eve,
Her husband she, to taste the fatal fruit,
Was known in Gleav'n; for what can scape the

eye
OfGod all seeing, or deceive his heart
Omviscient? who in all things wise and just,
Hinder'd not Satan to attempt the mind
Of Man, with strenyila entire, and free will

armd Complete to have discover'd and repuls'd Whatever wiles of foe or seeming friend, For still they knew, and ought to have still re

member'd The high injunction not to taste that fruit, Whoever tempted; which they not obeying, Incurr'd (what could they less ?) the penalty, And manifold in sin, deserv'd to fall. L'p in Heav'u from Paradise in haste Th' angclic giard ascended, mute and sad For man, for of bis state by this they knew, Much wond'ring how the subtle Fiend liad stol'n

[new's Entrance unseen. Soon as th' unwelcome From Earth arrivd at Heav'n gate, displeas'd All were who beard; dim Sadness did not

spare That time celestial visages, yet wix'd With pity violated not their bliss. About the new-arriv'd, in multitudes Th'ethereal people ran, to hear and know llow all befel: they toward the throne sul

preme

Accountable made haste to make appear
With righteous plea their utmost vigilance,
And easily approv'd; when the Most High
Eternal Father, from his secret cloud,
Amidst in thunder utter'd this bis voice.

Assembled Angels, and ye Pow'rs return'd From unsuccessful charge, be not dismay'd, Nor troubled at these tidings from the Earth, Which your sincerest care could not prevent, Foretold so lately what would come to pass, Wheu first this Tempter cross'd the gulf from

Hell. I told ye then he should prevail and speed On his bad errand, man should be seduc'd And flatter'd out of all, believing lies Against his Maker; 10 decrec of mine Concurring to necessitate bis fall, Or touch with slightest moment of impulse His free will, to her own inclining left In even scale. But fall'a be is, and now What rests, but that the mortal sentence pass On his transgression, death denounc'd that

day? Which he presumes already vain and void, Because not yet ivflicted, as he fearil, By some immediate stroke; but soon shall

fiud Forbearance no acquittance ere day end. Justice shall not returu as bounty scorn'd. But whom send I to judge them ? whom but

thee Vicegerent Son? to thee I have transferr'd All judgment, whether in Heav'n, or Earth, or

Hell.

none

Easy it may be seen that I intend

He came and with him Eve, more loath Mercy colleague with justice, sending thee

though first Man's friend, bis mediator, his desigu'd To offend, discountenanc'd both, and discomBoth ransome and redeemer voluntary,

pos'd; And destin'd Man himself to judge meu fall’o. || Love was not in their looks, either to God

So spake the Father, and unfolding bright Or to each other, but apparent guilt, Toward the right hand his glory, on his Son, And shame and perturbation, and despair, Blaz'd forth unclouded deity; he full

Anger and obstinacy, and hate, aud guile. Resplendent all his father manifest

Wheuce Adam falt'riog long, thus auswer'd Express'd, and thus divinely auswer'd mild.

brief. Father eternal, tbine is to decree,

I heard thee in the gard'n, and of thy voice Mine both in heav'n and earth to do thy will Afraid, being naked, bid myself. To whom Supreme, that thou in me thy Son belov'd The gracious judge without revile reply'd. May'st ever rest well pleas'd. I go to judge My voice thou oft hast lieard, and last got On earth these thy transgressors, but thou fear'd, know'st,

But still rojoic'd : how is it now become Whoever judg'd, the worst ou due must light, So dreadful to thee? tbat thou art baked, who When time shall be, for so I undertook Hatb told thee? hast thou eaten of tbe Tree, Before thee; and not repenting, this obtain Wbereof I gave thee charge thou shouldst not Of right, that I may mitigate their doom

eat? On me deriv d ; yet shall I temper so

To whom thus Adam sore beset reply'd; Justice with mercy, as may illustrate most O Heav'o! in eyil strait this day I stand Them fuily satisfied, and thee appease. Before my Judge, either to undergo Attendance none shall need, nor train where Myself the total crime, or to accuse

My other self, the partner of my life; Are to behold the judgment, but the judgd, Whose failing, wbile her faith to me remains, Those two; the third best absent is condemu'd, || 1 should conceal, and out expose to blame Convict by flight, and rebel to all law :

By my complaint; but strict necessity Conviction to the serpent none belongs. Subducs me, and calamitous constraint,

Thus saying from his radiant seat be rose Lest on my head both sin, avd punishment, Of bigb collateral glory, him Thrones and However insupportable, be all Powers,

Devolv’d; though should I hold my peace, yet Princedoms, and Dominations ministrant

thou Accompanied to heaven gate, from whence

Wouldst easily detect what I conceal. Eden and all tbe coast in prospect lay. This Woman, whom thou mad'st to be my belp, Down he descended straight: the speed of | And gav'st me as tby perfect gift, su good, Gods

[wing'd. So fit, so acceptable, so divine, Time counts not, though with swiftest minutes That from her hand I could suspect no ill, Now was the sun in western cadence low And what she did, whatever in itself, From noon, and gentle airs due at their hour Her doing seein’d to justify the deed; To fan the Earth now wak'd, and usher in She gave me of the Tree, and I did eat. The ev'ning coul, when be from wrath more To whom the Sovreign Preseuce thus reply'd: cool

Was sbe thy God, that her thou didst obey Came the mild judge and intercessor both Before bis voice, or was she made thy guide, To sentence man: the voice of God they heard, Superior, or but equal, that to her Now walking in the garden, by soft wivds Thou didst resigo thy manhood, and the place Brought to their ears, while day declined; | Wherein God set thee above her, made of thee, they heard,

Aud for thee, whose perfection far excell'd And from his presence hid themselves among Hers in all real dignity ? Adorn'd The thickest trees, both man and wife, till God She was indeed, and lovely to attract Approaching, thus to Adam call'd aloud, Thy love and thy subjection; and her gifts Where art thou Adam, wont with joy to meet Were such as under govere ment well seeni'd, My coming seen far oft? I miss thee here, Unseemly to bear ruie, which was thy part Not pleas'd thus entertain’d with solitude, And person, hadst tbou known thyself aright. Where obvious duty ere while appeard un So having sari, be thus to Eve in few sought:

Say, Wimau, what is tius wbich thou hast Or come I less conspicuous, or what change

done?

(wheim'd, Absents ther, or what chance detains ? Come To whom sad Eve witb shame nigh overforth.

Confessing soon, yet not before her Judge

Bold or loquacious, ibus abash'd reply'd : Before him naked to the air, that now
The serpent me beguild, and I did eat. Must suffer change, disdain'd not to begin
Which when the Lord God heard, without Thenceforth the form of servant to assume,
delay

Ao when be wash'd his servants' feet, so now
To judgment he proceeded on th' accus'd As father of his family be clad
Serpent though brute, unable to transfer Their nakedness with skins of beasts, or slain,
The guilt on him who made bim instrument Or as the snake with youthfulcoat repaid ;
Of mischief, and polluted from the end And thought not much to clothe bis euenies:
Of bis creation ; justly thien accurs'd,

Nor he their outward only with the skius As vitiated in nature: more to know

Of beasts, but inward nakedness, much more Concerned not man (since he no further knew) | Opprobrious, with his robe of righteousness, Nor alter'd his offeuce; yet God at last Arraying cover'd from bis Father's sight. To Satan first in sin his doom apply'd,

To him with swift ascent be up returnd, Though in mysterious terms, judg’d as then | Into his blissful bosom reassum'd best:

In glory as of old; to him appeas'd And on the serpent thus his curse let fall. All, tbu' all-knowing, what bad pass'd with Because thou hast done this, thou art accurs'd

Man Above all cattie, eacb heast of the field;

Recounted, mixing intercession sweet. Upon thy belly groveling thou shalt go,

Mean while cre thus was sinn'd and judg'd And dust shalt cat all the days of thy life.

on Earth, Between thee and the woman I will put Withiu the gates of Hell sat Sin and Death, Eomity, and between thine and her sced; 1. counterview witbin the gates, that now Her seed shall bruise thy head, thou bruise his Stood open wide, belching outrageous flame heel.

Far into Chaos, since the Fiend pass'd So spake this Oracle, then verify'd

through, When Jesus son of Mary, second Eve,

Sin opening, who thus now to Death began. Saw Satan fall like lightning down from hear'n, O Son, why sit we here each other viewing Prince of the Air; then rising from his grave Idly, while Satan our great author th’ives Spoil'd principalities and powers, triumph'd

In other wo'lds, and happier seat provides In open show, and with ascension bright For us his offspring dear? It cannot be Captivity led captive through the air,

But that success attends him ; if mishap The realm itself of Satan long usurp'd,

Ere this he had return'd, with fury driven Whom he shall tread at last under our feet; By his avengers, since no place like this Ev'n he who now foretold his fatal bruise, Can fit bis punishment, or their revenge. And to the woman thus his sentence turo'd. Methinks I feel new strength witbin me rise, Thy sorrow I will greatly multiply

Wings growing, and dominiou giv’n me large By thy conception; children thou shall bring Beyond this deep ; whatever draws ine on, In sorrow forth; and to thy husband's will Or sympathy, or some connatural force Thine shall subinit; be over thee shall jule. Powerful at greatest distance to unite

On Adam last thus judgment he pronounc'd. With secret amity things of like kind Because thou hast bearken'd to th' voice of thy By secretest conveyance. Thou my shade wife,

Inseparable must with me along: And eaten of the tree, concerning which

For Death from Sin no power cau separate, I charg’d thee, saying, thou shalt not eat But lest the difficulty of passing back thereof:

Stay his return perhaps over this gulf Curs'd is the ground for thy sake; thou in Impassable, impervious, let us try

Adventrous work, yet to thy power and mine Shall eat ibereof all the days of thy life; Not unagreeable, to found a path Thorns also and thistles it shall bring thee Over this main from Hell to that new world forth

Where Satan now prev ails, a monument Unbid; and thou shalt eat ib'herb of the field, Of merit high to aid th’infernal host, In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, E:using their passage bence, for intercourse, Till thou returu unto the giound; for thou Or transmigration, as their lot shall lead. Out of the ground wast taken, know thy birth, Nor can I miss the way, so strongly drawn For dust thou art, and shalt to dust return. By this new felt att:action and instinct. So judgd he Man, buth Judge aud Saviour Whom thus the meagre shadow answered sent

[that day And in instant stroke of death denoun. 'd, Go w bither Fate and inclination st'ong Remov'd far ofr; then pitying how they stood || Leads thee; I shall not lag behind, nor err

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The way, thou leading, such a scent I draw And chains they made all fast, too fast they Of carnage, prey innumerable, and taste

made The savor of death from all things there that And durable; and pow in little space live :

The confines of empyréan Heaven Nor shall I to the work thon enterprisest Avd of this world, and on the left hand Hell Be wanting, but afford thee equal aid.

With long reach interpos’d; three several So saying, with delight he snuft'd the smell

ways Of mortal change on earth. As when a fuck In sight, to each of these three places led. Of ravenous fowl, though many a league re And now their way to Earth they had de. mote,

scry'd, Against a day of battle, to a field,

To Paradise first tending, when behoid Where armies lie encampd, come flying, lord Satan in likeness of an Angel bright With scent of living carcases design'd

Betwixt the Centaur and the Scorpion steering For death, the following day, in bloody fight;' Ilis zenith, while the sun in Aries rose: So scented the grim feature, and upturu'd Disguis'd he came, but those his children dear His nostril wide into the murky air,

Their parent soon disceru’d, though in disa Sagacious of his quarry from so far.

guise. Then both from ont Hell gates into the waste He after Eve seduc'd, unminded slunk Wide anarchy of Chaos damp and dark Into the wood fast by, and changing shape Flew diverse, and with power their power was To observe the sequel, saw bis guilefui act great)

By Eve, though all unweeting, seconded Hovering upon the waters, what they met

l'pon her husband, saw their shame that Solid or slimy, as in raging sea

sought Tost up and down, together crowded drove Vain covertures; but when he saw descend From each side shoaling towards the mouth of, The Son of God to judge them, terrify'd Hell:

He filed, not hoping to escape, but shun As when two polar winds, blowing adverse The present, fearing guilty what his wrath l'pon the Cronian sca, together drive

Might suddenly inflict; tbat past, return'd Mountains of ice, that stop ib'imagin'd way By night, and list'uing where the hapless pair Beyond Petsora eastward, to the rich

Sat in their sad discourse, and various plaint, Cathaian coast. The argregated soil

Thence gather'd his own doom, which underDeath with his mace petrific, cold and dry,

stood As with a trident smote, and fix’las firm Vrt instant, h ut of u tre time, with joy As Delos floating once; the rest his look And ridings fraught, to Hell he now return'd, Bound with Gorgonian rigour not to move; And at the brink of Chaos, near the foot And with Asphaltic slime, broad as the gate, of this new wond'rous pontifice, unhop'd Deep to the roots of Hell the gather'd beach Met who to meet him came, his offspring dear. They fasten’d, and the mole immense wrought i Great joy was at their meeting, and at sight

Oi that stupendous bridge his joy increasd. Over the foaming deep high archd, a bridge, Long he admiring stood, till Sin, his fair Of length prodigious, joining to the wall Enchanting daughter, thus the silence broke: Immovcable of this now feuceless world

O Parent, these are thy nagnific deeds, Forfeit to Death; from hence a passage broad Thy trophies, which thou view'st as not thine Smooth, easy, inoffensive down to Hell.

own; So, if great things to small may be compar'd, Thou art tbeir author and prime architect; Xerxes, the liberty of Greece to yoke,

For I no sooner in my heart divin'd, From Susa his Memnonian palace bigh

My heart, which by a secret harmony Came to the sea, anıt orer Hellespont

Still moves with thine, join'd in conpexion Bridging bis way, Europe witii Asia join'd,

sweet,

[looks And scourg‘l with many a stroke th’indignant That thou on earth hadst prosper'd, which thy

Now also evidence, but straight I felt Now had tbey brought the work by wondrous Though distant, from thee worlds betweev, yet

felt Pontifical, a ridge of pendent rock,

That I inust aft:r thee with this thy son, Over the vex'd abyss, fullowing the track Such fatal consequences unites us three : Of Satan to the self-same place where lie Hell could no longer hold us in her bounds, First lighted from his wing, and landed safe Nor this unvoyageable gulf obscure From out of Chaos, to the outside bare Detain from following the illustrious track Of this round world: with pins of adamant Thou hast achier'd our liberty, confin'd

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Within Hell.gates till now, thou us impower'd That scorn'd his indignation; through the gate To fortify thus far, and overlay

Wide open and unguarded, Satan pass'd, With this portentous bridge the dark abyss. And all about found desolate; for those Thine now is all this world; thy virtue hath Appointed to sit there, had left their charge,

(gain'd Flown to the upper world; the rest were all What thy hands builded not, thy wisdom Far to tb'inland retir'd, about the walls With odds what war bath lost, and fully aveng'd Of Pandemovium, city and proud seat Our foil in Heav'n; here thou shalt monarch Of Lucifer, so by allusiou call’d, reigo,

(sway, Of that bright star to Satan paragon'd. There did'st not; there let him still victor There kept their watch the legions, while the As battle hath adjudg’d, from this new world

Grand Retiring, by his own doom alienated,

In council sat, solicitous ulat chance And henceforth monarchy with thee divide

Might intercept their emp'ror sent; so be Of all things parted by th' empyreal bounds,

Departing gave command, and they observ'd. His quadrature, from thy orbicular world, As when the Tartar from bis Russian foe Or try thee now more dang'rous to his throne. By Astrican over the snowy plains Whom thus the Prince of darkness answer'd

Retires, or Bac:rian Sophi from the horns glad.

[botli, Of Turkish crescent, leaves all waste beyond Fair daughter, and thou Son and Grandchild

The realm of Aladule, in his retreat High proof ye now have giv'n to be the race

To Tauris or Casbeen : So these the late Of Satan, (for 1 glory in the name,

Heav'n banish'd host, left desert utmost Hell Antagonist of Heav'n's Alinighty King)

Many a dark league, reduc'd in careful watch Ainply have merited of me, of all

Round their metropolis, and now expecting Th'infernal empire, that so near Heav'o's door Each hour their great adventurer from the Triumphal with triumphal act have met,

search

maskid, Mine with this glorious work, and made one Of foreign worlds : he thought the midst ullrealm

In show plebeian Angel militaut Hell and this world, one realm, one continent

of lowest order, pass'd; and from the door Of easy thoroughfare. Therefore wbile I

Of that Plutonian hall, invisible Descend through darkness, ou your road with Ascended his high throne, which under state ease,

Of richest texture spread, at th' upper end To my associate Pow'rs, them to acquaint Was plac'd in regal lustre. Down a while With these successes, and with them rejoice, He sat, and round about him saw unseen : You two this way, among these numerous orbs At last as from a cloud bis fulgent head All yours, right down to Paradise descend; Aud shape star-briglit appear'd, or briglater There dwell aud reign in bliss, thence on the

clad earth

With what permissive glory since his fall Dominion exercise and in the air,

Was lest lim, or false glitter : All amaz'd Chiefly ou Man, sule lord of all declar), At that so sudden blaze the Stygiau tbrong Him first make sure your thrall, and lastly Bent their aspect, and whom they wishi'd bekill.

held,

[claim: My substitutes I send ye, and create

Their mighty chief returu'd: loud was th' acPlenipotent ou earth, of matchless might Fortb rush d in haste the great consulting Issuing from me: on your joint vigour now

peers, My hold of this new kingdom all depends, Rais'd from their dark Divan, and with like joy Through Sin to Death expos’d by my exploit. Congratulant approach'd him, who with hand If your joint pow'r prevail, th'affairs of Hell Silence, and with these words attention won: No detriment need fear; go and he strong. Thrones, Dominations, Princedoms, Virtues, So saying be dismiss'd them; they with

Powers, speed

[held, For in possession such, not only of right, Their course through thickest constellations | I call ye and declare ye now, returu'd Spreading their baue; the blasted stars look'd

Successful beyond hope, to le:d ve forth wan,

Triumphant out of this infernal pit And planet-struck, real eclipse

Abom wable accurs'd, the house of woe, Then suffer'd. Th’ other way Satan went And dungeon of our tyrant: now possess, down

As Lords, a spacious world, to our native The causey to Hell-gate; on either side

Heaven Disparted Chaos over-built exclaim'd,

Little inferior, by my adventure bard And with rebounding surge the bars assaild, With peril great achievid. Long were to teil

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