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ability and the opportunities which they possess of benefiting, in any of the methods which have been pointed out, the families of the workmen employed by their husbands. If a woman has herself the superintendence and management of the shop, let industry, punctuality, accuracy in keeping accounts, the scrupulousness of honesty shewing itself in a steady abhorrence of every manoeuvre to impose on the customer, and all other virtues of a commercial character which are reducible to practice in her situation, distinguish her conduct (i). If
(i) It is said, by those who have fufficient opportunities of ascertaining the fact, to be no unfrequent practice among the wives of several descriptions of shopkeepers in London, knowingly to demand from persons who call to purchase articles for ready money, a price, when the husband is not present, greater than that which he would have asked. This overplus, if the article be bought, the wife conceals, and appropriates to her own use. If the cụstomer demurs at the demand, and the husband chances to enter; the wife professes to have been mistaken, and apologises for the error. Thus detection is avoided. It is scarcely nęcessary to say, that the whole of the proceeding is gross dishonesty and falsehood on the part of the wife. If the husband has led her into temptation, by withholding from
her occupation be such as to occasion young women to be placed under her roof as affiftants in her business, or for the purpose of acquiring the knowledge of it; let her behave to them with the kindness of a friend, and watch over their principles and moral behaviour with the solicitude of a mother.
her an equitable supply of money for her proper expences, he also deserves great blame. Does she then attempt to justify herself on this plea? As reasonably might the allege it in defence of forgery.
CHA P. XIV.
ON PARENTAL DUTIES.
Of all the duties incumbent on mankind, there are none which recommend themselves more powerfully to natural reason than those of the parent. The high estimation in which the Scriptures hold them is evident, from a variety of precepts, reflections, allusions, comparisons, and incidents, in the Old and New Testaments. The obligations which rest on the father and the mother, in many points the fame, are, in some few respects, different. Thus, for example, the task of making a reasonable provision for the future wants of children belongs, in common cases, to the father. -55 If any,” faith St. Paul, “ provide not for
“ his own, and especially for those of his s own house, he hath denied the faith, and
" is worse than an infidel (k);" he disobeys one of the clearest injunctions of Christianity, and omits to discharge an office, which Pagans in general would have been ashamed of neglecting. That these words of the Apostle include parents, is a truth which will not be questioned. They are now quoted not for the sake of inculcating the particular obligation to which they relate, but for the sake of an inference which they furnish. They enable us to conclude, with certainty, what would have been the language of St. Paul, had he been led expressly to deliver his sentiments concerning mothers regardless of maternal duties.
In the former part of this work, when the education of young women and their introduction into general society were the fubjects under discussion, several of the most important topics of parental duty, being inseparably connected with those subjects, were illustrated and enforced. It remains now to fubjoin some detached remarks, which could
(k) 1 Tim. v. 8.
not hitherto be commodiously stated. Like the preceding, they relate to points which will press on the attention of a mother, whether sharing with a husband the duties of a parent, or called by his death to the more arduous office of fulfilling them alone.
The first of the parental duties which nature points out to the mother is to be herself the nurse of her own offspring. In some instances, however, the parent is not endued with the powers of constitution requisite for the discharge of it. In others, the discharge of it would be attended with a risk to her own health greater than the ought to encounter when it can be avoided. In every
such case the general obligation ceases. The disappointment, which will be felt by maternal tenderness, ought to be borne without repining; and without indulging apprehensions respecting the welfare of the infant, which experience has proved to be needless. But spontaneously to transfer to a stranger, as modern example dic