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rally thought. And, besides the disadvantages, which are common to me with all others in eminent stations, my case, is, in this respect, peculiarly hard ; that, whereas - a commander of Patrician rank, if he is guilty of a negle&, or breach of duty, has his great connections, the antiquity of his family, the important services of his ancestors, and the multitudes he has by power engaged in his interest, to screen him from condign punishment; my whole safety depends upon myself; which renders it the more indispensably necessary for me to take care, that my conduct be clear and unexceptionable. Besides, I am well aware, my countrymen, that the eye of the public is upon me; and that, though the impartial, who prefer the real advantage of the commonwealth to all other considerations, favour my pretensions, the Patricians want nothing so much, as an occasion against me. It is, therefore, my fixed resolution, to use my best endeavours, that you be not disappointed in me, and that their indirect designs against me may be defeated. I have, from my youth, been familiar with toils, and with dangers. I was faithful to your interest, my countrymen, when I served you for no reward, but that of honour. It is not my design to betray you, now that you have conferred upon me a place of profit. You have committed to my conduct the war against Jugurtha. The Patricians are offended at this. But where would be the wisdom of giving such a command to one of their honourable body, a person of illustrious birth, of ancient family, of innumerable statues, but-of no experience ? What service would his long line of dead ancestors, or his multitude of motionless statues, do his country in the day of battle? What could such a general do, but, in his trepidation and inexperience, have recourse to some inferior commander, for direction in difficulties, to which he was not himself equal? Thus, your Patrician general would, in: fact, have a general over him ; so that, the acting commander would still be a Plebeian. So true is this, my countrymen, that I have myself known those, who have been: chosen consuls, begin then to read the history of their own country, of which till that time they were totally ignorant; that is, they firft obtained the employment, and then bethought themselves of the qualifications necessary for the : proper discharge of it.. I submit: to your judgment, : Romans, on which side the advantage lies, when a comparison is made between Patrician haughtiness, and Plebeian expe-rience. The very: actions which they have only read, I. have partly seen, and partly myfelf atchieved. What they know by reading, I know by action. They are pleased to fught my mean birth : I despise their mean characters. Want of birth and fortune is the objection against me: want .of. personal worth against them. But are not all men of the fame species ?' What can make a difference between one: man and another, but the endowments of the mind? For: my part, I shall always look upon the bravest man as the noa blest man. Suppose it were enquired of the fathers of fuch. Patricians as Albinus and Beitia, whether, if they had their choice, they would desire fons of their character, or of mine ;; what would they answer; but that they should wish the worthiest to be their fons? If the Patricians have reason to despise me, let them likewise despise their ancestors, whose nobility was the fruit of their virtue. Do they envy the hou nours bestowed upon me?. Let them envy likewise my labours, , my abstinence, and the dangers I have undergone for my country; by which I have acquired them. But those worthless men lead such a life of inactivity, as if they despif-ed any honours you can bestow; whilst they aspire to ho..
nours, as if they had deserved them by the mot indústrious
CH A P. IV.
CALISTHENES'S REPROOF OF CLEON's
FLATTERY TO ALEXANDER.
Tf the king were present, Cleon, there would be no need
of my answering to what you have just proposed. He would himself reprove you for endeavouring to draw him into an imitation of foreign absurdities, and for bringing envy upon him by such unmanly flattery. As he is absent, I take upon me to tell you in his name, that no praise is lafting, but what is rational; and that you do what you can to lessen his glory, instead of adding to it. Heroes have never, among us, been deified, till after their death. And whatever may be your way of thinking, Cleon, for my part, I wish the king may not, for many years to come, obtain that honour. You have mentioned, as precedents of what you propose, Hercules and Bacchuș. Do you imagine, Cleon, that they were deified over a cup of wine? And are you and I qualified to make gods? Is the king, our lovereign, to receive his divinity from you and me, who are his subjects? First try your power, whether you can make a king. It is, surely, easier to make a king, than a god ? to give an earthly dominion, than a throne in heaven. I only with, that the gods may have heard, without offence, the arrogant propoíal you have made, of adding one to their number; and that they may, fiill be so propitious to us, as to grant the continuance of that success to our affairs, with which they have hitherto favoured us. For my part, I am not ashamed of my country; nor do I approve of our adopting the rites of foreign nations, or learning from them how нб
we ought to reverence our kings. To receive laws, or rules of conduct, from them, what is it, but to confess ourselves inferior to them?
сн A P. V. THE SCYTHIAN AMBASSADORS
TF your person were as gigantic, as your desires, the world