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MEASURE FOR MEASURE.

PERSONS REPRESENTED.

Vincentio, duke of Vienna.
Angelo, lord deputy in the duke's absence.
Escalus, an ancient lord, joined with Angelo in the

deputation.
Claudio, a young gentleman.
Lucio, a fantastic.
Tue cher like gentlemen.
Varrius, a gentleman, servant to the Duke.
Protort.
Thomas,

two friars.
Peter,
Elbew, a simple constable.
Fruch, a foolish gentleman.

Clown, servant to Mrs. Over-done.
Abhorson, an executioner.
Barnardine, a dissolute prisoner.
Isabella, sister to Claudio.
Mariana, betrothed to Angelo.
Juliet, beloved by Claudio.
Francisca, a nun.
Mistress Over-done, a bawd.
Lords, Gentlemen, Guards, Officers, and other Atterd-

ants.

SCENE-Vienna.

ACT I.

Are not thine own so proper, as to waste SCENE 1.- An apartment in the Duke's palace. En- Thyself upon thy virtues, them on thee.

Heaven doth with us, as we with torches do ; ter Duke, Escalus, Lords, and Attendants.

Not light them for themselves : for if our virtues Duke.

Did not go forth of us, 'twere all alike ESCALUS, —

As if we had them not. Spirits are not finely touch a

But to fine issues : nor nature never lends Esca. My lord.

The smallest scruple of her excellence, Duke. Of government the properties to unfold,

But, like a thrifty goddess, she determines Would seem in me to affect speech and discourse;

Herself the glory of a creditor, Since I am put to know, that your own science

Both thanks and use. But I do bend my speech Eseerds, in that, the lists of all advice

To one that can my part in him advertise ; Hy strength can give you : Then no more remains

Hold therefore, Angelo: But that to your sufficiency, as your worth is able,

In our remove, be thou at full ourself; And let them work. The nature of our people,

Mortality and mercy in Vienna Our city's institutions, and the terms

Live in thy tongue and heart : Old Escalus, Fa cottmon justice, you are as pregnant in,

Though first in question, is thy secondary :-
As art and practice hath enriched any

Take thy commission.
That we remember: There is our commission,
Frun which we would not have you warp.-Call hither, Let there be some more test made of my metal,

Ang.

Now, good my lord,
I ny, bid come before us Angelo. [Exit an Attendant.

Before so noble and so great a figure
-What figure of us think you he will bear?
Far you must know, we have with special soul

Be stamp'd upon it.
Duke.

No more evasion :
Elected him our absence to supply;

We have with a leaven'd and prepared choice Lex himn our terror, drest him with our love;

Proceeded to you ; therefore take your honours. And given his deputation all the organs

Our haste from hence is of so quick condition, Of our own power : What think you of it?

That it prefers itself, and leaves unquestion'd Ence. If any in Vienna be of worth

Matters of needful value. We shall write to you, To undergo such ample grace and honour,

As time and our concernings shall importune,
It is lord Angelo.

How it goes with us, and do look to know
Enter Angelo.

What doth befal you here. So, fare you well:
Duke. Look, where he comes.

To the hopeful execution do I leave you
Ang. -Always obedient to your grace's will, Of your commissions.
I came to koow your pleasure.

Ang.

Yet, gire leave, my lord, Drake.

Angelo,

That we may bring you something on the way. There is a kind of character in thy life,

Duke. My haste may not admit it; That, to the observer, doth thy history

Nor need yoll, on mine honour, have to do Pally unfold: Thyself and thy belongings

With any scruple: your scope is as mine own;

men.

So to enforce, or qualify the laus,

2 Gent. To what, I pray? As to your soul seems good. Give me your hand; 1 Gent. Judge. I'll privily away: I love the people,

2 Gent. To three thousand dollars a year. But do not like to stage me to their eyes :

1 Gent. Ay, and more. Though it do well, I do not relish well

Lucio. A French crown more Their loud applause, and ares vehement;

1 Gent. Thou art always figuring diseases in me: Nor do I think the man of safe discretion,

but thou art full of error; I am sound. That does affect it. Once more, fare you well.

Lucio. Nay, not as one would say, healthy ; but so Ang. The heavens give safety to your purposes ! sound, as things that are hollow: thy bones are holEsca. Lead forth, and bring you back in happiness. | low; impiety hath made a feast of thee. Duke. I thank you. Fare you well. [Exit. Esca. I shall desire you, sir, to give ine leave

Enter Bawd. To have free speech with you; and it concerns me 1 Gent. How now? Which of your hips has the most To look into the bottom of my place :

profound sciatica ? A power I have; but of what strength and nature

Bawd. Well, well; there's one yonder arrested, and I am not yet instructed.

carried to prison, was worth five thousand of you all. Ang. 'Tis so with me: Let us withdraw together, 1 Gent. Who's that, I pr'ytbee? And we may soon our satisfaction have,

Bawd. Marry, sir, that's Claudio, signior Claudio. Touching that point.

1 Gent. Claudio to prison ! 'tis not so. Esca. I'll wait upon your honour.

Bawd. Nay, but I know, 'tis so : I saw him arrest

[Exeunted ; saw him carried away; and, which is more, with SCENE II-A Strect. Enter Lucio and two Gentle

in these three days his head's to be chopped off.

Lucio. But, after all this fooling, I would not have

it so: Art thou sure of this? Lucio. If the duke, with the other dukes, come not

Bawd. I am too sure of it: and it is for getting to composition with the king of Hungary, why, then

madam Julietta with child. all the dukes fall upon the king.

Lucio. Believe me, this may be: he promised to 1 Gent. Heaven grant us its peace, but not the king

meet me two hours since; and he was ever precise in of Hungary's !

promise-keeping. 2 Gent. Amen. Lucio, Thou concludest like the sanctimonious pi- || to the speech we had to such a purpose.

2 Gent. Besides, you know, it draws something near rate, that went to sea with the ten commandments,

i Gent. But most of all, agreeing with the proelabut scraped one out of the table.

mation. 2 Gent. Thou shalt not steal?

Lucio. Away; let's go learn the truth of it. Lucio. Ay, that he razed.

(Exeunt Lucio and Gentlemen. 1 Gent. Wlay, 'tuas a commandment to command

Baw.. Thus, what with the war, what with the the captain and all the rest from their functions; they

sweat, what with the gallows, and what with poverty, put forth to steal: There's not a soldier of us all, that,

I am custom-shrunk-How now? what's the news in the thanksgiving before meal, doth relish the peti

with you? tion well that prays for peace. 2 Gent. I never heard any soldier dislike it.

Enter Clown. Lucio. I believe thee; for, I think, thou never wast Clown. Yonder man is carried to prison. where grace was said.

Bawd. Well; what bath he done? 2 Gent. No? a dozen times at least.

Clown. A woman. 1 Gent. What? in metre?

Bawd. But what's his offence? Lucio. In any proportion, or in any language. Clown. Groping for uvuis in a peculiar river, 1 Gent. I uuink, or in any religion.

Bawd. What, is there a maid with child by him? Lucio. Ay! why not? Grace is grace, despite of Clown. No; but there's a woman with maid by him: all controversy. As for example; Thou thyself art a You have not heard of the proclamation, have you?, wicked villain, despite of all grace.

Bawod. What proclamation, man? 1 Gent. Well, there went but a pair of sheers be Clozen. All houses in the suburbs of Vienna must be

pluck'd down. Lucio. I grant; as there may between the lists and Bawd. And what shall become of those in the city ? the velvet: Thou art the list.

Clown. They shall stand for seed: they had gone i Gent. And thou the velvet: thou art good velvet; down too, but that a wise burgher put in for them. thou art a three-pild piece, I warrant thee: I had as Bawd. But shall all our houses of resort in the sublief be a list of an English kersey, as be pild, as thou urbs be pull'd down? art pild, for a French velvet. Do I speak feelingly Clown. To the ground, mistress. now?

Bawd. Why, here's a change, indeed, in the comLucio. I think thou dost; and, indeed, with most monwealth - What shall become of me? painfui feeling of thy speech: I will, out of thine own Clown. Come; fear not you: good counsellors lack confession, learn to begin thy health ; but, whilst I no clients : though you change your place, you need live, forget to drink after thee.

not change your trade ; I'll be your tapster still. 1 Gent. I think, I have done inyself wrong; have I Courage; there will be pity taken on you: you that not?

have worn your eyes almost out in the service, you 2 Gent. Yes, that thou hast; whether thou art taint- l will be considered. ed, or free.

Bawd. What's to do here, Thomas Tapster? Let's Lucio. Beliold, behold, where madam Mitigation withdraw. comes! I have purchaseal as many diseases under ber Clown. Here comes signior Claudio, led by the proroof, as comes to

vost to prison: and there's madam Juliet. (Eseunt.

tween us

SCENE III.-Enter Provost, Claudio, Juliet, and of- || Acquaint her with the danger of my state; ficers; Lucio, and two Gentlemen.

Implore her, in my voice, that she make friends Clau. Fellow, why dost thou show me thus to the To the strict deputy; bid herself assay him ; world?

I have great hope in that: for in her youth Bear me to prison, where I am committed.

There is a prone and speechless dialect, Press. I do it not in evil disposition,

Such as moves men; beside, she hath prosperous art But from lord Angelo by special charge.

When she will play with reason and discourse, Clou. Thus can the demi-god, Authority,

And well she can persuade. Make us pay down, for our offence by weight

Lucio. I pray, she may: as well for the encourageThe words of heaven ;-on whom it will, it will;

ment of the like, which else would stand under grierOo whom it will not, so; yet still 'us just.

ous imposition; as for the enjoying of thy life, who Lurie. Why, how now, Claudio ? whence comes this would be sorry should be thus foolishly lost at a game restraint?

of tick-tack. I'll to her. Clau. From too much liberty, my Lucio, liberty:

Clau. I thank you, good friend Lucio. As surfeit is the father of much fast,

Lucio. Within two hours,So every scope by the immoderate use

Clau. Come, officer, away.

[Exeunt. Tuns to restraint: Our natures do pursue

SCENE IV-A Monastery. Enter Duke and Friar (Likce rats that ravin down their proper bane)

Thornas. A thirsty evil; and when we drink, we die.

Lucis If I could speak so wisely under arrest, I Duke. No; boly father; throw away that thought; would wind for certain of any creditors: And yet, to

Believe not that the dribbling dart of love say the truth, I had as lief have the foppery of free Can pierce a complete bosom: why I desire thee dun, as the morality of imprisonment.-What's thy To give me secret harbour, hath a purpose efience, Claudio ?

More grave and wrinkled than the aims and ends Clau. What, but to speak of would offend again. Of burning youth. Lacie. What is it? murder?

Fri,

May your grace speak of it? Cigt. Yo.

Duke. My holy sir, none better knows than you Luis. Leehery?

How I have ever lov'd the life remov'd ; Clas. Call it son

And held in idle price to haunt assemblies, Prer, Away, sir ; you must go.

Where youth, and cost, and witless bravery keeps. Clas. One word, good friend :-Lucio, a word with I have deliver'd to lord Angelo you.

[Takes him aside. || (A man of stricture, and firm abstinence) Lucie. A hundred if they'll do you any good. My absolute power and place here in Vienna, lachery so look after?

And he supposes me travell’d to Poland; Clzr. Thus stands it with me:- Upon a true contract, For so I have strew'd it in the common ear, I que possession of Julietta's bed;

And so it is receiv'd: Now, pious sir, You knor the lady; she is fast my wife,

You will demand of me, why I do this? Save that we do the denunciation lack

Fri. Gladly, my lord. of outward order: this we came not 10,

Duke. We have strict statutes, and most biting laws, Only for propagation of a dower

(The needful bits and curbs for head-strong steeds) Retaining in the coffer of her friends ;

Which for these fourteen years we have let sleep; From shom we thought it meet to hide our love, Even like an o'ergrown lion in a cave, Tull time had made them for us. But it chances, That goes not out to prey: Now, as fond fathers The stealth of our most mutual entertainment, Having bound up the threat’ning twigs of birch, With character too gross, is writ on Juliet.

Only to stick it in their children's sight, Lucis. With child, perhaps?

For terror, not to use; in time the rod Clau. Unhappily, even so.

Becomes more moek 'd, than feard : so our decrees, And the new deputy now for the duke

Dead to infliction, to themselves are dead;
Wherber it be the fault and glimpse of newness ; And liberty plucks justice by the nose;
Os whether that the body public be

The baby beats the nurse, and quite athwart
A konse whereon the governor doth ride

Goes all decorum. Whe, newly in the seal, that it may know

Fri.

It rested in your grace He can command, lets it straight feel the spur: To unloose this tied-up justice, when you pleas'd : Whether the tyranny be in his place,

And it in you more dreadful would have seem'd, Or in his eminence that fills it up,

Than in lord Angelo. i sagger in s–But this new governor

Duke.

I do fear, too dreadful: Awakes me all the enrolled penalties,

Sith 'twas my fault to give the people scope, Which have, like unscour'd armour, hung by the wall || 'Twould be my tyranny to strike, and gall them So long, that nineteen zodiacs have goue round, For what I bid them do: For we bid this be done, And none of them been worn; and, for a name, When evil deeds have their permissive pass, War puts the drowsy and neglected act

And not the punishment. Therefore, indeed, my Freshly on me :-'tis surely, for a name.

father, Lucio. I warrant, it is: and thy bead stands so tickle I have on Angelo impos'd the office;

thy shoulders, that a milk-maid, if she be in love, Who may, in the ambush of my name, strike home, pay sigh it off. Send after the duke, and appeal to And yet, my nature never in the siglıt,

To do it slander: And to behold his sway, Clem. I have done so, but he's not to be found. I will, as 'twere a brother of your order, I pr’ythee, Lucio, do me this kind service : Visit both prince and people: therefore, I pr'ythee, This day my sixter should the cloister enter,

Supply me with the habit, and instruct me And there receive her approbation :

How I may formally in persoo bear me

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Like a true friar. More reasons for this action, By those that know the very nerves of state,
At our more leisure shall I render you ;

His givings-out were of an infinite distance
Only, this one :-Lord Angelo is precise ;

From his true-meant design. Upon his place,
Stands at a guard with envy; scarce confesses And with full line of his authority,
'That his blood flows, or that his appetite

Governs lord Angelo; a man, whose blood
Is more to bread than stone: Hence shall we see, Is very snow-broth ; one who never feels
If power change purpose, what our seemers be. (Exe. The wanton stings and motions of the sense ;
SCENE V.- A Nunnery. Enter Isabella and Fran

But doth rebate and blunt his natural edge
cisca.

With profits of the mind, study and fast. Isab. And have you nuns no further privileges?

He (to give fear to use and liberty, Fran. Are not these large enough?

Which have, for long, run by the hideous law, Isab. Yes, truly: I speak not as desiring more;

As mice by lions,) hath pick'd out an act,

Under whose heavy sense your brother's life
But rather wishing a more strict restraint

Falls into forfeit : He arrests him on it;
Upon the sisterhood, the votarists of saint Clare.
Lucio. [Within.] Ho! peace be in this place!

And follows close the rigour of the statute,

To make him an example : all hope is gone,
Isab. Who's that which calls ?
Fran. It is a man's voice : Gentle Isabella,

Unless you have the grace by your fair prayer

To soften Angelo : And that's my pitb
Turn you the key, and know his business of him;
You may; I may not ; you are yet unsworn :

of business 'twixt you and your poor brother. When you have vow'd, you must not speak with men,

Isab. Doth he so seek his life?
Lucio.

Has censur'd him But in the presence of the prioress:

Already ; and, as I hear, the provost hath
Then, if you speak, you must not show your face;
Or, if you show your face, you must not speak.-

A warrant for his execution.

Isab. Alas! what poor ability's in me He calls again ; I pray you, answer him. [Exit Fran.

To do him good ?
I sab. Peace and prosperity! Who is't that calls ?

Lucio. Assay the power you have.
Enter Lucio

Isab. My power ! Alas ! I doubt,
Lucio. Hail, virgin, if you be; as those cheek roses Lucio.

Our doubts are traitors, Proclaim you are no less! Can you so stead me, And make us lose the good we oft might win, As bring me to the sight of Isabe Ha,

By fearing to attempt : Go to lord Angelo, A novice of this place, and the fair sister

And let him learn to know, when maidens sue, To her unhappy brother Claudio?

Men give like gods ; but when they weep and kneel, Isab. Why her unhappy brother ? let me ask; All their petitions are as freely theirs The rather, for I now must make you know

As they themselves would owe them. I am that Isabella, and his sister.

Isab. I'll see what I can do. Lucio. Gentle and fair, your brother kindly greets Lucio. But, speedily. you:

Isab.

I will about it straight; Not to be wcary with you, he's in prison.

No longer staying but to give the mother Isab. Woe me! For what?

Notice of my affair. I humbly thank you : Lucio. For that, which, if myself might be his judge, Commend me to my brother : soon at night He should receive his punishment in thanks: I'll send him certain word of my success. He hath got his friend with child.

Lucio. I take my leave of you. Isab. Sir, make me not your story.

Isab.

Good sir, adieu. Lurio. It is true.

[E.xeunt.
I would not, though 'tis my familiar sin
With maids to seem the lapwing, and to jest,
Tongue far from heart,-play with all virgins so:

ACT II.
I hold you as a thing ensky'd, and sainted ;
By your renouncement, an immortal spirit ;

SCENE 1.- A Hall in Angelo's House. Enter AngeAnd to be talked with in sincerity,

lo, Escalus, a Justice, Provost, Officers, and other As with a saint.

Attendants. Isab. You do blaspheme the good, in mocking me.

Angelo. Lucio. Do not believe it. Fewness and truth, 'tis WE must not make a scare-crow of the law, thus :

Setting it up to fear the birds of prey,
Your brother and his lover have embrae'd:

And let it keep one shape, till custom make it
As those that feed grow full; as blossoming time, Their perch, and not their terror.
That from the seedness the bare fallow brings

Esca.

Ay, but yet To teeming foison ; even so her plenteous womb Let us be keen, and rather cut a little, Expresseth his full tilth and husbandry.

Than fall, and bruise to death : Alas! this gentleman, Isab. Some one with child by him?-My cousin Ju- Whom I would save, had a most noble father. liet?

Let but your honour know, Lucio. Is she your cousin ?

(Whom I believe to be most strait in virtue,) Isab. Adoptedly; as school-maidschange their names, || That, in the working of your own affections, By vain though apt affection.

Had time coher'd with place, or place with wishing, Lucio.

She it is.

Or that the resolute acting of your blood Isab. O, let him marry her!

Could have attain'd the effect of your own purpose, Lucio,

This is the point. Whether you had not sometime in your life
The duke is very strangely gone from hence; Errd in this point which now you censure him,
Bore many gentlemen, myself being one,

And pull’d the law upon you.
In band, and hope of action: but we do learn, Ang. 'Tis one thing to be tempted, Escalus,

Another thing to fall. I not deny,

Clown. Sir, if it plense your honour, this is not so. Tke jury, passing on the prisoner's life,

Elb. Prove it before these varlets here, thou honourMay, in the sworn twelve, have a thief or two able man, prove it. Gultier than him they try: What's open made to jus Esca. Do you hear how he misplaces ? [To Ang tice,

Clown. Sir, she came in great with child; and longThat justice seizes. What know the laws,

ing(saving your honour's reverence,) for stew'd prunes; That thieves do pass on thieves ? 'Tis very pregnant, || sir, we had but two in the house, which at that very The jewel that we find, we stoop and take it, distant time stood, as it were, in a fruit-dish, a dish of Because we ste it; but what we do not see,

some three-pence ; your honours have seen such dishWe tread upon, and never think of it.

es; they are not China dishes, but very good dishes. You may not so extenuate his offence,

Esca. Go to, go to; no matter for the dish, sir. Far I have had such faults; but rather tell me,

Clown. No, indeed, sir, not of a pin ; you are thereWhen I, that ensure him, do so offend,

in in the right: but, to the point: As I say, this mir La mine own judgement pattern out my death, tress Elbow, being, as I said, with child, and being And nothing come in partial. Sir, he must die. great belly'd, and longing, as I said, for prunes; and Exce. Be it as your wisdom will.

having but two in the dish, as I said, master Froth

Where is the provost? here, this very man, having eaten the rest, as I said, Prs. Here, if it like your honour.

and, as I say, paying for them very honestly ;-for, as

See that Claudio you know, master Froth, I could not give you threeBe executed by nine to-morrow morning :

pence again. Bring him his confessor, let him be prepard ;

Froth. No, indeed. Fer that's the utmost of his pilgrimage. [Exit Prov. Clown. Very well : you being then, if you be me

Esce. Well, heaven forgive him! and forgive us all! member'd, cracking the stones of the foresaid prunes. Some rise by sin, and some by virtue fall:

Froth. Ay, so I did, indeed. Some run from brakes of vice, and answer none;

Clown. Why, very well: I telling you then, if you And some condemned for a fault alone.

be remember'd, that such a one, and such a one, were Exer Elbow, Froth, Clown, Officers, 6c. past cure of the thing you wot of, unless they kept El. Come, bring them away: if these be good peo very good diet, as I told you. ple in a common-weal, that do nothing but use their Froth. All this is true. abuse in common houses, I know no law; bring them Clown. Why, very well then. away,

Esca. Come, you are a tedious fool : to the purpose. Ang. How now, sir! What's your name? and what's - What was done to Elbow's wife, that he hath cause de matur?

to complain of ? Come me to what was done to her. EL. If it please your honour, I am the poor duke's

Clown. Sir, your honour cannot come to that yet ochstable, and my name is Elbow; I do lean upon Esca. No, sir, nor I mean it not. justice, sir, and do bring in here before your gool hon

Clown. Sir, but you shall come to it, by your honour (no notorious benefactors.

our's leave: And, I beseecb you, look into master Ang. Benefactors? Well, what benefactors are Froth here, sir; a man of fourscore pouod a year ; they? are they not malefactors ?

whose father died at Hallowmas :-Was't not at HalEL. If it please your honour, I know not well what lowmas, master Froth ? they are: but precise villains they are, that I am sure

Fruth. All-hollond eve. ef; and void of all profanation in the world, that good

Clown. Why, very well; I hope here be truths : He, ekristians ought to have.

sir, sitting, as I say, in a lower chair, sir ;-'twas in the Esra. This comes off well; here's a wise officer. Bunch of Grapes, where, indeed, you have a delight to Ang. Go to: What quality are they of? Elbow is

sit: llave you not? your trane? Why dost thou not speak, Elbow?

Froth. I have so ; because it is an open room, and Clear. He cannot, sir; he's out at elbow.

good for winter. Ang. What are you, sir?

Clown. Why, very well then :- I hope here be truths. El. He, sir? a tapster, sir ; a parcel-bawd; one that

Ang. This will last out a night in Russia, berta a bad woman; whose house, sir, was, as they When nights are longest there: I'll take my leave, ses, pluek'd down in the suburbs ; and now she pro

And leave you to the hearing of the cause ; kcs a hot-house, which I think, is a very ill house Hoping, you'll find good cause to whip them all.

Esca. I think no less: Good morrow to your lorEsz. How know you that?

ship.

[Exit. Angelo ElbeMy wife, sir, whom I detest before heaven and Now, sir, come on: What was done to Elbow's wife, fuar honour,

once more? Esca. How! thy wife?

Clown. Once, sir? there was nothing done to her El, Ay, sir; whom, I thank heaven, is an honest

Elb. I beseech you, sir, ask him what this man did Esca. Dost thou detest her therefore ?

to my wife. El. I say, sir, I will detest myself also, as well as Clown. I beseech your honour, ask me. the, that this house, if it be not a bawd's house, it is Esca. Well, sir : What did this gentleman to her? parts of her lite, for it is a naughty house.

Clown. I beseech you, sir, look in this gentleman's Esra. How dost thou know that, constable ?

face :-Good master Froth, look upon his honour; 'tis Elh. Marry, sir, by my wife ; who, if she had been

for a good purpose :--Doth your honour mark his a woman cantinally given, might have been accused face? a fornication, adultery, and all uncleanliness there. Esca. Ay, sir, very well. Ecz. By the woman's means ?

Clown. Nay, I beseech you, mark it well. Elt. Ay, sir, by mistress Over done's means : but as Esca. Well, I do so. te spia in lsis face, so she defied him.

Clown, Doth your honour soe any harm in his face?

once.

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