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to Louis the Sixteenth, his intention has been to make people forget how devoted he and his father have been to the emperor Napoleon when powerful, &c. Walter Scott has written for the English government, from sources furnished by the government which followed that of the emperor Napoleon. The abbé de Montgaillard is an avowed enemy of the revolution and of Napoleon: the memoirs of Fouché are apocryphal, adjudged to be such by the courts of justice. Tribeaudeau, convention-man and Thermidorian, strives to attribute to Napoleon steps the most retrograde, which the terror of the convention and the semi-royal terror that followed upon the 9th of Thermidor, had cansed revolutionary France to make. Napoleon found France in a delirium; he endeavored to preserve her from the anarchy of 1793, and from the counter-revolution; he floated with France in the middle of the wrecks of all parties, seeking to avoid all the rocks, making himself the slave of no party, in order to avoid making himself the enemy of all the others; obeying that, which in his conscience he believed to be the wants and wishes of France, which desired equality and liberty compatible with civilization. She felt, like himself, that these benefits (which we see nowhere but in this new world), would be enjoyed only with a general peace-at the end of that interminable war which had necessitated his dictatorship, never of a tyrannical character, but called by the foreign enemies and men of a superficial mind, the imperial despotism. That Napoleon had well understood the national will, is sufficiently proved to posterity by his miraculous return from Elba. But the English cabinet has always opposed the cessation of this despotism in fanning the war, which obliged Napoleon to adopt all possible forms to reconcile the governments of continental Europe with France. All that Napoleon has done, his nobility, which was not feudal, his family relations, his legions of honor, his new kingdoms &c., he was obliged to do; the English liave always forced him to do that which he has done, so that he might place himself in apparent harmony with all the governments which he had conquered, and whih he wished
to wrest from the seductions of England. The struggle has been long; England has derived advantage from the character of the emperor Alexander, who gave way;* from that of the emperor of Austria; and the oligarchy of Vienna, of Moscow, coalesced themselves with that of London. They triumphed at last over Napoleon, over France, in sacrificing the future interests of the peoples, and the reigning houses of Europe, who had endedt in accommodating themselves to the constitutions in which the peoples and the kings would have found their advantages. Some hundred aristocratic families alone would have experienced some loss for the moment; and they would have found a just indemnity in the favor of their prince, in the public welfare, which would have been the resnlt of an order of things, ordained by the degree of civilization to which we have attained. The good people of Germany have been misled, and England, at the moment of succumbing to the continental system, rose again by throwing down her enemy through the hands of the nations and kings that ought to have considered Napoleon and France (as things then stoodt) as the saviours, the moderators of the destinies of Europe, longing for legal equality, constitutional liberty, religious freedom, and a permanent peace, independent of the bordes of the north and the Gothic prejudices of the nobles and priests of the middle ages. Napoleon had taken the words to destroy the things ;$ he often said to me: I stand in need of yet ten years to gire complete liberty. He was the scholar of Plato and the philosophers, and yet he frequently repeated: I do not what I wish, but that which I can do; these English force me to live from day to day.'l He stood in need of ten years of general peace. But I perceive that my answer is becoming a book, I write to you without preparation, as I would speak to you. I send you, as to myself, the only documents which I acknowledge as true, the biographical articles published in Europe are dictated by ignorance or passion."
All the letters written by Joseph to the same correspondent, contain the repeated expressions of the same views
• The original is: Alexandre, qui s'est fatigué.
Aux termes où elle (la France) en était.
and the reiterated statements of Napo- would require a work of commentaries leon's words regarding the necessity of on the whole career of the emperor. doing things which were not in bis Nothing of the kind can be possibly "system,” because the English forced expected here. We close our paper, him thus to act. The sad necessity in adding but one remark on an expression which he considered binself placed, to of Joseph's, which, even in an off-hand ciore au jour le jour, seems to have been letter, seems to be surprising. The frequently expressed in these very words writer says: Napoleon was the scholar by him to his older brother. The reader of Plato and the philosophers (était will recollect the emperor's words when
élèce de Platon et des philosophes). urged by the Poles, after the defeat of We do not understand this sentence, the Prussians, in 1806, to re-establish even if it were meant in the most hythe independence of Polard. “I am no perbolical sense. A scholar of Plato ? god," he said, “I am not doing that of what work of Plato! Of his Rewhich I would, but only that which I public? Napoleon took, as is known, can do.". Joseph told us once that every occasion of expressing his bona several times, when the emperor had fide detestation and hatred of the severely and even passionately rated idéologues," as he called, in a bunch, some persons, he would say, when alone all philosophers; and Plato, assuredly with his brother, “I must thus, always was idéologue, if any one was. In one of wear a mask. If I do not show myself his letters to Joseph, then king of Nafarouche, on such occasions, everything ples, and which is published in the very would go wrong.” Another time Joseph collection from which the foregoing told us that at dinner, the conversation translation has been made, he distinctly had torned on the subject of ambition and very positively enjoins his brother, and glory. Joseph had stoutly main- to discountenance all hommes de lettres. tained that he cared nothing for all this, gens d'esprit, and philosophers; telling and that true happiness consisted in him that they are nothing but coquettes. the peacefal enjoyment of life, remote Napoleon was so positive on this point, from the anxieties of ambition.
that he may be said to have established is it to me, Joseph had observed, that a sort of school in this sense. No one people mention my name after 'I am who has lived any time in France can gode ?” Napoleon took umbrage at this, have helped observing what a deepand after the company had dispersed, rooted contempt for legistes (lawyers), informed his brother that he did not philosophers, and orators, pervades the desire him to repeat such discourse. army and all true Napoleonists, А All that Joseph had said might be very common dinner conversation with an well for a philosopher, but that Napo- officer is almost sure to bring it out. It leon's daty was to conquer victories, was so at the time of Napoleon, and and that, in accordance he must de- has ever since been so. The complaints velop the most ambitious spirit. “I of the arrogance of the army were want men to consider it their highest universal in the reign of Napoleon. It glory to die on the battle-field,” he said. bad become an intolerable military aris* At some future period your views may tocracy. Napoleon ended with falling obtain a proper place."
into an idolatry of power, and considerThese things are mentioned here, sim- ing the profession of the soldier le plus ply as facts. The historian and states- noble de tous les métiers, as he calls it man must weigh and probe them, as, in one of his letters; he forgot or he had indeed, they must do with this entire never a true perception of the simple letter, which at any rate is a remarkable fact, that of all the mighty things, the document, even if it be taken in its nar. mightiest, the sovereigns of the earth, rowest possible limits; namely, as the are Will, Love, and Thought.* He acexpression of those views with which knowledged the first. Did he acknowthe brother of Napoleon, who had been ledge the two others of the triumvirate! the recipient of the emperor's confi- Louis the Fourteenth was, at least in dence, desired to impress an individual the shrewdness of perceiving the power with whom Joseph was pleased to cor- of the sword and the pen, his superior. respond.
He took great care to conciliate the To examine and criticise this letter, latter.
Since this article was written, the author has met with the following passage in Mr. Crowe's “ History of the Reigns of Louis XVIII. and Charles X.," London 1954:
Bat the more perfectly France became organized and disciplined for war and domination, the more unfit
THE OLD SCULPTOR AND HIS PUPIL.
When, a thing of perfect beauty, stood the dream of earlier years,
And, at last, its fit expression in some outward type it sought-
Calm it stood—a statued image of the young impassioned saint,
And the passing shadows flitting lightly o'er the earnest face,
Yet, methinks, o'er something nobler might those wayward shadows glide,
He was one among his pupils, scarce to manhood-summer grown,-
For there seemed around his forehead and within his eye to glow
And behind the noblest figure, born beneath thy potent hand,
Then upon that lofty forehead, Care's rnde fingers had not wrought,Not as yet his iron sternness had those proud, dark features caught ;Dreaming boy was he who stood there, rapt in deep and silent thought.
“Nay-what think'st thou ?" said the master, “seems it not almost divine ?"
In his eye the glow of genius seemed with clearer light to shine,-
did it become to establish its influence peaceably and permanently over that Europe which it had conquered. For, thanked be Providence and civilization, there are no rights which have been so modified and curtailed as those of conquest. Of old the victor might make of the vanquished his slave, and partition bis territory to new holders. But the days of exterminating a people, of enslaving or dispossessing them, are past. The race and the soil remain, and the victors must devise some means of satisfying the wants, and even tho pride of the vanquished; for the rule of brute intimidation is far too ineflectual and costly. Had the French Revolution achieved wide conquest, however turbulent and irregular its rule, in foreign countries, it would at least have found friends amongst the classes it emancipated, and by degrees it would have succeeded in the formation of allied States, republics like itself. But a military chief and an embryo emperor, command. ing the French soldiers, and through them master of the State, saw or would see nothing in other nations but monarch like himself. With these alone he would negotiate-these alone conciliate or court. Napoleon, from character as well as position, was fitted to enact this part of the mere crowned head. His early experience made him acquainted with all that was abhorrent and impuissant in Democracy. He thus learnt to ignore the existence of a people altogether. His political optics were so formed as exclusively to discern princes and courts and armies. He neither knew what the word people meant, nor the worth nor the power which it implied.
“One thing lacks it!”–did not matchless stand that form of youthful grace?
Could more firm and high endeavor leave round lips of marble trace ?
fervid Gallileans on the day of Pentecost.
PR 0 FES S0R PHANTILL0.
A BOMANOE OF THE WATER OURE.
very thin gentleman, with queer little
eyes and still droller mouth-not at all P OROFESSOR PHANTILLO was, and I like the engraving of the picture in pos
presume still is, an astrologer. His session of the Bearbrook High Art Assoadvertisements, which ornamented the ciation, which serves (or should serve) De wspapers a year ago, told the public as frontispiece to the history. A conin what esteer he was held by the kings stitutional shyness--or, as he chose to call and potentates of the old world, who it, an elegant fastidiousness--prevented consulted him on all important occasions my uncle from relishing the society of with astonishing success. Why this ladies; so that his forty-second birthLavorite of royalty should wish to estab- day found him in celibacy, and chamTeh him-elf in the shire-town of Bear- bered in the city of New York. brok in New England-or why his Of the particular nature of the festivi*2 disciples should suffer biin to ties that distinguished this annual comcome, if he did—were questions to memoration, I am unfortunately ignorant which the advertisements aforemen- -never having been invited to assist tored afforded no response.
thereat; and, as the present narrative The particular service rendered by has only to do with facts, I decline conthic illustrious stranger to my uncle, sulting my fancy, or even the doctrine of Maje Wherrey, being rather paternal probabilities, for a sketch of the occasion. than astrological in its character, need be It is sufficient to conclude the introprove led by no inquiry concerning the ductory chapter (which, in my opinion, elime of that occult science which yet should be devoted to telling the reader £urs many dupes in the midst of our who people are--whether they figure Del enlighteainent.
immediately or not) with a statement V*,ny inele, Major Wherrey, was a to the following effect. The morning
succeeding the Major's party found him Cure, which must be inconveniently prostrate and headachy npon a sofa, en- stretched to apply to Fabiari's, or the deavoring to extract some comfort from Mountain House at Catskill. To the the columns of a weekly journal.
former we are driven, not by inclination, “The very thing, by Jove!" exclaimed but misfortune. A gentleman's business my uncle, as he read an advertisement connections have no cause to complain headed “Granville County Water-Cure.' -a lady's household duties may with
“ The very thing! I'll go imme- propriety be left to take care of themdiately!"
selves--when the great necessity of health demand their absence.
There are other circumstances that CHAPTER U.
make these establishments a favorite
retreat for a large class of our restless A WRITER who is concise and intelligi- population. The moderate cost of such ble in the first chapter, has surely earned à sojourn in some pleasant part of tho the right to a little episodical description country, in comparison with a visit to in the second--of wbich allowed title the Lakes or Niagara—the complete abadvantage is thus taken.
solution from the daily penance of dressA water-cure! Who does not remem- ing-and, above all, the perfect equality ber the mixture of surprise and incredu- in the state and position of each occulity, with which he first heard the name! pant—are, to the great mass of migratory What sexagenarian invalid does not re- citizens, very positive advantages. call the glow caused by the first reading Why, the fact is,” says young Wilof Bulwer's panegyric upon the new kinson (he who lost so heavily a few remedial agent! An unhappy man he years ago, by the failure of a noted firm was, it his literary cravings happened to in this city), “the fact is, that at Newtake him to the Medical Reviews after port, where I formerly passed the seahaving perused this delicious publication. son, I should now be positively nobody! In their conservative pages, he found the There are plenty of fellows whose kids professors of the new art placed in the and broadcloth, not to speak of turnsame category with the proprietors of outs, it would be impossible for me to all-healing sarsaparillas or vegetable equal, whereas, by going through the pills.
water core, I can flourish and flirt in The short dream of a perfect restora- dressing-gown and slippers, and get up tion to all bodily and mental vigor-that quite as pleasant an understanding with fair palace of perpetual lealth-that the a damsel in a calico morning-gown, with brilliant novelist had conjured up, was hair damp and dishevelled by frequent suddenly assailed by the harsh words ablutions, as if we were mutually booted "humbug," "self-delusion," "quackery," and laced to the most orthodox pattern." and such other vituperative mi-sives as The recent visit of my uncle to one of the professional batteries afforded. the most famous of these establishments,
Yet, in spite of the extravagant lauda- has given me a particularity of information of enthusiasts, and the vigorous tion concerning the details of waterattacks of opponents, the establishments cure life, that, under other circumstances for the practice of the new system have could only be attained by a personal steadily increased among us; till the residence. It has always been the habit discovery of Preissnitz, with certain ino- of Major Wherrey to keep a daily diary difications, is almost universally allowed to the end, that should be by some unto be of service in many cases of chronic forseen event blaze into notoriety, there disorder.
may not be wanting the materials for a It is hardly just, however, to attribute biography sufficiently copious to satisfy the number and thriving condition of the his warmest admirer. A great amount Hydropathic institutions by which we of blotted manuscript was recently preare surrounded, to the wonders wrought sented me by the good gentleman, acby the simple agency of water. A great companied by the same friendly permispart of their success is doubtless owing sion with which people who have been to the love of that easy, independent restored to health by some elixir or intercourse with one another, which cordial, conclude their certificatescrowds Saratoga and Newport, and has namely, that they might be put to any made the boarding-house” an Ameri- use likely to benefit the proprietor. can institution. There is always an ex- From these inky fountuins, the stream cuse for passing a few weeks at a Water- of this narrative derives its source