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pride in being able to outrun the fleetest, valley, where they remain asleep to the just as Achilles did ? Who does not revel in present day, with their bows and war-clubs Scott's descriptions of the massive strength
beside them. This was the origin of that poof Richard the Lion Hearted, whether he
tent and drowsy spell which still prevails
over the valley of the Pocantico, and wbich batters down the postern of Torquilstone, has gained it the well-merited appellation or cleaves the steel mace-handle in Sala- of Sleepy Hollow. Often, in seeloded and din's tent?
quiet parts of that valley, where the stream And, aside from any such instinctive is overhung by dark woods and rocks, the pleasure as this, physical strength is the
ploughman, on some calm and sunny day, basis of intellectual strength. Of two men
as he shouts to his oxen, is surprised at
hearing faint shouts from the hill-sides in of the same mental calibre and cultivation,
reply; being, it is said, the spell-bound he also who can hold a fifty-six at arm's warriors, who half start from their rocky length, who can run a mile at the top of his couches and grasp their weapons, but sink speed without getting out of breath, who to sleep again.” can row a boat fifty miles in eight hours,
In this musical and delicious description is can write more and better prose or poetry
the subject for a truly American picture, as than his slender soft-meated compeer, to
striking as Kaulbach's “Hunnenschlacht", whom the grasshopper is a burden-who
and abundantly more beautiful. Wolfert's would almost be consumed by the breath of
Roost well maintains its author's fame. It a "great Burlybumbo" of the Anakim,
is marked by the delicate purity of style, from the mountains of East Tennessee, as
the quiet humor, the beautiful imagination, one would blow away a daddy-long-legs."
the lucid narrative, and the spirited deWe would by no means have every lite
scription, which have so long charmed rary man worship Hercules Fisticuff, and
Mr. IRVING's multitudinous readers. It make a prize-fighter of himself. But we
is delightful, among the crowd of "popuwish our band of American authors weighed lar” works—the undistinguishable throng more, on an average, than they do, and
of books with little character and less every man could shoulder his barrel of
merit, which daily appear, to recognize flour-if he has one-and march off,
this work of a master, and of a master expeditus.
faithful to his fame and to the proper lite
rary integrity of the true author. LITERATURE.
- The Coquette: or the History of
Eliza Wharton, originally written by Mrs AMERICAN-Wolfert's Roost, by WASH- Hannah FOSTER ; and now edited with. INGTON IRVING, is a collection of short
a preface, by Mrs. JANE E. LOCKE, is quite tales and sketches, published uniformly with interesting as a specimen of a style of comthe complete edition of his works. Wok
position now antiquated, but which, at fert's Roost was the old name of the au- its first appearance, attracted, perhaps, thor's residence, on the banks of the Hud- almost as much attention as that of the son ; and the first portion of the book Waverley Novels. The story is founded consists of chronicles relating to the old upon actual facts, well known in Connectihouse and its neighborhood. The gems of cut and Massachusetts at the time of their the book are the powerful narrative of The occurrence, and is full of melancholy Grand Prior of Minorca, and the delightful interest. Eliza Wharton, a young lady of dreamy descriptions in “The Adelantado
uncommon beauty of person and intellecof the Seven Cities," and in the chronicles tual capacity and attractiveness, is sought of the Roost. We transcribe a single pas- in marriage by a young clergyman ; but his sage from the history of the wars of the
sober wooing is disturbed and frustrated by sachem of Sing Sing. The feud of this the brilliant conversation of Major Sandsabem, with a certain wizard chief of the
ford, an officer, who ultimately ruins his neighborhood, having been related, its re- victim, and at the same time destroys the sult is thus told :
peace of his own life. It is told in a series
of letters passing among the characters of "Suffice it is to say that the wizard chieftain was at length victorious, though his
the book, after the manner of Riebardson; victory is attributed, in Indian tradition, to
and, although written in the precise and a great medicine, or charm, by which he laid
formal style of New England, three-quarters the sachem of Sing Sing, and his warriors of a century ago, the story is developed asleep among the rocks and recesses of the with considerable skill.
- Miranda Elliot; Or the Voice of the And like the dusk without me, Spirit. By S. H. M. This is a very con
There was a dusk within. fused story of Southern life. It commences « And thoughts with eager footsteps, as if intended to be a biography of Miranda
Dim thoughts of joy and pain, Elliot; but as the narrative progresses, a
Filled all the streets and by-ways of mingled crowd of characters is promiscu
The city in my brain. ously introduced, and disconnected inci- "A passing light, and holy, dents heaped together in so miscellaneous
Like that which softly falls
Through open gates in cloudlets a style as to break up the connection and
Upon cathedral walls, intelligibility of the whole. There are incidents enough and people enough in the
" Fell down upon the towers of book to furnish several stories. If the
The city in my mind;
My inward sight grew clearer, writer had been careful to select one clear
My outward vision blind." and precise thread of narration, and to move steadily on with that, Miranda Elliot The thought, though possibly unconwould have been a respectable novel. sciously suggested by Longfellow, as, in
– The Bells: A Collection of Chimes. deed, many of the thoughts and expresBy T. B. A. The enterprise of most sions in the book seem to have been, is a modern poets is a mysterious gift. While very poetical and beautiful one, and so far reading their verses we ask, How could very sweetly presented We omit the other be publish? How could be expect to be verses, which, indeed, do not succeed in sold or to be read? The poet orbis adequately completing the analogy between friends must, we believe, usually expect to
the cities of outer and inner life-of men secure the publisher against loss on his in life and thoughts in the mind. investment. Consciousness of unappreci
-The Sons of the Sires, by an American, able genius must usually be the consolation professes to give a history, not only of the of the author, in view of the unsold edition, rise and progress, but likewise of the desand the “ little bill." Yet the tuneful tiny, of the “American party;" together band daily deploys before the public, each
with which is given an answer to Hon. H. undismayed by the fate of his front rank
A. Wise's letter upon the Know-Nothings. man, as indefatigably as those migratory At least two different hands bave been encaterpillars which perish by millions, yet
gaged in the work. The first two chapters never halt while alive, in crossing fire or
are introductory, and pompously and foolwater on their line of march. The little ishly written. The style of the remainder volume above named, is scarcely to be
is better ; but the work will not elevate the excepted from our rule. If, indeed, in this reputation of Know-Nothing literature; burrying, every day, money-making life of which seems generally by some fatality to the United States, the author can be sup
be flashy, pretentious, and vapid in narraposed to command leisure for the deeption, and sophistical and silly in argument. study and deeper thought which only
The main portion of the work is an exposi can form a poet, we might hope much tion of the necessity for an “ American from the beauty of many of his conceptions, Party,” and a justification of its secret and the clear and unitary character of the means and illiberal ends. The calibre of impression usually left by each poem. But its logic may be calculated from the fact without the expenditure of such thought that a leading point made is, that the sucand study, his productions will be very
cess of the Know-Nothings is a proof of the much too crude and rugged to command honesty and necessity of their enterprise. praise or popularity.
This is the Jesuitical dogma that “the end The following stanzas may serve for a
justifies the means," and identifies the prinspecimen of the less pretentious and more ciples of this new secret tyranny, with those truthful portions of the book.
of the old Jesuitical secret tyranny which
furnishes almost all the capital for the deTHE TWO CITIES.
nunciations and machinations of “Sam." * 'Twas dusk, and from my window
Thus the argument is a stultification of the Upon the street below
reasoner; and if it were not, it is based I saw the people passing Like shadows, to and fro.
upon a false assumption. The “ American " And faintly, very faintly,
party” has been terribly beaten in the most I heard the ceasing din;
important of its undertakings ; and the
revelations attendant upon its struggles and -Dr. JOHN H. GriscoM's Anniversary punishments have laid open a scene of irre- Discourse before the New York Academy sponsible despotism, secret swindling, and of Medicine, discusses the relations between savage intolerance, which must efficiently the people and the science of medicine. destroy the further progress of an organ
Without any inappropriate attempts at proization so odious to all freemen, and so re- fundity or display of technics and technipugnant to all the truths and traditions of cal wisdom, Dr. Griscom has published some our country.
quite startling facts as to the yearly expen--Professor BARNARD's Report on a Pro
diture by the profession and the public for position to modify the Plan of Instruction curing the sick poor, and some valuable in the University of Alabama, is a well suggestions on public bygiene and prophycompacted argument, in favor of the estab lactics. lished custom of founding the collegiate course of study upon thorough instruction
REPUBLICATIONS.—We have received the in Greek, Latin and Mathematics; and in
last two numbers of The Chemistry of favor of making at least the material por
Common Life,' by James F. W. JOHNSTON. tion of the course compulsory upon all
It is one of the clearest and most intereststudents. It must be confessed that neither ingly written treatises upon the science of the optional departments, nor the so-called every-day matters, that we have ever seen. “ Scientific departments” hitherto attempt- The ordinary processes of life and the ed to be annexed to our colleges, have at means of supporting life are very entertainall answered the expectations of their pro- ingly explained, while with the main disjectors ; yet it cannot be denied that thero cussion very many valuable and curious is a decided and increasing public demand facts are collaterally given. This present for some institutional instruction, prepara- number discusses the subjects of respiration tory to scientific or scientific-mechanical and digestion, gives an analysis of the genlife, of a grade corresponding with the eral structure of the body, and explains the “professional" educations now attainable. great circulations of inorganic matter in We anticipate still further modifications of and upon the earth. existing collegiate institutions, or the alter- -Examination of the Principles of Bibnative establishment of rival schools of Art lical Interpretation of Ernesti, Ammon, and Mechanics ; but meanwhile, publica- Stuart, and other philologists. By ALEXtions like the present, show that the conser- ANDER CARSON, LL.D. This work is little vative party will keep as tight a rein as more than a disparaging review of the phipossible upon rampant reformers. This is lological rules of the authors named on the as it should be; the educational centres of title-page. The jet of the discussions is to the country are the worst possible fields for expose the illogical and unpbilosophical any but the most carefully considered and character of the principles or pretended safest experiments.
principles of Ernesti, of his commentator - Professor Youmans' Chemical Atlas Ammon, and more exceptionally of Stuart, is not only a good class-book for schools, Gill, and other commentators on the Bible; but a valuable and pleasant book for all in which Dr. Carson certainly succeeds. But untechnical people to own and to read. It so far as he has attempted any positive operagives very clear explanations of the princi- tions he bas not accomplished any very great pal chemical facts, and renders them still results. He earnestly urges the importance clearer, by the tangible and unmistakeable of spiritual knowledge, as an indispensable method of ocular demonstration. Professor qualification for hermeneutical investigaYoumans' large Chemical Charts are well tion, yet he cannot, any more than the known, and are most useful adjuncts to the men whose canons he attacks, avoid erectusual courses of instruction. Reduced co- ing rules for those investigations which are pies of them are given in this work. They solely and simply the results of human illustrate the atomic theory of the chemical philosophy. Dr. Carson, like many other combinations of metals and metalloids by theologians and religious writers, dead and the varied juxtaposition of squares colored living, has displayed in his writings a dicin such a way as to suggest a characteristic tatorial arrogance altogether unlike bis of each element, and of such sizes as to personal deportment; and no insignificant show at a glance the proportions of combi- infusion of this quality appears upon the pation.
pages of the present work. He is profuse in his application of hard names and hard History and the spirit of our rising theo epithets; and in particular he seems to con- logy. Church history has been too often a sider an argument irrefutably clinched dismal task both to writer and reader, a when he has called his adversary a neolo- fruitless chase after truth tbrough labygist. This word, indeed, is with him a sort rinths of dogmatic disputation, or a suffo of universal synonym for everything dis- cating excavation among catacombs of ingenuous and unreliable in argument, and antiquarian formalism. Our age, in its wrong in faith and practice. He inquires, passage from the dynasty of dogma and of about that careful thinker, Professor Stuart, form to the sphere of practical life, has "Did ever the extravagance of fanaticism asked to have the past interpreted in this utter anything more frenzied than this ??? freer spirit, and the indefatgiable student And he customarily serves out to bis oppo- of Berlin, among the dusty tomes of his Dents similar imputations. The time for library, felt himself refreshed by the living sach insults is gone. It is unfortunate that sympathy of a great host of readers, as he the folly of Scioppins and Salmasius must receired witness upon witness to convince be repeated by modern divines, in the midst bim that our century, instead of rejecting of the Christian light of this century. It Christianity, asks rather to see it in its own will damage no man's argument to allow, home, free from the masks that have been tacitly at least, that his adversaries are fastened to its features. The preface to the honest, and to confine himself to the lucid first volume indicates the author's point exposition of their errors. No other mode of view, where he says that the chief aim of discussion will at this day accomplish of his life, from an early period, was to any permanent good.—A Treatise on the represent the history of the Church of Figures of Speech, and another on the Christ as a speaking proof of the divine Right and Duty of all men to read the power of Christianity, as a school of ChrisScriptures, are added. Of this last not tian experience, and a voice sounding much need be said ; as it is calculated for through all ages, of edification and warning an audience of Irish Protestants; and bas for all who are willing to listen." little appropriateness on this side the Atlan- Written in this temper, it is obvious that tic. Of the Treatise on the Figures of Speech, the history of the Church must be the pcrtions are valuable. The general views of history of humanity itself, in the most centhe laws of language, so far as developed, tral and enduring of its developments are sound. Many of the distinctions and de- under the Providence of God. The Chrisfinitions are valuable ; but the treatise, as tian Religion embodied in itself the essence a whole, is wanting in order, lucidity and of the Oriental Spirit under divine illamidistinctness, and evidently demanded care- nation, and in its westward march subdued fal and thorough revision to make it pro- to its power all the empires of the West, perly ready for publication.
even now busying itself with planting its
cross upon the Pacific shores, and preparing TRANSLATIONS.--General History of the to complete the circle of its dominion by Christian Religion and Church. From invading Asia on her eastern coast. All the German of Dr. AUGUSTUS NEANDER. arts, sciences, letters and forms of civilizaTranslated from the Last Edition. By tion, have more or less been stamped by its JOSEPH TORREY, Professor of Moral and mark, so that the record of the Church, Intellectual Philosophy in the University when generously interpreted, is the record of Vermont. In five volumes. Volume of human culture in its broadest and highest Fifth. Published from the Posthumous attainments. Privileged indeed, is the Papers by K. F. Th. Schneider. Boston: scholar who can give his life to the subject Crocker & Brewster, 1854.
in this liberal spirit, and write the history We welcome from the hands of an emi. of divine faith in the temper of a large Dent American scholar this translation of humanity. We cannot, by any means say the closing volume of Neander's noble that Neander has wholly succeeded in his history of Christianity and the Church. task, although be has never been false to Prof. Torrey's undertaking has been justi. the purpose with which he started. We fied by its success as well as by its motive, can justly give him the credit of steering and the reception of this author by Ameri- clear of the odium theologicum that has can readers and students, is proof of a been the bitterness and the blindness of so decided affinity between the spirit of the many of his predecessors. To him Christianity always presents itself as the life of reproduction of the letter of Scriptuze as faith and love, imparted to the soul through
an antidote to the reigning priestcraft. The Christ and the spirit ; and when interpreted
volume ends somewhat abruptly with the by him thus, every age presents noble spe
discussion of the movements among that cimens of this family type. But he is very
interesting and elevated class of mystics, much lacking in colloquial grace of style
the “Friends of God " in the 14th century. and in artistic grouping of subjects. He is
There was something quite espressive in not very interesting to readers who wait
the fact that Neander's pen was stopped by to be charmed down the current of flowery
the hand of death in this field of his labors, periods along banks of picturesque scenery.
for his position towards our age is very He who reads for solid instruction will find much like that of these “Friends of God” himself rewarded abundantly, and may be
towards their own age. Like them he sure of having the pith of every contro
embodies the Christian temper and spiritual versy and the turning point of every
experience, that are to win men to a new revolution distinctly laid before him. In this
and better comprehension of religion, more defect and in this excellence, Neander but
than he represents the philosophic clearness follows the peculiar gerius of his nation,
and persuasive eloquence that can satisfy the for we are not aware of any profound Ger
intellectual demands and fascinate the restman scholar who brings to this heavy work
less attention of this keen, defiant and exthe peculiar grace so frequent with the
citable generation. We end our notice French and not rare with English scholars.
of these noble volumes, by commending to If, however, he could bave studied style in
the faithful translator's notice, the learned the school of Herder, or caught something
and attractive Biographical work of Bobof literary elegance from Karl Hase, his
ringer, which aims to teach Church history work might have charmed the general
through the lives of the heroes of Christian reader as much as it now rewards the atten
thought and action, as a fit task for his tion of the professional student. The scholarly and accomplished pen, and as volume now before us equals in interest quite likely to reward his labor. any of its predecessors, excepting, perhaps, the second volume which treats of men and ENGLISH.-Cain, by CHARLES BOXER, is opinions in that age of the Milne Fathers, no improvement on Byron's Cain ; and, which gave law for ages to Christendom. we apprehend, hardly superior to GESNER'S It goes over more than a century, from the Death of Abel. It is a poem in blank height of the papal prerogative under verse, which so works up the slender story Boniface VIII., A. D. 1300, to the Council in Genesis, as to make it appear that Cain of Constance, 1414 ; and the execution of slew his brother by accident, merely by John Huss and Jerome of Prague, who pushing him over; that his wandering was by their martyrdom more than their writ- a rest, appointed to him by God; and that ings, sowed the seed of the Protestant Adam and Eve had no other children than Reformation which rose up to honor by its
these two. This is apparently as quiet a birth the next centennial of their death. way of representing the story as could well To us, as mainly descendants of the English be imagined ; nor is the unimpassioned charace, the chapter on the life and thought racter of the plot relieved by any splendor of Wicklif are most interesting ; and frag
of diction or power of thought. Neither mentary and impoverished as it is, it gives the narrative, the descriptions, nor the diaenough of the author's somewhat original logue, ever rise above a decorous tameness, view of this stout precursor of Luther to
even in the fiercest struggle after a despemake us regret that the sketch could not be rate insanity of expression, where Cain is completed. The philosophical system of
threatening Abel with punishment for perWicklif is very inadequately described, sisting in the attempt to engage his gloomy although is said to prove that he brother in a joint sacrifice. had far more in his mind than the simple