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Mr. Whately conęludes with cautioning his readers against supposing that the line of couduct which she recommends will: uniformly obtain full credit. He who adopts it must expect to incur, if not hostility, at least unfriendly suspicion from the violent and narrow-minded of all parties.'-p. 271. He must expect also to forego, for the present at least, much of the celebrity which he might otherwise have obtained.

For unquestionably equal talents will obtain very unequal shares of applause in the advocate of a party, and in the peace maker.'-p. 272.

Let him hope, however, that by prudent zeal, he may in time wear out both obloquy and suspicion ; that by unconquerable gentleness, he will at length disarm hostility; that by his firmness and activity, he will gradually do away the imputation of weakness and insincerity; and that whenever the storm of angry passion shall subside, the steady though quiet current of sound reason will prevail. And let him remember, that, in proportion as he is advancing in the good opinion of the members of the opposed parties, he is also promoting their benefit; -in proportion as they become reconciled to him, they will also approach toward a reconciliation with each other.'-p. 273.

We have thus endeavoured to give-at greater length than we had originally intended—a general view of Mr. Whately’s volume. It contains in every part a variety of excellent observations collateral to his main subject, and bearing upon the actual state of religious feeling and opinion in this country. For these, of course, we have no room.

The style is that of a powerful intellect thoroughly engrossed by its subject, and not always condescending to attend to the little niceties of language. The fulness of the author's mind, and his anxiety to give a complete view of every part of his sub. ject, has sometimes induced him to load bis periods with more matter than they can conveniently carry. If the sentences had been more broken down, and the parentheses less frequent, the style would, we think, have gained both in clearness and ini harmony.

Even this we say with hesitation. Often the pauses are well diversified, and the rhythm all that we could wish. The language has generally much of vigour, and abounds in passages which a reader would wish to remember, both for the excellence of the sentiments and the force with which they are expressed. Mr. Whately does not make much use of figures. Those which he employs are generally remarkably apt, and well chosen, Two or three instances we may be allowed to give :--Speaking of the ardour which men derive from party-union, he compares them to kindled brands, which, if left to themselves separately, would be soon extinct, but when thrown together, burst into a blaze.?

The following metaphor is very beautiful :• We must beware of taxing with wilful blindness, those whose views

are

the

are limited only by the lowness of their position; as they rise in abilities and attainments, the horizon will gradually widen around them, and a larger and larger prospect will be spread before their eyes of the boundless extent of divine wisdom and perfections.'

Again,

• When heresies, which if disregarded might have sunk into speedy oblivion, have been thus magnified into serious evils, the opposers of them appeal to the magnitude of those evils, to prove that their opposition was called for: like unskilful physicians, who, when by violent remedies they have aggravated a trifling disease into a dangerous one, urge the violence of the symptoms which they have themselves produced, in justification of their practice.'

We are decidedly of opinion that a Bampton Lecturer ought, in compliance with the will of the founder, to print his sermons as they were delivered from the pulpit. It must be confessed, however, that a series of discourses preached at fixed intervals,—-in one case, with the interval of the Easter vacation,-is attended with some inconveniences. It becomes expedient to repeat and recapitulate, sometimes to anticipate, and to adopt a variety of connecting links, which, though of good use in sermons which are preached, are so many drawbacks

upon compactness

and concinnity of a book. This tends, on the whole, to give it more the air of conversation, than of a just and well-measured composition. Many readers, too, we suspect-Olou vův Bgorol eldi-are a little disposed to be alarmed at the name of Bampton Lectures. On all these accounts we cannot help wishing that Mr. Whately would take the trouble of throwing his excellent matter into the form of a treatise or essay. His volume, as it now stands, contains nothing but what is valuable in itself; but still, from the causes above assigned, there are some parts which might be thrown together, some which might be pared off. Unity and arrangement would of course be objects of primary attention, and no writer is more capable of giving these qualities to a work than Mr. Whately. If he could be persuaded to do this, he would produce a publication excellent in itself and most acceptable to the public. In the mean time, we earnestly recommend the present volume to the perusal of our readers. There are few, perhaps, who will not thank us for our recommendation. They will, we are confident, agree with us in thinking, that it exhibits, in no ordinary degree, accuracy of thought and observation, with a character of manly simplicity and frankness-that it breathes in every part the genuine spirit of Christian liberality, united with a warm and uncompromising attachment to the cause of truth.

There is only one observation more, which we would leave with Mr. Whately. It would be a great satisfaction if, in presenting the substance of this volume to the world in apother shape, he

would

would add a chapter on the nature and influence of Christian charity considered in itself. · As this publication now appears, it offers to our notice only the external machinery of party warfare, the prudential management of intellectual contests, and the advantages arising from a skilful adaptation of our conduct to the feelings and principles of others. We have no wish to discredit this kind of management, and what we have already said will be the proof of it. But there is a principle whichi, previously formed in the heart, will tend to produce all the benefits here so circumstantially described as resulting from personal discretion. This is Charity. From the Jove of God properly flows the love of our neighbour; and from genuine Christian charity will proceed the most temperate, and, on the whole, the most skilful mode of managing whatever discussions may arise on matters of religion.'

6

Art. VIII.-A Sketch of the Mosquito Shore, including the Terri

tory of Poyais, descriptive of the Country; with some Information as to its Productions, the best Mode of Culture, 8c. chiefly intended for the Use of Settlers. By Thomas Strangeways, K.G.C. Captain First Poyer Native Regiment, and Aide-de-Camp to His Highness Gregor, Cazique of Poyais. Edinburgh. 1822.

THE earth has bubbles, as the water has,

And these are of them!'But even the South-Sea bubble, pregnant as it was with mischief, was substantial compared to the bubbles at present floating around us, and which, each in its turn, will in due time burst, and leave not u wreck behind. That so many sober-minded and sensible people should become dupes to such wild and hopeless speculations and barefaced frauds, as are every day practised upon them, is to us, at least, wholly unaccountable, unless they have suddenly become converts to the soundness of that axiom of our political economists, that ! money is not wealth. Every day and every hour we hear of some new loan coming into the market-Spanish Columbian-Chili-Peruvian—no matter what; indeed it would not greatly surprize us, if the Patagonians should condescend to apply for some of our money on the guarantee of the territory of Terra del Fuego, and the sea-calves of New Shetland; or if the Eskimaux of Barrow's Strait should propose a loan on the credit of tolls to be collected from the North-West Passage.

The last, and not the least modest, attempt to raise the wind,' is that of the gull-catchers from the Mosquito shore, who

lrave made their appearance in the market under the twofold character of loan-jobbers and land-jobbers; holding forth the seducing temptations of high interest for the one, and low prices for the other-interest, we suspect, without principal—and prices without commodities. The ready money price, and there is no other, is but four shillings an acre; and, as the whole disposable territory consists only of 50,000,000 acres, (about seventy-six thousand square miles,) what a bait is here held forth for the Rothschilds and the Maberleys, or any other ambitious Jews or jobbers, to become, not only inmense land-proprietors, but powerful sovereigns, for the trifling sum of eight or ten millions sterling!

Our readers will, no doubt, be desirous of knowing whereabouts, on the surface of the wide world, these said seventy: six thousand square miles, which constitute the territory of Poyais, may be situated—where all manner of grain grows without sowing, and the most delicious fruits without planting; where cows and horses support themselves, and where, like another blessed country on the same continent, roasted pigs run about with forks in their backs, crying, 'come, eat me! We must inform them then, that Poyais is a paltry "town' of huts and log-houses, belonging to Spain, in the territory of Honduras, a province of Mexico, and situated on the Black River, sixty miles inland, and nearly south from Cape Camaron, both of which will be found on the maps in about 16° lat. in that part of North America usually known by the name of the Mosquito shore -a word, however, so ominous, that His Highness the Cazique (of whom hereafter) thinks it prudent to sink it, or to mention it only under the diluted name of Mosquitia.

Now as the whole of the Mosquito shore, and Honduras, and the town of Poyais, have for many centuries belonged to Spain, and been considered as constituent portions of the kingdom of Mexico, not one foot of which was ever held by the English, except occasionally, during a war, by the Buccaneers, or more recently by the logwood-cutters, we apprehend that the settlers,' if any such egregious -simpletons should be found, will be considered by the Mexicans, or the Spaniards, as trespassers, and treated accordingly; and that the piece of parchment, so neatly and mathematically marked out into squares of one mile, or 640 acres, each, to be seen at the Land-Office, No. 1, Dowgate-hill;' will be nearly the whole of the promised land of which they will ever obtain quiet possession.

In order to prevent, as far as lies in our power, the further sacrifice of these luckless victims to credulity, we think it right to state briefly, from the several treaties with Spain, the relation

in which Great Britain stands with regard to the territories in question. First then, by the treaty concluded the 3d September, 1783, at Versailles, His Catholic Majesty agrees that His Britannic Majesty's subjects shall have the right of cutting, loading, and carrying away logwood in the district lying between the rivers Wallis, or Bellize, and Rio-Hondo; and from the sea as far inward as the New-river Lake; within which boundaries the logwood-cutters are allowed, without interruption, 'to build houses and magazines necessary for themselves, their families, and their effects, provided, however, that these stipulations shall not be considered as derogating in any wise from his Catholic Majesty's rights of sovereignty.' It is also stipulated, in the same treaty, that if any fortifications should actually have been heretofore erected within the limits marked out, His Britannic Majesty shall cause them all to be forthwith demolished; and to order his subjects not to build any new ones.' These limits, by a convention between Great Britain and Spain, signed at London the 14th July, 1786, are somewhat extended, and permission given to cut mahogany as well as logwood, and to gather the fruits or produce of the earth purely natural or uncultivated;' but it is expressly agreed, that this stipulation is never to be used as a pretext for establishing in that country any plantation of sugar, coffee, cocoa,' &c. ... since all the lands in question, being indubitably acknowledged to belong, of right, to the crown of Spain, no settlements of that kind, or the population which would follow, can be allowed.'

It is true, the limits marked out for the logwood cutters are nearly two degrees to the northward of the Poyais and the Mosquito territory; but, in the same convention, His Britannic Majesty agrees that his subjects, and other colonists, who had hitherto enjoyed the protection of England, shall evacuate the country of the Mosquitos, as well as the continent in general, and the islands adjacent, without exception.' And His Catholic Majesty, prompted solely by motives of humanity, promises to the King of England, that he will not exercise any act of severity against the Mosquitos, on account of the connections which may have subsisted between the said Indians and the English.

Nothing can more clearly establish the sole right of Spain to these territories, than the treaty and convention above mentioned. We never had any business there. The simple fact is, that the Mosquito Indians have always borne an inveterate dislike to the Spaniards. The Duke of Albemarle, when governor of Jamaica, fostered this dislike, and invested one of the Indians with a commission as chief of the Mosquitos under the protec

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