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A Vindication of the Authenticity of the Narratives contained in the two first Chapters

of the Gospels of St. Matthew and St. Luke; being an Investigation of Objections urged by the Unitarian Editors of the Improved Version of the New Testament. By

a Layman. 8vo. 10s. 6. bds. Twenty-four Sermons on Practical Subjects, translated from the Works of the most

eminent French and Dutch Protestant Ministers in Holland. By J. Werninck, D.D.

&c. 8vo. 10s. 6d. Orton's Sacramental Meditations, abridged, selected, and arranged, for the Use of Young Persons.

12mo. 38. 6d. A Defence of the Deity and Atonement of Jesus Christ, in Reply to Ram Mohun Roy

of Calcutta. By Dr. Marsbman of Seram pore. 8vo. 7s. bds. Gleanings and Recollections on Moral and Religious Subjects. By a Parent. 18mo. 13. Vol. IV. of Sketches of Sermons ; furnished by their respective authors. 12mo. 4s. A Charge delivered to the Clergy of the Archdeaconry of Derby. By J. Butler, D.D.

8vo. 1s. 6d. Genuine Religion the best Friend of the People. By the Rev. A. Bonar. 18mo. 1s. The Constitution of the Character of Jesus Christ, in two parts. 8vo. 10s. bds. Treatises on the Life, Walk, and Triumph of Faith. By the Rev. W. Romaine, A.M.

with an Introductory Essay. By Thomas Chalmers, D.D. 2 vols. 12mo. 9s. bds. The Redeemer's Tears wept over Lost Souls ; with Two Discourses on Self-Dedication,

and on Yielding Ourselves to God. By the Rev. John Howe, A, M. With an Introductory Essay. By the Rev. Robert Gordon, Edinburgh. Price 3s. 6d. bds.

TOPOGRAPHY. A Guide to the County of Wicklow ; illustrated by five highly finished engravings,

after the designs of George Petrie, Esq. By the Rev. G. N. Wright, A.M. Royal

18mo. 7s. The History of Modern Wiltshire, Hundred of Mere. By Sir Richard Colt Hoare,

Bart. Illustrated with numerous highly finished engravings. Folio, on large paper,

61. 6s. Small paper, 31. 13s. 6d. Graphic Illustrations of Warwickshire; consisting of a Series of Engravings of the most

celebrated Architectural Remains, and the most interesting Natural Scenery of the

County, with Historical and Descriptive Notices. An Historical and Descriptive Sketch of Wardour Castle and Demesne, in the County

of Wilts, the Seat of Lord Arundel. By John Butter. 35. Authentic Records of the Guild Merchant of Preston, in the county of Lancaster, in

1822. .By J. Wilcockson. Plates. 8vo. 5s. A New Guide to Fonthill Abbey, Wiltshire, the Seat of Wm. Beckford, Esq. 3s. A Guide to the Lakes in Cumberland, Westinoreland, and Lancashire. By John Robinson, D.D. 8vo. 159.

VOYAGES AND TRAVELS. Vestiges of Ancient Manners and Customs discoverable in Modern Italy and Sicily,

By the Rev. J. J. Blunt. 8vo. 9s. 6d. Narrative of the Expedition to Dongola and Sennaar. By an American in the Service

of the Viceroy. 8vo. 9s. 6d. A Journey to Two of the Oases of Upper Egypt. By Sir Archibald Edmonstone.

8vo. 10s. 6d. An Historical and Topographical Essay upon the Islands of Corfu, Leucadia, Cepha

lonia, Ithaca, and Žante. By Wm. Goodison, A.B. 8vo. Letters from Mecklenburgh and Holstein. By George Downes, A.B. 10s. 6d. Notes during a Visit to Mount Sinai. By Sir Frederick Henniker, Bart. Letters from America ; containing Observations on the Climate and Agriculture of the

Western States, &c. &c. By James Flint. 8vo. 10s. 6d. Journal of a Tour from Astrachan to Karass, containing Remarks on the General Ap

pearance of the Country, Manners of the Inhabitants, &c. ; with the Substance of many Conversations with Effendis, Mollas, and other Mahomedans, on the Questions at issue between them and Christians. By the Rev. William Glen, Misssionary, Astrachan.

12s.

12mo.

4s.

London: Printed by C. Rowortii,

Bell-yard, Temple-bar.

ART. I. HISTOIRE de l'Assemblée Constituante de France. Par

M. Ch. Lacretelle.

271

II. A Description of the Antiquities and other Curiosities of

Rome. By the Rev. Edward Burton, M.A. Student of Christ

Church.

315

III. Narrative of a Voyage round the World in the Uranie and

Physicienne Corvettes, commanded by Captain Freycinet, during

the Years 1817, 18, 19, and 20; on a scientific Expedition un-

dertaken by order of the French Government. In a Series of

Letters to a friend, By J. Arago.

332

IV. 1. Report from the Select Committee on Poor-Rate Returns.

Ordered by the House of Commons to be printed 15th July,

1822.

2. A Bill to amend the Laws regarding the Maintenance of the

Poor. Ordered by the House of Commons to be printed July

24, 1822.

3. The Speech of Michael Nolan, Esq. delivered in the House of

Commons, Wednesday, July 10, 1822, on moving for Leave to

bring in a Bill to alter and amend the Laws for the Relief of the

Poor.

4. A Speech delivered on the 24th of May, 1822, before the Ge-

neral Assembly of the Church of Scotland, explanatory of the

Measures which have been successfully pursued in St. John's

Parish, Glasgow, for the Extinction of its compulsory Pauper-

ism; with an Appendix. By Thomas Chalmers, D.D. Minister

of St. John's Church, Glasgow.

349

V. The Travels of Theodore Ducas, in various Countries in

Europe, at the Revival of Letters and Art, Edited by Charles,

Mills. Part the First,

365

VI. Narrative of a Journey to the Shores of the Polar Sea, in the

Years 1819, 20, 21, and 22. By John Franklin, Captain R.N.,

F.R.S. and Commander of the Expedition. With an Appendix

on various Subjects relating to Science and Natural History.

Illustrated by numerous Plates and Maps. Published by Au-

thority of the Right Honourable the Earl Bathurst.

372

VII. The Odes of Pindar, translated from the Greek. With

Notes, Critical and Explanatory. By Abraham Moore, Esq.

Part I.

410

VIII. 1. An

VIII. 1. An Act for the Encouragement of Navigation and Com

merce, by regulating the Importation of Goods and Mercban. dize, so far as relates to the Countries or Places from whence, and the Ships in which such Importation shall be made.

3 Geo. IV. c. 43, 24th June, 1822. 2. An Abstract of the New Navigation Act, 3 Geo. IV. c. 43,

with a List of the Ancient Statutes and Modern Acts relating to Trade which have been repealed by the Acts 3 Geo. IV. cc. 41, 42; to which is added an Abstract of a Bill for Consolidating

the Laws relating to the Trade with the East Indies. 3. An Abridgement of the Two Important Navigation and Com

mercial Acts of Parliament just passed. "By G. P. Andrewės. 430 IX. Memoirs of the Private Life of Marie Antoinette, Queen of

France and Navarre; to which are added, Recollections,
Sketches, and Anecdotes, illustrative of the Reigns of Louis XIV.,
Louis XV. and Louis XVI. By Madame Campan, First Femme-
de-Chambre to the Queen.

449 X. ROYAL MEMOIRS, --containing 1. A Narrative of the Jour

ney. to Varennes. By H. R. H. the Duchess of Angoulême; printed uniformly with Mad. de CAMPAN.-2. A Narrative of the Journey to Bruxelles and Coblentz in 1791. By MONSIEUR, now Louis XVIII. King of France. And 3. Private Memoirs of what passed in the Temple, from the Imprisonment of the Royal Family to the Death of the Dauphin. By H. R. H. the Duchess D'Angoulême.

464 XI. 1. Annuaire Historique Universel. 2. Histoire des Evènemens de la Grèce. Par M. Raffenel. 474 XII. Histoire de la Théophilantropie, depuis sa Naissance jusqu'à son Extinction. Par M. Grégoire, ancien Evêque de Blois, Membre de l'Institut, &c.

493 XIII. 1. The Crisis of Spain. La Crise de l'Espagne. 2. Constitucion Politica de la Monarquía Española. 3. Reflections on the State of Spanish South America. 4. De l’Excellence de la Guerre avec l'Espagne. Par A. L. B. 5. Anecdotes of Spanish and Portugueze Revolutions. By Count Pecchio.

536

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Index.

561

THE

QUARTERLY REVIEW.

JANUARY, 1823,

Art. I.-Histoire de l'Assemblée Constituante de France. Par

M. Ch. Lacretelle. 2 vol. 8vo. Paris. 1822. THE HE most ungrateful task which an historian can undertake is

to record the transactions of his own times. Let him use what discretion he may, he must offend the mighty phalanx of those who think they cannot be too lightly censured, or too highly praised; and he is constantly placed between the perilous alternatives of drawing down hatred upon himself, or of sacrificing his duty. No doubt, however, can exist as to the course he is bound to pursue.

No man is called upon to register the deeds of his contemporaries; but, the moment he does engage in such a work, he must give up every object but truth; he must treat the living as he would the dead; and speak of them with the same impartiality as if they had existed centuries ago.

The situation of M. Lacretelle, in this respect, is more favourable than that of most historians who have treated of a period so near to their own : not only the scythe of time has mowed down more numerous actors than have usually fallen in political disturbances; but events have succeeded each other so rapidly, the period bas been so completely filled with wonders, that the early part of the revolution has almost lost the interest it claimed in its newness; and has, in some measure, obtained the oblivious honours of premature antiquity. Of the men who were engaged in it, many have fallen on the scaffold, many in the field. The survivors, dragged into new scenes of action, pow contemplate the past with indifference; and, intent upon the reputation which later incidents have completed for them, care very little about the rough-bewn fame which their early exploits bad sketched. This state of feeling too has been particularly increased by the mobility of the French character; and inany who could not tolerate the slightest aspersion upon their present conduct, can yet listen unmoved to praise or censure upon their actions of an older date.

M. Lacretelle is known by several other works of considerable merit, and well worthy of perusal; the History of the Religious Wars during the five Reigns, from Henry II. to Henry IV. inclusively; and the History of France during the Eighteenth Century. With respect to the work before us, it is written, for the most part, with fairness ; and upon the whole, the author may be conVOL. XXVIII. NO, LVI.

sidered

S

sidered as the best French historian now existing; and if historical pictures and sketches were real bistory, we should not hesitate to place him in the first rank among his countrymen, dead or alive. The present, however, is not his first essay upon the French Revolution. A narrative of that dreadful event had been commenced by Rabaud St. Etienne, a partizan of the republic, but averse to regicide; and it was continued by M. Lacretelle in the same tone of mind. But the volumes now before us breathe a different spirit; and we heartily congratulate their author upon the severe animadversions which this change has drawn upon him from the French liberalists. The deviations of M. Lacretelle from sound principle have been in a great measure corrected by years; and his former helpmates are nettled at his abjuration of wickedness and folly.

We could quote numerous instances of a similar reform among the eminent men of our own country; and as far as we have had opportunities of observing the direction which the tide of political opinions assumes, as men advance in life, we have found their

general tendency to be from ultra democracy in youth, through milder modifications of popular influence, to more settled forms of monarchy, in maturer age. To inexperienced imaginations, fresh from the classic schools of Greek and Roman polity, a republic has irresistible charms, until the world has taught them that its fascinations are all in theory. The commerce of mankind, the study of other histories, the corrections which reason daily brings to the illusions of fancy, show, at length, how vain are the dreams of democracy, in nine-tenths of the globe; and intellects, matured by years, abandon them. Such was the course which the judgment of Burke pursued; the opinions of Sheridan were less tinctured with popularism, if we may use the expression, in his late, than in his early years; Grattan latterly had imbibed a different idea of the French Revolution, from that which he once harboured; and Curran, even so early as 1802, gave up many notions he once entertained in its favour, declaring that it had thrown the nation one century back from true liberty. We might add another, a living Irish orator, no less distinguished, whose present opinions, in the senate, have a slighter leaning to the popular side, than when he began his honourable career. We have mentioned Irish orators, because, in their island, imagination still bears a greater proportion in the public mind, than it does in forming the spirit of these more sober provinces of the British realm. M. Lacretelle, as we observed above, has followed this general law.

We wish it were in our power to compliment M. Lacretelle upon the correction of another fault which pervaded his former works, particularly his · History of France during the Eighteenth Century,' and which is entirely unworthy of a man of talents; we

mean

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