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PASSED BY THE

THIRD GENERAL ASSEMBLY

FIRST SESSION,

COMMENCED, AT VANDALIA, DECEMBER 2, 1829.

AND ENDED FEBRUARY 18, 1823.

TO WHICH ARE PREFIXED

THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE, THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION, TIE

CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES. THE DAID OF CESSION FROM VII
TIE ORDINANCE FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF THE TERRITORY N. W OF THE
OHIO, THE ACT OF CONGRESS FOR THE ADMISSION OF ILLI VOIS INTO TIE UNI-
ON, AND THE ACT OF CONGHESS FOR TAKING UP FUGITIYES TROY JUSTICE ASB
RUNAWAY SLAVXS.

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DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE,

IN CONGRESS, JULY 4th, 1776.

THE UNANIMOUS DECLARATION OF THE THIRTEEN UNITED STATES

OF AMERICA,

When, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have conrected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the laws of nature and of nature's God entitle them, a decent pespect to the opinions of mankind requires, that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.

We hold these truths to be self evident that all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. That, to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just: powers from the consent of the governed; that whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new government, Taying its foundation on such principles, and organizing its powers in such :form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their safety and · happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate, that governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience bath shown, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object, evinces a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their right, it is their duty to throw off such government, and to provide new guards for their future sc. curity. Such has been the patient sufferance of these colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former systems of government. The history of the present king of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute tyranny over these states. To prove this, let facts be submitted to a candid world.

He has refused his assent to laws the most wholesome and nebessary for te" ile good.

He has forli 2 is governors to pass laws of immediate and presang impo 100, unless suspended in their operation, till his

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