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2536

MILITARY MANNERS

AND CUSTOMS

BY

JAMES ANSON FARRER

AUTHOR OF

'PRIMITIVE MANNERS AND CUSTOMS' 'CRIMES AND PUNISHMENTS' ETC.

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PREFACE.

In the present volume I have attempted within the limits of the historical period and of our European civilisation, and without recognising any hard and fast line between ancient and modern, Christian and Pagan, to allude, in the places that seemed most appropriate, to all points in the history of war that appeared to be either of special interest or of essential importance. As examples of such points I may refer to the treatment of prisoners of war, or of surrendered garrisons; the rules about spies and surprises ; the introduction of, and feeling about, new weapons; the meaning of parts of military dress; the origin of peculiar customs like the old one of kissing the earth before a charge; the prevalent rules of honour, as displayed in notions of justice in regard to reprisals, or of fairness in stratagems and deception. The necessity of observing in so vast a field the laws of proportion has enforced resort to such condensation, that on subjects which deserve or possess their tomcs upon tomes, I have in many cases been unable to spend more than a page or a chapter. It is easier, how

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