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INDEX

Administration, executive as agent | Arrondissement, administrative di-
of, 69.

vision of France, 208.
Administrative courts, 104, 106. Asia, governments in, 5.
Administrative districts of Prussia, Assemblies. See Legislative de-
221.

partment.
Africa, governments of, 5.

Assembly, State, 225, 226.
Age limitations of voters, 147. Attorney, prosecuting, 229.
Aggression, government

insures Australian Commonwealth, initia-
safety from, 6.

tive in, 165.
Agriculture department, U. S. or Autocratic governments (autocra-
ganization, 95.

cies), characteristics of, 9.
Alaska, government of, 272.
Amendment of constitutions, 32 Banks, farm loan and land, U. S.,

35; Cuba, 39; denying power of, 403; Federal reserve, 402; gov-
33; France, 34; Germany, 34; ernment regulation of, 398-404.
no provision for, 32; United Belgian Congo, government of,
States, 33-35.

268.
America, government, forms of, 5. Belgium, military government in
American Army of Occupation, Germany, 319.

Germany, billeting of army, 322; Bicameral legislative bodies, 47-55;
censorship under, 322; freedom advantages of, 53; differences
of inhabitants not restricted by, between two chambers, 47-53;
323; General Pershing's procla different tenures of office of both
mation, 327-331 ; judiciary un chambers, 53; disadvantages of,
der, 321 ; orders of, 317-319, 320; 54; powers of the legislative
public works under, 324; requisi chambers, 55; upper chamber,
tions by, 324; sanitation and hereditary, 48.
public health orders, 322; Billeting of army under military
schools and charitable institu rule, 322.
tions under, 324; trade regula- | Boroughs, administrative division
tions, 321.

of England, 211.
Appeal, right of, 113.

Brazil, executive head, direct elec-
Appointing power, executive head, tion of, 78.
71.

British Commonwealth of Nations,
Appropriation bills, powers of leg government of, 263.
islative chambers in regard to, Bryce, Lord, on the United States
56.

constitution, 27.
Argentine Republic, executive Budget, national, 372; United

head, indirect election of, 13, 78. States, Budget and Accounting
Aristocratic governments (aristoc Act, 1921, 377-388.

racies), characteristics of, 9. Bundesrath, German, upper cham-
Army and navy, executive's power ber, character of, 49.
to command, 75.

Burgess, on individual liberty, 31.

Business, government regulation, tional, power of executive in re-
406-409.

gard to, 75..

Commission form of municipal
Cabinet system, advantages of, 84; government, 237; chart showing,

England, 81; France, 82; Ger 248; Iowa act, 241-247.
man Republic, 83; Irish Free Commonwealths of the United
State, 84; Italy, 83; spread of, States. See States of the United
84.

States.
Canton, administrative division of Commune, administrative division

France, 208; of Switzerland, 215. of France, 209; of Prussia, 222;
Ceded territory, military govern of Switzerland, 217.
ment of, 306.

Communication, government own-
Censorship, military, 322.

ership, 391.
Centralized

governments. See Confederate governments, charac-
Unitary Governments.

teristics of, 15.
Chamber of Deputies, France, Congo, Belgian, government of,
election of members, 50.

268.
Charities, function of government Congress, United States statistics
in regard to, 395.

and citations, 68.
Charters, municipal, 234; Spring Constitutions, adherence to strict
field, Ohio, 247-256.

interpretation not followed, 36;
Chili, executive head, indirect amendments, 32-35; classifica-

election of, 13, 78; tenure of tion of material in, 30-35; Cuba,
office of, 79.

text of Platt Amendment, 39;
China, elective head, 12.

defined, 25; of England, 27;
Chinese, not admitted to citizen extra-constitutional powers, 36;

ship in the United States, 148. of France, extracts from, 449-
Circle, (Kreistag), administrative 463; of German Republic, 464-
division of Prussia, 221.

501; with provisions for juris-
Circuit Courts, United States, diction of central over local gov-
228.

ernments, 218; of Irish Free
City government. See Municipal State, 529-548; of Japan, 502-
Government.

511; provisions for amendments,
Citizenshipproblems connected 32-35; for organization and pow-

with bestowal of, 147-150; re ers of government, 31; for rights
quirement for suffrage right, 147. and liberties of individuals, 30;
See also Electorate.

for separation of powers, 42;
City-manager plan of municipal requisites of good, 30; scope of,

government, 237; excerpts from 25; of Soviet Russia, 334-348,
charter of Springfield, Ohio, 247 512-528; of States of the United
256; list of cities having, 257 States, 223; of United States,
258.

26, 32; judicial interpretation,
Civil courts, 104, 106.

35, 111; table of decisions, 122-
Civil function of government, 374. 138; provision for territorial ex-
Classification of forms of govern pansion, 271; text of, 549-566;
ment, 7-18; chart, 18.

written and unwritten, 26-29.
Colonies, as dependencies, 259; Contributions, levying under mili-
government of as, 263.

tary government, 313.
Commerce, government regulation Conventions, political, 192.
of, 404-406.

Councils, local, of England, 212; of
Commerce, United States Depart France, 208; of Switzerland, 216.
ment of, organization, 96.

County, administrative division of
Commercial agreements, interna England, 211.

279-302; types of, 259-263; of

United States, 271-275.
Des Moines, commission form of

government, 237, 241-247.
Despotisms. See Autocratic Gov-

ernment.
District, administrative, division

of Switzerland, 217.

County borough, administrative

division of England, 211.
County courts, United States, 228.
County government, United States,

231.
Courts of justice, administrative,

106; circuit courts, 228; civil and
criminal, 106; county courts,
228; grades of, 103; justice of
the peace, 228; international,
114-121; jurisdiction of, 104,
112; state courts, United States,
109, 228; supreme court of the
state, 229; Supreme Court of
the United States, 35, 111, 122-

138.
Criminal courts, 104, 106.
Cuba, protectorate of U. S., 275;

sovereignty in, 23, 39; text of
Platt amendment to constitu-

tion, 39.
Cumulative vote plan of minority

representation, 161.
Currency, government control of,

390.
Customs duties, 370.

VS.

Education, function of government

in regard to, 394.
Elections, direct, executive head,

11, 13, 77-80; upper chamber,
50; general method of, 155; in-
direct, 12; executive head, 78;
Prussian three-class system, 240;
purpose of, 51; upper chamber,
50; principles governing, 12; in
Soviet Russia, 343; statistics
showing injustice of elections by
majorities, 168-171 ; upper cham-
bers, members of, 49; varia-
tions in constituencies affecting,

51.
Elective governments, 8; princi-

ples governing election, 12.
Electorate, age limitations, 147;

appointive power, 154-164; citi-
zenship of, 147; defined, 145;
functions of. 153; identification
of, 149; legislative powers of,
164-167; mental and moral re-
quirements, 149; powers of, 154-
167; property restrictions, 152;
qualifications of, 146-153; how
legally declared, 146; ratio of,
to entire population, 146; resi-
dence and registration of, 149;
restrictions exercised, 145-153;

restrictions, 149-152; in
Soviet Russia, 339; woman suf-

Dayton, City-manager plan, 237,

248.
Decisions, Downes Bidwell

frage, 149-152.
England. See also Great Britain.

Cabinet system, 81; constitu-
tion, 27; amendments to, 32;
electorate, qualifications of, 146;
executive head, hereditary, 12,
77; legislative recommendations,
72; local, vested in committees,
213; power to convene or ad-
journ Parliament. 74;

veto
power of, 73; government pow-
ers not separated in, 43; House

(insular cases), 287-302.
Democratic governments (democ-

racies), characteristics of, 10;
direct, 10; political parties a
development of, 182; represen-

tative, 10.
Denmark, upper chamber, compo-

sition of, 49.
Département, administrative di-

vision of France, 207.
Dependencies. Belgian Congo, 268;

colonial, 259; government of,
263; definition and nature of,
259; direct, 260; government of,
265; effects of acquisition of
upon nations, 276-278; of
France, government of, 265; of
Great Britain, government of,
263, 266; India, 267; mandates,
269; protectorate, 262; sphere of
influence, 261; treaty to illus-
trate, text of, 279-280; statis-
tics and illustrative citations,

sex

of Lords, character of, 48; leg-
islative bodies, local, 213; statis-
tics and citations, 61-62; local
government, 210-214; national
budget, 372; Old Age Pension
Law, 413-416; Parliament, power
to convene or adjourn, 74; sov-
ereignty in, 20; political parties,
origin of, 183; place of, 186; rep-
resentative system, early, 11; so-
cial insurance, 396; sovereignty
in, 19-21 ; treaty-making power,
75; unitary government, origin

of, 14; woman suffrage in, 151.
Europe, governments, form of, 5;

political parties in countries of,

186-188.
Excise taxes, 371.
Executive department, duties of

personnel of, 70; organization of,

85-96; United States, 85-96.
Executive head, assistants to, 71;

of cities, 234, 235; defined, 69;
duties and functions, 69-77;
elective, 11, 13, 77-80; functions,
administrative agent of legisla-
tive, 69; military powers, 75;
ordinance power for affecting
operation of laws, 74; Overman
Act, 87; pardoning powers, 76;
power in international relations,
75; power over meeting of legis-
lative body, 74; recommending
legislation, 72; veto power, 73;
war powers, 76, 87; hereditary,
11, 77; local government of Eng-
land, vested in committees, 213;
of France, 207-209; of Prussia,
221; of Switzerland, vested in
Executive Council, 216; nomi-
nal and actual, 70, 80; reëlec-
tion, 80; responsibilities for ap-
pointees, 71; of Soviet Russia,
315; states of the United States,
226; tenure of office, 79; unity
of, 70.

origin of, 14; sovereignty, unity

of, in, 24; weakness of, 17.
Federal Reserve Banking System

and Act, 402.
Financial function of government,

363-374, 390.
Florence, mediæval, aristocratic

government in, 10.
France, autocratic government in,

9; cabinet system, 82; constitu-
tion, extracts from, 449-463;
amendment of, 34; constitution
of 1799, 43; dependencies, gov-
ernment of, 265; electorate,
qualifications of, 146; executive
head, indirect election of, 13, 78,
79; legislative recommendations,
72; local, 207-209; reëlection, 80;
tenure of office, 79; veto power
of, 73; legislative bodies, elec-
tions to, 50, 52; local, 208-210;
statistics and citations, 63-64;
local government, 207-210; mili-
tary government in Germany,
319; National Assembly. Sov-
ereignty in, 20, 21; Revolution,
12; sovereignty in, 20, 21; uni-

tary government, origin of, 14.
Functions of government, char-

itable, 395; civil, 374; conserva-
tion of natural resources, 393;
control of communication, 391 ;
of money and currency, 390; of
power plants and water power,
393; of transportation, 391; edu-
cational, 394; financial, 363-374,
390; individualistic theory of,
352-354; inspection, 411; insur-
ance, social, 396; maintenance
of thoroughfares, 392; military,
361-363; necessary,

361-374;
public safety, 392; public works,
390; regulation, 397-412; of
banks, 398-404; of business, 406-
409 (see also Sherman Anti-
Trust Law), of commerce, 404-
406; of industry, 397, 411; of
labor, 409; of morals, 411; of
public safety, 410; of public
health, 410; socialistic theory of,
355-359; statistics and illustra-
tive citations, 375-388, 413-448;
taxation, levying of, 364-372;

Farm Loan Banks, U. S., 403.
Federal governments, characteris-

tics of, 14; distribution of pow-
ers in, 15; local government in,
205, 214-239; local government
in, contrasted with unitary, 214;

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unnecessary or optional, 389-413; Greece, ancient, democracy in 10.
welfare theory, 359-361.

Guelphs, 10.

Hague Peace Conferences, 115.
Galveston, commission form of Harding, Warren G., Protocol of
government, 237.

signature, 120.
German Empire, Bundesrath, 49; Hare system of proportional rep-

constitution, amendment of, 34; resentation, 158-160.
dependencies under Versailles Hawaii, government of, 273.
Treaty, 270; distribution of pow- Health, public, government reg-
ers, 15; electorate, qualifications ulation of, 410; military regula-
of, 146; federal government, tion of, 322.
origin of, 14.

Hereditary executive head, 11, 77.
German Republic, cabinet system, Hereditary governments, 8.

83; constitution, 464-501; ex- Hereditary governments, principles
ecutive head, direct election of, governing inheritance, 12.
77; legislative recommendations, Hereditary system,

House of
72; tenure of office, 79; veto Lords, 48.
power of, 73; jurisdiction of cen- Highways, government function
tral government, 218; legislative in regard to, 392.
bodies, local, 220; powers of, 55 ; Holy Roman Empire, elective
statistics and citations, 65-66 ; head, 11.
local government, 217-223; social Hostile occupation, military gov-
insurance, 396.

ernment of, 304-306, 307-326.
Germany, American military gov- House of Lords, England, charac-
ernment in, 316-326.

ter of, 48; no power over appro-
Ghibellines, 10.

priation bills, 56.
Government. See also under vari-

ous kinds. American form of, Illinois, cumulative vote in, 161.
5; classification of, 7-18; consti- Income tax, 367.
tutional provisions, 31; defined, India, government of, 267.
1, 352; European forms of, 5; Individualistic theory of govern-
form of, 7-18; kinds of, 5, 7-18; ment, 352-354.
origin of, 3-5; purpose of, 6; rea- Individuals, constitutional rights
son for existence of, 2; services and liberties, 30.
of, 2; sovereignty not an attri- Industrial regulation, government
bute of, 25.

function, 397.
Government ownership, extent of, Inheritance tax, 368; England, ex-
390-396.

tract from finance act of 1894,
Government powers, constitutional

375.
provisions for, 42; kinds of, 41; Initiative and referendum, 161-
non-separation of, examples 167; examples of provisions for,
of, 43; separation of, 41-45; 171-178.
strict separation of impractical, Insular cases, decision in, Downes
43.

vs. Bidwell, 287-302.
Government regulation, extent of, Insurance, social, function of gov-

397-412; statistics and illustra- ernment in regard to, 396.
tive citations, 413-448.

Interior, United States Depart-
Governor of a state of the United ment of, organization, 93.
States, 226.

Internal revenue taxes, 371.
Great Britain (see also England). International courts, 114-121;

Dependencies, government of, League of Nations, statute for,
263, 266; sovereignty in, 19-21. 118, 139-144.

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