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STATISTICS AND ILLUSTRATIVE CITATIONS

I

THE OVERMAN Act, May 20, 1918

For the national security and defence, for the successful prosecution of the war, for the support and maintenance of the Army and Navy, for the better utilization of resources and industries, and for the more effective exercise and more efficient administration by the President of his powers as Commander in Chief of the land and naval forces the President is hereby authorized to make such redistribution of functions among executive agencies as he may deem necessary, including any functions, duties, and powers hitherto by law conferred upon any executive department, commission, bureau, agency, office, or officer, in such manner as in his judgment shall seem best fitted to carry out the purposes of this Act, and to this end is authorized to make such regulations and to issue such orders as he may deem necessary, which regulations and orders shall be in writing and shall be filed with the head of the department affected and constitute a public record: Provided, 'That this Act shall remain in force during the continuance of the present war and for six months after the termination of the war by the proclamation of the treaty of peace, or at such earlier time as the President may designate: Provided further, That the termination of this Act shall not affect any act done or any right or obligation accruing or accrued pursuant to this Act and during the time that this Act is in force: Provided further, That the authority by this Act granted shall be exercised only in matters relating to the conduct of the present

war.

Sec. 2. That in carrying out the purposes of this Act the President is authorized to utilize, coördinate, or consolidate any executive administrative commissions, bureaus, agencies, offices, or officers now existing by law, to transfer

or

any duties or powers from one existing department, commission, bureau, agency, office, or officer to another, to transfer the personnel thereof or any part of it either by detail or assignment, together with the whole or any part of the records and public property belonging thereto.

Sec. 3. That the President is further authorized to establish an executive agency which may exercise such jurisdiction and control over the production of aeroplanes, aeroplane engines, and aircraft equipment as in his judgment may be advantageous; and, further, to transfer to such agency, for its use, all or any moneys heretofore appropriated for the production of aeroplanes, aeroplane engines, and aircraft equipment.

Sec. 4. That for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this Act, any moneys heretofore and hereafter appropriated for the use of any executive department, commission, bureau, agency, office, or officer shall be expended only for the purposes for which it was appropriated under the direction of such other agency as may be directed by the President hereunder to perform and execute said function.

Sec. 5. That should the President, in redistributing the functions among the executive agencies as provided in this Act, conclude that any bureau should be abolished and it or their duties and functions conferred upon some other department or bureau or eliminated entirely, he shall report his conclusions to Congress with such recommendations as he may deem proper.

Sec. 6. That all laws or parts of laws conflicting with the provisions of this Act are to the extent of such conflict suspended while this Act is in force.

Upon the termination of this Act all executive or administrative agencies, departments, commissions, bureaus, offices, or officers shall exercise the same functions, duties, and powers as heretofore or as hereafter by law may be provided, any authorization of the President under this Act to the contrary notwithstanding.

II

The Existing ORGANIZATION OF THE EXECUTIVE DEPART

MENTS IN THE UNITED STATES

1

THE PRESIDENT

INDEPENDENT EXECUTIVE ESTABLISHMENTS

Smithsonian Institution (Education and Welfare):

National Museum
National Gallery of Art
International Exchange Service
Bureau of American Ethnology
Astrophysical Observatory
National Zoological Park

International Catalogue of Scientific Literature
Columbia Institution for the Deaf (Education and Welfare)
National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers (Education

and Welfare) Superintendent of the State, War, and Navy Buildings (In

terior)
Civil Service Commission
Interstate Commerce Commission
Geographic Board (omitted)
Commission of Fine Arts (Interior)
Rock Creek and Potomac Parkway Commission (Interior)
Bureau of Efficiency
Federal Reserve Board
Federal Trade Commission
National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (Defense)
Employees' Compensation Commission (Pensions)
Shipping Board:

Emergency Fleet Corporation
Tariff Commission
Federal Board for Vocational Education (Education and

Welfare)
Alien Property Custodian (Justice)
Railroad Administration
War Finance Corporation
Railroad Labor Board

* From Congressional Record. Feb. 16, 1923.

Federal Power Commission (Interior)
Veterans' Bureau (Education and Welfare)
Coal Commission
General Accounting Office (Treasury)
World War Foreign Debt Commission

(1) DEPARTMENT OF STATE

Secretary of State

Diplomatic Service
Consular Service
United States Sections, International Commissions
Undersecretary of State:

Office of Economic Adviser
Division of Latin American Affairs
Division of Mexican Affairs
Division of Current Information
Division of Publications

Office of Special Agent
Assistant Secretary:

Division of Western European Affairs
Division of Near Eastern Affairs
Division of Eastern European Affairs

Bureau of Appointments
Second Assistant Secretary:

Division of Passport Control
Visé Office
Diplomatic Bureau

Bureau of Indexes and Archives
Third Assistant Secretary:

Office of Ceremonials
Division of Far Eastern Affairs
Bureau of Accounts

War Trade Board Section
Director of the Consular Service:

Consular Bureau
Office of Consular Personnel
Commercial Office
Division of Political and Economic Information.

Office of Chief Clerk
Solicitor

(II) DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY

Secretary of the Treasury
Undersecretary, in charge of fiscal bureaus:
Commissioner of the Public Debt-

Division of Loans and Currency
Register of the Treasury
Division of Public Debt Accounts and Audit

Savings Division
Commissioner of Accounts and Deposits

Division of Bookkeeping and Warrants

Division of Deposits
Treasurer of the United States
Comptroller of the Currency
Bureau of the Budget (independent)
Bureau of the Mint
Federal Farm Loan Bureau

Secret Service Division
Assistant Secretary, in charge of foreign loans and miscella-
neous:
United States Section, Inter-American High Commission

(Commerce)
Bureau of Engraving and Printing
General Supply Committee (independent)

Departmental executive offices Assistant Secretary, in charge of public health, public buildings, and Coast Guard (omitted):

Public Health Service (Education and Welfare)
Supervising Architect's Office (Interior)
Coast Guard (Revenue Cutter Service to Defense; Life

Saving Service to Commerce)
Assistant Secretary, in charge of the collection of the revenues:
Bureau of Internal Revenue

Prohibition Commissioner
Division of Customs
Customs Service
(III) DEPARTMENT OF WAR (DEFENSE)

Secretary of War
Assistant Secretary

Executive Offices
General Staff
War boards and commissions

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