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AMERICAN MANUAL;

•«.

NEW ENGLISH READER

CONSISTING OP

EXERCISES IN READING AND SPEAKING,

BOTH IN

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SELECTED FROM THE BEST WRITER& • %

TO WHJCH ABE ADDED,

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A SUCCINCT HISTORY,OF THE COLONIES,

IH THE DISCOVERY OF NORTH AMERICA TO THE 01/68* 09
THE WAR OP THE REVOLUTION;

^ THE DECLARATION OF INDEPESDBNCE,

AND TBS

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CONSTITUTION OF TH5 UNITED STATES.

FOR THE USE OF SCHOOLS.

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Northern District of ftete- York, to vnt;

KE IT REMEMIJERED, that on the H«vmth day of January, in the fiftyfourth year of the indepciKli'nreJt tlie United States of America. A. 1). 183% Moses r, Bverante, of the said dimrfct, hath deputed in this office the title of a bonk, tl* 1i whereof Jib claims as author, in the words following, to wil "'stie American Manual, or Wow English Rentier : constsintof exercises hi Xerulingtftml speaking, both in prone ami poetry: selected frori the best writers. To which are added, a succinct History of the Colonies, fron the discovery of North America to the close of the War of the Revolution ; tie Declaration of Independence, and the Constitution of the Unjtfcd states. For tie use of School* By Mosw .Severance."

'In conformity to the act of the congress of the United ^tates.entitled "An act for the enrouva^ement of learning, by securing the copies of taaps. charts, nml books, to lira authors and proprietors of such copies, during %\c times thereu mentionedalso to the act, entitled, "An act supplementary loan ac.% entitled, an act for cnbpurngement of learning, by securing the lopics of maps, chans, and books, to the authors and proprietors of such copes, during lbs times therein mcntfei&O, and extending the benefits thereof tot he arts of tie signing, engraving, aaiovclung historical and other prints."

%. R, LAH3INQ, Clerk of tho XHstrict Court of the United A for tha NorUtrn Zhsfrte» of As*. York. \

PREFACE/'

Pei no book that has been introduced into the schools of tlda

tenantry, has been m*tre deservedly held in high estimation, than the "English Reader. It is ud.ldtted to unite the most judicious plan, with an excellent selection of matter; but as it lias long been the pdncipal tending hook used in our schools, and as an occasional diange is 1k> fcved tn have an enlivening and salutary.ctlect u;1on tnc learner, 1 have ventured to oiler this compilation to the consideration of those, to whose hands the instruction of youth may have been committed.

Confidence in the favorable rece- ,tion of this offering arises from the rircuicstanee, t! it presents a selection of nmtter, a portion of which •u from American authors. A just pride for the literary reput ition of ou: own country, denies the necessity, or tjven the propriety, of withholding from our youth, in the HV1ks of our primary school, specimens of our own literature—none of which bcitrg found in the Knglish Reader. • »

Of the character of the pikers bertac;, Imitated for the improvement «f learners in reading, a dhersitji of o; inion may I* entertained. Should a want of 4en ptation to juvenile L;Kte be urged, I would reply tnly, that i hrtve designed it principally for the*drst class of learners in our cn'nmc.i schools, whose taste it is liopAl it may have a tendency to mature. In mating the selections, an .".void ,nee of wh;.t is ludicrous', and a rejection of what is unchaste. i:im,oral. or ol'ensive to the eye •rear of the most rc/ined, taste, have teen strictly observed.

With a view of adding essentially to the value of this volume, not enly in the hands of the learner, but in the hands of the community, I have added a concise history of our country at a most interesting period.—the Declaration of Independence—a document which is iurtly esteemed our nation's boast,—and the Constitution of the United States: will; all which Americans, neither in youth nor mature age t?ean be too familiar. Should the third part of this book, however, tn ^j^fhich these are embraced, he thought net loT.ji'ord profitable lessons forttve exercise of youn£ and inexie?rier.ccd readers, it may lie reserved fir t!1em, with undimmished value, when in a greater state of advancement.

i Several' modern writers on the subject of school education, whose \ opinions arc entitled to much regard, have expressed their belief that ^lio rules Ibr the management of the voice in reading, can he of any V value. Thi t opinion, so far as it relates to the younger classes of learn-) era, is undo cbtedly correct: but as many of the first principles of 3r)«loeution can. be clearly illustrated,, and applied to practical use by a 1 little eilhrt on the part of the more advanced learner, it appears to me r*ltat fci--'-n^1frthts hm-'J, designed for the benefit of schools, must be

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deficient without thus. Could every school in the country bo under the instruction of a master of Elocution, the necessity would in a measure cease to exist. But this, unhappily, is not the case. Many of those who engage in the instruction of youth, require themselves tho instruction they .are expected to give, and have perhaps no other means of acquiring it'than from these elementary books from which it would be withheld.

In this stereotype edition, some few alterations have been made; bat the book contains as much matter as the former edition, and its use with it wityjmot he found very inconvenient. It is now offered to tho public in a permanent shape; and from the very favorable reception of die first edition, it will, I trust, continue to receive a patronage commensurate with its value.

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A.M ability to rgad in a correct and interesting manner, has boon* mdispensably requisite for ail who would hold a respectable station in society; anil not only should its acquisition be considered as a |w!iK» accomplishment, but as a talent, subservient to the [.urpcHrs cf business, and of rational enjoyment.

Therc are indeed but few pe—ons in this country, who ere cn> able to read with some degree cf correctness: yet those who may b» called good readers, are less frequently met with than is generally Imagined. Perfection in the art of residing, requires a natural talent, joined to the most persevering industry; and although, it is u point to which few if any are ever able to arrive, jet evry approach to it is of comparative value, and worth, the effort required fez its attainment.

Perhaps there cannot be a more unerring stnnckird fixed for reeding, than to adopt the same easy and natural mode (hat we would in common conversation. In the latter our object is to communicate our own thoughts; in the former to communicate the thoughts of others: — mid in both we wish to do it i:i the manner ee.leulateil to make us host H.nderstood. Uv this remark we do not design to recommend to thus*-, who have adopted a careless manner of comersuticn, the adoption of a similar one in reading; but the same rules wbidk serve to improve the one, may, by their application, have the same happy effect u;ion the other. But let it be distinctly understood, that no rules cm 1* given for the management of the voice in rending, which, independent of feeling, can insure the object desired. "Emotion," says a distinguished writer, "is the thing, (hie Tush of passion on'the cheek, one beam of feeling from the eve, one thrilling note of sensibility from the tongue, have a thousand ti:nos more value than any exemplification of mere rules, where feeling is alwnt."

The observations which we shall make upon the principles, ef reaoV rag, or manner of delivery, will tic comprised under the following heaAs-. Articulation, Accent, Emphasis, Inflfxtkim, Mo^nrSNn, and Moocl-atiox, with a few remarks upon the Rkaoinq Of Vkksk.

1. Articulation.'

A C.oot\ nrticulation consists in a clcar'and distinct utterance of tin different sounds of the language; and i< one of the most important particulars to be considered. ]Vo matter* upon what subject, or upon what occasion a man may read, or speak to hi? fellow men, he never Mil lie listened to ftr any length of time, unless he be distinctly heard, and that without cflorfcVi the part of his liearrrs. No interest of the subject can excuse a rapid and indistinct utterance. Many there are

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