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no amendment, which may be made prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and eight shall in any manner affect the first and fourth clauses in the ninth section of the first Article; and that no State, without its consent, shall be deprived of its equal suffrage in the Senate.

ARTICLE 6 – MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS. 23. All debts contracted, and engagements entered into, before the adoption of this Constitution, shall be as valid against the United States, under this Constitution, as under the confederation.

This Constitution, and the Laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof, and all treaties made, or which shall be inade, under the authority of the United States, shall be the supreme law of the land; and the Judges in every State shall be bound thereby, any thing in the Constitution or Laws of any State to the contrary notwithstanding.

The Senators and Representatives before mentioned, and the members of the several State Legislatures, and all executive and judicial officers, both of the United States and of the several States, shall be bound, by oath or affirmation, to support this Constitution; but no religious test shall ever be required as a qualification to any office or public trust under the United States.

ARTICLE 7 - RATIFICATION. 24. The ratification of the conventions of nine States shall be sufficient for the establishment of this Constitution between the States so ratifying the same.

ARTICLES IN AMENDMENT OF THE CONSTITUTION.

ARTICLE 1- - RELIGIOUS AND POLITICAL FREEDOM. 25. Congress shall make no law respecting an estabsishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.

ARTICLE 2 – RIGHT TO BEAR ARMS. 26. A well-regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed.

ARTICLE 3 – QUARTERING SOLDIERS. 27. No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war but in a manner to be prescribed by law.

ARTICLE 4-UNREASONABLE SEARCHES AND SEIZURES. 28. The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects against unreasonable searches and seizures shall not be violated; and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched and the persons or things to be seized.

ARTICLE 5 -TRIALS, HOW INITIATED. 29. No person shall be held to answer for a capital or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment by a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service in time of war or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled, in any criminal case, to be a witness against himself; nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.

ARTICLE 6 - RIGHTS OF THE ACCUSED. 30. In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed (which district shall have been previously ascertained by law), and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor; and to have the assistance of counsel for his defense.

ARTICLE 7-TRIAL BY JURY, 31. In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact, tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined, in any Court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.

ARTICLE 8 - EXCESSIVE BAIL, FINES, AND PUNISHMENT. 32. Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.

ARTICLE 9- RULES OF CONSTRUCTION. 33. The enumeration, in the Constitution, of certain rights shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.

ARTICLE 10– - RIGHTS RESERVED TO STATES AND PEOPLE. 34. The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States, respectively, or to the people.

ARTICLE 11 -LIMITATION OF JUDICIAL POWER. 35. The judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by citizens of another State or by citizens or subjects of any foreign State.

ARTICLE 12- - ELECTION OF PRESIDENT AND VICE-PRESIDENT 36. The electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote by ballot for President and Vice-President, one of whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same State with themselves; they shall name in their ballots the person voted for as President, and in distinct ballots the person voted for as Vice-President; and they shall make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, and of all persons voted for as Vice-President, and of the number of votes for each ; which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit, sealed, to the seat of the Government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate. · The President of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates, and the votes shall then be counted. The person having the greatest number of votes for President shall be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed; and if no person have such majority, then, from the persons having the highest numbers, not exceeding three, on the list of those voted for as President, the House of Representatives shall choose immediately, by ballot, the President. But in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by States, the representation from each State having one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from twothirds of the States, and a majority of all the States shall be necessary to a choice. And if the House of Representatives shall not choose a President, whenever the right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth day of March next following, then the Vice-President shall act as President, as in case of the death or other constitutional disability of the President.

The person having the greatest number of votes as Vice-President shall be the Vice-President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed; and if no person have a majority, then, from the two highest numbers on the list, the Senate shall choose the Vice-Presi. dent; a quorum for the purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of Senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a choice.

But no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice-President of the United States.

ARTICLE 13-SLAVERY.

SEC.

SF.C.
37. Prohibited.

38. Power to enforce prohibition. 37. Prohibited.

1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States or any place subject to their jurisdiction.

38. Power to enforce prohibition. 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this Article by appropriate legislation.

ARTICLE 14 - CITIZENSHIP- REPRESENTATION - OFFICIAL DISA.

BILITIES PUBLIC DEBT.

SEC.

SEC.
39. Who are citizens.

42. Valiaity of public debt. 40. Representatives apportioned,

43. Power to enforce Article. 41. Official disabilities.

39. Who are citizens. 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

40. Representatives apportioned. 2. Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. But when the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for President and Vice-President of the United States, Representatives in Congress, the executive and judicial officers of a State, or the members of the Legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhabitants of such State, being twenty-one years of age and citizens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebellion or other crime, the basis of representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of age in such State.

41. Official disabilities. 3. No person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, or elector of President and Vice-President, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, having previously taken an oath as a Member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State Legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection rebellion against the same or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congress may, by a vote of two-thirds of each House, remove such disability.

42. Validity of public debt. 4. The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claims for the loss or emanci. pation of any slave; but all such debts, obligations, and claims shall be held illegal and void.

43. Power to enforce Article. 5. The Congress shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this Article.

or

ARTICLE 15— THE RIGHT OF SUFFRAGE.

SEC.
44. The rights of voters.

SEC.
45. How enforced.

44. The rights of voters. 1. The right of the citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States, or by any State, on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.

45. How enforced. 2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this Article by appropriate legislation.

CONSTITUTION OF STATE OF INDIANA.

1851.

ART.
1. Bill of Rights.
2. Suffrage and Elections.
3. Distribution of Powers.
4. Legislative.
5. Executive.
6. Administrative.
7. Judicial.
8. Education,

ART.
9.

State Institutions.
10. Finance.
11. Corporations.
12. Militia.
13. Municipal debt.
14. Boundaries.
15. Miscellaneous,
16. Amendments.

Section, 235.- Schedule, To the end that justice be established, public order maintained, and lib

erty perpetuated, we, the people of the State of Indiana, grateful to Almighty God for the free exercise of the right to choose our own form of government, do ordain this CoNsTITUTION.

ARTICLE 1 –

- BILL OF RIGHTS.

SRC.

SEC. 46. Natural rights.

65. Trial by jury inviolate in ciell cases, 47. Right to worship.

66. Compensation for services. 48. Freedom of thought.

67. Exemption - No imprisonment for dett. 49. No preference to any creed.

68. Privileges equal. 50. No religious test.

69. No ex post facto law. 51. No money for religious institutions,

70. Taking effect of laws, 52. Competency of witness.

71. Suspension of laws. 53. Oath, how administered.

72. Suspension of habeas corpus. 54. Free speech and writing.

73.

Treason. ss. The truth in libel.

74.

Proof in treason. 56. Unreasonable search or seizure,

75. Effect of conviction. 57. Courts shall be open,

36. Right to assemble, to instruct, and to pett 58. Rights of accused.

tion. 59. No person twice in jeopardy.

77.

Right to bear arms. 60. Unnecessary rigor prohibited.

28. Military subject to civil power. 61. Excessive bail and punishment prohibited. 79. Restrictions upon soldiers. 61. Offenses bailable.

80. No titles of nobility. 63. Reformation the basis of Penal Code.

81. Emigration free. 64 Jury in criminal cases determines las and 82., Slavery prohibited,

fact.

46. Natural rights. 1. We declare that all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; that ali power is inherent in the people; and that all free governments are, and of right ought to be, founded on their authority, and instituted for their

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