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103. Qualifications. 7. No person shall be a Senator or a Representative, who, at the time of his election, is not a citizen of the United States. nor any one who has not been, for two years next preceding his election, an inhabitant of this State, and for one year next preceding his election, an inhabitant of the county or district whence he may be chosen. Senators shall be at least twenty-five and Representatives at least twentyone years of age.

104. Privilege from arrest. 8. Senators and Representatives, in all cases except treason, felony, and breach of the peace, shall be privileged from arrest during the session of the General Assembly, and in going to and returning from the same; and shall not be subject to any civil pro.. cess during the session of the General Assembly, nor during the fifteen days next before the commencement thereof. For any speech or debate in either House, a member shall not be questioned in any other place. 105. Sessions,

9. The sessions of the General Assembly shall be held bienniaily at the capital of the State, commencing on the Thursday next after the first Monday of January, in the year one thousand eight hundred and fifty-three, and on the same day of every second year thereafter, unless a different day or place shall have been appointed by law. But if, in the opinion of the Governor, the public welfare shall require it, he may, at any time, by proclamation, call a special session.

106. Officers - Adjournment. 10. Each House, when assembled, shall choose its own officers (the President of the Senate excepted), judge the elections, qualifications, and returns of its own members, determine its rules of proceeding, and sit upon its own adjournment. But neither House shall, without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any place other than that in which it may be sitting.

107. Quorum 11. Two-thirds of each House shall constitute a quorum to do business, but a smaller number may meet, adjourn from day to day, and compel the attendance of absent members. A quorum being in attendance, it either House fail to effect an organization within the first five days thereafter, the members of the House sõ failing shall be entitled to no compensation, from the end of the said five days, until an organization shall have been effected.

108. Journal. 12. Each House shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and publish the same. The yeas and nays, on any question, shal', at the request of any two members, be entered, together with the names of the members demanding the same, on the journal: Provided, That on a motion to adjourn, it shall require one-tenth of the members present to order the yeas and nays.

109. Doors to be open. 13. The doors of each House and of committees of the whole shall be kept open, except in such cases as, in the opinion of either House, may require secrecy.

110. Disorderly behavior punished. 14. Either House may pun. ish its members for disorderly behavior, and may, with the concurrence of two-thirds, expel a member; but not a second time for the same cause.

III. Imprisonment for contempt. 15. Either House, during its session, may punish, by imprisonment, any person not a member who shall have been guilty of disrespect to the House, by disorderly or contemptuous behavior, in its presence; but such imprisonment shall not, at any time, exceed twenty-four hours.

112. Powers of each House. 16. Each House shall have all powers necessary for a branch of the Legislative Department of a free and independent State.

113. Bills. 17. Bills may originate in either House, but may be amended or rejected in the other, except that bills for raising revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives.

114. Reading and vote. 18. Every bill shall be read, by sections, on three several days, in each House; unless, in case of emergency, twothirds of the House where such bill may be depending shall, by a vote of yeas and nays, deem it expedient to dispense with this rule; but the reading of a bill by sections, on its final passage, shall, in no case, be dispensed with; and the vote on the passage of every bill or joint resolution shall be taken by yeas and nays.

115. Subject-matter and title. 19. Every Act shall embrace but one subject and matters properly connected therewith; which subject shall be expressed in the title. But if any subject shall be embraced in an Act which shall not be expressed in the title, such Act shall be void only as to so much thereof as shall not be expressed in the title.

116. Plain wording. 20. Every Act and joint resolution shall be plainly worded, avoiding, as far as practicable, the use of technical terms.

117. Acts, how amended. 21. No Act shall ever be revised or amended by mere reference to its title; but the Act revised or section amended shall be set forth and published at full length.

118. Local laws forbidden. 22. The General Assembly shall not pass local or special laws in any of the following enumerated cases, that

Regulating the jurisdiction and duties of Justices of the Peace and of Constables;

For the punishment of crimes and misdemeanors;
Regulating the practice in Courts of justice;
Providing for changing the venue in civil and crimina cases;
Granting divorces;
Changing the names of persons ;

For laying out, opening, and working on, highways, and for the election or appointment of supervisors;

Vacating roads, town plats, streets, alleys, and public squares;

Summoning and impaneling grand and petit juries, and providing for their compensation;

Regulating county and township business;

Regulating the election of county and township officers, and their compensation;

For the assessment and collection of taxes for State, county, township, or road purposes;

Providing for supporting common schools and for the preservation of school funds;

In relation to fees or salaries; except that the laws may be so made as to grade the compensation of officers in proportion to the population and the necessary services required. [As amended March 14, 1881.]

In relation to interest on money;

Providing for opening and conducting elections of State, county, or township officers, and designating the places of voting;

is to say:

Providing for the sale of real estate belonging to minors or other persons laboring under legal disabilities, by executors, administrators, guardians, or trustees.

119. Laws must be general. 23. In all the cases enumerated in the preceding section, and in all other cases where a general law can be made applicable, all laws shall be general, and of uniform operation throughout the State.

120. Suits against the State. 24. Provision may be made, by general law, for bringing suit against the State, as to all liabilities originating after the adoption of this Constitution; but no special Act authorizing such suit to be brought, or making compensation to any person claiming damages against the State, shall ever be passed.

121. Passage of bills. 25. A majority of all the members elected to each House shall be necessary to pass every bill or joint resolution; and all bills and joint resolutions so passed shall be signed by the presiding officers of the respective Houses.

122. Protest and entry. 26. Any member of either House shall have the right to protest, and to have his protest, with his reasons for dissent, entered on the journal.

123. Public laws. 27. Every statute shall be a public law, unless otherwise declared in the statute itself.

124. Publication of statutes. 28. No Act shall take effect until the same shall have been published and circulated in the several counties of this State by authority, except in case of emergency; which emergency shall be declared in the preamble or in the body of the law.

125. Pay of members. 29. The members of the General Assembly shall receive for their services a compensation to be fixed by law; but no increase of compensation shall take effect during the session at which such increase may be made. No session of the General Assembly, except the first under this Constitution, shall extend beyond the term of sixty-one days, nor any special session beyond the term of forty days.

126. Members ineligible to certain offices. 30. No Senator or Representative shall, during the term for which he may have been elected, be eligible to any office, the election of which is vested in the General Assembly ; nor shall he be appointed to any civil office of profit, which shall have been created, or the emoluments of which shall have been increased, during such term; but this latter provision shall not be construed to apply to any office elective by the people.


SEC. 127. Governor.

139. Messages 128. Lieutenant-Governor.

140. Bills signed or vetoed. 129. Election,

141. Information from officers 130. Manner of voting.

142. Execution of laws. 131. Plurality elects.


Pardons and reprieves. 132. Contests


He may till vacancies, 133. Qualifications,


Writs of election to Assembly. 134 Persons ineligible.

146. May change place of meeting. 135. Term of office.

147. Duties of Lieutenant-Governor 136. Vacancies.

148. Pay of Governor. 137. President pro tempore of Senate.

149. Pay of Lieutenant-Governor. 138. Governor Commander-in-Chief.

150. Their ineligibility to office. 127. Governor. 1. The executive powers of the State shall be vested in a Governor. He shall hold his office during four years, and shall not be eligible more than four years in any period of eight years.

128. Lieutenant-Governor. 2. There shall be a Lieutenant-Governor, who shall hold his office during four years.

129. Election. 3. The Governor and Lieutenant-Governor shall be elected at the times and places of choosing members of the General Assembly.

130. Manner of voting. 4. In voting for Governor and LieutenantGovernor, the electors shall designate for whom they vote as Governor and for whom as Lieutenant-Governor. The returns of every election for Governor and Lieutenant-Governor shall be sealed up and transmitted to the seat of Government, directed to the Speaker of the House of Representatives, who shall open and publish them in the presence of both Houses of the General Assembly.

131. Plurality elects. 5. The persons, respectively, having the highest number of votes for Governor and Lieutenant-Governor shall be elected; but in case two or more persons shall have an equal, and the highest, number of votes for either office, the General Assembly shall, by joint vote, forth with proceed to elect one of the said persons Governor or Lieutenant-Governor, as the case may be.

132. Contests. 6. Contested elections for Governor or LieutenantGovernor shall be determined by the General Assembly, in such manner as may be prescribed by law.

133. Qualifications. 7. No person shall be eligible to the office of Governor or Lieutenant-Governor who shall not have been five years a citizen of the United States, and also a resident of the State of Indiana during the five years next preceding his election; nor shall any person be eligible to either of the said offices who shall not have attained the age of thirty years.

134. Persons ineligible. 8. No Member of Congress, or person holding any office under the United States or under this State, shall fill the office of Governor or Lieutenant-Governor.

135. Term of office. 9. The official term of the Governor and Lieutenant-Governor shall commence on the second Monday of January, in the year one thousand eight hundred and fifty-three; and on the same day every fourth year thereafter.

136. Vacancies. 10. In case of the removal of the Governor from office, or of his death, resignation, or inability to discharge the duties of the office, the same shall devolve on the Lieutenant-Governor; and the General Assembly shall, by law, provide for the case of removal from office, death, resignation, or inability, both of the Governor and LieutenantGovernor, declaring what officer shall then act as Governor; and such officer shall act accordingly, until the disability be removed, or a Governor be elected.

137. President pro tem. of Senate. 11. Whenever the LieutenantGovernor shall act as Governor, or shall be unable to attend as President of the Senate, the Senate shall elect one of its own members as President for the occasion.

138. Governor - Commander-in-Chief. 12. The Governor shall be Commander-in-Chief of the military and naval forces, and may call out such forces to execute the laws, or to suppress insurrection, or to repel invasion.

139. Messages. 13. He shall, from time to time, give to the General Assembly information touching the condition of the State, and recommend such measures as he shall judge to be expedient.

140. Bills signed or vetoed. 14. Every bill which shall have passed the General Assembly shall be presented to the Governor; if he approve, he shall sign it; but if not, he shall return it, with his objections, to the House in which it shall have originated, which House shall enter the objections, at large, upon its journals, and proceed to reconsider the bill. ' If, after such reconsideration, a majority of all the members elected to that House shall agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, with the Governor's objections, to the other House, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered ; and if approved by a majority of all the members elected to that House, it shall be a law. If any bill shall not be returned by the Governor within three days, Sunday excepted, after it shall have been presented to him, it shall be a law without his signature, unless the general adjournment shall prevent its return, in which case it shall be a law, unless the Governor, within five days next after such adjournment, shall file such bill, with his objections thereto, in the office of Secretary of State, who shall lay the same before the General Assembly, at its next session, in like manner as if it had been returned by the Governor. But no bill shall be presented to the Governor within two days next previous to the final adjournment of the General Assembly.

141. Information from officers. 15. The Governor shall transact all necessary business with the officers of Government, and may require information, in writing, from the officers of the Administrative Department, upon any subject relating to the duties of their respective offices.

142. Execution of laws. 16. He shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed.

143. Pardons and reprieves. 17. He shall have the power to grant reprieves, commutations, and pardons, after conviction, for all offenses except treason and cases of impeachment, subject to such regulations as may be provided by law. Upon conviction for treason, he shall have power to suspend the execution of the sentence until the case shall be reported to the General Assembly at its next meeting; when the General Assembly shall either grant a pardon, commute the sentence, direct the execution of the sentence, or grant a further reprieve. He shall have power to remit fines and forfeitures, under such regulations as may be prescribed by law; and shall report to the General Assembly, at its next meeting, each case of reprieve, commutation, or pardon granted, and also the names of all persons in whose favor remission of fines and forfeitures shall have been made, and the several amounts remitted: Provided, however, That the General Assembly may, by law, constitute a council, to be composed of officers of State, without whose advice and consent the Governor shall not have power to grant pardons, in any case, except such as may, by law, be left to his sole power.

144. He may fill vacancies. 18. When, during a recess of the General Assembly, a vacancy shall happen in any office, the appointment to which is vested in the General Assembly; or when, at any time, a vacancy shall have occurred in any other State office, or in the office of Judge of any Court, the Governor shall fill such vacancy by appointment, which shall expire when a successor shall have been elected and qualified.

145. Writs of election to Assembly. 19. He shall issue writs of

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