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191.)

Mr L. Chancellors owld verses on the cleargy pur

that all the plague of heren & erthe chasing landes for ther nevews, otherwys ther children.

vppon the wrettche maye light Pascæ: 3 Jacobi 1605.

that fury frette her gall Aprill 18-My Ld Keep sayed speaking of Copley, a

her payne mare never ceasse phizitian may purge humores but not mores.

norr fynd noe frend in her distresse 23 Apr. Dnñs Ingenii est germinus peccati. Mr At

that may her woe releassc.”' torny speaking of pregnant witts to be caver strayning

G. A. CARTIEW. the conscience.

Trin. 1605. 11° Junij. Me Attorny. Male facientes currunt ad patentes, speaking of suiters to noblemen for

CHARBOX DE TERRE: A LIEGE LEGEND. letters.

A Jeweller being iemanded of a Lady what vertwe the In the year 1198 a poor blacksmith in the city stoanes she had bought of him had, answered, greate of Liege was toiling in an obscure street where vertue madam tbat can drawe one hundred pownd out of his

| his wretched little forge was established. He

ro your purse to myne, for so much she had payed for them-(spoaken of the 2000li band vaulose had of the

was working away as hard as he could, and his comptesse of Pembrooke for 200 perle to pay 1400 for face was bedewed with perspiration. them.) L. Chancler.

A stranger who was passing down the street, Michis, 1605, 15 No: fr. Bacon,

observing the earnest manner with which the hardy The nature of Justice distributiue is to consider not | smith was labouring, stopped to look at him. only de toto but de tanto, and not to pronounce sentence

This stranger was a very venerable old man, by ounces and drames but by graines. The custome and manner for Marche Lords is to have

with hair and beard as white as snow; and he vppon eu'y alteracõn by deathe, but not by purchase or was arrayed in garments that were the same alienacon, of the Tennis, a certane kind of contrybution colour as his beard and hair. (Canitie et barbá or benevolence (but yet of dutie) wbiche they call Micys.

venerandus, albá veste indutus, Gilles d'Orval, t. ii. The Earle of Pembroke pretendeth the like on' the Boroughe of Carleion, of whom he claimeth a contribution of yli p ann' towards the paim's of five hundred

" That is a wearisome trade you have devoted markes (which be his whole micis) to be paid in five yourself to," said the stranger. “Are you conTeates. This cause was handled in the Chan: courts tent with the profits it yields you ?” before the Mr of the Roles Justice Warb rton and Dor "What nrolita de von think I can derive from. Hunte 15 No. 1605 and two former decrees were shewed

it?” said the blacksmith, as he wiped his fore, in the Corte by the Lo: of Pembr: counsell. [The two last entries are in the first hand.]

head. “Nearly everything I gain by my labour I'rin. 4, 1600, Julij 3.

I am obliged to expend in buying this miserable Ignorantia Judicis : miseria inocentis,

charbon, which costs me so dear.” Mitius misseranti: melius paretur.

“Aye, aye!" said the stranger, “I see that the The La Cooke, La Cheef Justice assisting in Chancery.

charbon you use is made of wood, and that it 24 July, Lod Cooke being Attor.

must cost a good deal by the time it is conveyed Informing against the Ld of North ... the starr to you from the adjoining forests." Chamber 2 July, 1606. He sayed suspiciones leves,

"I assure you," observed the blacksmith, “that might cause examination, probabiles, incarceration, and

the utmost I can possibly gain is barely sufficient violentæ et vehementes condemnation. Micbis, 5 Jacobi, 1607.

to buy food for myself and my family," Octobr 7. The La Chancellour sayed to one that was "But,” replied the old man, “if you could hare : Tears earnest in his owne cawse, I thought yowe had a a species of charbon which would cost you nothing gaule in rowre mynde because yowe kicke before they more than the trouble of digging a little depth -comme at yowe.

into the earth for it, where it lies hidden, and Noue. 19. Mrs Babington. Mir Ashe. and with them 3 or more | when you could bave as much of it as you wished gentlewomen being in the Coort ; my La Chancel. sayd for, would you be very happy?". what make all shees... more fitt to be at a stag play heere 1. “Would I be very bappy? Ah!" sighed thor is a Gynoseum : then came ould mother stephens with her blacksmith, as he gazed at the stranger, and errcloake and inufied; over the coort to them. What can we best lerne fay .. heer.

deavoured to make a guess at the meaning of the Trinity Terme, , 1608. Primus dies Termini.

words addressed to him. May 27. 'The Ld Chancellor sayed: dislyking the

"Well, then," continued the venerable stranger, ciergys leases making and to ther children and of di- “ listen now attentively to what I am saying. You minishing the reuenues of the churches : this is ablative know the Mont-des-Moines that lies close by this diuinity, for here is taking away of tber livinges but in former tymes when theire endowments weare to the

| place, as you must have often passed by it. Have eburch : that tyme ther divinity was in the dative case.

| you never remarked, if you did so, a sort of black (Tbe last entry.]

earth that is in some places mixed up with the On a blank page:

ordinary soil ? Go there; take that black earth, Marr acusinge Robb wrongfullve for the wch Robert I put it in the fire, and, take my word for it, you prayethe for hire after this man'., and wishethe him self will never again have to buy an ounce of charbon Doe better end yf ever adid deserve yt.

of wood.” I fferrently beseeche

The blacksmith stared with amazement, and at the thundring God of might

first thought the old stranger was triling with

him; but that thought vanished as he looked at the coal (charbon de terre) was well known in the kindly face of the good old man, bidding him twelfth century in England. good bye" as he disappeared. The smith's con

W. B. MAC CABE. fidence returned; he put on his coat at once (for

Moncontour-de-Bretagne, Côtes du Nord, France. the honest men of Liege never take long to deliberate on anything), and the same instant he ran off to the Mont-des-Moines. Upon examining

DR. ARBUTHNOT. the soil, he there perceived what he had before never paid any attention to, that there were

That this celebrated wit and eminent phytracks, and what appeared to be veins of earth

sician, upon whom the mantle of the equally that was black and friable. He filled his apron

clever and skilful Dr. Pitcairn had fallen, was a with this earth, and returned home satisfied. His

cadet of the noble family of Arbuthnot, is, we confidence in the words of the venerable stranger believe, undoubted, although there is some diffiwas fully realised; for scarcely had he cast a culty in putting together the necessary links of handful of his black earth into the brasier than

his pedigree. His father was the episcopal clergyit began to burn up and sparkle brilliantly.

man of Arbuthnot, where his son is asserted to He had made a grand discovery! He had found have been born shortly after the Restoration. out coal! He had hit upon the charbon de terre!! |

Charbon de torpil In the Library of the Faculty of Advocates Transported with delight. he ran to tell his | there is a MS, which is thus titled: “A Conneighbours of what had occurred to him. The

| tinuation of the Genealogie of the noble Family neighbours in their turn, being fully convinced of of Arbuthnot, by Mr. Alexander Arbuthnot, somethe value of the discovery, repaired to Mont-des time Minister at the Kirk of Arbuthnott.” This Moines --- which they also called Mont- Public, person was the father of Dr. John Arbuthnot, because it had been waste common-land, and every who, not choosing to adopt the Presbyterian sysone that liked had a right to repair to it-and tem of worship, preferred relinquishing his church there, with the black earth, they perceived stones

and retiring to an estate, represented by Chamof the same colour, which were found to make

bers * to have been but a “ small” one, which excellent fuel.

he had inherited, and where, it may be reasonably It may easily be guessed what a reputation the

assumed, he passed the remainder of his days. discovery of this valuable mine won for the poor This Continuation was intended to form the blacksmith in his natal city. His name was concluding portion of an account of the ArbuthHoulloz, and from his name was afterwards called not family which had never been printed, but that species of coal that is known as houille (pit

which may be amongst the muniments of the coal).

Viscount of Arbuthnot. Its existence was unThe extraction of pit-coal (houille) became, in known to Dr. Irving, who has given a sketch course of time, the source of great riches to Liege; of the life of the alleged writer in his Lives of but then as to the good old man who had re Scotish Poets, and to Dr. Robert Chambers, whose vealed the source of these riches, Houlloz and brief notice of Principal Arbuthnot, the author, is his companions in vain sought after him from a derived from Irving and M'Crie. desire to testify their gratitude; but no one was On the back of the title of the Continuation is ever able to gain any intelligence respecting the following memorandum :him.

“For connecting Principal Arbuthnott's latin GeneWho then was this old man? From whence

alogy with the following continuation, 'tis to be noticed came he? How was he master of a secret which

that James, who succeeded Robert the second, married Jean

Stuart, Athole's daugbter, by whom he had two sons and was concealed from the inhabitants of the country?

| one daughter. His eldest son was Robert the third ; the “We have" (says M. E. De Conde, in his Monumens second, called David, Parson of Mammure, was killed at et Souvenirs de la ville de Liege, c. iv., from which Pinkie. His daughter's name was Issobel, who was marthis legend is translated) - on this subject con

ried first to Ochterlony of Kelly, and afterwards to sulted ancient authors. The oldest work refer

Mearl of Panmure. This James got the holding of ward, hanged to blench. He was removed by

mature death. ring to it is an antique manuscript, very sadly

in the flower of his age, in the year 1521, and to him deteriorated. This manuscript, having recounted succeeded Robert his son, the third of that name, so in detail the preceding history, adds: “That there called after his grandfather.” cannot be any doubt as to the mysterious per

Copies of this Latin genealogy may exist in sonage introduced into it, and that, beyond the

some public or private library; but none have slightest question, he was an ang ..." The last hitherto been found. which is the more to be letters have been obliterated by envious time. Could the manuscript have intended to affirmability, and an elegant writer in Latin, both of

regretted, as the author was a man of adınitted that the author of the discovery was an angel (angelus)? or, might it not have been an Angli

as an angel | prose and verse. He died “at Aberdeen on the can-an Englishman (Anglus)? for the use of

* Lives of Eminent Scotchmen, p. 68.

CO

tenth of October, 1583, before he had completed DISCREPANCIES IN DATES.-Amongst ancient the age of forty-five." A favourable picture of charters and indentures such errors are by no him is given by Archbishop Spottiswood, who means uncommon, and might lead an inexperiremarks:

enced archæologist to pronounce the documents “ He was greatly loved of all men, hated of none, and

in which they occur spurious, whereas these very in such account for his moderation with the chief men errors sometimes afford even corroborative evidence of these parts, that without his advice they could do of authenticity. A note on this subject would, nothing; which put him in a great fashrie whereof he did I believe, be valued by the public. The author oft complain. Pleasant and jocund in conversation, and in all science expert, a good poet, mathematician, philo

of a paper on “ Ancient Sherrif Seals,” published sopher, theologian, lawyer, and in medicine skilful; so

a few years ago in the Herald and Genealogist, has as on every subject he could promptly discourse, and to had a very extensive experience in this branch of good purpose."

archeology, and might be induced on seeing this It is believed that the Principal was the grand

reference to his qualifications to contribute a father of Alexander, the clergyman of Arbuthnot, reply. There are probably many other archæoloand thus great-grandfather of the friend of Swift gists equally qualified to give an opinion (supand Pope. The conjecture may be erroneous, but ported by evidence) on this subject, but as I do it would be satisfactory to have it either proved not happen to know them as thus specially or refuted.

J. M. qualified, I have alluded to him whom I do know

as having directed his attention to the question.

AN INEDITED ELEGY BY OLIVER GOLDSMITH.

THE LATE SIR SAMUEL O'MALLEY, BART.-In Struggling the other day through a quantity of

a cutting from the Mayo Constitution newspaper old papers, I lighted on poor Goldy's panegyric of

published in August, 1864, I find it stated that his warm-hearted patron, the amiable and intel-..

this gentleman, who died on the 17th of that ligent Quaker, Joseph Fenn Sleigh (Foote's

month, had been for the long period of sixty-three " Doctor Sligo”), “the schoolfellow of Burke at

years a magistrate and grand juror of the co. Ballitore, the first friend of Barry the painter, who

Mayo, and that during the whole of that period died prematurely in 1771, an eminent physician

no act of his as a magistrate ever met the censure at Cork." (Prior's Life of Goldsmith, i. 148-9.)

of the superior tribunals or the government of the The doctor, who was of Derbyshire descent, died

country. This is, I think, worth putting on on Thursday, May 10, 1770, aged thirty-seven (a

record in the pages of “N. & Q.” life how short for his sorrowing friends !), leaving

Y. S. A. behind him an idiotic sister and a large fortune STIROPSHIRE SAYINGS.-An old lady, who was the latter (as too many know to their bitter cost) a the daughter of a Salopian farmer, and who died Dever-ending subject of litigation ; but to which, not long since at the age of seventy-eight, was if every one had his due, we believe a certain accustomed to make use of the following sayings, learned serjeant has, or ought to have, a prior which had been current in her early days in her claim :

native county. Some of them are curious, and " It were in vain to expatiate on virtues universally may be found interesting: known, or emblazon that merit which every heart con- | "Choke chicken, more hatching." A variation fesses; were even Fancy to be indulged, it could not

of the proverb, that “ As good fish remain in the exaggerate the reality; but Fancy can here find no breast sufficiently vacant for its admission--on the hearts

sea as ever came out of it." of all who knew him ; on the wretch whom he relieved “Noble as the race of Shenkin and line of of the Parent whom he solaced; of the Friend whom he Harry Tudor.” delighted :

“He smiles like a basket of chips" ; i. e. of "Undoubted grief! no grief excessive call,

habit and unconsciously. Yor stop the tears which now in torrents fall.

“Useful as a shin of beef, which has a big bone Dear Sleigh's no more! the man whom all admired,

for the big dog, a little bone for the little dog, The man whose breast each social virtue fired, Is now no more! In Death's cold sleep he lies ;

and a sinew for the cat." . A cause sufficient for our friendly sighs.

“It's all on one side like Bridgnorth election.” Could Learning, Goodness, Charity insure,

" Ahem ! as Dick Smith said when he swalCould Worth and Genius, Wit and Truth secure

lowed the dishclout," signifying that troubles Our darling Sleigh-then Love sincere might save

should be borne with fortitude. The best of men from an untimely grave! Cease my sad heart, nor injure by your lays

“ All friends round the wrekin.” The worthy man you faintly strive to praise !

W». UNDERHILL. View every face-behold the rich and poorWith downcast eyes regret that Sleigh's no more ! SEIKON BAZIAIKH'.-On the fly-leaf of a well

“ OLIVER GOLDSMITH, bound and ill-thumbed copy in my possession of “ Roscommon, Ireland.” the third edition of A Vindication of K. Charles

MOORLAND LAD. the Martyr (London: printed for R. Wilkin, at the

King's Head in St. Paul's Church Yard, 1711), | “Ta justice, o Seigneur, est comme la tortue,
proving that His Majesty was the author of this Lente, mais sûre d'arriver,
fiercely-contested work, are these MS. notes,

La mienne a pris son temps; ma rancune têtue

Mit cinquante ans à la couver. with the autographs of their respective attestors:

“Oui, depuis Iéna, je n'ai pu sans souffrance “Winchilsea, Aug. ye 12, 1722. Digérer le rire latin. “I doe affirm that in the year 1688, Mrs Mompesson Digérer est le mot ; s'ils sont tout cour en France, (wife to Thomas Mompesson, Esq. of Bruham, in Somer Chez nous on est tout intestin. setshire, a worthy and a very good Woman) told me an my Wife that Archbishop Juxton (sic) assur'd her that | “Bismarck a des conseils loyaux sur toutes choses; to his certain knowledge the EIKON BAXIAIKH' was all Il me souffla l'avis divin compos'd and written by King Charles ye first.

D'envoyer mes enfants, chiens couchants, doux et roses, “Although in the following Book the King's Book is

Mendier au pays du vin. thoroughly Vindicated, and proved to be of his Majesties Composing, I was willing to add this Circumstance from

“ Comment se défier de ces souples carrures ? Mrs Mompesson, with whom and her Husband my Wife

Tout foyer leur fut indulgent, ard I at that time sojournd.

“ WINCHILSEA.

Mes chérubins ont pris l'empreinte des serrures ! “ The Author of the following Tracts was the Rt Rev 'A moi la cave, à moi l'argent.” erend Mr Wagstaffe, who was consecrated a Bishop by the Rt. Reverend the Deprived Bps. of Norwich, Ely &

I cannot learn more about the song, but I think Peterburgh, & the Rt Rey'd George Hickes, Suffragan

if the whole can be found it is quite as worthy of Bishop of Thetford. The Rt. Honorable Henry Earl of preservation in “ N. & Q." as any war song yet Clarendon being a Witness thereto.

inserted.

H. B. Č. "J. CREYK,

U. U. Club. “ Chaplain to La Winchelsea."

JOHN SLEIGH. Mont CENIS TUNNEL. - The following, from Thornbridge, Bakewell.

the Daily News of Dec. 27, 1870, is worth putting AVERAGE OF HUMAN LIFE.— I am rector of a

on record in “N, & Q." :country parish, the population of which, at the

“ Bardonèche, Dec. 25, 4.15 P.J. last census, was 404, the males and females being

“The last diaphragm has just been bored exactly in exactly equal in number. In the ten succeeding

the middle of the Mont Cenis Tunnel, amid repeated

shouts from one side to the other of • Long live Italy !'. years there have been sixty-eight deaths, of which

“ The greatest engineering work of the great century thirty-six have been those of females. 1x nave been those of females.

The

The of engineering has at last been accomplished. The Mont general average of age has been forty-nine years; Cenis Tunnel is perhaps a more wonderful triumph of the average of males a fraction over forty-nine genius and perseverance than the Atlantic Telegraph or years; that of the females, therefore, a fraction

the Suez Canal. Its length is seven miles and three

| fifths, it is twenty-six feet and a quarter in width, and nineunder that age. Ten of the entire number have

teen feet eight inches in height, and will carry a double lived to over eighty years, of whom eight were line of rails from France, under the Alps, to Italy. The females, one of these latter being ninety-two tunnel, which is of course unfinished as yet, has been cut when she died. I do not know how these num by atmospheric machinery through the solid rock, schist, bers will bear com pa 'ison with those of other

limestone, and quartz, the air which moved the chisels

escaping from its compression to supply the lungs of the parishes, but one thing strikes me in looking them

workmen. The work has been fifteen years in progress, over, while the average length of life is a little without reckoning the time spent in preliminary invesin favour of the males, the females show a larger tigations ; it has been carried on continuously from 1861 number attaining to extreme old age.

till now. The railway up the Sion valley will now, W. M. H. C. before long, carry its passengers straight through from

Fourneaux to Bardonèche, and it will be possible to go FRENCII War Songs.- In The Standard of from Paris to Milan without climbing an Alpine pass, or Dec. 26 is “ The Christmas of a German Soldier." even changing the railway carriage. So far as railway Fritz, in a letter to Gretchen, describes “ the

transit is concerned, there are therefore no more Alps. situation" and his hopes, and gives snatches of a

The great mountain chain has been finally removed.

This immense work has been carried out under vast diftisong wbich he hears the French singing on the culties. There could be no shafts as in the short tunnels opposite bank of the Marne :

which pierce our little English hills, and all the debris “ These words they put into King William's mouth:

had to be carried back to the entrance. It was begun at «Qui soutiendra le choc des miens ? De vos valises

both ends, and the workmen who thus started seven Qui sondera la profondeur ?

miles apart, with a mountain chain between them, have Von Tann, héros pillard, Verder, brûleur d'églises,

met as accurately as though there had been but a hill to

pierce. As a triumph of engineering skill, we must Et Trescon, gendarme frondeur.

mark this work as one of the new wonders of the world."

PHILIP S, King, “ Ces Francs, fils de Baal, n'ont-ils pas l'impudence

De combattre en pleine clarté
Nous, Seigneur, que tu fis serpents par la prudence

Et loups par la férocité ?

Queries.

eight varieties of it, repeated on each sheet, with a

ninth variety occasionally used. On two of them, ALLUSION WANTED: HENRY VAUGHAN.

at the bottom, occur the letters MF, the letter F “ If sudden storms the day invade,

being formed on the last limb of the letter M. They flock about him to the shade :

Some of the subjects are drawn in a masterly Where wisely they expect the end,

manner; others are rather poor. I shall be glad Giring the tempest time to spend; And hard by shelters on some bough,

of a reference to a perfect copy for a further Hilarion's servant, the sage crow.”

knowledge of the few leaves in my possession. Who is Hilarion? And how is the crow called

W. P. his servant?

JOIN BOVEY. - I shall be much obliged for St. George's, Blackburn, Lancashire.

any information concerning the ancestry, marAMERICAN “NATIONAL SONG."-Can I obtain riage, &c. of John Bovey, whose daughter Mary through “ N. & Q.," or by the medium of your married Francis Courtenay (who obit 1699, v.p. correspondents in America, information respecting Sir William Courtenay of Powderham), ancestor a "national song" which came out shortly after of the present Lord Devon. the declaration of war between England and

Edmund M. BOYLE. America in the year 1812?

CATHEDRAL BELLS.—What are the weights of I can only remember the first stanza, which is

the great bell of St. Peter's at Rome, the great as follows:

bell of the Kremlin at Moscow, and the great bell “ Columbia's shores are wide and wild,

of St. Paul's of London ? and are there any others Columbia's hills are high ; And rudely planted side by side,

exceeding the weight of the largest of these Her forests meet the eye. three?

C. But lowly must those shores be made,

The great bell of St. Peter's at Rome weighs eight And low Columbia's hills ;

tons, according to Mr. E. Beckett Denison. The great Apd low her ancient forests laid,

bell of Moscow contains 10,000 poods, equal to 400,000 E'er freedom quits her fields.

Russian pounds, or to 360,000 English pounds. (Dr. For in this land so rude and wild

Lyall, see “ N. & Q." 4th S. i. 540.) The present great She played her gambols when a child.”

bell of St. Paul's weighs about five tons. (Mr. THOMAS

ANNA HARRISON. WALESBY in “N. & Q." 4th S. v. 419.)] Beckenham.

COBBLERS' LAMPS IN ITALY.-In many of the ARMS OF FLEMISH FAMILIES.–LABLACE would

small towns and villages of Italy, the cobblers, at be glad to know if there is any list of names and

night, have a glass globe filled with water, fixed arms of Flemish families similar to our Edmond

in a wire frame, and attached to their lamps or son; or where would be the proper place to in

candles. This has somewhat the same effect as quire for the arms of a family of Flemish origin.

| a ground-glass shade, and causes a subdued light RAPI AUDLEY OF SANDBACH. -I find in an to be thrown upon the work. I suspect that this old memoranda book for 1864—

simple contrivance is very ancient, and probably - "To Sandbach (in Cheshire), where I went to the of Roman origin. It seems confined to the sons church. Some years ago it was nearly rebuilt, and con- of " Crespino." Are such globes alluded to by saquently the monuments suffered considerably. I went

| any ancient author ? JAMES HENRY Dixon. to the clerk's house, where he showed me a brass plate with an inscription on it to one Raph Audley; this he

COOKES : COOKESEY: COOKE.—Some years ago said he took out of the church at the time of the repairs,

a friend drew my attention to the review of some and that it had never been replaced because the clergy-| man thought it was too shabby to be put against the book in which the author seemed to show that wall!"

those who bore the above names were of the same Who was Raph Audley ?

family. This I believe to be the case, but should

like to see the book. Can any reader of “N. & Q." BIBLE ILLUSTRATIONS. — Having a fragment

do me the favour to send me its title? The consisting of thirty-five leaves of a small quarto

review appeared in some newspaper, it is believed, work, comprising woodcut illustrations to the Old

within the last ten years. H. W. COOKES. Testament, I am desirous of learning the date

Astley Rectory, near Stourport. of its publication, &c. The illustrations (probably cut in the sixteenth century) are 34 inches by CORNISH SPOKEN IN DEVONSHIRE.-Can you 24 inches, set in a framework having figures at tell me where to find a statement that I have the side with devices and such like at top and read somewhere, that the Cornish, or at least a bottom. Under the illustration are five or six British, dialect was still spoken in Devonshire lines in German explanatory of the subject, while after the Norman conquest, and whether there is above it are the references to the book and chap- any authority for it? There is reason to believe ter. Probably the framework may have served that in Asser's time it was used in Somersetshire for some other religious publication; there are also; for he gives us the British name of the

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