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CONVENTION OF NAVIGATION AND COMMERCE

June 24, 1822. Between the United States of America and his Majesty the Ratification,

King of France and Navarre. (a) Feb. 12, 1823.

Proclamation of the President The United States of America and His Majesty the King of France of the U.S., Feb. 12, 1823.

and Navarre, being desirous of settling the relations of navigation and Preamble. commerce between their respective nations, by a temporary convention

reciprocally beneficial and satisfactory, and thereby of leading to a more permanent and comprehensive arrangement, have respectively furnished

their full powers in manner following, that is to say : The President of John Quincy the United States to John Quincy Adams, their Secretary of State: Adams and Ba. and His Most Christian Majesty to the Baron HYDE DE Neuville, ron de Neuville, Knight of the Royal and Military Order of St. Louis, Commander of negotiators.

the Legion of Honor, Grand Cross of the Royal American Order of

Isabella the Catholic, his Envoy Extraordinary and Minister PlenipotenExchange of tiary near the United States; who, after exchanging their full powers, full powers. have agreed on the following articles:

ARTICLE 1st Articles, &c.

Articles of the growth, produce, or manufacture, of the United States, of the U. S., imported into France in vessels of the United States, shall pay an adimported in

ditional duty, not exceeding twenty francs per ton of merchandize, over American ves. sels, to pay in

and above the duties paid on the like articles, also of the growth, proFrance, &c. duce, or manufacture, of the United States, when imported in French vessels.

ARTICLE 2. Articles, &c. Articles of the growth, produce, or manufacture, of France, imported of France, im. into the United States in French vessels, shall pay an additional duty, ported in French

not exceeding three dollars and seventy-five cents per ton of merchanvessels, to pay in the United

dize, over and above the duties collected upon the like articles, also of States, &c. the growth, produce, or manufacture, of France, when imported in vessels of the United States.

ARTICLE 3. Goods for tran

No discriminating duty shall be levied upon the productions of the sit or re-exportsoil or industry of France, imported in French bottoms into the ports ation, not to pay of the United States for transit or re-exportation : nor shall any such a discriminating duty in either

duties be levied upon the productions of the soil or industry of the country. United States, imported in vessels of the United States into the ports of France for transit or re-exportation.

ARTICLE 4. Quantities The following quantities shall be considered as forming the ton of composing the merchandize for each of the articles hereinafter specified :

Wines—four 61 gallon hogsheads, or 244 gallons of 231 cubic inches, American measure.

Brandies, and all other liquids, 244 gallons.

Silks and all other dry goods, and all other articles usually subject to measurement, forty-two cubic feet, French, in France, and fifty cubic feet American measure, in the United States.

ton.

Cotton, 804 lb. avoirdupois, or 365 kilogrammes. (a) See notes of the treaties and conventions between the United States and France, ante, page 6.

CONVENTION DE NAVIGATION ET DE COMMERCE

Entre sa Majesté le Roi de France et de Navarre et les

Etats Unis d'Amérique.

Sa Majesté le Roi de France et de Navarre et les Etats Unis d'Amérique, désirant règler les relations de navigation et de commerce entre leurs nations respectives par une convention temporaire réciproquement avantageuse et satisfaisante, et arriver ainsi à un arrangement plus étendu et durable, ont respectivement donné leur pleins-pouvoirs, savoir: Sa Majesté Très Chrétienne au Baron HYDÉ DE NEUVILLE, Chevalier de l'ordre Royale et Militaire de St. Louis, Commandeur de la Légion d'Honneur, Grand Croix de l'ordre Royale Américain d'Isabelle la Catholique, son Envoyé Extraordinaire et Ministre Plénipotentiaire près les Etats Unis ; et le Président des Etats Unis, à John Quincy ADAMS, leur Sécrétaire d'Etat; lesquels, après avoir échangé leurs pleinspouvoirs, sont convenus des articles suivans :

ARTICLE 19 Les produits naturels ou manufacturés des Etats Unis importés en France sur batimens des Etats Unis payeront un droit additionel qui n'excèdera point vingt francs par tonneau de marchandise, en sus des droits payés sur les mêmes produits naturels ou manufacturés des Etats Unis quand ils sont importés par navires Français.

ARTICLE 2. Les produits naturels ou manufacturés de France importés aux Etats Unis sur batimens Français payeront un droit additionel qui n'excèdera point trois dollars soixante-quinze cents par tonneau de marchandise, en sus des droits payés sur les mêmes produits naturels ou manufacturés de France quand ils sont importés par navires des Etats Unis.

ARTICLE 3. Aucun droit différentiel ne sera levé sur les produits du sol et de l'industrié de France qui seront importés par navires Français dans les ports des Etats Unis pour transit ou ré-exportation : Il en sera de même dans les ports de France pour les produits du sol et de l'industrie de l'Union qui seront importés pour transit ou ré-exportation par navires des Etats Unis.

ARTICLE 4. Les quantités suivantes seront considerées comme formant le tonneau de marchandise pour chacun des articles à ci-après spécifiés :

Vins-quatre barriques de 61 gallons chaque, ou 244 gallons de 231 pouces cubes (mesure Américaine.)

Eaux de vie, et tous autres liquides, 244 gallons.

Soieries et toutes autres marchandises sèches ainsi que tous autres articles généralement soumis au mésurage quarante deux pieds cubes, mesure Française, en France; et cinquante pieds cubes, mesure Américaine, aux Etats Unis.

Cotons_804 lb. avoir du poids ou 365 kilogrammes.

Tobacco, 1,600 lbs. avoirdupois, or 725 kilogrammes.
Ashes, pot and pearl, 2,240 lb. avoirdupois, or 1,016 kilogs.

Rice, 1,600 lb. avoirdupois, or 725 kilogrammes; and for all weighable articles, not specified, 2,240 lb. avoirdupois, or 1,016 kilogrammes.

ARTICLE 5. Duties of ton. The duties of tonnage, light-money, pilotage, port charges, brokerage, nage, light mo- and all other duties upon foreign shipping, over and above those paid ney, &c, not to by the national shipping in the two countries respectively, other than France, five those specified in articles 1 and 2 of the present convention, shall not francs per ton exceed in France, for vessels of the United States, five francs per ton on American

of the vessel's American register; nor for vessels of France in the vessels, &c.

United States, ninety-four cents per ton of the vessel's French passport.

ARTICLE 6. Consuls and The contracting parties, wishing to favor their mutual commerce, vice consuls of by affording in their ports every necessary assistance to their respective either nation, in the other, may

vessels, have agreed that the consuls and vice consuls may cause to be cause the arrest arrested the sailors, being part of the crews of the vessels of their of deserters, respective nations, who shall have deserted from the said vessels, in and detain them order to send them back and transport them out of the country. For for 3 months.

which
purpose

the said consuls and vice consuls shall address themselves to the courts, judges, and officers competent, and shall demand the said deserters' in writing, proving by an exhibition of the registers of the vessel, or ship's roll, or other official documents, that those men were part of the said crews; and on this demand, so proved, (saving however where the contrary is proved,) the delivery shall not be refused; and there shall be given all aid and assistance to the said consuls and vice consuls for the search, seizure, and arrest, of the said deserters, who shall even be detained and kept in the prisons of the country, at their request and expense, until they shall have found an opportunity of sending them back. But if they be not sent back within three months, to be counted from the day of their arrest, they shall be set at liberty, and shall be no more arrested for the same cause.

Convention to be in force two years from 1st October, 1822.

Extra duties at the end of two years to be di. minished by one fourth, and so from year to

ARTICLE 7. The present temporary convention shall be in force for two years from the first day of October next, and even after the expiration of that term, until the conclusion of a definitive treaty, or until one of the parties shall have declared its intention to renounce it; which declaration shall be made at least six months before hand.

And in case the present arrangement should remain without such declaration of its discontinuance by either party, the extra duties specified in the 1st and 2d articles, shall, from the expiration of the said two years, be, on both sides, diminished by one-fourth of their whole amount, and, afterwards, by one-fourth of the said amount from year to year, so long as neither party shall have declared the intention of renouncing it as above stated.

year, &c.

ARTICLE 8. Convention to The present convention shall be ratified on both sides, and the ratifibe ratified with. cations shall be exchanged within one year from the date hereof, or in one year,

sooner, if possible. But the execution of the said convention shall commence in both countries on the 1st of October next, and shall be effective, even in case of non-ratification, for all such vessels as may have

Tabacs-1,600 lb. avoir du poids ou 725 kilogrammes.
Potasse et Perlasse 2240 lb. avoir du poids ou 1016 kilogrammes.

Riz-1600 lb. avoir du poids ou 725 kilog. : Et pour tous les articles non spécifiés et qui se pèsent 2240 lb. avoir du poids ou 1016 kilo grammes.

ARTICLE 5. Les droits de tonnage, de phare, de pilotage, droits de port, courtage, et tous autres droits sur la navigation etrangère en sus de ceux payés respectivement par la navigation nationale dans les deux Pays, autres que ceux spécifiés dans les articles 1 et 2 de la présente convention, n'excèderont pas, en France, pour les batimens des Etats Unis, cing francs par tonneau d'après le régistre Américain du batiment, ni pour les batimens Français aux Etats Unis, quatre vingt quatorze cents par tonneau d'après le passeport Français du batiment.

ARTICLE 6. Les parties contractantes désirant favoriser mutuellement leur commerce, en donnant dans leurs ports toute assistance nécessaire à leurs batimens respectifs, sont convenues que les consuls et vice-consuls pourront faire arrêter les matelôts faisant partie des équipages des batimens de leurs nations respectives qui auraient deserté des dits batimens pour les renvoyer et faire transporter hors du pays. Auquel effets les dits consuls et vice-consuls s'adresseront aux tribunaux, juges et officiers competens, et leur feront, par écrit, la demande des dits déserteurs, en justifiant par l'exhibition des registres du batiment ou rôle d'equipage ou autres documens officiels que ces hommes faisaient partie des dits equipages. Et sur cette demande ainsi justifiée, sauf toutefois la preuve contraire, l'extradition ne pourra être refusée, et il sera donné toute aide et assistance aux dits consuls et vice-consuls pour la recherche, saisie et arrestation des susdits déserteurs, lesquels seront même détenus et gardés dans les prisons du pays à leur réquisition, et à leurs frais, jusqu'à ce qu'ils ayent trouvé moyen de les renvoyer ; mais s'ils n'etaient renvoyés dans le délai de trois mois à compter du jour de leur arrêt, ils seront élargis et ne pourront plus être arrêtés pour la même cause.

ARTICLE 7. La présente convention temporaire aura son plein effet pendant deux ans à partir du ler. Octobre prochain, et même après l'expiration de ce terme, elle sera maintenue jusqu'à la conclusion d'un traité définitif, ou jusqu'à ce que l'une des parties ait déclaré à l'autre son intention d'y renoncer, laquelle déclaration devra être faite au moins six mois d'avance.

Et dans le cas où la présente convention viendrait à continuer, sans cette déclaration par l'une ou l'autre partié, les droits extraordinaires specifiés dans les 1er et 2 articles, seront à l'expiration des dits deux années, diminuées de part et d'autre d'un quart de leur montant, et successivement d'un quart du dit montant d'année en année, aussi longtems qu'aucune des parties n'aura déclaré son intention d'y renoncer, ainsi qu'ils est dit ci-dessus.

ARTICLE 8. La présente convention sera ratifiée de part et d'autre, et les ratifications seront échangés dans l'espace d'une année à compter de ce jour, ou plutôt si faire se peut. Mais l'éxécution de la dite convention commencera dans les deux pays le premier Octobre prochain, et aura son effet, dans le cas même de non-ratification, pour tous batimens partis

sailed bona fide for the ports of either nation, in the confidence of its being in force.

In faith whereof, the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed the

present convention, and have thereto affixed their seals, at the city
of Washington, this 24th day of June, A. D. 1822.

JOHN QUINCY ADAMS, (L. s.)
G. HYDE DE NEUVILLE. (L. s.)

Separate article.

SEPARATE ARTICLE.
The extra duties levied on either side before the present day, by virtue
of the act of Congress of 15th May, 1820, and of the ordinance of
26th July of the same year, and others confirmative thereof, and which
have not already been paid back, shall be refunded.
Signed and sealed as above, this 24th day of June, 1822.

JOHN QUINCY ADAMS, (L. s.)
G. HYDE DE NEUVILLE. (L. S.)

July 12, 1822.
Ratified. Ex.

TREATY WITH GREAT BRITAIN.
change of ratifi-
cations, Jan.
10, 1823.

In the name of the most holy and indivisible Trinity: The U.S. and The President of the United States of America, and His Majesty the Great Britain

King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, having agreed, agree to refer certain differ. in pursuance of the fifth article of the Convention concluded at London ences to the on the 20th day of October, 1818, to refer the differences which had Emperor of Russia, in pur

arisen between the two governments, upon the true construction and suance of the meaning of the first article of the Treaty of Peace and Amity, con5th article of the cluded at Ghent on the 24th day of December, 1814, to the friendly convention of 20th Oct. 1818;

arbitration of His Majesty the Emperor of all the Russias, mutually ante, p. 249. engaging to consider his decision as final and conclusive. And his His Majesty's said Imperial Majesty having, after due consideration, given his decision award.

upon these differences in the following terms, to wit: U.S. entitled

“That the United States of America are entitled to claim from Great to indemnifica Britain a just indemnification for all private property, which the British tion for slaves, &c. which were

forces may have carried away; and as the question relates to slaves

more especially, for all the slaves that the British forces may have carsion of the Bri: ried away from places and territories of which the Treaty stipulates the tish, and carried restitution, in quitting these same places and territories. To be indem

“ That the United States are entitled to consider as having been so nified for certain carried away, all such slaves as may have been transferred from the other slaves.

above-mentioned territories to British vessels within the waters of the For American said territories, and who for this reason may not have been restored. slaves, carried “But that if there should be any American slaves who were carried away from ter. ritories not stip

away from territories of which the first article of the Treaty of Ghent ulated to be re has not stipulated the restitution to the United States, the United States stored, no in are not entitled to claim an indemnification for the said slaves." demnification

Now for the purpose of carrying into effect this award of His Impeto be claimed. His Imperial

rial Majesty, as arbitrator, his good offices have been farther invoked to Majesty's good assist in framing such Convention or Articles of Agreement between offices have

the United States of America and His Britannic Majesty, as shall probeen invoked to assist in fram. vide the mode of ascertaining and determining the value of slaves and ing convention. of other private property, which may have been carried away in contra

in the posses

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