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cession of Georgia to the right of soil over the lands thus ceded or compensated for, shall be considered as null and void ; and the lands thus ceded or compen

sated for shall revert to the state of Georgia. Indian title to Fourthly. That the United States shall, at their lands in own expense, extinguish for the use of Georgia, as Georgia to be early as the same can be peaceably obtained, on rea. extinguished

sonable terms, the Indian title to the county of Ta. lassee, to the lands left ou: by the line drawn with the Creeks, in the year one thousand seven hundred and ninety-eight, which had been previously granted by the state of Georgia; both which tracts had formerly been yielded by the Indians; and to the lands within the forks of Oconee and Oakmulgee rivers; for which several objects the President of the United States has directed that a treaty should be immediately held with the Creeks; and that the United States shall, in the same inanner, also extinguish the Indian title

to all the other lands within the state of Georgia. Terttory to Fifthly. That the territory thus ceded shall form a form a state

i state, and be admitted as such into the Union, as soon mitted into as it shall contain sixty thousand free inhabitants, or the Union. at an earlier period if Congress shall think it expe.

dient, on the same conditions and restrictions, with the same privileges, and in the same manner as is provided in the ordinance of Congress of the thirteenth day of July, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-seven, for the government of the Western Ter. ritory of the United States; which ordinance shall, in all its parts, extend to the territory contained in the present act of cession, that article only excepted which forbids slavery.

and to be ad


Cession ac

The United States accept the cession abovemencepted ty tioned, and on the conditions therein expressed ; and U. States. United States

o they cede to the state of Georgia whatever claim,

y cede cede to Geor, right, or title they may have to the jurisdiction or gia certain soil of any lands, lying within the United States, and lands east of out of the proser boundaries of any other state, and the line abovemen.

situated south of the southern boundaries of the states tioned.

of Tennessee, N. Carolina and S. Carolina, and east of the boundary line herein above described, as the eastern boundary of the territory ceded by Georgia 'to the United States.

ARTICLE III. The present act of cession and agreement shall be assent in full force as soon as the legislature of Georgia given within

3. Georgia to be shall have given its assent to the boundaries of this six months. cession; provided that the said assent shall be given within six months after the date of these presents, and provided that Congress shall not, during the same period of six months, repeal so much of any former law as authorises this agreement, and renders it bindo o

Congress ing and conclusive on the United States. But if may within either the assent of Georgia shall not be thus given, six months or if the law of the United States shall be thus re. repeal th pealed within the said period of six months, then, and mul this ****

law and anin either case, these presents shall become null and agreement. void.

Signed, &c.

the unit and cof any


Act of Georgia. An act to ratify and confirm certain articles of Act of Georagreement and cession, entered into on the 24th day

1802. of April, 1802, between the commissioners of the state of Georgia on the one part, and the commissioners of the United States on the other part. .

Whereas, the commissioners of the state of Georgia, to wit: James Jackson, Abraham Baldwin and John Milledge, duly authorised and appointed by and on the part and behalf of the said state of Georgia, and the commissioners of the United States, James Madison, Albert Gallatin and Levi Lincoln, duly authorised and appointed by and on the part and behalf of the said United States, to make an amicable settlement of limits between the two sovereignties, after a due examination of their respective powers, did, on the 24th day of April last, enter into a deed of articles and mutual cession, in the words following, to wit:

[Here follows the articles of agreement, verba

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Articles of agreement ratified.

Be it enacted, by the Senate and House of Repre. sentatives of the state of Georgia, in general assembly met, and by the authority thereof, that the said deed or articles of agreement and cession be, and the same hereby is and are fully, absolutely and amply ratified and confirmed in all its parts; and hereby is and are declared to be binding and conclusive on the said state, her government and citizens forever.


No. 1.
Treatics with the Six Nations.

Article III. Fort Stan- A line shall be drawn, beginng at the mouth of a wix, Oct. 27, creek about four miles east of Niagara, called Oyon. 1784. Boundaries.

wayea, or Johnston's Landing place, upon the lake, named by the Indians, Oswego, and by us Ontario ; from thence southerly in a direction always four miles east of the carrying.path, between lakes Erie and Ontario, to the mouth of Tehoserorun, or Buffaloe creek, on lake Erie ; thence south to the north boundary of the state of Pennsylvania ; thence west to the end of the said north boundary; thence south along the west boundary of the said state, to the river Ohio : the said line, from the mouth of the Oyonwayea to the Ohio, shall be the western boundary of the lands of the Six Nations, so that the Six Nations shall and do yield to the United States all claims to the coun. try west of the said boundary, and then they shall be secured in the peaceful possession of the lands, they inhabit east and north of the same, reserving only six miles square round the fort of Oswego, to the United States, for the support of the same.

ARTICLE II. Nov. 11,184, The United States acknowledge the lands reserved

to the Oneida, Onondaga and Cayuga nations, in their


respective treaties with the state of New York, and Certain lands called their reservations, to be their property; and secured to Inthe United States will never claim the same, nor dis.

dians. turb them or either of the Six Nations, nor their Indian friends residing therern and united with them, in the free use and enjoyment thereof; but the said reservations shall remain theirs, until they choose to sell the same to the people of the United States, who have the right to purchase.


The land of the Seneca nation is bounded as fol- Boundary lows : Beginning on lake Ontario, at the north-west of lands becorner of the lands they sold to Oliver Phelps, the longing to

Seneka naline runs westerly along the lake, as far as 0.yong. tion. wong-yeh creek, at Johnson's Landing Place, about four miles eastward from the fort of Niagara ; then southerly up that creek to its main fork; then straight to the main fork of Stedman's creek, which empties into the river Niagara, above fort Schlosser, and then onward, from that fork, continuing the same straight course, to that river ; (this line, from the mouth of O.yong.wong-yeh creek, to the river Niagara, above fort Schlosser, being the eastern boundary of a strip of land, extending from the same line to Niagara river, which the Seneka nation ceded to the king of Great Britain, at a treaty held about thirty years ago, with sir William Johnson ;) then the line runs along the river Niagara, to lake Erie ; then along lake Erie to the north-east corner of a triangular piece of land which the United States conveyed to the state of Pennsylvania, as by the President's patent, dated the third day of March, 1792 ; then due south to the northern boundary of that state ; then due east to the south-west corner of the land sold by the Seneka nation to Oliver Phelps ; and then north and northerly along Phelps' line, to the place of beginning, on lake Ontario. Now, the United States acknowledge all! the land within the aforementioned boundaries, to be the property of the Seneka nation, and the United States will never claim the same, nor disturb the Seneka nation, nor any of the Six Nations, or of their Indian friends residing thereon and united with them,

in the free use and enjoyment thereof; but it shall remain theirs, until they choose to sell the same to the people of the United States, who have the right to purchase.


Six Nations 'The United States having thus described and acnever to knowledged what lands belong to the Oneidas, Ononclaim other dagas, Cayugas and Senekas, and engaged never toi lands in the boundaries

claim the same, nor to disturb them, or any of the of U.S. Six Nations, or their Indian friends residing thereon

and united with them, in the free use and enjoyment thereof; Now, the Six Nations, and each of them, hereby engage that they will never claim any other lands within the boundaries of the United States ; nor ever disturb the people of the United States in the free use and enjoyment thereof.

Article VI.

Present and annuity.

In consideration of the peace and friendship here. by established, and of the engagements entered into by the Six Nations ; and because the United States desire, with humanity and kindness, to contribute to their comfortable support; and to render the peace and friendship hereby established, strong and perpetual ; the United States now deliver to the Six Nations, and the Indians of the other nations residing among and united with them, a quantity of goods, of the value of ten thousand dollars. And for the same considerations, and with a view to promote the fu. ture welfare of the Six Nations, and of their Indian friends aforesaid, the United States will add the sum of three thousand dollars to the one thousand five hundred dollars, heretofore allowed them, by an article ratified by the President, on the twenty.third day of April, 1792 ; making in the whole, four thousand five hundred dollars; which shall be expended yearly forever, in purchasing cloathing, domestic animals, implements of husbandry and other utensils suited to their circumstances, and in compensating useful artificers, who shall reside with or near them, and be employed for their benefit. The immediate application of the whole annual allowance now stipulated to

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