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in an easterly or a little to the north of east course, in a direct line to the river Ohio about four leagues, be the same more or less ; then, down the Ohio, by the several courses thereof, until it empties itself in the Mississippi, about thirty-five leagues, be the same more or less ; and then up the Mississippi, by the several courses thereof, to the place of beginning, thirty-three leagues or thereabouts, be the same more or less; and also, one other piece or parcel of land, situate, lying and being on the east side of the Mississippi : beginning at a place or point, in a direct line oppo. site to the mouth of the Missouri river ; thence, up the Missis. sippi, by the several courses thereof, to the mouth of the Illinois river, about six leagues, be the same more or less; and then up the Illinois river, by the several courses thereof, to Chicagou or Garlick creek, about ninety leagues or thereabouts, be the same more or less ; then nearly a northerly course, in a direct line, to a certain place, remarkable, being the ground on which an engagement or battle was fought, about forty or fifty years ago, between the Pewaria and Renard Indians, about fifty leagues, be the same more or less ; thence, by the same course, in a direct line, lo two remarkable hills close together, in the middle of a large prairie or plain, about fourteen leagues, be the same more or less; thence, a north of east course, in a direct line, to a remarkable spring, known by the Indians, by the name of Foggy Spring, about fourteen leagues, be the same more or less ; thence, the same course, in a direct line, to a great mountain to the northward of the White Buffaloe Plain, about fifteen leagues, be the same more or less ; thence, nearly a south west course, in a direct line, to the place of beginning, about forty leagues, be the same more or less; and also, all minerals, ores, trees, woods, underwoods, waters, water courses, profits, commodities, advantages, rights, liberties, privi. leges, hereditaments and appurtenances whatsoever, to the said two several tracts or parcels of land belonging, or in any wise appertaining, and also the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders, rents, issues and profits thereof, and of every part and parcel thereof; and all the estate, right, title, interest, use, pro. perty, possession, claim and demand of them, the said Tomaroa, Petaguage, Maughquayah, Couroway, Kicounaisa Tontowaraganih, Maughquinthepe, Achiswewah Meinquipaunuah and Eschawiniki. wah chiefs and sachems aforesaid, and of all and every other person and persons whatsoever, of or belonging to the said nations, of, into and out of the premises and every part and parcel thereof, to have and to hold the said several tracts or parcels of land, and all and singular, the said granted or bargained premises, with the appurtenances unto them, the said Wiliam Murray, Moses Franks, Jacob Franks, David Franks, John Inglis, Bernard Gratz, Michael Gratz, Alexander Ross, David Sproat. James Milligan, Moses Franks, Andrew Hamilton, William Hamilton, Edmond Milne, Joseph Simon, Levi Andrew Levi, Thomas Minshall, Robert Cal. lender, William Thompson, John Campbell, George Castles and James Rumsey, their heirs and assigns, forever in severalty, or unto his said majesty, his heirs and successors, to and for the use, benefit and behoof, of the said grantees, their heirs and assigns forever, in severalty as aforesaid ; and the said Tomaroa, Petaguage, Maughquayah, Couroway, Kicounaisa, Tontowaraganih, Maughquinthepe, Achiswewah Meinquipauniah and Eschawinikiwah, for themselves, and for the several tribes of the Illinois nations, and all and every other nation and nations, tributaries and dependents on the said Illinois Indians, and their and every of their posterities, the said several tracts of land and premises, and every part thereof against them, the said Tomaroa, Petaguage, Maughquayah, Couroway Kicounaisa, Tontowaraganih, Maug. quinthepe, Achiswewah, Meinquipaumiah and Eschawinikiah, and against the said Illinois nations and their tributaries and depen. dants, and all and every of their posterities, unto the said William Murray, Moses Franks, Jacob Franks, David Franks, John Inglis, Bernard Gratz, Michael Gratz, Alexander Ross, David Sproat, James Milligan, Moses Franks, Andrew Hamilton, William Ha. milton, Edmond Milne, Joseph Simon, Levi Andrew Levi, Tho. mas Minshall, Robert Callender, William Thompson, John Camp. bell, George Castles and James Rumsey, their heirs and assigns in severalty, or unto his said majesty, his heirs and successors, to and for the only use, benefit and behoof of the said grantees, their heirs and assigns, in severalty as aforesaid, shall and will warrant and forever defend by these presents. In witness whereof, we the said chiefs and sachems, in behalf of ourselves respectively, and in behalf of all the different tribes of the Illinois Indians as afore. said, have hereunto set our hands and seals, in the presence of the persons subscribing as witnesses hereunto, at a public council, held at Kaskaskias village aforesaid, this fifth day of July, in the thirteenth year of his majesty's reign, and in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and seventy-three.

WABASH COMPANY. To all people to whom these Presents shall come: KNOW ye, that we Tabac or Tabacco, Mantour la grand Co. uett, Quaouajao Tabac, jun. La Mouchanoire, or the black Fly, Le Maringouin or Musquitto, Le Petit Castor or Little Beaver, Kiesquibichias, Gerlot sen. and Grelot, jun. chiefs and sachems of the several tribes of the Piankashaw nation of Indians, and being, and effectually representing all the several tribes of the Piankashaw Indians, send greeting.

Whereas, Lewis Viviat of the Illinois country merchant, one of the grantees hereinafter named as well for himself as on the parts and behalfs of the several other grantees herein also after named, did at several conferences, publicly held with us, the said chiefs and sachems, at the towns and villages, Post Saint Vin. cent and Vermillion, treat and confer for the purchase of certain tracts of land belonging and appertaining unto us, and to the several tribes of our nation, whom we represent.

And whereas, we the said chiefs and sachems have deliberate. ly and maturely considered for ourselves and our posterities, and consulted with the other natives of our several tribes, respecting the proposals made as aforesaid to us, the said chiefs and sachems by the said Lewis Viviat, on behalf of himself and others. And whereas, we the said chiefs and sachems as well as all the other natives of the several tribes of our nation are fully satisfied and contented for the consideration hereinafter mentioned, to grant, and confirm unto the said Lewis Vivial, and to the other grantees hereinalter mentioned, the several quantities and tracts of land hereinafier bounded and described. Now know ye, therefore, that we the said chiefs and sachems of the Piankashaw nation, aforesaid, in full and public council assembled, at the town or vil. lage of Post Saint Vincent aforesaid, for and in consideration of the sum of five shillings, to us in hand paid by the said Louis Vi. viat, and for and in consideration of the following goods, and mer. chandize, to us the said Tabac or Tobacco, Monteur, La Grand Couett, Quaouajao, Tabac, jun. La Mouchenoire or the Black Fly, Le Maringouin or Musquitto, Le Petit Castor or the Little Bea. ver, Kiesquibichias, Grelot sen. and Grelot, jun. for the use of the several tribes of our nation, well and truly delivered in full coun. cil aforesaid, that is to say : four hundred blankets, twenty-two pieces of strouds, two hundred and fifty shirts, twelve groce of star gartering, one hundred and twenty pieces of ribbon, twenty-four pounds of yermilion, eighteen pairs velvet laced housings, one piece of malton, fifty two fusees, thirty-five dozen large buckhorn handle knives, forty dozen cutteaux knives, five hundred pounds of brass kettles, ten thousand gun-flints, six hundred pounds of gunpowder, two thousand pounds of lead, four hundred pounds of tobacco, forty bushels of salt, three thousand pounds of flour, three horses; also the following quantities of silver ware, viz. eleven ve. ry large arm bands, forty wrist bands, six whole moons, six half moons, nine ear wheels, forty-six large crosses, twenty-nine hair pipes, sixty pairs of ear bobs, twenty dozen small crosses, twenty dozen nose crosses, and one hundred and ten dozen broaches, the receipt whereof we do hereby acknowledge; have granted bargained, sold, aliened, released, enfeoffed, ratified and fully confirmed, and by these presents do grant, bargain, sell, alien, release, enfeoff, ratify and fully confirm unto the said Louis Viviat, the

right honorable John Earl of Dunmore, governor of the colony and dominion of Virginia ; the honorable John Murray son of the said Earl, Moses Franks and Jacob Franks, of the city of London in the kingdom of Great Britain, Esquires; Thomas Johnson, jun. Esq. attorney at law and John Davidson merchant, both of the city of Annapolis, in the province of Maryland; William Russell Esq. Mathew Ridley, Robert Christie sen. and Robert Christie jun. of Baltimore town, in the said province of Maryland, merchants ; Peter Campbell of Piscataway, in Maryland, merchant; William Geddes, of Newtown, Chester, in Maryland, Esq. collector of his majesty's customs; David Franks, merchant; and Moses Franks attorney at law, both of the city of Philadelphia, in the province of Pennsylvania ; William Murray, and Daniel Murray, of the Illinois country, merchants; Nicholas St. Martin, and Joseph Page, of the same place gentlemen ; Francis Perthuis, late of Quebec city, in Canada, but now of Post St. Vincent, aforesaid, gentlemen, their heirs, and assigns, equally to be divided, or to his most sacred majesty George the third, by the grace of God, of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, King, defender of the faith and so forth, his heirs, and successors, for the use, benefit and behoof of all the said several above named grantees, their heirs, and assigns, in severalty as aforesaid, (by which ever of these tenures they may most legally hold the same.) The two several tracts or parcels of land, hereinafter bounded and described, viz. one tract or parcel of land, situate lying and being on both sides the Ouabache river, beginning at the mouth of a rivulet, called Riviere du Chate or Cat river, where it empties itself into the Quabache river, aforesaid, being about fifty two leagues distant from and above Post St. Vincent, aforesaid ; thence down the Quabache, by the several courses thereof to a place called point Coupee, (about twelve leagues above Post St. Vincent) being forty leagues or thereabouts in length, on the said river Ouabache, from the place of beginning, with forty leagues in width or breadth on the east side, and thirty leagues in breadth or width on the west side of the (uabache ri. ver, aforesaid ; to be continued along from the place of beginning, to point Coupee, aforesaid. And also one other tract or parcel of land, situated, lying and being on both sides of the Ouabache ri. ver, aforesaid, beginning from the mouth of White river, where it empties itself into the Quabache river, (about twelve leagues below Post St. Vincent,) thence down the Ouabache river, by the several courses thereof until it empties itself into the Ohio river, being from said White river, to the Ohio, fifty-three leagues in length or thereabouts, be the same more or less, with forty leagues in width or breadth on the east side, and thirty leagues in width or breadth on the west side of the Ouabache river, aforesaid, to be continued along from White river aforesaid, to the Ohio river, aforesaid, (the intermediate space of twenty-four leagues or thereabouts between point Coupee and the mouth of the White river aforesaid, being reserved for the use of the inhabitants of Post St. Vincent aforesaid, with the same width or breadth on both sides of the Ouabache river, as is hereby granted in the two other several tracts of land, above bounded and described,) the aforesaid two several tracts of land hereby bargained and sold, from the first place of beginning, to the Ohio river, consisting together of ninetythree leagues in length on the Vuabache river, and on both sides thereof inclusive, seventy leagues in width or breadth, and that during its whole course as aforementioned, exclusive of, and be. sides the reservation of twenty four leagues in length, and seventy leagues in width or breadth, for the inhabitants of Post St. Vin. cents, reserved as aforesaid- and the said chiefs and sachems, for themselves, and for the several other natives of their nation, whom they fully and effectually represent and their and every of their posterities do hereby guarantee, engage. promise, covenant and agree to and with the several above named grantees, their heirs, and assigns, and every of them, that they the said several above named grantees, their heirs, and assigns, and every of them shall and may, at all times forever, hereafter have and enjoy the full, free and undisturbed navigation of the said Duabache ri. ver, from its confluence with the Ohio to its source; as well as of all the other several rivers, running through the lands hereby bargained, and sold, any thing herein contained to the contrary, or supposed to be in any wise, notwithstanding. And also all minerals, ores, trees, woods, underwoods, waters, water courses, pro. fits, commodities, advantages, rights, liberties, privileges, heredita. ments and appurtenances whatsoever, to the said two several tracts of land, belonging or in any wise appertaining: And also the re. version and reversions, remainder and remainders, rents, issues and profits thereof, and of every part and parcel thereof; and all the estate, right, title, interest, use, property, possession, claim and demand of them the said Tabac or Tabacco, &c. Chiefs and Sa. chems aforesaid, and of all and every other person and persons, whatsoever, of or belonging to the said Piankashaw nation of Indians, of, into, and out of the premises, and every part and parcel thereof, to have and to hold the said two several tracts or parcels of land, and all and singular the said granted and bargained premises, with the appurtenances, unto the said Louis Viviat, &c. their heirs, or assigns, forever in severalty, or unto his said majesty, his heirs, and successors, to and for the only use, benefit and 'behoof of the said grantees, their heirs, and assigns, forever as aforesaid.

And the said Tabac or Tobacco, &c. for themselves, and for all the several tribes of their nation, and all and every other nation or nations, tributaries and dependants on the said Pianka. shaw Indians, and their and every of their posterities, the said se

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