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and employees shall receive such compensation as the directors may deem just and equitable in each case.

Sec. 14. The board of directors are hereby authorized and required to contract for provisions, clothing, medicines, forage, fuel, and all other staple supplies, needed for the support of the prisons for any period of time, not exceeding one year, and such contracts shall be limited to bona fide dealers in the several classes of articles contracted for. Contracts for such articles as the board may desire to contract for shall be given to the lowest bidder, at a public letting thereof, if the price bid is a fair and reasonable one, and not greater than the usual market value and prices. Each bid shall be accompanied by such security as the board may require, conditional upon the bidder entering into a contract upon the terms of his bid, on notice of the acceptance thereof, and furnishing a penal bond, with good and sufficient sureties, in such sum as the board may require, and to their satisfaction, that he will faithfully perform his contract. If the proper officer of the prison reject any article as not complying with the contract, or if a bidder fail to furnish the articles awarded to him when required, the proper officer of the prison may buy other articles of the kind rejected or called for, in the open market, and deduct the price thereof, over the contract price, from the amount due to the bidder, or charge the same up against him. Notice of the time, place, and conditions of the letting of contracts shall be given for at least two consecutive weeks in two newspapers printed and published in the city and county of San Francisco, and in one newspaper printed and published in the city of Sacramento, and in the county where the prison to be supplied is situated. If all the bids made at such letting are deemed unreasonably high, the board may, in their discretion, decline to contract, and may again advertise, for such time and in such papers as they see proper, for proposals, and may so continue to renew the advertisement until satisfactory

contracts are made; and in the mean time the board may contract with any one whose offer is regarded as just and equitable, or may purchase in the open market. No bid shall be accepted, nor a contract entered into in pursuance thereof, when such bid is higher than any other bid at the same letting for the same class or schedule of articles, quality considered, and when a contract can be had at such lower bid. When two or more bids for the same article or articles are equal in amount, the board may select the one which, all things considered, may by them be thought best for the interest of the state, or they may divide the contract between the bidders, as in their judgment may seem proper and right. The board shall have power to let a contract in the aggregate, or they may segregate the items, and enter into a contract with the bidder or bidders who may bid lowest on the several articles. The board shall have the power to reject the bid of any person who had a prior contract, and who had not, in the opinion of the board, faithfully complied therewith.

Sec. 15. All moneys received or collected by the wardens by virtue of this act shall be paid by them into the state treasury, to the credit of a fund to be known as the state prison fund, at least as often as once per month, excepting so much thereof as may be necessary to pay the expenses and money allowed discharged frisoners, and the current expenses of maintaining and operating the prisons, and the expenses of their officers and employees. The wardens shall require vouchers for all moneys by them expended, and safely keep the same on file in their respective offices at the prisons. For all sums of money required to be paid, other than for the uses above named, as well as for said uses when there is not sufficient money in the hands of the warden, drafts shall be drawn on the controller of state, signed by at least three of the directors, and the controller of state shall draw his warrant on the state treasurer, who shall

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pay the same out of any moneys belonging to the state prison fund or appropriated for the use or support of the state prisons. The amount of all money retained by the wardens and the aggregate amount paid out shall be reported quarterly to the controller of state, and the proper entries shall be made on the controller's books.

Sec. 16. All revenues of the prisons, unless herein otherwise provided, shall be paid to the wardens, who alone are authorized to receipt for the same and discharge from liability. When any sum of money is paid to the wardens, they shall cause the same to be properly entered on the books by the clerks.

Sec. 17. On payment of any moneys into the state treasury, as provided in this act, the wardens and state treasurer shall report to the controller of state the amount so paid, and the state treasurer shall give the wardens a receipt therefor, ch receipt shall be filed with the controller. The wardens shall report to the controller of state the amount of money paid into said treasury by them during each month, and shall also report to said controller of state the amounts received and disbursed by them every three months, and during the period for which such report shall be made, which quarterly report shall be signed by the warden and at least three of the directors.

Sec. 18. All convicts may be employed by authority of the board of directors, under charge of the wardens respectively, and such skilled foremen as he may deem necessary in the performance of work for the state, or in the manufacture of any article or articles for the state, or the manufacture of which is sanctioned by law. At San Quentin no articles shall be manufactured for sale except jute fabrics. At Folsom after the completion of the dam and canal the board may commence the erection of structures for jute manufacturing purposes. The board of directors are hereby authorized to purchase from time to time such tools, machinery, and materials, and to

direct the employment of such skilled foremen as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this section, and to dispose of the articles manufactured, and not needed by the state, for cash, at private sale, in such manner as provided by law.

Sec. 19. In the treatment of the prisoners, the following general rules shall be observed: Each convict shall be provided with a bed of straw, or other suitable material, and sufficient covering of blankets, and shall be supplied with garments of coarse substantial material, of distinctive manufacture, and with sufficient plain and wholesome food of such variety as may be most conducive to good health.

Second-No punishment shall be inflicted except by the order and under the direction of the wardens.

Third—The warden shall keep a correct account of all money and valuables upon the prisoner when delivered at the prison, and shall pay the amount, or the proceeds: thereof, or return the same to the convict when discharged, or to his legal representative in case of his death; and in the case of the death of such convict without being released, if no legal representative shall demand such property within five years, the same shall be paid into the state prison fund.

Fourth-The rules and regulations prescribing the duties and obligations of the prisoners shall be printed and hung up in each cell and shop.

Fifth-Each convict, when he leaves the prison, shall be supplied with the money taken from him when he entered, and which he has not disposed of, together with any sum which may have been earned by him for his own account, allowed to him by the state for good conduct or diligent labor, or may have been presented to him from any source; and, in case the prisoner has not funds sufficient for present purposes, he shall be furnished with five dollars in money, a suit of clothes costing not more than ten dollars, and by the cheapest route to the place where

sentenced from, if the prisoner desires to return there, or to any other place of the same cost; and he shall be entitled, if he so elect, to immunity from having his hair cut, or from being shaved, for three calendar months imme. diately prior to his discharge. It shall not be lawful for the officers of the prison to furnish, or permit to be furnished, to any one, for publication, the name of any prisoner about to be discharged. When the warden, and such other officers as may be designated by the directors to act with him in such cases, shall be of opinion that any convict is insane, they shall make proper examination, and if they remain of the opinion that such person is insane, the warden shall certify the fact to the superintendent of one of the state asylums for the insane, and shall forth with send such convict to said asylum for care and treatment. If at the expiration of the term of sentence, the insane convict is still in the insane asylum, he shall be allowed to remain there until discharged cured. It shall be the duty of the warden, also, to send to the directors a copy of such certificate, and thereafter a statement as to his subsequent acts regarding the said insane convict. And it shall be the duty of the superintendent of the insane asylum to receive such insane convict and keep him until cured. It shall be his duty, upon receipt of such insane convict, to notify the directors of the fact, giving name, date, and where from, and from whose hands received. When, in the opinion of the superintendent, such insane convict is cured of insanity, it shall be his duty to immediately notify the directors thereof; and it shall be his duty also to notify the warden of the prison from whence he was received, who shall immediately send for, take, and receive the said vict back into the prison, the time passed at the asylum counting as a part of such convict's sentence. Before discharging any convict who may be insane at the time of the expiration of his sentence, the warden shall first give notice, in writing, to a judge of a superior court of


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