Beauty Queens on the Global Stage: Gender, Contests, and Power

Capa
Psychology Press, 1996 - 256 páginas
Beauty pageants--as competition and performance--are wildly popular cultural events world-wide. They have, however, received surprisingly little scholarly attention. What literature there is on beauty pageants has mostly been limited to American pageants. This collection brings together studies of pageants in fourteen different cultures. The chapters range from studies of community queen pageants in Guatemala, Nicaragua, Andalusia and rural Minnesota, to studies of international contests held in Thailand, Belize, British Virgin Islands, Tonga and Tibet, and include a study of a Moslem Philippine transsexual beauty queen contest, and an ethnographic account by a contestant in the Miss Moscow 1989 pageant. These essays discuss the ways gender ideologies are represented and reinforced in beauty pageants and highlight the cultural specificity of notions of beauty and femininity that figure in the selection of pageant queens. We see the strategic and political uses to which pageants are put, by sponsors and contestants alike. Questions of gender aesthetics, performance, and display are engaged in a way that recognizes the agency of pageant participants even as it underscores the ideologies and structures of power within which they operate. Beauty Queens on the Global Stage considers beauty contests as key sites for formulating, negotiating and challenging national and group identities, and shows how identity is portrayed and utilized in an international arena. Each of these essays looks at beauty pageants and contestants in the broader context of struggles over identity.

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Índice

Beauty Queens on the Global Stage
1
Signification in American Festival
13
Hybrid Ideology
31
Local Identity
47
Moscow
61
The Politics of Ethnic
75
Transvestite GayBantut Beauty Contests in
89
Authenticity and Guatemalas Maya Queen
105
Staging
125
Identity and Nationalism
147
The Trope
161
Where Beauty
185
The Politics of Beauty in Thailand
203
From the Crooked
217
References
233
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