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A NATIONAL SERIES of the AMERICAN JOURNAL OF EDUCATION is announc. ed in advance of the completion of the New Series on the plan set forth in the Preface to the first volume in 1862, in consequence of the editor's appointment by the President of the United States to the office of Com. missioner of Education, created by the Act of March 2, 1867, 'to establish a Department of Education.' The creation of this office is the realization, in a most unexpected way, of his own 'Plan of a Central Agency for the Advancement of Education in the United States,' first projected in rude outline in a statement 'submitted to the Secretary of State and the President at Washington in 1838, and again in 1839, in connection with the objects and schedules of the national census of 1840 (by which, for the first time, any official statistics of schools and school attendance for the entire country was obtained); and more fully developed in his communication to the American Association for the Advancement of Education, and to the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, in Dec., 1854. In the annual and special reports of this new Department, much of the information which it was in the plan of the New Series to collect and disseminate, will be given to the public with a fullness and thoroughness not possible without official position and much clerical help. These reports, so far as they are of a general and permanent character, it is the intention of the undersigned to have embodied in this National Series, together with such discussions of educational topics as may not be covered by official documents. The immediate management and all pecuniary profits, if any of that as yet unknown quantity, will belong to the individual, or association, which may be found willing to assume the responsibility of the publication. The organization of a new Department to advance an interest, so delicate, so extensive, and so important, as the Education of the People, without authority to originate or administer any system, institution or agency, by which the education of a single person is secured, and with means and clerical force so utterly inadequate to even inaugurate an efficient system of inquiry and dissemination-will engross all the energy and time of the Commissioner. If he had not great reliance on his material already collected, and on the means and methods of dissemination already tried, he should at once retire from the position and continue his labors in his old unofficial and unpaid way.


1 ANNAPOLIS, March, 1867.

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