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Brown, Perron, Lessueur, Bailly, P. P. King, Gunn, Backhouse, and Gould enriched the cabinets of Europe, and to which we trace our first notions of Australian zoology.

Prior to 1824, the accounts of that zoology, which had been published, were limited to monographs and isolated descriptions, laid from time to time before the English and Continental public.

In the above-mentioned year a more complete view of the Australian zoology was given. Capt. P. P. King, R.N., in his valuable Appendix to the Narrative of the Australian Survey, embraced all its branches in one systematic outline, to which the names of the eminent naturalists, William Sharp, Macleay, and John Edward Gray, who determined and classified the specimens, give an additional importance.

In that Appendix, the Mammalia comprise 6 species; the Aves, 14; the Beptilia, 9; the Pisces, 7; the Annulosa, 192; the Radiata, 5; the Acrita, 25; and, finally, the Mollwca, 111.

Since then, the contributions and additions secured to several of the grand divisions of the animal kingdom, render their illustration nearly complete: to the illustration of some others, such additions are still sadly wanting.

In justice to those who have so zealously and perseveringly promoted our knowledge of these distant regions, now of such importance to colonisation, and in order to furnish a guide to those whose zeal may enable us hereafter to extend still farther our information in a department where so much has still to be learnt, we shall briefly give the sum of our zoological knowledge of the Australian continent up to the present day, whereby will be seen what has already been done, and what remains to do.

MAMMALIA.

With the following list of Mammals, inhabiting New South Wales, Van Diemen's Land, and Bass's Straits, as also with that of Birds, I was kindly favoured by John Gould, Esq. F.R.S.

CHEIROPTERA.

Rhinolophus megaphyllus Gray. N. S. W. and V. D. L. Nyctophilus Geoffroyii Leach? N. S. W. generally,

and V. D. L. Scotophilus Gouldii Gray. N. S. W. and V. D. L. Australis Gray. N. S. W. generally, and

V. D. L.

pumilus Gray. Interior of N. S. W. gene

rally. Flies over rivers and pools, close to the surface.

Fer.3<:.

Canis familiaris Australasiae. (The Dingo.) N. S. W.

generally, not V. D. L. Octaria Perronii Desm. (Perron's Seal). The rocky

coasts of N. S. W., V. D. L., and the islands in

Bass's Straits.

GLIRES.

Hydromys chrysogaster Geoff. N. S. W. and V. D. L. Pseudomys Australis Gray. Liverpool Plains, N. S. W. Mus fuscipes Waterh. N. S. W.

setifer Horsf. V. D. L.

? platurus Mitch. N. S. W.

? Hovellii Mitch. N. S. W.

Hapalotis albipes Licht. Port Philip. Mitchellii Gray. Interior of N. S. W.

MABStrriALIA.

Thylacinus cynocephalus Fisch. V. D. L. only. (Tiger of colonists.)

Diabolus ursinus Harris. V. D. L. only. (The Devil of colonists.)

Dasyurus maculatus Shaw. V. D. L. only.

Geoffroyii Gould. Interior of N. S. W. Common on the Liverpool and other high ranges.

viverrinus Shaw. N. S. W. and V. D. L.

Phascogall penicillata Shaw. N. S. W. generally.
Antechinus affinis Gray. V. D. L.

flavipes Waterh. N. S. W.

Red Shrew Mouse of Mitchell's Trav. genus? Interior

of N. S. W. Perameles Gunnii Gray. V. D. L. only.

fasciata Gray. Interior of N. S. W.

nasuta Geoff. N. S. W.

obesula ? Shaw. N. S. W. and V. D. L.

Choeropus castanotis Gray. Plains to the north-west of N. S. W.

Phalangista vulpina Shaw. N. S. W. generally.

fuliginosa Ogilby. V. D. L. only.

canina Ogilby. Ranges towards the interior of N. S. W.

Hepoona Cookii Gray. V. D. L. There are two, if not three, species confounded under this name; and it is consequently uncertain to which of them it applies.

Dromicia gliriformis (Phalangista gliriformis Bell) V. D. L.

Petaurus Taguanoides Desm. N. S. W.

Belideus flaviventer Desm. Brushes of N. S. W.

sciureus Shaw. N. S. W. generally.

breviceps Waterh. N. S. W.

Acrobates pygma3us Desm. N. S. W.

Macropus major Shaw. N. S. "W. and V. D. L.

frsenatusGould. Plains of interior of N. S. W.

Osphranter robustus Gould. Mountain ranges of

N. S. W.? lanigerus. (Macropus laniger Less.)

Plains of N. S. W. Halniaturus Bennettii Waterh. V. D. L. and islands

in Bass's Straits.

Ualabatus Less. Brushes of N. S. W.

■ ruficollis Less. X. S. W.

Parryii Bennett. N. S. W.

Billardieri Desm. V. D. L.

Eugenii Gray. Brushes of N. S. W.

Parma Gould. Brushes of Blawara.

dorsalis Gray. Stony ridges of interior

of N. S. W. Petrogale penicillata Shaw. Rocky mountains of

N. S. W.
Lagorchestes Leporoides Gould. Plains of interior of

N. S. W.
Bettongia setosa Gray. N. S. W.

Whitei . N. S. W.

rufescens Gray. N. S. W.

cuniculus Ogilby. V. D. L.

Hypsiprymnus minor Cuv. N. S. W. This or a nearly

allied animal inhabits V. D. L. Phascolarctos cinereus Fisch. (The Koala.) Brushes of

N. S. W. generally. Phascolomys ursinus . (The Wombat.) N. S. W.

and V. D. L.

MONOTREMATA.

Echidna aculeata . N. S. W.

setosa . V. D. L.

Ornithorhynchus paradoxus Blum. Ornithorhynchi are common in the rivers of the eastern portion of N. S. W. as well as in those of V. D. L., and doubtful whether there be not more than one species, as specimens procured in V. D. L. differ from those obtained in N. S. W.

[graphic]

AVES.
RAPTORES.

Aquila fucosa Cuv. N. S. W., V. D. L., and I. in B. S.

Morphnoides Gould. N. S. W. interior.

Ichthyiaetus leucogaster Gould. N. S. W., V. D. L.,
and I. in B. S.
Syn.—Falco leucogaster Lath.
Haliastur leucosternus Gould. Brushes of N. S. W.
Pandion leucocephala Gould. V. D. L., I. in B. S., and

coasts of N. S. W. Falco melanogenys Gould. N. S. W., V. D. L., and I. in B. S.

frontatus Gould. N. S. W., V. D. L., and I.

in B. S. Ieracidea Berigora Gould. N. S. W., V. D. L., and I. in B. S. Syn. Falco Berigora Vig. and Horsf. Tinnunculus Cencroldes Gould. N. S. W. Syn. Falco Cencroldes Vig. and Horsf. Astur approximans Vig. and Horsf. N. S. W., V. D. L., and I. in B. S.

Novae-Hollandiae Vig. and norsf. N. S. W.

Syn. Falco Novae-Hollandiae Gould.

albus Jard. and Selb. N. S. W., V. D. L.,

and I. in B. S. Syn. Falco albus Shaw. Accipiter torquatus Vig. and Horsf. N. S. W

V. D. L., and I. in B. S. Buteo melanosternon Gould. Interior of N. S. W. Milvus isurus Gould. N. S. W. affinis Gould. N. S. W.

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