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8846 Sec. 271. Minors smoking tobacco-Whoever, being a minor under the age of eighteen years, shall smoke cigarettes, cigars or use tobacco in any form whatever, in this state, shall be fined in any sum not exceeeding ten dollars; Provided, any minor so charged with the violation of this section may be free from prosecution when he shall have furnished evidence for the conviction of the
son or per ons selling or giving him the cigarettes, cigars, or tobacco.
8847 Sec. 272. Sale of tobacco to minors under eighteen.- Whoever shall sell, give or furnish, in any way any tobacco in any form whatever, or any cigarettes or cigarette paper, to any minor under eighteen years of age, shall be fined, for each offense, not less than twenty dollars nor more than fifty dollars or be imprisoned for not less than ten nor more than thirty days.
8848 Sec 273. Cigarette material prohibited. —Whoever shall manufacture, sell, give away or willingly allow to be taken, within this state, any cigarettes or material for their composition, known as cigarette paper, shall be fined for each offense not less than fifty nor more than one hundred dollars, and any officer, director or manager having in charge or control, either separately or jointly with others, the business of any corporation which violates the provisions of this section, if he have knowledge of the same, shall be subject to the penalty herein provided.
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REGULATIONS FOR THE QUARANTINE, CARE AND DISINFECTION
OF CONTAGIOUS DISEASES.
(Excerpts From Rules Adopted by the Nebraska State Board of Health.)
Contagious diseases.—It shall be the duty of every physician residing or practising within the limits of any city, town or township who suspects an illness to be Asiatic cholera, yellow fever, smallpox (or varioloid), diphtheria (membranous croup), scarlet fever (scarlet rash or scarlatina), measles, typhus fever, ophthalmia neonatorum, typhoid fever, cerebro spinal meningitis, leprosy, whooping cough, chichenpox, tuberculosis, puerperal fever, or any other disease contagious or dangerous to public health, to immediately isolate the patient, and within twenty-four hours after he ascertains the illness to be of such disease named herein, he shall notify, by the most expedient method, the local board of health, of all the facts known to him, such notice to be followed by the filing of a notice in writing with the local board of health, giving the name of the patient, location, disease, source or cause. In all cases where no physician is in attendance, it shall be the duty of any person, having charge of, or being the head of any family, or having the care or custody of any lodging-rooms, to give notice in like manner as is required of physicians.
Every school teacher or school officer who discovers, suspects, or has knowledge of a case of any of the diseases named herein shall immediately report the same to the local board of health; providing, in all the above where such local board of health is not organized, then such report shall be made to the state board of health in the manner hereinbefore prescribed.
Duty of local board of health.—It shall be the duty of the local board of health, upon receipt of a notice of the existence of a case of any of the diseases named in Rule 1, to forthwith quarantine the premises, by giving perBonal or written notice of such quarantine to the occupants thereof and conspicuously placing a Danger Card thereon; and take such further measures as may be necessary and proper for the restriction snd suppression of the disease; proper provision shall also be made for the care of the sick.
No quarantine shall be established where the disease is measles, whooping cough or chickenpox, but the premises shall be placarded with a danger card, and in cases of tuberculosis, typhoid fever, ophthalmia neonatorum, or puerperal fever the premises shall be neither quarantined nor placarded.
The board shall notify the schools to receive no pupil from such placarded houses without a written permit from them, and when deemed necessary to obtain control and prevent further spread of an epidemic of contagious disease, as when several families in one neighborhood are afflicted and many exposures are known to have occurred, they shall prohibit all public assemblies such as lodges, clubs, churches, and schools, both public and private for a reasonable length of time or until such danger is passed. The board shall further establish a hospital for the segregation and care of contagious diseases when in their opinion the safety of the public demands it; or in cases of great emergency the board shall seize and use as such temporary hospital, any isolated building suitable for such occupancy, and adjust, or cause to be adjusted, reasonable damages with the owner thereof later; and it shall bə
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the further duty of the local board of health to disinfect, or cause to be disin fected, the premises whereon all such contagious diseases have occurred together with all infected furniture, bedding, clothing and other articles according to the rules of the state board of health of the state of Nebraska, governing such disinfection.
It shall also be the duty of the local board of health to investigate the causes, conditions and surroundings that may have caused such disease and during the prevalence of any such disease they shall make adequate report to the state board of health from time to time as to conditions, number of cases, and nature of such disease or diseases, and they shall call at any time for advice and assistance from the state board of health.
During the existence of any quarantinable disease, in any family or household, or place, in any city, town, or township, and until after the recovery of the sick and the disinfection of the premises where such disease shall have existed, no person residing in such household, family or place, shall be permitted to enter or leave the premises without a permit in writing from the local board of health showing a thorough disinfection of the person, clothing and premises.
School teachers who are boarding in a family in which such disease exists, must at once change their place of board and lodging and disinfect their person and clothing. Where the disease is chickenpox, measles or whooping cough the children shall be excluded from the public schools and other gatherings until recovery has taken place and the premises disinfected.
If any person shall wilfully or maliciously remove or peface or cause to be removed or defaced any danger card upon any quarantined premises, or shall in any manner interfere with or break an established quarantine by entering or leaving such quarantined premises, or remove any article, clothing, or any other material, liable to be infected, without a permit from the local board of health, and proper disinfection, shall be subject to prosecution and fine as provided by the statutes of the state of Nebraska in such cases made and provided.
Disinfection of schools.—The state board of health makes it a rule and regulation that all school directors, trustees, principals and presidents of schools and colleges outside of cities in this state, for the protection of the health of all pupils and students, and of the entire community as well, pay prompt and regular attention to the disinfection of buildings used for educational purposes immediately after the discovery of any communicable disease within said building.
Each room should be disinfected separately. The room should be prepared by closing up all openings, such as windows, ventilators, registers, stove pipe holes and chimney places and hermetically sealing all cracks and crevices, as those around windows and doors and all keyholes. In short the room should be made as air tight as possible. All desks, drawers and closets should be opened wide and all articles exposed. Books must be stood up on end and widely opened. Rugs, mats and articles of clothing, if any, must be hund up on cords.
The disinfecting may be accomplished by spraying with Liquor Formal. dehyde, U. S. P. or Formalin.
Formaldehyde gas, however, is probably the best known aerial disin
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fectant, and one of the most effective and economical methods of generating it is as follows:
Ten ounces, by weight, of commercial potassium permanganate is required for each pint and a half of the solution, full strength. This is sufficient to disinfect 1,000 cubic feet of air space. In using formaldehyde gas for room disinfection it should be remembered that the room should always be both warm and moist. The latter may be accomplished by sprinkling the floors well or by suspending wet sheets about the room.
The following is the method:
The crystals of permanganate of potassium are to be placed in a tin, agate or iron pail, the capacity of which is more than eight times the quantity of disinfectant to be used. This is necessary in order to prevent overflow from effervescence.
Place the pail containing the crystals at the center of the room in a large pan with two blocks or bricks placed under the pail, as considerable heat will be developed. The room having been properly sealed with strips of rubber adhesive plaster or of gummed paper, quickly pour the solution of formaldehyde out of a wide mouthed vessel upon the crystals and leave the room with all possible speed. Then carefully seal up the door of exit on the outside; including the keyholes and crevises about the lock and door knob, and allow the room to remain closed at least six hours. Then open all doors and windows, to admit both fresh air and sunlight, and allow free ventilation to continue for six hours.
At the same time privy vaults should be disinfected by throwing into them milk of lime made by adding one part of freshly slaked lime to four times its volume of water. This should be used as soon as made. For each pupil in attendance a half gallon of this mixture should be allowed. This preparation should not, however, be introduced into water closets, as it may obstruct the pipes. For this purpose a 5 per cent solution of carbolic acid or a 3 per cent solution of liquor formaldehyde U.S.P.or formalin may be used. Careful attention should be given to the scrubbing and disinfection of coat closets.
Clothes closets, desks, etc., except those made of metal, should be washed with a cloth wrung out of a posionous solution made by one-quarter of an ounce (120 grains) of corrosive sublimate bichloride of mercury in one gallon of hot water (1-500----).
Metal fixtures may be treated in a similar manner, using a solution made by adding four (4) ounces of pure carbolic acid to a gallon of hot water (1-30--|--)
The balustrade of stairways and all knobs of doors should be wiped off daily with a cloth moistened with the formaldehyde or carbolic solution.
In case of smallpox, vaccination and re-vaccination of the entire school should be performed at once. Only vaccine virus known to be active should be used in such an emergency.
During the disinfection of school buildings the books should be strung on cords or stood on end with the leaves widely separated in a cloak room or closet where they will be subject to the vapor of concen ated formaldehyde gas.
During the prevalence of communicable diseases pupils should not be permitted to take school books to their homes.
Books known to have been taken to infected houses should be destroyed by burning.
City districts, audited by secretary.
Director, audited by moderator and treasurer.
From appraisal of schoolhouse site...
County superintendent by county board
To fill vacancies ....
State treasurer, exhibit of school funds .
Site for schoolhouse condemned.
Division of district property.
At nearer school..
Draw warrant for the state apportionment..
Certificate of registration.
Detach coupons from bonds.
County superintendent to receive and distribute
State superintendent to prescribe and publish.
Appoint to fill vacancies .